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Encyclopedia > Northeastern Mandarin
Northeastern Mandarin
東北話/东北话 Dōngběihuà
Spoken in: China (Not Official) (the People's Republic of China and Manchuria 
Region: Most of Northeastern China / Manchuria;
Total speakers: Around 100 million
Language family: Sino-Tibetan
  Northeastern Mandarin 
Official status
Official language of: in Northeastern China: PRC
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: to be added
ISO/FDIS 639-3: — 

Northeastern Mandarin or Northeast "Chinese" Dialect is a variety of Mandarin Chinese, known collectively as "Dongbeihua" (Traditional Chinese: 東北話; Simplified Chinese: 东北话; pinyin: Dōngběihuà; literally "Northeast Speech/Language"). Northeastern dialect is very similar to the Beijing dialect, upon which Standard Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) is based. Although, many Northeasterns claim to speak a more pure form of Mandarin than those in China's capital. Manchuria (Manchu: Manju; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Simplified Chinese: 满洲; pinyin: MÇŽnzhōu, Russian: ) is a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families. ... Sino-Tibetan languages form a language family of about 250 languages of East Asia, second only to Indo-European in terms of the number of speakers. ... This article is about the state in Asia. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code Twenty-two of the languages have two three-letter codes: a code for bibliographic use (ISO 639-2/B) a code for terminological use (ISO 639-2/T). ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone = sound/voice) is the study of sounds (voice). ... Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... This is a concise version of the International Phonetic Alphabet for English sounds. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Mandarin has a number of meanings: mandarin, a bureaucrat of Imperial China, and in the United Kingdom and Canada, by analogy, any government bureaucrat Mandarin, a group of dialects of spoken Chinese, or more specifically, its standardized dialect, Standard Mandarin Mandarin Airlines, a subsidiary of China Airlines mandarin duck, Aix... Beijing (Chinese: ; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; ; IPA: ), a city in northern China (formerly spelled in English as Peking or Peiking), is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Singapore. ... Standard Mandarin refers to the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore. ...


Spoken Region of the Language

The dialect is spoken by people in the Northeastern part of Mainland China; areas like Liáoníng (辽宁), Jílín (吉林), and Hēilóngjiāng (黑龙江) provinces. These three provinces make-up what is know as Manchuria. Although, the Beijing government and the most Chinese call the area "Northeastern China." With over 100 million people living in the Northeastern part of China, the speaking population is quite large. Like the other dialects, differences between Northeastern Mandarin and Standard Mandarin arise from the wide geographical distribution and cultural diversity of China. Manchuria (Manchu: Manju; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Simplified Chinese: 满洲; pinyin: MÇŽnzhōu, Russian: ) is a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... Northeast is the ordinal direction halfway between north and east. ... Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Singapore. ...

Northeast China Mandarin 东北官话/東北官話

On top of being recognized as an regional dialect of Mandarin, Northeastern Mandarin can be broken up into regions (cities) where there might be slight differences. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • Changchun dialect 长春话/長春話
  • Harbin dialect 哈尔浜话/哈爾濱話
  • Qiqihar dialect 斉斉哈尔话/齊齊哈爾話
  • Shenyang dialect 沈阳话/瀋陽話

Linguists Information

Usually, Chinese who speak Northeastern Mandarin describe the variant that they are speaking, as a Northeast China dialect, and consider it distinct from "Standard Mandarin". However, linguists classifies Northeastern Mandarin as a form of "Mandarin" in a broader sense.

Image:Mandarin_sub-dialects.png Chart by Patrick Edwin Moran File links The following pages link to this file: Mandarin (linguistics) Categories: GFDL images ...

Cultural and Regional Identity

Although, not considered its own dialect around academic circles, variants like Northeastern Mandarin offen contribute to a strong regional identity. For example: One can usually recongize a Northeasterner by their speech (much like how one can assume a person with a southern accent to be from the Southern parts of United States). Southern American English is a group of dialects of the English language spoken throughout the Southern region of the United States, from northern Virginia and central Kentucky to the Gulf Coast, and from the Atlantic coast to central Texas. ...

Origins of Language

Dongbeihua also retains elements from native Tungus languages, Japanese and Russian: there are enough differences to give the dialect its own distinctive characteristics. The Northeast China dialect is the Mandarin dialect spoken in Northeastern China. Northeastern China dialect evolved from Han immigrants mainly from Shandong and Hebei provinces. Tungus can mean several things: Tungus is an obsolete term for the Evenks of Russia. ...

