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Encyclopedia > Northeast Texas


Northeast Texas is a region in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. It is geographically centered around two metropolitan areas strung along Interstate 20: Tyler in the west and Longview/Marshall to the east. Mount Pleasant, Greenville, Paris and Texarkana in the north and the Nacogdoches/Lufkin area, Jacksonville and Palestine to the south are also major cities within the region. Most of Northeast Texas is included in the inter-state region of the Arklatex. The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... A state of the United States (U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states, four of which officially favor the term commonwealth which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) None. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... Interstate 20 (abbreviated I-20) is an interstate highway in the southeastern United States. ... Nickname: Rose Captital of America Motto: Official website: www. ... Flag of Longview Longview is a city located in Texas. ... The Old Harrison County Courthouse in Whetstone Square is the centerpiece of the Wonderland of Lights, one of the largest light festivals in the United States, and is lit with thousands of lights during the celebration. ... Mount Pleasant is a city located in Titus County, Texas. ... Flag of Greenville Greenville is a city located in Hunt County, Texas. ... Paris is a city located 98 miles (158 km) northeast of Dallas in Lamar County, Texas situated in East Texas, specifically Northeast Texas, at the western edge of the Piney Woods. ... The famous post office on state line in Texarkana TX/AR Texarkana is a city located in Bowie County, Texas and is situated in East Texas. ... Nacogdoches (pronounced nack-a-doe-chis) is a city located in Nacogdoches County, Texas. ... Lufkin is a city located in Angelina County, Texas. ... Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas. ... Palestine (pronounced PAL-es-teen) is a city located in Anderson County, Texas. ... The Ark-La-Tex, Arklatex, or ArkLaTex is a U.S. socio-economic region where Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas and Oklahoma intersect. ...


Its climate is warmer and wetter than most of Texas and its geography is more hilly and forested. Its culture is similar to that of Southeast Texas, but does not have as much of a Cajun influence. Many of the largest cities in East Texas still follow a rural Southern way of life, especially in dialect, mannerisms, religion, and cuisine. Southeast Texas is a region in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. ... The Cajuns are an ethnic group consisting essentially of the descendants of Acadians who were expelled from Nova Scotia as a result of their refusal to swear allegiance to the British Crown and resettled in Louisiana. ... The U.S. Southern states or the South, also known colloquially as Dixie, constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States, with its own unique heritage, historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... The Southern United States has a distinct cuisine that draws heavily on influences of the various groups that have inhabited the area. ...

Contents


Geography

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Northeast Texas as defined by the North East Texas Tourism Council.

The geography is composed mainly of the Piney Woods, a mixed forest of deciduous and conifer flora. The Piney woods cover 23,500 square miles (60,900 kmĀ²) of gently rolling or hilly forested land. These woods are part of a much larger region of pine-hardwood forest that extends into Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Northeast Texas lies within the Gulf Coastal Plain and receives more rainfall, 35 to 50 inches (890 to 1270 mm), than the rest of Texas. Adapted from Wikipedias TX county map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Adapted from Wikipedias TX county map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Piney Woods is an area of East, Southeast & Northeast, Texas (A line from Paris, Texas to Houston, Texas). ... FOREST, which describes itself as the voice and friend of the smoker, is a United Kingdom political pressure group that campaigns for the right of people to smoke tobacco and opposes attempts to ban or reduce tobacco consumption, as well as casting doubt on medical claims of the health risks... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Species About 115. ... Beech is a typical temperate zone hardwood The term hardwood designates wood from angiosperm trees. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 31st 134,382 km² 210 km 610 km 16 29°N to 33°N 89°W to 94°W Population... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 29th 137 732 km² 385 km 420 km 2. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ...


The Sabine River is the major river in Northeast Texas, and flows through Longview and several other cities. The Red River also flows through the region and forms the northern border with Oklahoma. In Northeast Texas and the rest of the South, small rivers and creeks collect into swamps called "Bayous" and merge with the surrounding forest. Bald cypress and Spanish moss are the dominate plants in Bayous. The most famous of these bayous in Northeast Texas is the Cypress Bayou surrounding the Big, Little, and Black Cypress rivers around Jefferson. They flow east into Caddo Lake and the adjoining wetlands cover the rim and islands of the lake. The Sabine River is shown highlighted, along with the Neches River The Sabine River is a river, approximately 555 miles (925 km) long, in the U.S. states of Texas and Louisiana. ... The Red River is one of several rivers with that name, and of two rivers with that name in the United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ... Southern United States. ... Species Taxodium ascendens - Pond Cypress Taxodium distichum - Bald Cypress Taxodium mucronatum - Montezuma Cypress Taxodium is a genus of one to three species (depending on taxonomic opinion) of extremely flood-tolerant conifers in the cypress family, Cupressaceae, one of several genera in the family commonly known as cypresses. ... Binomial name Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) closely resembles its namesake (Usnea, or beard moss), yet is not a moss at all. ... A bayou (pronounced or ) is a small, slow-moving stream or creek formed in the former bed of a river. ... Jefferson is a city located in Marion County, Texas. ... Caddo Lake, viewed from a point near Uncertain Caddo Lake is a 25,400 acre (103 km²) lake and wetland located on the border between Texas and Louisiana, in northern Harrison County and southern Marion County in Texas and western Caddo Parish in Louisiana. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ...


