FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Northern Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Flag of Northern Cyprus
Flag Coat of arms
Anthemİstiklâl Marşı  (Turkish)
Independence March

Capital Nicosia (Lefkoşa in Turkish)
35°10′N, 33°22′E
Official languages Turkish
Government Representative democratic republic1
 -  President Mehmet Ali Talat
 -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer
Independence (de facto) from Cyprus 
 -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983 
 -  Recognition By Turkey only 
Area
 -  Total 3,355 km² (167th ranked together with Cyprus)
1,295 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.7
Population
 -  20062 census 264,172 
 -  Density 78/km² (89th)
203/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $4.54 billion[1] (90th)
 -  Per capita $7,135[2] (93rd)
Currency New Turkish Lira (TRY)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .nc.tr
Calling code +90  spec. +90-392
1 Freedomhouse.org Country Report
2 The press statement of Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer on the tentative results of 2006 population and housing census (5 May 2006)PDF (88.8 KiB) Nüfus ve Konut Sayimi.

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), commonly called Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), is a de facto independent separatist[3] republic[4][5][6] located in the north of Cyprus. The TRNC declared its independence in 1983, nine years after a Greek Cypriot coup attempting to annex the island to Greece triggered an invasion by Turkey. It has received diplomatic recognition only from Turkey, on which it has become dependent for economic, political and military support. The rest of the international community, including the United Nations and European Union, recognises the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole island. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... TRNC Flag The flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the Turkish flag, except that the colors of the objects and background are reversed, and the white background also has two red stripes at the top and bottom. ... TRNC Arms The Coat of Arms of Northern Cyprus are styled closely on the arms of the Republic of Cyprus, except that the arms are not colored and that the 1960 was removed from the shield underneath the dove. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... The Ä°stiklâl Marşı (i. ... Image File history File links TRNC_location. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representants. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the head of state of the TRNC. Rauf DenktaÅŸ was the first and founder president of TRNC, retired in 2005. ... Mehmet Ali Talat Mehmet Ali Talat (born July 6, 1952) is the current President of the de factoTurkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which controls the northern third of the island of Cyprus and is unrecognized by any nation except Turkey. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Ferdi Sabit Soyer Ferdi Sabit Soyer (05. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their purchasing power. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... TRY banknotes and coins The new Turkish lira is the current currency of Turkey and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... nc. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Turkey went from six (2+4) to seven digits (3+4) local phone numbers c. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... “Separatists” redirects here. ... Coup redirects here. ... Combatants  Turkey  Cyprus  Greece On the 20th of July 1974, Turkey launched a military invasion by air, land and sea against Cyprus purportedly to restore constitutional order following an Athens orchestrated coup by the Cypriot National Guard against the President of Cyprus, Makarios III. Though Turkey had consistently refused to... The Embassy of Turkey in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkish: ) is located in the Turkish Sector of Nicosia, just outside the walls of the Old City. ...


The Turkish Army maintains a large force in the TRNC that meets with the approval of much of the Turkish Cypriot population. However,the Republic of Cyprus regards it as an illegal occupation force; its presence has also been denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.[7] Attempts to reach a solution to the dispute have so far been unsuccessful. In 2004 the UN Annan Plan to reunite the island was accepted by a majority of Turkish Cypriots in a referendum, but rejected by a resounding majority of Greek Cypriots. UN and U.N. redirect here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish[1], as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... The two major communities of the de facto divided island nation of Cyprus held a referendum on settleing the Cyprus dispute on 24 April 2004. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the ethnic Greek population of Cyprus. ...


The TRNC extends from the tip of the Karpass Peninsula (Cape Apostolos Andreas) in the northeast, westward to Morphou Bay and Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina/Erenköy exclave marks the westernmost extent of the TRNC), and southward to the village of Louroujina/Akıncılar. The no man's land or buffer zone stretching between the two areas is under the control of the United Nations. The Karpass Peninsula (Karpasia) is a long, finger-like peninsula that is one of the most prominent geographical features of the island of Cyprus. ... Map of North-East Cyprus showing Cape Apostolos Andreas (red star) Cape Apostolos Andreas (Cape Saint Andrew) is the north-easternmost point (promontory) of the Mediterranean island of Cyprus (35°41. ... Morphou Bay (Greek: Κολπος Μορφου, Kolpos Morfou; Turkish: Güzelyurt Körfezi), is a part of the Mediterranean Sea, located on the North Western side of the island of Cyprus. ... Cape Kormatis is a promontory (35° 24′ 19″ N 32° 55′ 13″ E) on the north-western coast of the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... map of Cyprus showing the Louroujina Salient of the TRNC TRNC flag The Louroujina Salient marks the southernmost extent of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... 29th Infantry Battalion, 2nd Division, Canadian Corps. ... UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus The United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus is a 300 km (187 mile) separation barrier along the 1974 Green Line (or ceasefire line) de facto dividing the Republic of Cyprus into north and south regions. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...

