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Encyclopedia > Northern Command (Israel)
Northern Command logo

The Israeli Northern Command (Hebrew: פיקוד צפון, Pikud Tzafon, often abbreviated to Patzan) is the Israel Defense Forces regional command responsible for the northern front with Syria and Lebanon. Image File history File linksMetadata Tzafon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tzafon. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... A command in military organization is a collection of units or a group of personnel under the control of a single officer. ...

Contents

History

During the wars in the 1960s and 70s, the Northern Command was in-charge of the campaigns directed against Syria on the Golan Heights and the Lebanese border. During the 1970s and 80s, it mainly faced attacks from the PLO, which was driven to southern Lebanon following Black September. Beginning with the 1982 Lebanon War, the Northern Command faced attacks from Hezbollah, a Lebanese militant group founded in 1982 to fight the Israeli occupation of Southern Lebanon. During 2000, the Northern Command completed its withdrawal from the Security Zone in southern Lebanon and was dispatched along the UN-sanctioned border. Although Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon has been met with UN approval, Hezbollah continues its attacks, mainly on the "Dov Mountain" area of Mount Hermon, an area occupied by Israel from Syria and which Hezbollah claims as Lebanese territory (see Shebaa farms). The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... The Golan Heights (Hebrew: Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-Å«lān) or Golan is a plateau on the border of Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic Munazzamat al-Tahrir Filastiniyyah منظمة تحرير فلسطينية ) is a political and paramilitary organization of Palestinian Arabs dedicated to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state to consist of the... Combatants PLO Jordan Commanders Yasser Arafat King Hussein Casualties 7,000-8,000 killed[1] This article, Black September in Jordan, describes the events surrounding September, 1970 in Jordan. ... Combatants Israel South Lebanon Army LF (nominally neutral) PLO Syria Amal LCP Commanders Menachem Begin (Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon, (Ministry of Defence) Rafael Eitan, (CoS) Yasser Arafat Strength 76,000 37,000 Casualties 670 17,825 The 1982 Lebanon War (Hebrew: , Milkhemet Levanon), (Arabic: ), called by Israel the Operation Peace... For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Southern Lebanon is the geographical area of Lebanon composed of two Governates: the South Lebanon Governate and the Nabatiyeh Governate. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Israeli Security Zone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Mount Hermon, viewed from Mount Bental Mount Hermon Panoramic, from Manara on the Naftali heights Mount Hermon Panoramic from Nimrod (Israel) Panoramic view from the Mountain Mount Hermon (top of photo) supplies the bulk of the Jordan Rivers water Mount Hermon (; Hebrew: , Har Hermon; Arabic: ‎, Jabal el-Shaiykh, Djabl... Map of the Shebaa Farms. ...


Units

The Northern Command commands regional units from Mount Hermon in the north, to Netanya in the south, with a significant presence in the Galilee and the Golan Heights. Its commander was Aluf Udi Adam, although he announced that he would leave the army once the last Israeli soldier leaves Lebanon. On August 8, 2006, IDF Deputy Chief of Staff Moshe Kaplinsky was appointed to the Northern Command as "representative of the General Staff to the Northern Command," in response to criticism by the government over the Command's handling of the conflict. This, in effect, made Kaplinsky the commander of the Northern Command, with the task of supervising the Ground Forces, Air Force and Navy in Southern Lebanon. Adam was replaced by Gadi Eisencott in October.[1] Mount Hermon, viewed from Mount Bental Mount Hermon Panoramic, from Manara on the Naftali heights Mount Hermon Panoramic from Nimrod (Israel) Panoramic view from the Mountain Mount Hermon (top of photo) supplies the bulk of the Jordan Rivers water Mount Hermon (; Hebrew: , Har Hermon; Arabic: ‎, Jabal el-Shaiykh, Djabl... Early morning in Netanya, Israel Netanya (Hebrew: נְתַנְיָה, Standard Hebrew Nətanya) is a city in the Center District of Israel and is the capital of the Sharon plain. ... Galilee (Arabic al-jaleel الجليل, Hebrew hagalil הגליל), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... The Golan Heights (Hebrew: Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-ūlān) or Golan is a plateau on the border of Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. ... Aluf is the term used for general in the Israeli Defence Forces. ... Maj. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Divisions

Brigadier-General Gershon HaCohen (left), outgoing commander of the 36th Division, alongside its new commander, Brigadier-General Eliezer Reiter The Israel Defense Forces 36th Armor Division, also known as the Gaash Formation, is a the largest regular-service armor division in the IDF. It is subordinate to the...

Brigades

The 7th Brigade (Hebrew: Hativa Sheva). ... The Barak Armored Brigade is today an Israeli tank brigade and one of the regular armored brigades of the Northern Command. ... The Golani Brigade חטיבת גולני (aka. ...

Battalions

The Israeli Engineering Corps are the combat engineering forces of צהל - the Israeli Defence Forces. ... The Israeli Field Intelligence Corps is the newest of the IDF GOC Army Headquarters’ five corps, created in April 2000, and is tasked with collecting combat intelligence and is responsible for intelligence units from the battalion level and up to the entire force. ...

Special units

The Egoz Reconnaissance Unit (Hebrew: יחידת אגוז, Yechidat Egoz) is an Israel Defense Forces infantry unit that specializes in guerilla and anti-guerilla warfare. ... Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Eisencott replaces Adam as OC Northern Command", Jerusalem Post, October 19, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2006.
Israel Defense Forces
Arms, Commands, Branches, Corps
Arms: Navy (Sea Arm) | Air Force (Air and Space Arm) | Ground Forces (GOC Army Headquarters)
Commands: Northern | Central | Southern | Home Front
Branches: General Staff | Operations | Intelligence | Planning | Human Resources | Logistics, Medical, & Centers | Computer Service
Consultants & attachés to the General Staff: Financial advisor | Womens' Affairs advisor | Rabbinate | Military Advocate General | Court of Appeals | Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories
IDF corps
Ground forces corps: Infantry | Armor | Artillery | Engineering | Field Intelligence
Infantry brigades: Paratroopers | Golani | Nahal | Givati | Kfir | Bislmach
Combat support & rear-line corps: Ordnance | Medical | Intelligence | C4I | Education | Adjutant | Logistics | Military Police | General
IDF insignia
Berets, Units symbols and Uniform | Ranks | Decorations
Additional Information
History of the Israel Defense Forces | Ministry of Defense | Military equipment | Israel Defense Forces checkpoint | Israeli military prison
See Also
Security Forces | Mossad | Shabak | Police | Border Police | Intelligence Community | Security Council | Foreign & Defense Committee

 
 

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