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Encyclopedia > Northern Areas, Pakistan
Northern Areas

Northern Areas of Pakistan
Regional Capital Gilgit
Languages Urdu
Shina
Balti
Wakhi
Burushaski
Area 72,496 km²
Population 1,500,000 (estimated)
Revenue & NFC
 - National revenue share
 - Received share

% (contribution)

% (from federal gov't)
Time zone PST, UTC +5
Number of Districts 6
Number of Towns 7
Administration Federal Minister of States and Frontier Regions
Northern Areas Official Website

The Northern Areas (Urdu: شمالی علاقے ) or Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir. The name 'Balawaristan' is given to the area by a regional nationalist party centred in Gilgit. The area west of the Indus River was known as the Gilgit Agency until October 1947. Though both are under Pakistani administration, the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir are claimed by India as a part of its territory. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under mainlyPersian influence in Central and South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... Shina can refer to: Shina (word), a Japanese term for China that is considered offensive by the Chinese. ... Balti is a language spoken in Baltistan, in what is now part of the Pakistan-controlled Northern Areas of Jammu & Kashmir State. ... Adjective; of or relating to Wakhan, the extreme northeastern region of Afghanistan that borders China, Tajikistan, and Pakistan. ... Burushaski (Other names are Burushaski, Brushas, Brushias) is a language isolate spoken by some 50,000_60,000 people in the Hunza, Nagir, Yasin, and some parts of Gilgit valleys in northern Pakistan. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is the time zone for Pakistan. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... // About Pakistan The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان, IslāmÄ« JamhÅ«riya i Pākistān), or Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان, Pākistān) is a country located in South Asia that overlaps onto the greater Middle East and Central Asia. ... The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in Urdu Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Hindi, and Sanskrit influence in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... For the dispute concerning this region, see History of the Kashmir conflict Shown in green is the region under Pakistani administration. ... Balawaristan is another name for the Pakistani controlled regions of Gilgit and Chitral (commonly called the Northern Areas). ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... The Indus River in Northern Areas of Pakistan, near the rock Aornus. ... The Gilgit Agency was an occupied province of the Maharaja of Kashmir before November 1, 1947. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد کشمیر), is part of the Pakistani section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ...

Contents


Subdivisions

The Northern Areas comprise six districts in three regions: the two Baltistan districts of Skardu and Ghangche, the two Gilgit districts of Ghizer, Gilgit and the two Diamer Districts of Diamer and Astore. The main political centres are the towns of Gilgit, Skardu and Chillas. Baltistan (Urdu: بلتستان) , also known as Baltiyul in Balti, is a region to the north of Kashmir, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Ghanche District is the eastmost district of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Ghizer is a district in northern Pakistan. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Diamer District, Pakistan Diamer, Mauritania See also Diamer-Bhasha dam This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Astore is a village and was the headquarter of Astore Tehsil of Diamer District of the Northern Areas,of Pakistan. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ...


Geography

The Northern Areas border the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan to the northwest, the Xinjiang territory of China to the northeast, the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast, the region of Pakistani-administered Azad Kashmir to the southeast and the North-West Frontier Province to the west. Wakhan is a very mountainous and rugged part of the Pamir region. ... Xinjiang (Uyghur: (Shinjang); Chinese: 新疆; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang), full name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى (Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni); Simplified Chinese: 新疆维吾尔自治区; Traditional Chinese: 新疆維吾爾自治區; Pinyin: Xīnjiāng Wéiwúěr Zìzhìqū), is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu:جموں و کشمیر, Hindi:जम्मू और कश्मीर) (often abbreviated as Kashmir), is the northern-most state of Republic of India, lying mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد کشمیر), is part of the Pakistani section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ... The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is the smallest in size of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Pashtuns and various other groups. ...