Contents

History

The Constitution of Cyprus, while establishing an independent and sovereign republic, was, in the words of de Smith, an authority on Constitutional Law; "Unique in its tortuous complexity and in the multiplicity of the safeguards that it provides for the principal minority; the Constitution of Cyprus stands alone among the constitutions of the world".[4] Within three years tensions between the two communities in administrative affairs began to show. In particular disputes over separate municipalities and taxation created a deadlock in government. In 1963 President Makarios proposed unilateral changes to the constitution via thirteen amendments, what some observers viewed as an unconstitutional attempt to tilt the balance of power in the Republic. [8] Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots rejected the proposed amendments as an attempt to settle many of the constitutional disputes in the Greek Cypriots' favor[9] and as a means of demoting the Turks' status as co-founders of the state to one of minority status, removing their constitutional safeguards in the process. The President believed the amendments necessary, "to resolve constitutional deadlocks".[4] Combatants Greek Cypriots Aided by Hellenic Republic Turkish Cypriots Aided by Republic of Turkey Strength 30,000[1] 5,000[2] Cyprus Intercommunal violence refers to periods of inter-ethnic conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots on the island of Cyprus from 1963 to 1974. ... Combatants  Turkey  Cyprus  Greece On the 20th of July 1974, Turkey launched a military invasion by air, land and sea against Cyprus purportedly to restore constitutional order following an Athens orchestrated coup by the Cypriot National Guard against the President of Cyprus, Makarios III. Though Turkey had consistently refused to... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish[1], as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ...


On 21 December 1963, a Turkish Cypriot crowd clashed with the plainclothes special constables of Yorgadjis. Almost immediately intercommunal violence broke out with a major Greek Cypriot paramilitary attack upon Turkish Cypriots in Nicosia and Larnaca. Though the TMT (created in 1959 to oppose the pro-enosis EOKA with a policy of taksim) committed a number of acts of retaliation, historian of the Cyprus conflict Keith Kyle notes “there is no doubt that the main victims of the numerous incidents that took place during the next few months were Turks”[9]. 700 Turkish hostages, including women and children, were taken from the northern suburbs of Nicosia. Nikos Sampson, a nationalist and future coup leader, led a group of Greek Cypriot irregulars into the mixed suburb of Omorphita and attacked the Turkish Cypriot population. [10]. By 1964, 193 Turkish Cypriots and 133 Greek Cypriots were killed, with a further 209 Turks and 41 Greeks missing, presumed dead. is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The word Ένωσις (enosis) is Greek for union. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nikos Sampson (Greek: Νίκος Σαμψών; December 16, 1935 – May 9, 2001) was the de facto dictator of Cyprus installed by the coup détat that overthrew President Makarios in 1974. ...

Founder, and former President, Rauf Denktaş
Founder, and former President, Rauf Denktaş

Turkish Cypriots members of government had by now withdrawn, creating an essentially Greek Cypriot administration in control of all institutions of the state. Widespread looting of Turkish Cypriot villages led to twenty thousand refugees retreating into armed enclaves which remained for 11 years,[4] relying on food and medical supplies from Turkey to survive. Turkish Cypriots thus formed paramilitary groups to defend the enclaves, leading to a gradual division of the island's communities into two hostile camps. The violence had also seen thousands of Turkish Cypriots attempting to escape the violence emigrate to Britain, Australia and Turkey. [11]. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (502x640, 29 KB) Photo of Rauf DenktaÅŸ. Obtained from Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Presidents Office. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (502x640, 29 KB) Photo of Rauf DenktaÅŸ. Obtained from Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Presidents Office. ... Rauf DenktaÅŸ Rauf Raif DenktaÅŸ (in English often spelled Rauf Denktash) (born January 27, 1924) is the founder of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a de facto state which is only recognized by Turkey. ... The Turkish Cypriot enclaves are an important and often overlooked aspect of modern Cypriot History and the Cyprus_dispute. ...


The Republic of Cyprus argues the withdrawal from government and the retreat to enclaves by Turkish Cypriots was voluntary and part of a desire by Turkish Cypriots to form their own state. In support of this, they refer to a 1965 statement by the then United Nations Secretary General who stated Turkish Cypriots had furthered a policy of "self-segregation" and taken a "rigid stand" against policies which may involve recognizing the governments authority. [12] Turkish Cypriots point to the ruling of the Supreme Court which found Makarios to have violated the constitution by failing to fully implement its measures and that Turkish Cypriots were not allowed to return to their positions in government without first accepting Makarios's amendments.[13]