Differences Between Beijing and Northeastern Dialects

Unlike the southern dialects (like Cantonese), Northeastern Mandarin is telligible to Stardard Mandarin. Anyone who speaks Standard Mandarin are able to understand majority (if not all) the vocabuary of a Northeastern speaker. The major differences between Northeastern Mandarin and that of Standard Mandarin is the use of colloquialisms (or informal) vocabuary in speech. Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语]], Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yuèyǔ, lit. ... A colloquialism is an expression not used in formal speech or writing. ...

In addition, several sounds like "sh", "ch", "r" sounds tend to be replaced by "s", "c", "n" sounds respectively. An example of sound differences between the two dialects can be seen in the Chinese tongue twister Shísì-shì-shísì(十四是十四).

In Standard Mandarin (Beijing Dialect):


Pinyin: Shí-sì shì shí-sì; sì-shí shì Sì-shí. Shí-sì bú-shì sì-shí; sì-shí yě bú-shì shí-sì. Shí-sì, sì-shí dōu bú-shì sì-shí-sì.

In Northeastern Mandarin:


Pinyin: Sí-sì sì sí-sì; sì-sí sì Sì-sí. Sí-sì bú-sì sì-sí; sì-sí yě bú-sì sí-sì. Sí-sì, sì-sí dōu bú-sì sì-sí-sì.

~Notice the replacement of the "sh" sound by the "s" sound. However, although the pronouncations are different the tones are the same.

[edit] Chinese: spoken varieties  

Gan | Hakka | Hui | Jin | Mandarin | Min | Ping | Xiang | Wu | Cantonese
Danzhouhua | Shaozhou Tuhua Spoken Chinese Spoken Chinese comprises many regional variants. ... Gan (赣) is one of the major divisions of spoken Chinese, concentrated in and typical of Jiangxi Province. ... Hakka (Simplified Chinese: 客家话, Traditional Chinese: 客家話, Hakka: Hak-ka-fa/-va, pinyin: Kèjiāhuà) is a Chinese dialect/language spoken predominantly in southern China by the Hakka ethnic group and descendants in diaspora throughout East and Southeast Asia and around the world. ... The Hui (徽) dialects are unrelated to the Hui (回) ethnic group of China. ... Jin (simplified: 晋语; traditional: 晉語; pinyin: jìnyǔ), or Jin-yu, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. ... Mandarin, or Beifanghua (Chinese: 北方話; Pinyin: BÄ›ifānghuà; literally Northern Dialect(s)), or Guanhua (Traditional Chinese: 官話; Simplified Chinese: 官话; Pinyin: Guānhuà; literally official speech) is a category of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. ... Min (閩方言 in pinyin: min3 fang1 yan2) is a general term for a group of dialects of the Chinese language spoken in the southeastern Chinese province of Fujian as well as by migrants from this province in Guangdong (around Chaozhou-Swatou, and Leizhou peninsula), Hainan, three counties in southern Zhejiang... Pinghua (平話/平话), also Guangxi Nanning, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. ... Xiang (湘語/湘语), also Hunan, Hunanese, or Hsiang, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. ... Wu (吳方言 pinyin wú fāng yán; 吳語 pinyin wú yÇ” lumazi wu niu(nyu)) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语]], Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: YuèyÇ”, lit. ... Danzhouhua (hua = language) 儋州話 / 儋州话 is an unclassified Chinese dialect spoken in the area of Danzhou on the island Hainan. ... Shaozhou Tuhua ( 韶州土話 / 韶州土话 ) is an unclassified Chinese language spoken in the border region of the provinces Guangdong, Hunan and Guangxi. ...

Subcategories of Min: Min Bei | Min Dong | Min Nan | Min Zhong | Puxian | Qiongwen | Shaojiang
Subcategories of Mandarin: Northeastern | Beijing | Ji-Lu | Jiao-Liao | Zhongyuan | Lan-Yin | Southwestern | Jianghuai | Dungan
Note: The above is only one classification scheme among many.
The categories in italics are not universally acknowledged to be independent categories.
Comprehensive list of Chinese dialects
Official spoken varieties: Standard Mandarin | Standard Cantonese
Historical phonology: Old Chinese | Middle Chinese | Proto-Min | Proto-Mandarin | Haner
Chinese: written varieties
Official written varieties: Classical Chinese | Vernacular Chinese
Other varieties: Written Vernacular Cantonese



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