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Encyclopedia > Northern Areas
 Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. The dark-brown region represents Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir while the Aksai Chin is under Chinese occupation
Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. The dark-brown region represents Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir while the Aksai Chin is under Chinese occupation

The Northern Areas, or Gilgit-Baltistan, is the northernmost region of Pakistan, with a population of approximately 1.1 million. The entire area including Gilgit and Baltistan was known as the Gilgit Agency till October, 1947. This is a strategically very important region of the world, which is sandwiched between the high peaks of Hindukush and Karakorum on the north and those of western Himalaya on the south. It borders to the north with Afghanistan and China, to the south with India and Azad Kashmir and to the west with North-West Frontier, Pakistan. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Disputed Territory : Shown in green is Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... The Disputed Territory : Shown in green is Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Aksai Chin (Simplified Chinese: 阿克赛钦; Traditional Chinese: 阿克賽欽; pinyin: ) is a region located at the junction of the Peoples Republic of China, Pakistan, and India. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Baltistan is a region in the far north of Kashmir, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... The Gilgit Agency was an occupied province of the Maharaja of Kashmir before November 1, 1947. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Harhorin (Хархорин), or Khara Khorum in Classical Mongolian, is a town in Övörhangay aymag, Mongolia. ... The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ... Capital Muzaffarabad Status Autonomus Republic Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ...


Unlike the area that Pakistan calls "Azad Kashmir," the Northern Areas are incorporated into Pakistan. A small part of Northern Areas was ceded to China by Pakistan in 1963 with the proviso that the settlement was subject to the final solution of the Kashmir dispute. India does not recognize the Northern Areas as belonging to Pakistan and calls the region encompassing Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas "Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK)". Capital Muzaffarabad Status Autonomus Republic Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Pakistan Occupied Kashmir is the name given by India to the portion of Jammu and Kashmir controlled by Pakistan and China. ...


The region was under local rulers for many centuries. The rulers of Hunza were called Mirs, and those of Gilgit were called Raas. Some parts of the region were invaded by Maharajas of Kashmir and they forcefully governed the area for many years, which led to the common belief that it is a part of Kashmir. But the people of Gilgit-Baltistan regard themselves as being distinct from Kashmiris and many want to become the fifth province of Pakistan. And they oppose being included in Kashmir. Their opinion is that invasion of Mahrajas doesn't mean that this is a part of Kashmir, just like British invasion over the India in 19th century does not mean that India is a part of Britain. The region's lack of representation in the parliament of Pakistan has placed it outside the mainstream politics of the country, which has become a major cause of frustration to the inhabitants of Gilgit-Baltistan. Hunza is the northernmost part of a region known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...


The Northern Areas comprise the two districts of Baltistan and the three districts of Gilgit (where the capital is located). Hunza, an independent principality for 950 years which only came under Pakistani rule in 1974, is also located in this region. The Northern Areas collectively comprise a territory of 27,991 mi² (72,496 km²). Baltistan is a region in the far north of Kashmir, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Hunza is the northernmost part of a region known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


Brushaski, an isolated language, is spoken in Hunza, Nagir, Yasin, some parts of Gilgit, and some villages of Punyal. Although Brushaski is most popular and polite language in the Area, it still is not used by a large portion of population. Shina language with different accents or in different dialacts is the Language of over 40% of total population, spoken mainly in Gilgit, throughout Diamer, and most of the areas of Ghizr. Balti with a similar accent, is spoken by the entire population of Baltistan except some villages. There are also some other languages spoken in the area -- Wakhi is spoken in upper Hunza and some villages in Ghizr, and Khwar is spoken by some Khwar families in Ghizr. None of these languages are related to each other. Urdu is the Lingua franca of the Area. Urdu is understood by almost all men, and literate women. Burushaski (Other names are Burushaski, Brushas, Brushias) is a language isolate spoken by some 50,000_60,000 people in the Hunza, Nagir, Yasin, and some parts of Gilgit valleys in northern Pakistan. ... Hunza is the northernmost part of a region known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Balti is a language formerly spoken in Baltistan, in what is now part of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Baltistan is a region in the far north of Kashmir, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Urdu(اردو) is an Indo-European language which originated in India, most likely in the vicinity of Delhi, from whence it spread to the rest of the subcontinent. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ...


According to Habib R. Sulemani, "Gilgit-Baltistan" is geographically and politically more suitable than any other term, as it clearly indicates the districts of Gilgit, Ghizer, Diyamer, Skardu and Ganchay, while the term "Northern Areas" confuses parts of the NWFP with Gilgit-Baltistan. Habib R. Sulemani (born June 5, 1971, Gulmit, Gojal, Hunza) is a young poet, writer and journalist, living in Pakistan. ...


See also

Jammu and Kashmir has been the target of a campaign of terrorism and other propagated against India, Muslims and Hindus by all sides of the conflict. ... Lalak Jan (1967-1999) is officially known as Havaldaar Lalak Jan Shaheed Nishan-i-Haider. ... The Northern Light Infantry (NLI) is the main force protecting the strategically important Northern Areas of Pakistan and the majority of this Regement contains the native Gilgitis, Baltis, Brushos, Wakhis and Khuwars etc. ... The Kargil War was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan in late 1999 in Kashmir. ... Located in the mountainous region of Gilgit-Baltistan or the Northern Areas of Pakistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world. ... The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest international road in the world. ... The Indus (सिन्‍धु नदी) (known as Sindhu to Indians and in Sanskrit, as Sinthos in Greek, and Sindus in Latin) is the principal river of Pakistan. ... Nazir Sabir was born in Ramanji a small hemlet in Chiporsun, upper Hunza known as Gojal. ... Prof Dr Allamah Nasir al-Din Nasir Hunzai, is one of the highly acclaimed men of wisdom and prolific writers of Islam. ... Dr. Faquir Muhammad Hunzai is a famous religious scholar, writer, translater, researcher, and man of letters of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Mir Muhammad Jamal Khan (1912-76) was the last ruler or Mir of Hunza of the former princely state, known as Hunza. ... F. M. Khan (1930-2002) was born in Bargu, a small village in the district Ghizer, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. ... Abdul Hamid Khan is chairman of the Balawaristan National Front (BNF), a nationalist political party of Gilgit-Baltistan, the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Mir is a Persian word, synonymous with emir, which means leader of a group or tribe. ... Farman Ali, known as Farman Sab, is a senior journalist, editor and has remained a political worker as well. ...

External links

  • The Changing Northern Areas
  • In search of identity
  • And when the tourists come
  • Pakistan's Northern Areas dilemma
  • Northern Areas Development Gateway
  • Pakistan's Northern Areas
  • Northern Pakistan's Karakoram & Hindukush Mountains
  • The Mountain Areas Conservancy Project
  • Gilgit Map
  • Not 'Mir of Hunza'



  Results from FactBites:
 
Northern Areas (Pakistan) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2173 words)
The Northern Areas (Urdu: شمالی علاقہ جات) or Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir.
The Northern Areas comprise six districts in three regions: the two Baltistan districts of Skardu and Ghangche, the two Gilgit districts of Ghizer, Gilgit and the two Diamer Districts of Diamer and Astore.
The Northern Areas border the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan to the northwest, the Xinjiang territory of China to the northeast, the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast, the region of Pakistani-administered Azad Kashmir to the southeast and the North-West Frontier Province to the west.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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