On 15 July 1974, the Greek military junta of 1967-1974 backed a Greek Cypriot military coup d'état in Cyprus. President Makarios was removed from office and Nikos Sampson, a former EOKA fighter and a member of the Parliament, became president. Turkey claimed that under the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee the coup was sufficient reason for military action and thus Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July 1974. Turkey's position was that such intervention was necessary to protect the Turkish Cypriot populace. Followings Turkey's military intervention, the coup failed and Makarios returned to Cyprus. Turkish forces proceeded to take over about 37% of the island, causing large numbers of Greek Cypriots to abandon their homes. Approximately 160,000 Greek Cypriots fled to the south of the island, while 50,000 Turkish Cypriots fled north. Approximately 1500 Greek Cypriot and 500 Turkish Cypriots remain missing.[14] The Greek military junta of 1967-1974, alternatively The Regime of the Colonels (Greek: ), or in Greece The Junta (Greek: ) and The Seven Years (Greek: ) are terms used to refer to a series of right-wing military governments that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974. ... Coup redirects here. ... Makarios III (Greek: Μακάριος Γ`; born Mihalis Christodoulou Mouskos (Greek: Μιχαήλ Χριστοδούλου Μούσκος), August 13, 1913 – August 3, 1977) was the archbishop and primate of the autocephalous Cypriot Orthodox Church (1950-1977) and first President of the Republic of Cyprus (1960-1977). ... Nikos Sampson (Greek: Νίκος Σαμψών; December 16, 1935 – May 9, 2001) was the de facto dictator of Cyprus installed by the coup détat that overthrew President Makarios in 1974. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Civilian casualties and displacements during the Cyprus conflict. ...


In 1975 the "Turkish Federative State of Cyprus" (Kıbrıs Türk Federe Devleti) was declared as a first step towards a future federated Cypriot state, but was rejected by the Republic of Cyprus, by the UN, and by the international community. After eight years of failed negotiations with the leadership of the Greek Cypriot community, the north declared its independence on 15 November 1983 under the name of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The UDI of the TRNC was rejected by the UN and the Republic of Cyprus. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Eight years after the Turkish Federative State of North Cyprus was proclaimed (in 1975), The UDI of North Cyprus was presented to the Northern Cypriot Parliament in North Nicosia by Turkish Cypriot...


In recent years the politics of reunification has dominated the islands affairs. It was hoped European Union accession would act as a catalyst towards a settlement. In 2004 a United Nations brokered peace settlement was put to a referendum on both sides, with Turkish Cypriots accepting and Greek Cypriots rejecting it, the result being the entry of a divided island into the European Union. The long serving Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktas had resigned in wake of the vote, ushering in the pro-solutionist Mehmet Ali Talat as President.

See also: History of Cyprus, Cyprus under the Ottoman Empire, Cyprus dispute, and Operation Atilla

This article is about the History of Cyprus. ... In 1570, the Turks first occupied Cyprus, and Lala Mustafa Pasha became the first Turkish Governor of Cyprus, challenging the claims of Venice. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Atilla was the code name given to the Turkish military invasion of the island of Cyprus in July 1974, in response to a Greek-inspired coup détat which sought to unite the island with Greece. ...

Government and politics

Mehmet Ali Talat - Current President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Politics of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1500, 113 KB) Summary Mehmet Ali Talat - President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Source:http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1500, 113 KB) Summary Mehmet Ali Talat - President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Source:http://www. ... Mehmet Ali Talat Mehmet Ali Talat (born July 6, 1952) is the current President of the de factoTurkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which controls the northern third of the island of Cyprus and is unrecognized by any nation except Turkey. ... Politics of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day functioning of the administration of a country. ... Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... The head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... The parliament of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, the Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi) has 50 members, elected for a five year term by mitigated proportional representation. ... In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


The president is elected for a five-year term. The current president is Mehmet Ali Talat who won the presidential elections on April 17, 2005. The legislature is the Assembly of the Republic, which has 50 members elected by proportional representation from five electoral districts. In the elections of February 2005, the Republican Turkish Party, which favors a peace settlement and the reunification of Cyprus [15], retained its position as the largest parliamentary party, but failed to win an overall majority. Mehmet Ali Talat Mehmet Ali Talat (born July 6, 1952) is the current President of the de factoTurkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which controls the northern third of the island of Cyprus and is unrecognized by any nation except Turkey. ... Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive (usually in legislative assemblies). ... The Republican Turkish Party (Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi) is a political party in Northern Cyprus. ...


International status and foreign relations

The international community, with the exception of Turkey, does not recognise the TRNC as a sovereign state, but recognises the de jure sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole island. The United Nations considers the declaration of independence by the TRNC as legally invalid in several of its resolutions.[16][17] The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, due to its unrecognized status internationally, is dependent upon Turkey to facilitate its contacts with the international community. ...

London office of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Bedford Square.
London office of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Bedford Square.