The region is home to some of the world's highest mountain ranges — the main ranges are the Karakoram and the western Himalayas. The Pamir mountains are to the north, and the Hindu Kush lies to the west. Amongst the highest mountains are K2 and Nanga Parbat, one of the most feared mountains in the world. Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 100 highest mountains, all of which are located in Asia. ... Located in the mountainous regions of Gilgit, Ladakh & Baltistan, Gilgit and Baltistan are in Pakistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Located in Central Asia, the Pamir Mountains are formed by the junction of the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... For other uses, see K2 (disambiguation). ... Nanga Parbat (also known as Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir) is the 9th highest mountain on Earth and the 2nd highest in Pakistan. ...


Climate

The climate of the Northern Areas varies from region to region. There are towns like Gilgit and Chilas that are very hot during the day in summers, yet cold at nights, and valleys like Astore,Khaplu, Yasin,Hunza and Nagar where the temperatures are cold even in summers. An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... // History Geography Climate Economy Civic administration Transport Utility services Demographics People and culture Media Education Sports External links Further reading References ... Astore is a village and was the headquarter of Astore Tehsil of Diamer District of the Northern Areas,of Pakistan. ... // History Geography Climate Economy Civic administration Transport Utility services Demographics People and culture Media Education Sports External links Further reading References ... The Yasin anti-tank rocket launcher is a weapon developed by Hamas Ezzedeen-al-qassam brigades named after the groups spiritual leader, Sheik Ahmed Yasin, who was assassinated by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) on March 22, 2004. ... This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... Bold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textItalic textItalic textItalic textBold textNagar is a valley in Pakistan. ...


Sites of Interest

The Northern Areas are a major destination for foreign tourists especially for serious mountaineers because it is home to five of the eight-thousanders and more than fifty peaks above 7000m. Gilgit and Skardu are the two main hubs for all expeditions to these mountains. Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... [[ !Location !First Ascent !First ascensionist(s) |- |Everest |8850 m |China/Nepal |May 29, 1953 |Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay |--bgcolor=#EFEFEF |K2 |8611 m |China/Pakistan[1] |July 31, 1954 |Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli |- |Kanchenjunga |8586 m |India/Nepal |May 25, 1955 |George Band and Joe Brown |--bgcolor=#EFEFEF... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ...


Mountains and glaciers

K2 as seen from Concordia
K2 as seen from Concordia

Five of the Eight-thousander (above 8,000m) peaks of the world are in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Some of the world's largest glaciers outside the polar regions are also in Northern Areas, such as Baltoro Glacier, Biafo Glacier and Hispar Glacier. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1194x768, 477 KB) Description: K2 (Baltoro Muztagh, Central Karakoram, Pakistan) Source: photo taken by Kogo Date: July 2004 Author: Kogo Permission: Kogo put it under the GFDL Other versions of this file: - File links The following pages link to this file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1194x768, 477 KB) Description: K2 (Baltoro Muztagh, Central Karakoram, Pakistan) Source: photo taken by Kogo Date: July 2004 Author: Kogo Permission: Kogo put it under the GFDL Other versions of this file: - File links The following pages link to this file... For other uses, see K2 (disambiguation). ... K2, the 2nd highest peak in the world Concordia is the name for the confluence of the Baltoro Glacier and the Godwin Austen Glacier, in the heart of the Karakoram range. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SatparaLakeSkardu1215. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SatparaLakeSkardu1215. ... Satpara Lake in 2002 Satpara Lake is an important lake in Skardu Valley which supplies water for the town of Skardu, which is located at 2286 meters (7500 ft). ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... [[ !Location !First Ascent !First ascensionist(s) |- |Everest |8850 m |China/Nepal |May 29, 1953 |Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay |--bgcolor=#EFEFEF |K2 |8611 m |China/Pakistan[1] |July 31, 1954 |Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli |- |Kanchenjunga |8586 m |India/Nepal |May 25, 1955 |George Band and Joe Brown |--bgcolor=#EFEFEF... K2 from Concordia The Baltoro Glacier, at over 70 kilometers long, is one of the longest glaciers outside of the polar regions. ... Biafo Glacier is a 60km long glacier in the Hispar Pass (Northern Areas, Pakistan)which meets the 61km long Hispar Glacier at an altitude of 5,151m (16,900 feet) to make one of the longest glacial systems outside the polar region. ... Hispar Glacier is a 61km long glacier in the Hispar Pass (Northern Areas, Pakistan)which meets the 60km long Biafo Glacier at an altitude of 5,151m (16,900 feet) to make one of the longest glacial systems outside the polar region. ...


