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Encyclopedia > Northern England devolution referendums, 2004
The three northern regions.

The Northern England devolution referendums were referendums held in the North East region of England, in the United Kingdom, on 4th November 2004. Dubbed by the government the Great North Vote, the referendums proposed that the region should have an elected regional assembly. The voters overwhelmingly rejected the proposal by 77.9%, halting further plans to devolve power in other English regions. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... North-East England is one of the nine official regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear and a small part of North Yorkshire. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Regional Assembly is a title which has universally been adopted by the English bodies established as regional chambers under the Regional Development Agencies Act 1998. ...

Contents

Options put to vote

The counties and unitary authorities of England, if "yes" and option 2 is chosen in all referendums.

The creation of regional assemblies was to be tied to abolition of the existing two-tier structure for local government in these regions; and its replacement with a uniform system of unitary authorities. In areas that currently have two-tier government (Cheshire, County Durham, Cumbria, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Northumberland), voters were to be asked which pattern of unitary government they would like to see. Image File history File links EnglandSubdivisionsProposed2004. ... Image File history File links EnglandSubdivisionsProposed2004. ... For local government purposes, England is divided into three types of areas - non-unitary authorities, unitary authorities, and London boroughs. ... There is no single system of local government in the United Kingdom. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... For other uses, see Cheshire (disambiguation). ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ...


Two options were proposed by the Boundary Committee for each county in the review area - generally consisting of a single unitary authority for the entire county, or a breakup into smaller authorities which are larger than the existing districts. It was recommended that ceremonial counties be left untouched in most cases. This recommendation was broadly (with one minor alteration in West Lancashire) accepted by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. The Boundary Committee for England is an independent body in England responsible for defining borders for local elections; and for conducting reviews of local government areas. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to administrative counties of England. ... West Lancashire is a local government district in Lancashire, England. ... The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister is a department of the British government. ...


Voting was to take place on a per-county council-area basis, except that the Cumbria and Lancashire votes will be run as one — since it would be impossible to have option 1 in one and option 2 in another. In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ...


Any changes as a result of the North East referendum would probably have come into effect on 1st April 2006 — to give time for preparation, and taking into account 1st April as the traditional day of local government reform in the UK. (Redirected from 1st April) April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Lancashire and Cumbria the proposals for multiple unitary authorities were very similar to those proposed by the Redcliffe-Maud Report in 1969. This proposed authorities for North Cumbria based in Carlisle, and one for Morecambe Bay covering Barrow-in-Furness and Lancaster for the north of the region. In central Lancashire there were to be divided into four authorities based on Blackpool, Preston, Blackburn and Burnley. The area of West Lancashire was to be given to Merseyside and included with Southport in a district. Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Local government in England as proposed by the report. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... , Carlisle is a city in the far north-west of England, and is the largest urban area in Cumbria. ... Morecambe Bay at low tide from Hest Bank, looking towards Grange-over-Sands. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... A view of Lancaster showing the Lune, the Millennium Bridge and the Ashton Memorial Lancaster (2001 census population 45,952: source ONS) is a city in Lancashire, in the north-west of England, UK. It is a commercial, cultural and educational centre. ... This article is about the town in England. ... This article is about Preston, Lancashire. ... , Blackburn is a large town in Lancashire, England. ... , Burnley is a large market town in the north-east of Lancashire in north-west England with a population of 73,021[1] (2001 census). ... West Lancashire is a local government district in Lancashire, England. ... Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. ... For other uses, see Southport (disambiguation). ...


The options were as follows:


Cheshire

Option 1
  1. Halton
  2. Warrington
  3. Cheshire Council
Option 2
  1. Halton
  2. Warrington
  3. Chester and West Cheshire
    (Chester and Ellesmere Port and Neston)
  4. Mid Cheshire
    (Vale Royal and Crewe and Nantwich)
  5. East Cheshire
    (Congleton and Macclesfield)

For other uses, see Cheshire (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Cheshire_Option1. ... Image File history File links Cheshire_Option2. ... Halton is a borough in North West England, administered by a unitary authority. ... This article is about the town and Unitary Authority in the north-west of England. ... Halton is a borough in North West England, administered by a unitary authority. ... This article is about the town and Unitary Authority in the north-west of England. ... Chester is a local government district in Cheshire, North West England, with the status of a city. ... Ellesmere Port and Neston is a local government district, borough and parliamentary constituency in Cheshire, England. ... Vale Royal is a local government district and borough in Cheshire, North West England. ... Crewe and Nantwich is one of six local government districts in the administrative county of Cheshire, England. ... Congleton is a local government district and borough in Cheshire, in North West England. ... Macclesfield is a local government district, borough and parliamentary constituency in Cheshire England. ...