In wake of the April 2004 referendum on the United Nations Annan Plan, and the support of the Turkish Cypriot community for the plan, the European Union made pledges towards ending the isolation of northern Cyprus. These included measures for trade and 259 million euros in aid. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1168x1760, 586 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Bedford Square Foreign relations of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1168x1760, 586 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Bedford Square Foreign relations of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Metadata This... Bedford Square is a square in the Bloomsbury district of the London Borough of Camden in London, England. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The Organization of the Islamic Conference gave the TRNC the status of a constituent state, making the "Turkish Cypriot State" an observer member of the organization.[18] A number of high profile formal meetings have also taken place between President Mehmet Ali Talat and various foreign leaders and politicians including US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, British foreign minister Jack Straw, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. The flag of the Organ of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Membership in the OIC:  Member Members once temporarily suspended Withdrew Observer Attempted to join but blocked OIC redirects here. ... Constituent State: Term given to a state that is part of a larger political entity. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... For other uses, see Jack Straw (disambiguation). ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ...


The European Union considers the area not under effective control of the Republic of Cyprus as EU territory under Turkish military occupation and thus indefinitely exempt from EU legislation until a settlement has been found. The status of TRNC has become a recurrent issue especially during the recent talks for Turkey's membership of the EU where the division of the island is seen as a major stumbling block in Turkey's long road to membership.[19][20] The term acquis (or sometimes acquis communautaire), deriving from French, is used in European Union law to refer to the total body of EU law accumulated so far. ...


On February 18, 2008, The TRNC became one of the first nations to recognize the Unilateral Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Kosovo, in direct opposition to the stance of the Republic of Cyprus, which rejects the Kosovo UDI. It is argued by the Turkish and TRNC media that the independence of Kosovo could be a good model for the TRNC's recognisition.[4] is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...


Military

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus has an indigenous 5,000-man Turkish Cypriot Security Force (TCSF), which is primarily made up of conscripted Turkish Cypriot males between the ages of 18 and 40. There is also an additional reserve force consisting of about 11,000 first-line, 10,000 second-line and 5,000 third-line troops conscripted up to the age of 50. The TCSF is lightly armed and heavily dependent on its mainland Turkish allies, from which it draws much of its officer corps. It is led by a Brigadier General drawn from the Turkish Army. It acts essentially as a gendarmerie with a self-proclaimed mission of protecting the border of the TRNC from Greek Cypriot incursions and maintaining internal security within the TRNC.[21] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A gendarmerie or gendarmery (pronounced ) is a military body charged with police duties among civilian populations. ...


In addition, the mainland Turkish Armed Forces maintain a Cyprus Turkish Peace Force (CTPF) consisting of around 30-40,000 troops drawn from the 9th Turkish Army Corps and comprising two divisions, the 28th and 39th. It is equipped with a substantial number of United States-made M48 Patton main battle tanks and artillery weapons. The Turkish Air Force, Turkish Navy and Turkish Coast Guard also have a presence in Northern Cyprus. Although formally part of Turkish 4th Army, headquartered in İzmir, the sensitivities of the Cyprus situation means that the commander of the CTPF also reports directly to the Turkish General Staff in Ankara. The CTPF is deployed principally along the Green Line and in locations where hostile amphibious landings might take place.[21] Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK)) consists of the Army, the Navy (including Naval Air and Naval Infantry), and the Air Force of the Republic of Turkey. ... The M48 Patton was one of the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Cold War, with models in service from the early 1950s to the 1990s. ... The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... Turkish Air Force (Turkish: Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. ... Seal of the Turkish Navy The Turkish Navy (Turkish: ) is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. ... Turkish Coast Guard Branch of the Turkish Armed Forces during war time, the Turkish Coast Guard (Ottoman: Rusumet Emaneti Teskilati, Later Turkish: Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı) was established in 1859. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Green Line may refer to: // Green Line (Cyprus), between the Republic of Cyprus and the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ...


The presence of the mainland Turkish military in Cyprus is highly controversial, having been denounced as an illegal occupation force by the Republic of Cyprus government. Several United Nations Security Council resolutions have called on the Turkish forces to withdraw,[22] though failed Annan Plan of 2004 allowed for some troops to remain. “Security Council” redirects here. ... The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to bring about the reunification of the divided island nation of Cyprus as the United Cyprus Republic. ...


Administrative divisions

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is divided into five administrative regions:

District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Morphou (in Greek Μόρφου, in Turkish Omorfo (pre 1974) or Güzelyurt post 1974) is a market town in the north-west of Cyprus. ...

Geography and climate

Part of the Kyrenia mountain range
Part of the Kyrenia mountain range

The climate of the island is of an extreme Mediterranean type with very hot dry summers and relatively cold winters. Most of the rainfall is concentrated between December and January. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 218 KB) Summary Girne Daglari (Kyrenia Mountain Range), North Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 218 KB) Summary Girne Daglari (Kyrenia Mountain Range), North Cyprus. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


The climate of the coastal parts is less extreme than farther inland, due to the fact that the effect of the sea on atmospheric humidities is always present there. The sea temperature itself never falls below 16°C. (January and February); in August it can rise to 28 °C.