Some of the notable peaks include:

  • K2, 2nd highest of the world at 8,611m.
  • Nanga Parbat, 9th highest of the world at 8,125m
  • Gasherbrum I, 11th highest of the world at 8,080m.
  • Broad Peak, 12th highest of the world at 8,047m.
  • Gasherbrum II-IV, 13th-17th highest of the world at 8,035m-7,932m
  • Masherbrum (K1), 22nd highest of the world at 7,821m.
  • Rakaposhi, 27th highest of the world at 7,788m.

For other uses, see K2 (disambiguation). ... Nanga Parbat (also known as Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir) is the 9th highest mountain on Earth and the 2nd highest in Pakistan. ... Gasherbrum I (also known as Hidden Peak or K5) is the eleventh highest peak on Earth. ... Broad Peak (originally named K3) is the 12th highest mountain on Earth and 4th highest in Pakistan. ... Gasherbrum is a remote group of peaks located at the northeastern end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram range of the Himalaya. ... Masherbrum is a mountain in the Karakoram region of the Pakistani Himalaya. ... Rakaposhi is a mountain in the Karakoram region of the Pakistani Himalaya. ...

Lakes

There are several high altitude lakes in the Northern Areas.

Sheosar Lake is a lake situated in Deosai Plains, Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Deosai National Park is located above the tree line and at an average height of 13,500 feet above sea level, the Deosai Plains are among the highest plateaus in the world. ... Satpara Lake in 2002 Satpara Lake is an important lake in Skardu Valley which supplies water for the town of Skardu, which is located at 2286 meters (7500 ft). ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Shangrila Resort, Skardu Shangrila Lake or Lower Kachura Lake is a part of the Shangrila resort located at a drive of about 20 minutes from Skardu (nearly 2500 m or 8,200 feet) town. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Borith Lake is a famous lake in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... Rama Lake is a lake near Astore in Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Astore is a village and was the headquarter of Astore Tehsil of Diamer District of the Northern Areas,of Pakistan. ...

Deosai Plains

Deosai Plains is located above the tree line, the second highest plains of the world at 4,115 m (13,500 feet) are in the South of Skardu and in the East of the Astore Valley. The area was declared as a National Park in 1993. The Deosai Plains cover an area of almost 3,000 square kilometers. For just over half the year (between November and May), Deosai is snow-bound. Deosai National Park is located above the tree line and at an average height of 13,500 feet above sea level, the Deosai Plains are among the highest plateaus in the world. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Astore or Astor is a valley and town and is the capital of the the Astore District of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Rock art and petroglyphs