Culture

Culturally Northeast Texas is more closely akin to Arkansas, Louisiana, and even Mississippi than it is with West Texas. Northeast Texas is in the Bible Belt creating a strong Fundamentalist Christian sentiment. Though a fifth of Texas' population is now Hispanic, African-Americans are still the most populous minority in Northeast Texas. During the Civil Rights Movement several communities clashed over integration. In presidential elections since 1950 both Smith County (County-seat Tyler), and Gregg County (County-seat Longview) have been reliably Republican. Official language(s) English Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 32nd 125,546 km² 275 km 545 km 3 30°13N to 35°N 88°7W to 91°41W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 31st 2,697,243 23. ... West Texas is a region in Texas which has more in common geographically with the Southwestern United States than it does with East Texas and North Texas. ... The approximate extent of the Bible Belt, indicated in red A Bible Belt is an area in which Evangelical Protestant Christianity is a pervasive or dominant part of the culture. ... In comparative religion, fundamentalism has come to refer to several different understandings of religious thought and practice, including literal interpretation of sacred texts such as the Bible or the Quran and sometimes also anti-modernist movements in various religions. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... It has been suggested that Latino be merged into this article or section. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... The definition of a minority group can vary, depending on specific context, but generally refers to either a sub-group that does not form either a majority or a plurality of the total population, or a group that, while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has less... The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States. ... Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ...


Regional evolution

The Old Courthouse in Marshall during the Wonderland of Lights, the largest light festival in Northeast Texas. Tourism is one of Northeast Texas' most important industries.
The Old Courthouse in Marshall during the Wonderland of Lights, the largest light festival in Northeast Texas. Tourism is one of Northeast Texas' most important industries.

The region is unique in that it is the only portion of East Texas that is not within the direct sphere of influence of either Dallas/Fort Worth or Houston. This generally weakens the area's visibility as areas in the south ally themselves with Houston and areas to the west ally themselves with Dallas. These areas are on the fringe of those cities spheres of influence, and therefore not as visible as smaller cities such as Grapevine or Deer Park which are closer to the respective centers of power. Marshall, TX courthouse at Christmastime Derivative work from a rather nondescript digital photograph. ... Marshall, TX courthouse at Christmastime Derivative work from a rather nondescript digital photograph. ... Red counties show the core of East Texas, counties shown as pink may or may not be included in East Texas, and thus their inclusion varies from source to source. ... Nickname: Big D Motto: Official website: www. ... Nickname: Cowtown Motto: Official website: ci. ... Flag of Grapevine Grapevine is a city located in Tarrant County, Texas. ... Deer Park is a city located in Harris County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown Metropolitan Area and is situated in East Texas. ...


In the mid to 19th century Marshall and Jefferson constituted a sphere of influence that lead the state into the Confederacy and during the Mexican and Republic periods Nacogdoches and San Augustine were the most developed and influential cities in Northeast Texas. Nacogdoches rebelled against Mexican rule in the Freedonia Rebellion and had one of the first newspapers to run the phrase Remember the Alamo!. While none of these three cities are a major population center, in their own right on the state level any longer, all four are still major cultural centers; with Nacogdoches, & Tyler being well established centers of higher learning. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1... Official language English (de facto) Spanish, French, German and Native American languages regionally Capital Washington-on-the-Brazos (1836) Harrisburg (1836) Galveston (1836) Velasco (1836) Houston (1837–1839) Austin (1839–1845) Largest city San Antonio de Béxar Presidents David G. Burnet, Sam Houston, Mirabeau B. Lamar, Anson Jones Area... San Augustine is a town located in San Augustine County, Texas. ...


Today Tyler and Longview are the largest cities in Northeast Texas. Tyler has a larger population. The Tyler MSA is 186,414, and the Longview MSA is 115,035. Neither Tyler or Longview has succeeded in establishing themselves as the regional hub. Tyler has a general partnership with Jacksonville while Longview has leaned more and more toward cooperation with its traditional rival Marshall. The Nacogdoches/Lufkin area is not yet considered to be a metropolitan area. Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas. ...


In the last decade of the 20th century and first decade of the 21st century many of the cities of Northeast Texas began to cooperate by forming organizations dedicated to a single agenda of common interest, such as the North East Texas Tourism Council and Northeast Texas Air Care. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The 21st century is the century that began on 1 January 2001 and will last to 31 December 2100. ...


External links

  • Northeast Texas Air Care
  • North East Texas Tourism Council


Flag of Texas State of Texas
Texas Topics | History | Republic of Texas | Politics | Texans
Capital Austin
State flower
Regions
Arklatex | Big Bend | Central Texas | Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex | Deep East Texas | East Texas | Edwards Plateau | Galveston Bay | Greater Houston | North Texas | Northeast Texas | Permian Basin | Piney Woods | Rio Grande Valley | Texas Hill Country | Texas Panhandle | Llano Estacado | Southeast Texas | South Texas | West Texas
Texas state seal
Metropolitan areas
Abilene | Amarillo | Austin-Round Rock | Beaumont-Port Arthur | Brownsville-Harlingen | Bryan-College Station | Corpus Christi | Dallas-Plano-Irving | El Paso | Fort Worth-Arlington | Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown | Killeen-Temple | Laredo | Longview-Marshall | Lubbock | McAllen-Edinburg-Mission | Midland | Odessa | San Angelo | San Antonio | Sherman-Denison | Texarkana | Tyler | Victoria | Waco | Wichita Falls
See also: List of Texas counties

  Results from FactBites:
 
Northeast Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (783 words)
Northeast Texas is a region in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas.
Northeast Texas as defined by the North East Texas Tourism Council.
Northeast Texas is in the Bible Belt creating a strong Fundamentalist Christian sentiment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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