Spring and autumn are short, typified by changeable weather, with occasional heavy storms battering the coast in spring and a westerly wind, called "meltem" carrying the influence of Atlantic depressions to this far eastern end of the Mediterranean.


From mid-May to mid-September the sun shines on a daily average of around 11 hours. Temperatures can reach 40°C. On the Mesaoria Plain, although lower on the coasts, with a north-westerly breeze called "Poyraz" prevailing. The skies are cloudless with a low humidity, 40 - 60 per cent, thus the high temperatures are easier to bear. The hot, dry, dust-laden sirocco wind blowing from Africa also finds its way to the island. Sirocco, scirocco, jugo or, rarely, siroc is a strong southerly to southeasterly wind in the Mediterranean that originates from the Sahara and similar North African regions. ...


Short-lived stormy conditions resulting from fairly frequent small depressions prevail throughout the winter, with 60 per cent of rain falling between December and February. The Northern Range receives around 550 mm of rain per year, whereas the Mesaoria Plain receives only around 300-400 mm.


Frost and snow are almost unknown in Northern Cyprus, although night temperatures can fall to very low levels in winter and it will occasionally snow to the peaks of the Kyrenia Range.


The chief rain-bearing air currents reach the island from the south-west, so that precipitation and atmospheric humidity is at its greatest on the western and south-western sides of the Southern Range. Eastwards, precipitation and humidity are reduced by the partial rain-shadow effect of the Southern Range, a similar effect is also caused by the Northern Range which cut off the humidity associated with proximity to the sea from much of the northern Mesaoria Plain. Eastwards of the Northern Range, towards the bays of the Karpaz Peninsula, where the land narrows and the effect of sea influence increases accordingly, humidity increases progressively towards the end of the peninsula.


Most of the rivers are simply winter torrents, only flowing after heavy rain, the rivers running out of the Northern and Southern Ranges rarely flowing all the year round.


During the wet winter months Cyprus is a green island. However, by the time June arrives the landscape at the lower levels assumes the brown, parched aspect which characterises its summer face. The forests and the vineyards in the mountains, plus the strips of irrigated vegetation in the valleys remain green.


Economy

Main article: Economy of Northern Cyprus
The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Famagusta (Gazimağusa). Formerly Τhe Saint Nicolas Cathedral prior to its conversion in 1571. Tourism remains an important source of revenue for Northern Cyprus.
The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Famagusta (Gazimağusa). Formerly Τhe Saint Nicolas Cathedral prior to its conversion in 1571. Tourism remains an important source of revenue for Northern Cyprus.

The economy of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is dominated by the services sector including the public sector, trade, tourism and education, with smaller agriculture and light manufacturing sectors. The economy operates on a free-market basis, with a great portion funding of the administration costs offered by Turkey. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 792 KB)Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque (St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 792 KB)Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque (St. ... St. ...


Because of its status and the embargo, the TRNC is heavily dependent on Turkish military and economic support.[23] It uses the New Turkish Lira as its currency; this used to link its economic status to the vagaries of the Turkish economy . All TRNC exports and imports have to take place via Turkey, unless they are produced locally, from materials sourced in the area (or imported via one of the island's recognised ports) when they may be exported via one of the legal ports. TRY banknotes and coins The new Turkish lira is the current currency of Turkey and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ...


The continuing Cyprus problem adversely affects the economic development of the TRNC. The Republic of Cyprus, as the internationally recognised authority, has declared airports and ports in the area not under its effective control, closed. All U.N. Member countries and E.U. member countries respect the closure of those ports and airports according to the declaration of the Republic of Cyprus. The Turkish community argues that the Republic of Cyprus has used its international standing to handicap economic relations between TRNC and the rest of the world. Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast. ...


Despite the constraints imposed by its lack of international recognition, the TRNC economy turned in an impressive performance in the last few years. The GDP growth rates of the TRNC economy in 2001-2005 have been 5.4%, 6.9%, 11.4%, 15.4% and 10.6%.[24] This growth has been buoyed by the relative stability of the Turkish Lira and a boom in the education and construction sectors.


Studies by the World Bank show that the per capita GDP in TRNC grew to 76% of the per capita GDP in the Republic of Cyprus in PPP-adjusted terms in 2004. (USD 22,300 for the Republic of Cyprus and USD 16,900 for the TRNC).[24]


Although the TRNC economy has developed in recent years, it is still dependent on monetary transfers from the Turkish government. Under the 2003-06 economic protocol, Ankara plans to provide around $550 million to the TRNC.