Ancient petroglyphs near Chilas
Enlarge
Ancient petroglyphs near Chilas

There are more than 20,000 pieces of rock art and petroglyphs all along the Karakoram Highway in Northern Areas of Pakistan that are conentrated at ten major sites between Hunza and Shatial. The carvings were left by various invaders, traders and pilgrims who passed along the trade route, as well as by locals. The earliest date back to between 5000 and 1000 BC, showing single animals, triangular men and hunting sccenes in which the animals are larger than the hunters. These carvings were pecked into the rock with stone tools and are covered with a thick patina that proves their age. The archaeologist Karl Jettmar has pieced together the history of the area from various inscriptions and recorded his findings in Rockcarvings and Inscriptions in the Northern Areas of Pakistan and the later released Between Gandhara and the Silk Roads - Rock carvings Along the Karakoram Highway.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Petroglyphs_near_Chilas_-_Pakistan05_007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Petroglyphs_near_Chilas_-_Pakistan05_007. ... Petroglyphs on a Bishop Tuff tableland Petroglyph on Petroglyph Point Petroglyphs on Petroglyph Point Petroglyphs on Petroglyph Point Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument Petroglyphs from Scandinavia (Häljesta, Västmanland in Sweden). ... // History Geography Climate Economy Civic administration Transport Utility services Demographics People and culture Media Education Sports External links Further reading References ... Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument, southern Utah, USA Petroglyphs are images incised in rock, usually by prehistoric, especially Neolithic, peoples. ... Karakoram Highway Overview Map The highest point on KKH: Khunjerab Pass Karakoram Highway near Dasu The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... Pilgrims Going to Church by George Henry Boughton (1867) The Pilgrims were a group of English religious separatists who sailed from Europe to North America in the early 17th century, in search of a home where they could freely practice their style of religion. ... BC may stand for: Brahman Consciousness British Columbia : Province of Canada Before Christ: refers to a year before the beginning of the year count that starts with the year of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth Ballistic coefficient : a measure of air drag on a projectile by calculating a ratio... Carving can mean Rock carving Wood carving Meat carving Ivory carving Bone carving Skiing carving style See also: Sculpture, Lapidary This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Statue of Liberty gets its green color from the patina formed on its copper surface Patinas are chemical compounds formed on the surface of metals. ...


Transportation

Road transport

The Karakoram Highway (KKH) connects Islamabad to Gilgit and Skardu, which are the two major hubs for mountaineering expeditions in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. The journey from Islamabad to Gilgit takes approximately 20-24 hours. Landslides on Karakoram Highway are not uncommon, but bulldozers usually clear the road in little time. KKH connects Gilgit to Taxkurgan and Kashghar in Xinjiang, China via Sust (the customs and health inspection post on Pakistan side) and Khunjerab Pass, the highest paved international border crossing in the world at 4,693 metres (15,397 feet). Karakoram Highway Overview Map The highest point on KKH: Khunjerab Pass Karakoram Highway near Dasu The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... Islamabad (Urdu: اسلام آباد, abode of Islam), is the capital city of Pakistan, and is located in the Potohar Plateau in the northwest of the country. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Islamabad (Urdu: اسلام آباد, abode of Islam), is the capital city of Pakistan, and is located in the Potohar Plateau in the northwest of the country. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Karakoram Highway Overview Map The highest point on KKH: Khunjerab Pass Karakoram Highway near Dasu The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... A Caterpillar D10N bulldozer at work A bulldozer is a very powerful crawler (caterpillar tracked tractor) equipped with a blade. ... The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest international road in the world. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Overview of the Karakoram Highway Tashkurgan is the name of a town and the surrounding district in western Xinjiang, China // Name Tashkurgan is a Uighur name that means Stone Fortress or Stone Tower. ... Location of Kashgar Kashgar (Uyghur: قەشقەر/K̢ǝxk̢ǝr; Chinese: 喀什; Pinyin: Kāshí, ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Xinjiang (Uyghur: (Shinjang); Chinese: 新疆; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang), full name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى (Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni); Simplified Chinese: 新疆维吾尔自治区; Traditional Chinese: 新疆維吾爾自治區; Pinyin: Xīnjiāng Wéiwúěr Zìzhìqū), is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sust is a small town in Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... The Khunjerab Pass is a high mountain pass on the northern border of Pakistan with China. ...


NATCO (Northern Areas Transport Corporation) offers bus and jeep transport service to the two hubs and several other popular destinations, lakes and glaciers in the area. Overview of the Karakoram Highway Northern Areas Transport Corporation or NATCO is the largest transport company in the Northern Areas of Pakistan that provides bus and jeep service on the Karakoram Highway, throughout the Northern Areas. ...


