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Encyclopedia > Northern Bukovina

Bukovina (Bucovina in Romanian; Буковина, Bukovyna in Ukrainian; Buchenland or Bukowina in German; Bukowina in Polish), on the slopes of the Carpathian Mountains, comprises an historic province now split between Romania and Ukraine. Satellite image of the Carpathians The Carpathian Mountains (Hungarian:Kárpátok; Romanian: Carpaţi; Ukrainian:Карпати, Karpaty; Polish, Czech and Slovak: Karpaty) are the eastern wing of the great central mountain system of Europe curving 1500 km (~900 miles) along the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Romania, and Ukraine. ...


Etymology

The term Bukovina has a Slavic origin and derives from the word for beech; the German equivalent Buchenland means "beech land". Most likely one of the names originated as a translation of the other. The name Bukovina came into use in 1775 with the region's annexation to the Austrian Empire. Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire until 1867 and of the Austrian part of Austria_Hungary until 1918. ...


History

Since ancient Roman times Dacian peoples (the ancestors of Romanians) inhabited the territory. In the 5th century the territory came under the rule of the Avars. Around the 5th century, Slavic populations settled in the region. Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci or Getae, was a large district of Central Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa (Tisza river, in Hungary), on the east by the Tyras (Dniester or Nistru... The Eurasian Avars were a nomadic people of Eurasia who established a state in the Danube River area of Europe in the early 6th century. ... ( 4th century - 5th century - 6th century - other centuries) Events Rome sacked by Visigoths in 410. ...


From the mid-14th century, this region became the nucleus of the Romanian Principality of Moldova, with the city of Suceava as its capital from 1388. In the 15th century parts of the region became objects of dispute between the Moldavian state and the Polish kingdom. In this period the patronage of Ştefan cel Mare and his followers on the throne of Moldavia saw the painted Monasteries of Moldoviţa, Putna, Suceviţa and Voroneţ erected. With their famous exterior frescoes, these monasteries remain some of the greatest cultural treasures of Romania today. (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... Suceava (German Suczawa, Yiddish שאָץ Shots; population 106,000) is a city in the Suceava county, Bucovina, Romania. ... Events Beginning of prosecution of Lollards in England The Battle of Otterburn between England and Scotland Births Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury. ... The Jagiellon Era 1385-1572, was dominated by the union of Poland with Lithuania under the Jagiellon Dynasty, founded by the Lithuanian grand duke Jagiello. ... . This article refers to the Moldavian voivod Ştefan cel Mare. ... The Putna monastery is one of the most important cultural,religious and artistic centers of Medieval Moldova being among with many others monasteries the creation of Prince Stephen the Great ( Stefan cel Mare ). It was founded on the lands perambulated by the Putna river which has its source in the... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ...


In the 18th century Bukovina fell under the control of the Ottoman Turks, then it was occupied by Russia in 1769, and then by the Habsburg Austrians in 1774. It remained under Austrian administration, in 1849 becoming a crown province. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkic people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Map of the Austrian province

In World War I several battles were fought in Bukovina between the Austro-Hungarian, German and Russian armies. Although the Russians were finally driven out in 1917, Austria would lose Bukovina with the war; the most part of the Austrian province, being majority Romanian, was reunited with Romania after the Treaty of St. Germain. Download high resolution version (1019x1393, 196 KB)harta 1910 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1019x1393, 196 KB)harta 1910 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Saint-Germain may refer to various French phenomena: the 6th century bishop of Paris, canonized as Saint Germain of Paris, who founded an abbey in the fields near Paris, now the church of Saint-Germain-des-Pres which gave its name to the neighborhood on the Left Bank that is...


On June 28, 1940, Northern Bukovina was occupied by Soviet troops as a consequence of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact between Hitler and Stalin. Almost the entire German population which was settled during the Austrian rule of the Northern Bukovina emigrated into the Reich. It would change hands again during the course of World War II, notably when Petre Dumitrescu led the Romanian Third Army into the North. During World War II, the Jewish community of the Bukovina was destroyed by the deportations over the Dnester and Bug rivers. In the end, the northern part of Bukovina was annexed to the Ukrainian SSR, while the southern part remained with Romania. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Molotov (left), Ribbentrop (in black) and Stalin The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin pact or Nazi-Soviet pact, was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and Russia, or more precisely between the Soviet Union and the Third Reich. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Petre Dumitrescu Petre Dumitrescu (February 18, 1882 - January 15, 1950) was a Romanian general during World War II, who led the Romanian Third Army on its campaign against the Soviet Union in the southwest. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західний Буг, Zakhidnyi Buh), flows from central Ukraine to the west, forming part of the boundary between that nation and Poland, passes along the Polish-Belarusian... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ...