The number of tourists visiting Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus during January-August 2003 was 286,901.[25]


The Turkish Cypriot economy has also benefited from an abundance of universities including Near East University, Girne American University, Middle East Technical University, European University of Lefke and Cyprus International University as well as Eastern Mediterranean University which is internationally recognised with more than 1000 faculty members coming from 35 countries. There are 15000 students in the university comprised of 68 different nationalities. EMU has been approved by Higher Education Council of Turkey. It is full individual member of the institutions like the European University Associations, Community of Mediterranean Universities, Federation Universities of Islamic World And International Association of Universities. Near East University (NEU) is a private international institution of higher education in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... Girne American University was founded in 1985 as an independent, non-profit institution of higher education in Girne, North Cyprus. ... Middle East Technical University (METU; in Turkish, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, commonly referred to as ODTÜ) is a public research university in Ankara, Turkey. ... The Eastern Mediterranean University (Turkish: Doğu Akdeniz Üniversitesi) is located in the northern part of Cyprus in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ...


Communications and transport

Kyrenia Marina
Kyrenia Marina

International telephone calls are routed via a Cyprus or Turkish dialling code: +90 392, as the TRNC has neither its own country code, nor official ITU prefix. Similarly, the TRNC has no top level domain of its own, and is under the Turkish second-level domain .nc.tr, while mail must be addressed 'via Mersin 10, TURKEY' as the Universal Postal Union does not recognise the TRNC as a separate entity. Amateur radio operators sometimes use callsigns beginning with "1B", but these have no standing for awards or other operating credit. This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. ... The ITU allocates call sign prefixes for radio and television stations of all types. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... nc. ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... Amateur radio station with modern solid-state transceiver featuring LCD and DSP capabilities Amateur radio, often called ham radio, is both a hobby and a service that uses various types of radio communications equipment to communicate with other radio amateurs for public service, recreation and self-training. ... In broadcasting and radio communication, a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. ...


Direct flights to Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the trade traffic through the Turkish Cypriot ports are restricted as part of the embargo on Turkish Cypriot ports.[26] The airports of Geçitkale and Ercan are only recognised as legal ports of entry by Turkey and Azerbaijan[27]. In addition, the TRNC's seaports in Famagusta and Kyrenia had been declared closed to all shipping by the Republic of Cyprus since 1974[28]. But since that declaration is not considered valid by European Union, there is a ship tours between Famagusta and Latakia (Syria). Since the opening of the Green Line, Turkish Cypriot residents are allowed to trade through Greek Cypriot ports. [29] Lefkoniko (Greek: Λευκόνοικο, Turkish: Geçitkale or Lefkonuk) is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus. ... Ercan International Airport (Greek name Tymbou) is the principal airport of entry into the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Roundabout in Latakia Latakia (Arabic: اللاذقية Al-Ladhiqiyah, Greek:Λαοδικεία) is the principal port city of Syria. ...


Naturalised TRNC citizens or foreigners carrying a passport stamped by the TRNC authorities may be refused entry by the Republic of Cyprus or Greece,[30] although after the accession of the Republic of Cyprus to the EU such restrictions have been eased following confidence-building measures between Athens and Ankara and the partial opening of the UN controlled line by the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus authorities. The Republic of Cyprus also allows passage across the Green Line from the part of Nicosia that it controls (as well as a few other selected crossing points), since the TRNC does not leave entry stamps in the passport for such visits. Since May 2004, some tourists have taken to flying to the Republic of Cyprus directly and crossing the green line to holiday in the TRNC. [31] Naturalized TRNC Citizens are persons granted TRNC Citizenship by the Government of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... A street cut by the Green Line in Nicosia The term Green Line is often used to refer to the line of demarcation that divides the Cypriot capital of Nicosia into the southern Greek Cypriot region, the controlled area by Republic of Cyprus and the northern Turkish Cypriot region, which... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ...


Demographics

According to a census carried out by the Turkish Cypriot administration, the TRNC has a population of about 264,172,[32] of which just over half is composed of indigenous Turkish Cypriots, with the rest including a large number of settlers from Turkey. Of the 178,000 Turkish Cypriot citizens, 74% are native Cypriots (approximately 140,000). Of the remaining people born to non-Cypriot parentage, approximately 16,000 were born in Cyprus. The figure for non-citizens, including students, guest workers and temporary residents stood at 78,000 people.[33] Estimates by the government of the Republic of Cyprus from 2001 place the population at 200,000, of which 80-89,000 are Turkish Cypriots and 109,000-117,000 Turkish settlers.[34]. An island-wide census in 1960 indicated the number of Turkish Cypriots as 102,000 and Greek Cypriots as 450,000[35]. Estimates state that 36,000 (about 1/3) Turkish Cypriots emigrated in the period 1975-1995, with the consequence that within the occupied area the native Turkish Cypriots have been outnumbered by settlers from Turkey.[34]. The TRNC is almost entirely Turkish speaking. English, however, is widely spoken as a second language. Many of the older Turkish Cypriots speak and understand Greek - some may even be considered native speakers of the Greek Cypriot dialect. Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish[1], as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... For dialects of programming languages, see Programming language dialect. ...