Commuter service between Gilgit and Kashghar

An overview map of Karakoram Highway

In March 2006, the respective governments announced that, commencing on June 1, 2006, a thrice-a-week bus service would begin across the boundary from Gilgit, Pakistan to Kashghar, China and road widening work would begin on 600 kilometers of the highway. Former plan was to operate one bus each on a daily basis via Sust and Tashkorgan border areas of the two countries. [1] An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Location of Kashgar Kashgar (Uyghur: قەشقەر/K̢ǝxk̢ǝr; Chinese: 喀什; Pinyin: Kāshí, ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x856, 1807 KB) Description, Source and License / Beschreibung, Quelle und Lizenz This is a map of Karakoram Highway, the road that links the Northern Areas of Pakistan to the Xinjiang province of China, connecting it to the old Silk Road. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x856, 1807 KB) Description, Source and License / Beschreibung, Quelle und Lizenz This is a map of Karakoram Highway, the road that links the Northern Areas of Pakistan to the Xinjiang province of China, connecting it to the old Silk Road. ... Karakoram Highway Overview Map The highest point on KKH: Khunjerab Pass Karakoram Highway near Dasu The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Location of Kashgar Kashgar (Uyghur: قەشقەر/K̢ǝxk̢ǝr; Chinese: 喀什; Pinyin: Kāshí, ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sust is a small town in Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Overview of the Karakoram Highway This article is about the town on the Silk Road in western China. ...


Air transport

Pakistan International Airlines flies a Fokker F27 daily between Gilgit Airport and Islamabad International Airport. The flying time is approximately 50 minutes and the flight is one of the most scenic flights of the world as its route passes over Nanga Parbat and the mountain's peak is higher than the aircraft's cruising altitude. PIA also offers regular flights of Boeing 737 and Fokker F27 between Skardu and Islamabad. Pakistan International Airlines (also known as PIA), is the national flag carrier of Pakistan and the National airline of the country operating passenger and cargo services around the world. ... A PIA F27 at Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore in January, 2006 The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ... Gilgit Airport is a small domestic airport, located at Gilgit, Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... Islamabad International Airport (IATA: ISB, ICAO: OPRN) is located in Islamabad, Pakistan. ... Nanga Parbat (also known as Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir) is the 9th highest mountain on Earth and the 2nd highest in Pakistan. ... Pakistan International Airlines (also known as PIA), is the national flag carrier of Pakistan and the National airline of the country operating passenger and cargo services around the world. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular medium range - narrow body commercial passenger jet aircraft. ... A PIA F27 at Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore in January, 2006 The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ... Skardu is the capital city of Baltistan a subdivision of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Islamabad (Urdu: اسلام آباد, abode of Islam), is the capital city of Pakistan, and is located in the Potohar Plateau in the northwest of the country. ...


These flights, however, are subject to the clearance of weather and in winters, flights are often delayed by several days.


Demographics

The population consists of many diverse linguistic, ethnic and religious groups due in part to the many isolated valleys separated by some of the world's highest mountains. Urdu is the lingua franca of the region, understood by most inhabitants. The Shina language (with several dialects) is the language of 40% of the population, spoken mainly in Gilgit, throughout Diamer, and some parts of Ghizer. The Balti language with a similar accent, is spoken or understood by most of the population of Baltistan. Minor languages spoken in the area include Wakhi spoken in upper Hunza, and some villages in Ghizer, while Khowar is the major language of Ghizer. Burushaski is an isolated language spoken in Hunza, Nagar, Yasin (where Khowar is also spoken), some parts of Gilgit and some villages of Punyal. Another interesting language is Domaaki, spoken by the musician clans of the region. The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under mainlyPersian influence in Central and South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ... Shina is a Dardic Language spoken by 321,000 people in Gilgit in Northern Pakistan in Ishkoman and Yasin Valley and in parts of Hunza. ... Balti is a language spoken in Baltistan, in what is now part of the Pakistan-controlled Northern Areas of Jammu & Kashmir State. ... The Wakhi Tajiki language is an Iranian language in the subbranch of Southeastern Iranian languages (see Pamir languages). ... Khowar is classified as a Dardic language. ... Burushaski (Other names are Burushaski, Brushas, Brushias) is a language isolate spoken by some 50,000_60,000 people in the Hunza, Nagir, Yasin, and some parts of Gilgit valleys in northern Pakistan. ... This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... The ancient pre-Akkadian and Akkadian city of Nagar on the Khabur River in northeastern Syria, is now represented by the mound named Tell Brak, 40m high, one of the tallest archaeological mounds in the Middle East, and about a kilometer long, the remains of one of the largest urban...