County Durham

Option 1
  1. Hartlepool
  2. Stockton-on-Tees
  3. Darlington
  4. Durham Council
Option 2
  1. Hartlepool
  2. Stockton-on-Tees
  3. Darlington
  4. South Durham
    (Sedgefield, Teesdale and Wear Valley)
  5. North Durham
    (Chester-le-Street and Derwentside)
  6. East Durham
    (Durham and Easington)

County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Proposals for Unitary Government in County Durham, May 25, 2004, Option 1 Created and uploaded by Keith Edkins File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Proposals for Unitary Government in County Durham, May 25, 2004, Option 2 Created and uploaded by Keith Edkins File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Hartlepool is a local government district and borough in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England. ... Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority and borough in the Tees Valley area of north-east England, with a resident population in 2001 of 178,408, rising to 185,880 in 2005 estimates. ... Darlington is a local government district and borough in North East England. ... Hartlepool is a local government district and borough in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England. ... Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority and borough in the Tees Valley area of north-east England, with a resident population in 2001 of 178,408, rising to 185,880 in 2005 estimates. ... Darlington is a local government district and borough in North East England. ... Sedgefield is a local government district and borough in County Durham, in north-east England. ... Teesdale is a local government district in County Durham, England. ... Wear Valley is a local government district in County Durham, England. ... Chester-le-Street is a local government district in County Durham in north-east England. ... Derwentside is a local government district in County Durham, England, named after the River Derwent. ... Durham is a local government district and city in County Durham. ... Easington is a local government district and in eastern County Durham, England. ...

Cumbria

Option 1
  1. Cumbria Council
Option 2
  1. North Cumbria
    (Allerdale, Carlisle, Copeland and Eden)
  2. Morecambe Bay
    (Barrow-in-Furness, South Lakeland, and Lancaster from Lancashire)

Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Image File history File links Cumbria_Option1. ... Image File history File links Cumbria_Option2. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... The City of Carlisle is a local government district with city status in Cumbria, England. ... Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England. ... Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Logo The City of Lancaster (2002 population: 133,914) is a local government district with city status in Lancashire, England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ...

Lancashire

Option 1
  1. Blackpool with Fleetwood
    (Blackpool with parts of Wyre)
  2. Blackburn with Darwen
  3. Lancashire Council
Option 2
  1. Morecambe Bay
    (Lancaster with South Lakeland and Barrow-in-Furness from Cumbria)
  2. Blackpool and the Fylde
    (Blackpool, Wyre and Fylde)
  3. Central Lancashire
    (Preston, South Ribble and Chorley)
  4. East Lancashire
    (Burnley, Pendle, Ribble Valley and Rossendale)
  5. Blackburn with Hyndburn
    (Blackburn with Darwen and Hyndburn)
  6. Sefton and West Lancashire
    (Sefton from Merseyside, with part of West Lancashire)
  7. Wigan
    (Wigan from Greater Manchester, with part of West Lancashire)

Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Image File history File links Lancashire_Option1. ... Image File history File links Lancashire_Option2_mod. ... This article is about the town in England. ... This article is about the district of Wyre in England. ... Blackburn with Darwen (Dwrgwyn) is a borough in Lancashire, North West England. ... Morecambe Bay at low tide from Hest Bank, looking towards Grange-over-Sands. ... Logo The City of Lancaster (2002 population: 133,914) is a local government district with city status in Lancashire, England. ... South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... This article is about the town in England. ... This article is about the district of Wyre in England. ... Fylde is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England. ... This article is about Preston, Lancashire. ... South Ribble is a local government district and borough in Lancashire, England. ... Chorley is a local government district with borough status, in Lancashire, England. ... Burnley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire in North West England. ... Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England, on the North Yorkshire and West Yorkshire borders. ... Ribble Valley is a local government district with borough status in the administrative county of Lancashire, England. ... Rossendale is a local government district with borough status. ... Blackburn with Darwen (Dwrgwyn) is a borough in Lancashire, North West England. ... Hyndburn is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England. ... See Sefton, New South Wales for the suburb of Sydney, Australia. ... Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. ... West Lancashire is a local government district in Lancashire, England. ... Wigan is a Metropolitan Borough in Greater Manchester, in North West England. ... Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England which has a population of 2. ... West Lancashire is a local government district in Lancashire, England. ...

North Yorkshire

Option 1
  1. Stockton-on-Tees
  2. Middlesbrough
  3. Redcar and Cleveland
  4. City of York
  5. North Yorkshire Council
Option 2
  1. Stockton-on-Tees
  2. Middlesbrough
  3. Redcar and Cleveland
  4. City of York
  5. Craven and Harrogate
  6. Hambleton and Richmondshire
  7. Ryedale and Scarborough
  8. East Riding of Yorkshire
    (existing East Riding of Yorkshire with Selby)