There are small populations of Greek Cypriots and Maronites (about 3,000) living in Rizokarpaso and Kormakitis regions. Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... Maronites (Marunoye ܡܪܘܢܝܶܐ in Syriac, Mawarinah in Arabic) are members of one of the Eastern Rites of the Catholic church. ... Church in Rizokarpaso Rizokarpaso (Greek: Ριζοκάρπασο, Turkish: Dipkarpaz) is a town on the Karpass Peninsula in Famagusta District, North-eastern Cyprus. ... Kormakitis (Greek spelling Κορμακίτης, Turkish: Korucan) is a small village in on the northern coast of Cyprus, in the area occupied by the Turkish army, also called the TRNC. It is the historical centre of the Maronite Church in Cyprus. ...


The demographics of the TRNC are rapidly changing as properties belonging to Greek Cypriots and which are not currently occupied, are being sold as second homes[36] to mainly British Russian and Israeli citizens who are now residing in the TRNC in great numbers.


Further reading

  • North Cyprus – a Pocket-Guide, published by Rustem Bookshop, Nicosia, 1. edition 2006, ISBN 994496803x

See also

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... The Turks (Turkish people), whose name was first used in history in the 6th century AD by the Chinese [1], are a society whose language belongs to the Turkic language family (which in turn some classify as a subbranch of Altaic linguistic family. ... The history of the Turkic peoples (Turkic speaking peoples). ... This is a timeline of Cypriot history. ... The Prehistoric Period is the oldest part of Cypriot history. ... The Ancient History of Cyprus covers the period between 721 BC and the Middle Ages. ... The Medieval history of Cyprus starts with the division of the Roman Empire into an Eastern and Western half. ... The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Roman Catholic Crusader kingdom on the island of Cyprus in the late Middle Ages. ... In 1570, the Turks first occupied Cyprus, and Lala Mustafa Pasha became the first Turkish Governor of Cyprus, challenging the claims of Venice. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Cypriot Refugees Page It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Civilian casualties and displacements during the Cyprus conflict. ... Combatants Greek Cypriots Aided by Hellenic Republic Turkish Cypriots Aided by Republic of Turkey Strength 30,000[1] 5,000[2] Cyprus Intercommunal violence refers to periods of inter-ethnic conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots on the island of Cyprus from 1963 to 1974. ... Combatants  Turkey  Cyprus  Greece On the 20th of July 1974, Turkey launched a military invasion by air, land and sea against Cyprus purportedly to restore constitutional order following an Athens orchestrated coup by the Cypriot National Guard against the President of Cyprus, Makarios III. Though Turkey had consistently refused to... Combatants Turkey Cyprus Strength ~ 40,000 troops ~ 200 tanks ~ 12,000 troops ~ 35 tanks 15 July 1974 – The Cypriot National Guard and EOKA-B launch a coup to overthrow the democratically-elected President, Archbishop Makarios III. 19 July 1974 - Whilst addressing the UN Security Council, Archbishop Makarios III accused Greece... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition By Turkey   -  Independence from Cyprus   -  Declared November 15, 1983  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1... Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the internationally recognized southern two-thirds of the island and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus which controls the northern one-third of the island. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Northern Cyprus elects a president and a legislature. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, due to its current unrecognized status internationally, has for most of its existence been dependent upon Turkey to facilitate its contacts with the outside world. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Representative Office of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Washington, D.C. is the de facto embassy of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus to the United States. ... The Representative Office of the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in New York city is the de facto mission of the TRNC to the United Nations Organization (as well as a de facto Consulate-General). ... A street cut by the Green Line in Nicosia The term Green Line is often used to refer to the line of demarcation that divides the Cypriot capital of Nicosia into the southern Greek Cypriot region, the controlled area by Republic of Cyprus and the northern Turkish Cypriot region, which... // Peace Negotiations, 1974-1994 On April 28, 1975, Kurt Waldheim, the UN Secretary-General, launched a new mission of Good Offices. ... TRY banknotes and coins The Turkish new lira is the current currency of Turkey and of the de facto state Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Turkish military retains a large armed force in the north of the island of Cyprus, located in the Eastern Mediterranean. ... Since the founding of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was unilaterally proclaimed in 1983, the internationally recognized government of the Greek Cypriot-controlled Republic of Cyprus has led an economic, political, cultural, and sporting embargo on the Northern Cyprus, followed by the entire international community, with the exception of... Cypriot cuisine is the cuisine encountered on the island of Cyprus located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... TRNC Flag The flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is based on the flag of Turkey with the colors reversed and two horizontal red stripes added at the top and bottom. ... TRNC Coat of Arms The Coat of Arms of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are styled closely on the arms of the Republic of Cyprus, except that the arms are not colored and that the 1960 was removed from the shield underneath the dove. ... The Ä°stiklâl Marşı (i. ...