Recent history

The region comprised many small states, ruled by hereditary Mirs in HunzaNagar and Raas in Gilgit. Some parts of the region were invaded by Kashmir and nominally the states were governed as a part of Kashmir for many years. Locally, this association with Kashmir is disputed by some who regard themselves as being distinct from Kashmiris. There is also some support for the region to become a province of Pakistan, separately from Kashmiri regions. The region's lack of representation in the Pakistani Parliament has placed it outside the mainstream politics of the country and is a major cause of frustration to the local population. Unlike Azad Kashmir, the Northern Areas are governed directly by Pakistan as a de facto federal dependency. This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... The ancient pre-Akkadian and Akkadian city of Nagar on the Khabur River in northeastern Syria, is now represented by the mound named Tell Brak, 40m high, one of the tallest archaeological mounds in the Middle East, and about a kilometer long, the remains of one of the largest urban... An afternoon scene in Gilgit Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Northern Areas, Pakistan. ... For the dispute concerning this region, see History of the Kashmir conflict Shown in green is the region under Pakistani administration. ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... The Parliament of Pakistan is known as the Majlis-e-Shoora (Council of Advisors). ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد کشمیر), is part of the Pakistani section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ...


Ancient history

Manuscript of the Buddhist Jyotiṣkāvadāna text written in the Brahmi script, from Gilgit.
Manuscript of the Buddhist Jyotiṣkāvadāna text written in the Brahmi script, from Gilgit.

The southern route of the ancient Silk Road passes through the area, travelled by merchants from many far-off places who may have stopped here and inter-married with the locals. It had long been speculated that the relatively fair-skinned and, in places, light-haired people of the area were descendants of the Greeks who, beginning with the soldiers of Alexander the Great, and continuing in the Greco-Buddhist period, settled in the region (see Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek). However, recent DNA analysis has failed to find any evidence of Greek ancestry. It is now thought that much of the population is descended from various aboriginal peoples as well as the descendants of Indo-Iranian tribes and the possible Tocharian-speaking Yuezhi people from Gansu, who ruled the region during the Kushan era. Image File history File links Gilgitmanuscript. ... Image File history File links Gilgitmanuscript. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Brāhmī refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts, attested from the 3rd century BC. The best known and earliest dated inscriptions in Brahmi are the rock-cut edicts of Ashoka. ... The Silk Road in the 1st century CE. For other uses, see Silk Road (disambiguation). ... Alexander the Great (Greek: Μέγας Αλέξανδρος[1] Megas Alexandros; July 356 BC — June 11, 323 BC), also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon (336–323 BC), is considered one of the most successful military commanders in history, conquering most of his known world before his death. ... The Buddha, in Greco-Buddhist style, 1st-2nd century CE, Gandhara. ... Approximate extent of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom circa 220 BCE. The Greco-Bactrians were a dynasty of Greek kings who controlled Bactria and Sogdiana, an area comprising todays northern Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia, the easternmost area of the Hellenistic world, from 250 to 125 BCE. Their expansion... Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... Map of the Sintashta-Petrovka culture (red), its expansion into the Andronovo culture during the 2nd millennium BC, showing the overlap with the BMAC in the south. ... Tocharian refers to an Indo-European culture that inhabited the Tarim basin in what is now Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwestern Peoples Republic of China. ... The migrations of the Yuezhi through Central Asia, from around 176 to 30 BCE. Yuezhi (Chinese:月氏, also 月支, Wade-Giles: Yüeh-Chih) or Da Yuezhi (Chinese:大月氏, also 大月支, Great Yuezhi) is the Chinese name for an ancient Central Asian people. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ...