Most of the historical Bukovina is now included in the county of Suceava of Romanian, the western part of Chernivtsi province of Ukraine and a small part became part of the Odessa province of Ukraine. Suceava (German Suczawa, Yiddish שאָץ Shots; population 106,000) is a city in the Suceava county, Bucovina, Romania. ... The Chernivtsi region (Черніветська область, Chernivets’ka oblast’ in Ukrainian) lies in southwestern Ukraine, bordering on Romania and Moldova. ... Odessa Oblast ( Ukrainian: Одеська область, Odeska oblast) is an oblast of south-western Ukraine. ...


A compact Romanian minority inhabits the southern Chernivtsi province. The capital of the province is Chernivtsi. Chernivtsi (Чернівці, Romanian: Cernăuţi, German: Czernowitz, Polish: Czerniowce, Hungarian: Csernovic, Yiddish: Chernovits, Russian: Черновцы, Chernovtsy) is a city in Northern Bukovina, Ukraine, capital of the Chernivetska oblast. History From 1775, the city was a part of the Austrian province of Bukovina. ...


Links

Bukovina Society of the Americas (http://www.bukovinasociety.org)



Romanian historical regions:
Dobrogea : Cadrilater

Moldavia : Bessarabia | Bugeac | Bukovina Dobrogea is the Romanian name for Dobruja (Добруджа, Dobrudzha in Bulgarian), a territory between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, divided between Romania and Bulgaria. ... Southern Dobruja (Dobrudzha in Bulgarian, Dobrogea de sud or Cadrilater in Romanian) is an area of north-eastern Bulgaria comprising the two former administrative districts named for its two principal cities of Dobrich and Silistra. ... Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. ... Old map of Bessarabia Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Turkish) was the name used by Russia to designate the eastern part of the territory known as Moldova (Moldavia in English), which was occupied by Russia in 1812. ... Bugeac (sometimes spelled Budjak) is the southern part of Bessarabia, now part of Odessa region of Ukraine. ...


Transylvania : Banat | Crişana | Maramureş Transylvania ( Romanian: Transilvania or Ardeal, Hungarian: Erdély, German: Siebenbürgen, Serbian: Transilvanija, Turkish: Erdel, Slovak: Sedmohradsko or Transylvania, Polish: Siedmiogród) is a historic region that forms the western and the central parts of Romania. ... Banat (Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság, German: Banat) is a region in Southeastern Europe divided among three countries: the eastern part belongs to Romania (the counties of Timiş and Caraş-Severin), the western part to Serbia-Montenegro (the Serbian Banat, mostly included in the Vojvodina, except for the small part of... Crişana is; a region of west Romania. ... Administrative map of Romania with Maramureş county highlighted Maramureş (Hungarian: Máramaros) is a Romanian county (judeţ) in the Transylvania region, with the capital city at Baia-Mare (population: 149,735). ...


Wallachia : Muntenia | Oltenia Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... Map of Romania with Muntenia highlighted Muntenia or Greater Wallachia is a historical province of Romania. ... Categories: Stub | Romanian historical regions ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bukovina - LoveToKnow 1911 (461 words)
The country, especially in its southern parts, is occupied by the offshoots of the Carpathians, which attain in the Giumaleu an altitude of 610o ft. The principal passes are the Radna Pass and the Borgo Pass.
Bukovina had in 1900 a population of 729,921, which is equivalent to 181 inhabitants per sq.
Bukovina was originally a part of the principality of Moldavia, whose ancient capital Suczawa was situated in this province.
Bukovina (245 words)
Bukovina (or Bucovina, in Romanian) is formed by eastern slopes of the Carpathian mountains, a Romanian teritory now splitted between Romania and Ukraine.
In the 18th century, Bukovina fell under the control of the Ottoman Turks, then it was occupied by Russians, in 1769 and then by the Austrians, in 1774 and remained under Austrian administration, while the neighboring province of Transylvania was put under Hungarian rule.
On June 28, 1940, northern Bukovina was occupied by Soviet troops.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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