References

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html
  2. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html
  3. ^ Christopher Hitchens, Uncorking the Genie: The Cyprus Question and Turkey's Military Rule MERIP Reports, No. 122, Turkey under Military Rule (Mar. - Apr., 1984), pp. 25-27, doi:10.2307/3011799
  4. ^ a b c d Antiwar.com. In Praise of 'Virtual States', Leon Hadar, November 16, 2005
  5. ^ Carter Johnson, University of Maryland. Sovereignty or Demography? Reconsidering the Evidence on Partition in Ethnic Civil Wars, 2005
  6. ^ Emerson, Michael (2004). The Wider Europe Matrix. CPSE. ISBN 9290794690. 
  7. ^ UN Security Council resolutions 353(1974), 357(1974), 358(1974), 359(1974), 360(1974), 365(1974)
  8. ^ David Hannay, 2005. Cyprus the search for a solution. I.B Tauris.
  9. ^ a b The Main Narrative, continued The Cyprus Conflict
  10. ^ Andrew Borowiec, 2000. Cyprus: A troubled island. Praeger/Greenwood p.56
  11. ^ Quoted in Andrew Borowiec, 2000. Cyprus: A troubled island. Praeger/Greenwood p.58
  12. ^ [http://www.humanrights.coe.int/minorities/eng/FrameworkConvention/StateReports/1999/cyprus/B.htm (Report S/6426 10.6.65)
  13. ^ Stephen, Michael, (1987) Cyprus: Two Nations in One Island Bow Educational Briefing No.5. London, Pages 1-7
  14. ^ Bones of Cyprus missing unearthed BBC News
  15. ^ http://www.uninvitedguest.org/index.php/2007/04/13/love-it-or-leave-it/
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/487/80/IMG/NR048780.pdf ODS - Sédoc] Official Documents System of the United Nations
  18. ^ Islamic Conference's Parliaments to Call TRNC 'Cyprus Turkish State Zaman
  19. ^ David Gow; Helena Smith. "EU puts Turkey on a long road to accession", The Guardian, 2004-10-07. Retrieved on 2007-01-30. 
  20. ^ "EU Sets Deadline for Turkey to Open Up Its Ports", Deutsche Welle, 2006-11-21. Retrieved on 2007-01-30. 
  21. ^ a b "Cyprus." Jane's Sentinel: Eastern Mediterranean, issue 22, 2007.
  22. ^ UN Security Council resolutions 353(1974), 357(1974), 358(1974), 359(1974), 360(1974), 365(1974)
  23. ^ http://news.independent.co.uk/education/higher/article3136333.ece
  24. ^ a b University of Oxford, European Studies Centre, Workshop on Cyprus 10-11 March 2006
  25. ^ Tourism statistics for the period January-August 2003: North Cyprus Ministry of Economy and Tourism
  26. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6216498.stm
  27. ^ http://www.northcyprusonline.com/North-Cyprus-Online-How-to-Visit-Air.php
  28. ^ http://www.csa-cy.org/closed%20ports.htm
  29. ^ http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmselect/cmfaff/113/113ii.pdf
  30. ^ Visa requirements for Cyprus
  31. ^ [2]
  32. ^ The press statement of Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer on the tentative results of 2006 population and housing census (5 May 2006)PDF (88.8 KiB) Nüfus ve Konut Sayimi
  33. ^ Simon Bahceli. "Indigenous Turkish Cypriots just over half north’s population", Cyprus Mail, 2007-02-15. Retrieved on 2007-02-16. 
  34. ^ a b Quoted after the Euromosaic report, a study commissioned by the European Commission ([3]PDF (120 KiB)
  35. ^ http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-3458.html
  36. ^ http://www.stringerestates.com/;http://www.unwinestates.com/; http://www.henrycharlesestates.com/

For other uses, see Guardian. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the German international broadcaster. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Cyprus Mail is a Cypriot English-language newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

External links

Official links

  • Office Of The President, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • Northern Cypriot Tourism Office
  • TRNC Public Information Office
  • TRNC Central Bank in Turkish language

Other links

  • ATCA News, Association of Turkish Cypriots Abroad
  • "Islamic Conference's Parliaments to Call TRNC 'Cyprus Turkish State'" JTW
  • Useful Information on TRNC
  • International Expert Panel for a European Solution in Cyprus
  • Assembly of Turkish American Associations
  • Chronology - Cyprus Issue
  • Münüse, Folk Music
  • TIKA
  • Northern Cyprus travel guide from Wikitravel
  • EU task-force on Turkish Cypriot community
  • Northern Cyprus a refuge for British fugitives
Geographic locale
International organizations
Other associations

  Results from FactBites:
 
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1262 words)
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti) is a de facto country proclaimed in northern Cyprus in 1983, nine years after the Turkish military intervened with a large-scale landing of troops on the island (20 July 1974) in response to a Greek-engineered coup d'etat.
The territory between the TRNC and the remainder of Cyprus is separated by a United Nations-controlled buffer zone.
The number of seats assigned to Cyprus in the European Parliament (6 seats) is based on the population of the entire island, despite the fact that the residents of Northern Cyprus - Turkish Cypriots and Anatolian Turks alike - currently cannot participate in the election process.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m