The Kashmir dispute

Main articles: Indo-Pakistani Wars and Azad Kashmir

India does not recognise the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir as part of Pakistan and refers to them as "Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK)". Pakistan's position is to hold a plebiscite in Kashmir to determine the will of the people, according to the three resolutions of the UN Security Council and the United Nations Commission. India, however, questions one of the prime condition of the plebiscite in 1950 and lays claims on the whole Kashmir since then.[1]. India questions the demographic sanctity of the Pakistan part of Kashmir. Since its occupation, the Pakistani Kashmir has been settled by hundreds of thousands from other provinces of Pakistan, which heavily changed its original demography. In Indian Kashmir, the demographic structure is kept unaltered through a special law. India questions the whole process of plebiscite, as the original demography in Pakistan controlled Kashmir has changed since it was occupied. Since both nations achieved independence in August 1947, there have been three major wars and one minor war between India and Pakistan. ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد کشمیر), is part of the Pakistani section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد کشمیر), is part of the Pakistani section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... For the dispute concerning this region, see History of the Kashmir conflict Shown in green is the region under Pakistani administration. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the dispute concerning this region, see History of the Kashmir conflict Shown in green is the region under Pakistani administration. ...


Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state with a Muslim majority ruled by a Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh until 1947. In 1947, when the Indian subcontinent achieved independence from United Kingdom, Hari Singh could not decide whether to join India or Pakistan. Soon after the independence, Pathan tribesman from Pakistan's North Western Frontier backed by the Pakistani Army, invaded the state because of the rumours that the Hindu Maharaja was going to cede a Muslim Kashmir to the Union of India. With no defence forces and a detoriating human rights condition, the Maharaja was compelled to ask India for military assistance. India's then Governor-General, Lord Mountbatten, favored the state's accession to India, to which the Maharaja agreed. After the Instrument of Accession was signed, the National Conference's Shiekh Abdullah became the head of the Kashmir State government. By January 1948, Indian troops landed in the region and claimed the territory as a part of the Union of India. Pakistan, immediately contested the accession and invaded Kashmir. After months of intense fighting, both the nations agreed on a cease-fire, separating the region into two: Indian-administered Kashmir and Pakistani-administered Kashmir. In 1962, China invaded India and occupied the north-eastern region of the country known as Aksai Chin, which India claims to be its integral part. A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان) is an adherent of Islam. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The word Maharaja (also spelled maharajah) is Hindi as well as ancient Sanskrit for high king (a karmadharaya from maha great and rajan king). Its use is primarily for Hindu potentates (ruler or sovereign). ... Hari Singh was the last maharaja of the kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The word Maharaja (also spelled maharajah) is Hindi as well as ancient Sanskrit for high king (a karmadharaya from maha great and rajan king). Its use is primarily for Hindu potentates (ruler or sovereign). ... Pakistan Army Coat of Arms Pakistan Army is the branch of the Pakistan Military responsible for land based military operations. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان) is an adherent of Islam. ... ... Admiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, KStJ, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC (25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharajah Hari Singh, ruler of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, on October 26, 1947. ... Executive President Prime Minister The Union Ministries Legislative Parliament Rajya Sabha Chairman of the Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha Speaker of the House Judicial Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Supreme Court High Courts District Courts Constitution Fundamental Rights and Directive principles Regions States and territories Elections General Elections State Assembly... Motto: Satyameva Jayate (Sanskrit) DevanāgarÄ«: सत्यमेव जयते (IPA: []) (Truth Alone Triumphs) Anthem: Jana Gana Mana Capital New Delhi Largest city Mumbai Official language(s) Hindi, Sanskrit, English, Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Maithili, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu Government Federal republic... For the dispute concerning this region, see History of the Kashmir conflict Shown in green is the region under Pakistani administration. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... China - India Western border showing Aksai Chin Aksai Chin is one of the two main border disputes between India and China, the other being Arunachal Pradesh. ...