North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... Image File history File links North_Yorkshire_Option1. ... Image File history File links North_Yorkshire_Option2. ... Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority and borough in the Tees Valley area of north-east England, with a resident population in 2001 of 178,408, rising to 185,880 in 2005 estimates. ... Middlesbrough is a unitary authority and borough in North Yorkshire, North East England. ... The borough of Redcar & Cleveland is a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, United Kingdom consisting of Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Skelton, and Loftus. ... York shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state Constituent country Region Yorkshire and the Humber Ceremonial county North Yorkshire Admin HQ York City Centre Founded 71 City Status 71 Government  - Type Unitary Authority, City  - Governing body City of York Council  - Leadership: Leader & Executive  - Executive: Liberal Democrat  - MPs: Hugh Bayley (L) John... Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority and borough in the Tees Valley area of north-east England, with a resident population in 2001 of 178,408, rising to 185,880 in 2005 estimates. ... Middlesbrough is a unitary authority and borough in North Yorkshire, North East England. ... The borough of Redcar & Cleveland is a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, United Kingdom consisting of Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Skelton, and Loftus. ... York shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state Constituent country Region Yorkshire and the Humber Ceremonial county North Yorkshire Admin HQ York City Centre Founded 71 City Status 71 Government  - Type Unitary Authority, City  - Governing body City of York Council  - Leadership: Leader & Executive  - Executive: Liberal Democrat  - MPs: Hugh Bayley (L) John... For other uses, see Craven (disambiguation). ... Harrogate is a local government district and borough of North Yorkshire, England. ... Hambleton is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. ... Richmondshire is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. ... Ryedale is a local government district in North Yorkshire in England. ... Scarborough is a non-metropolitan district and borough of North Yorkshire, England. ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district with unitary authority status, and a ceremonial county of England. ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district with unitary authority status, and a ceremonial county of England. ... Selby is a local government district in North Yorkshire, England. ...

Northumberland

Option 1
  1. Northumberland Council
Option 2
  1. Rural Northumberland
    (Alnwick, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Castle Morpeth and Tynedale)
  2. South East Northumberland
    (Blyth Valley and Wansbeck)

Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... Image File history File links Northumberland_Option1. ... Image File history File links Northumberland_Option2. ... Alwnick is a local government district in Northumberland, England. ... Berwick-upon-Tweed is a local government district and borough in Northumberland in the north_east of England, on the border with Scotland. ... Castle Morpeth is a local government district and borough in Northumberland, England. ... Tynedale is a local government district in south-west Northumberland. ... Blyth Valley is a borough and district in south-east Northumberland, England, bordering the North Sea and Tyne and Wear. ... Wansbeck is a local government district in south-east Northumberland, England. ...

The result

On 4 November 2004, in a turnout of almost 48% using a postal ballot, voters in the North East decisively rejected the proposed regional assembly.[1][2] The reasons for this result are varied, however it is felt that the regional power would have been concentrated in an Assembly situated in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which given the strong historic rivalries between urban centres in the North-East was an unpopular choice of venue (although vehemently supported by the dignitaries of Newcastle itself, which created further tensions). It was also felt that not enough of a case had been put forward for the necessity of the Assembly, and it was feared that it would add another layer of politians and public servants, thereby increasing taxes for the citizens of the areas affected.[3] is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Yes: 197,310 (22.1%)


No: 696,519 (77.9%)


Rejected: 12,538

Local authority Yes No Turnout*
Alnwick 2,771 11,666 57.4%
Berwick-upon-Tweed 2,250 8,597 52.3%
Blyth Valley 7,523 21,178 45.5%
Castle Morpeth 4,776 16,952 57.2%
Chester-le-Street 5,487 15,610 49.5%
Darlington 4,784 32,282 49.0%
Derwentside 9,718 22,888 49.1%
Durham 9,791 24,106 48.3%
Easington 8,065 21,520 42.5%
Gateshead 17,011 52,459 49.3%
Hartlepool 4,887 24,240 42.9%
Middlesbrough 7,977 33,543 42.1%
Newcastle upon Tyne 19,984 61,477 46.4%
North Tyneside 15,203 55,121 50.7%
Redcar & Cleveland 8,493 43,250 50.6%
Sedgefield 9,040 23,583 48.3%
South Tyneside 11,329 41,029 46.3%
Stockton-on-Tees 11,050 52,040 48.3%
Sunderland 17,927 71,893 43.4%
Teesdale 2,020 8,972 56.9%
Tynedale 5,146 20,975 55.4%
Wansbeck 5,947 15,503 46.6%
Wear Valley 6,131 17,635 49.9%
Totals 197,310 696,519 47.7%
  • Valid and rejected votes divided by electorate.

The related votes in Northumberland and County Durham on local government changes became moot. Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ...


Future

Similar referendums had been planned in North West England and Yorkshire and the Humber. These were postponed on 22 July due to issues with all-postal ballots - there were many allegations of fraud and procedural irregularities. Following the rejection of the proposal in the north east of England Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott ruled out holding further referendums in other regions for the foreseeable future.[4] North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... Yorkshire and the Humber is one of the regions of England. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Under its uncodified constitution, the United Kingdom possesses no formal permanent office of Deputy Prime Minister. ... For other persons named John Prescott, see John Prescott (disambiguation). ...


External links

  • UK Electoral Commission

References

  1. ^ Electoral Commission results page, URL accessed 27 September, 2007
  2. ^ North East votes 'no' to assembly, BBC News, Friday, 5 November, 2004
  3. ^ No camp hail 'resounding' victory, BBC News, Monday, 5 November, 2004
  4. ^ Prescott rules out regional polls, BBC News, Monday, 8 November, 2004

 
 

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