Ever since, a bitter enmity has been developed between India and Pakistan. The two countries have been to war twice over Kashmir (1947-1949, 1965), and clashed there again during the Kargil Conflict of 1999. The region remains one of the most heavily militarised zones in the world. The de facto situation, as of 2005, is that Pakistan controls the western third, India controls much of the rest apart from two small regions occupied by China. The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 sometimes known as the First Kashmir War was a war fought between India and Pakistan over the region of Kashmir from 1947 to 1949. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Combatants India Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Estimates: ~600 killed,[1] ~1400 wounded 1 taken Prisoner by Pakistan Pakistani Estimates: 800 killed,[2] 2200 wounded[2] Estimates: 4000+ casualties [3] [4] Pakistani Estimates: 700[5]–3000 killed[6][7] 8 taken Prisoners by India The... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Notes

  1. ^ (English) World News website, BBC. "Kashmir's forgotten plebiscite". Retrieved on 2006-04-23.
  1. Pakistan Trekking Guide, by Isobel and Ben Shaw, 1993.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Northern Areas

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Located in the mountainous regions of Gilgit, Ladakh & Baltistan, Gilgit and Baltistan are in Pakistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world. ... Karakoram Highway Overview Map The highest point on KKH: Khunjerab Pass Karakoram Highway near Dasu The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... The Indus River in Northern Areas of Pakistan, near the rock Aornus. ... K2, the 2nd highest of the world Broad Peak, the 12th highest of the world Pakistan contains five of the highest fourteen independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) and many other high peaks, in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Hindu Raj ranges. ... Combatants India Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Estimates: ~600 killed,[1] ~1400 wounded 1 taken Prisoner by Pakistan Pakistani Estimates: 800 killed,[2] 2200 wounded[2] Estimates: 4000+ casualties [3] [4] Pakistani Estimates: 700[5]–3000 killed[6][7] 8 taken Prisoners by India The... The Northern Light Infantry (NLI) is an infantry regiment of the Pakistan Army. ... Balawaristan is another name for the Pakistani controlled regions of Gilgit and Chitral (commonly called the Northern Areas). ...

Image Gallery

Mountains

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Transport

External links

Official
  • Northern Areas Development Gateway
  • Northern Areas tourism
  • Kashmir Quake of 2005's impact on the Northern Areas
  • Mountain Areas Conservancy Project
  • Snow Leopard Conservancy
Articles
Maps
Political divisions of Pakistan Flag of Pakistan
Provinces Balochistan | North-West Frontier Province | Punjab | Sindh
Territories Islamabad Capital Territory | Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Pakistan-administered Kashmir Azad Kashmir | Northern Areas

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pakistan Earthquake 2005 (1243 words)
Survivors of the Oct 2005 earthquake in Balakot are facing extreme hardships due to the freezing temperature in the area.
Belgium is considering allowing Pakistan to swap its 60 million euro debt to the European country with aid for reconstruction work in the earthquake-affected areas, Belgian Foreign Minister Karel De Gucht told reporters on Wednesday.
The couple, on their first trip to Pakistan amid tight security, toured reconstruction projects in Pattika, a small town in the Neelam Valley near the epicentre of the October 2005 quake that killed some 74,000 people.
Northern Areas (Pakistan) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1892 words)
The Northern Areas (Urdu: شمالی علاقے) or Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir.
The Northern Areas border the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan to the northwest, the Xinjiang territory of China to the northeast, the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast, the region of Pakistani-administered Azad Kashmir to the southeast and the North-West Frontier Province to the west.
Pakistan's position is to hold a plebiscite in Kashmir to determine the will of the people, according to the three resolutions of the UN Security Council and the United Nations Commission.
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