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Encyclopedia > Northampton, Massachusetts
Northampton, Massachusetts
Northampton, Massachusetts Main Street
Official seal of Northampton, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname: Hamp, "noho"[citation needed]
Motto: caritas, educatio, justitia
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°19′30″N 72°38′30″W / 42.325, -72.64167
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Hampshire
Settled and Charter granted 1654
Incorporated as a city 1884
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins
Area
 - City  35.6 sq mi (92.2 km²)
 - Land  34.5 sq mi (89.3 km²)
 - Water  1.1 sq mi (3.0 km²)
Elevation  140 ft (43 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 28,978
 - Density 841.0/sq mi (324.7/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01060
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-46330
GNIS feature ID 0606674
Website: http://www.northamptonma.gov/

Northampton is a city in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 28,978 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Hampshire County. Description: Photograph of Northampton, Massachusetts main street Source: Photograph taken by Jared C. Benedict on 12 September 2004. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Northampton_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 413 is the area code for western Massachusetts. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ...

Contents

History

The area now known as Northampton was inhabited by Native Americans, such as the Pocomtuc, Nonotuck[1], and Mahican, for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans.[citation needed] They called it Norwottuck, or Nonotuck, meaning "the midst of the river." Colonial Northampton was founded in 1654 by settlers from Springfield, Massachusetts.[citation needed] Initial cooperation between the settlers and the Natives gave way to conflict, evidence of which can today be seen most clearly in nearby Historic Deerfield. Northampton hosted its own witch trials in the 18th century, although no (accused) witches were executed. Members of the community were among the signatories of the Declaration of Independence.[citation needed] (See the external link to Historic Northampton below for more.) This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Pocomtuc were a Native American tribe inhabiting the Connecticut River valley from the northern tip of Connecticut, Western Massachusetts, and the tri-state area of Vermont, New Hammpshire, and Massachusetts. ... Mahicans settled the Hudson River south of the Mohawk River, moved east to Massachusetts, then to Wisconsin. ... Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Nickname: Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1852 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Overview Historic Deerfield is the oldest part of the township of Deerfield in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... 1876 illustration of the courtroom; the central figure is usually identified as Mary Walcott The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings by local magistrates and county court trials to prosecute people alleged to have committed acts of witchcraft in Essex, Suffolk and Middlesex Counties of Massachusetts in 1692... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to...


On August 29, 1786, Daniel Shays and a group of Revolutionary War Veterans called the Shaysites or"Regulators" stopped the civil court from sitting in Northampton. Engraving depicting Daniel Shays (left) and Job Shattuck Daniel Shays (c. ... The Shaysites, who called themselves Regulators, were the group of rebels that followed Daniel Shays and Luke Day during Shays Rebellion in 1786. ... Northampton is a large market town and a local government district in the English East Midlands region. ...


Northampton was linked to the sea by the Hampshire and Hampden Canal in 1835, but the canal enterprise foundered and after about a decade was replaced by a railroad running along the same route.[citation needed] A flood on the Mill River on May 16, 1874, killed 51 people in the village of Leeds in the township of Northampton.[citation needed] Map of Hampshire and Hampden Canal in context, 1831 The Hampshire and Hampden Canal was the Massachusetts segment of an 86-mile canal that once connected New Haven, Connecticut to the Connecticut River north of Northampton, Massachusetts. ... Flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... The Mill River is a tributary of the Connecticut River arising in the Berkshires in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, dropping over 700 feet in 15 miles. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Leeds, Massachusetts is a village located in the western portion of the city of Northampton, bordering Williamsburg along the Mill River and Florence. ...


Northampton, which was incorporated as a city in 1883, developed into a thriving community and a local center for commerce, education, and the arts, even supporting a still-extant opera house, the Academy of Music, which functioned as an independent movie house until recently.[citation needed] However, the 800 seat theatre now operates as a venue for rent for local and other productions. In 1851, opera singer Jenny Lind, the "Swedish Nightingale," declared Northampton to be the "Paradise of America." The first game of women's basketball was played in 1892 at Smith College. Immigrant groups that settled here in large numbers included Irish, Polish, and French-Canadian; in more recent years, Puerto Ricans, Indians, Vietnamese and Cambodians have continued to add to the cultural mosaic. Segments of the 1966 film Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? were filmed in and around Northampton during the fall of 1965. When not filming, Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton frequented Northampton's Academy of Music, where they sat in the balcony to watch movies.[citation needed] Other films filmed in Northampton include the Academy-Award-winning The Cider House Rules, Malice with Nicole Kidman and Alec Baldwin, In Dreams with Annette Bening and Robert Downey Jr., and Sylvia with Gwyneth Paltrow. It is also known as the birthplace of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. The concept was created and developed here by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird.[citation needed] Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... First U.S.Daguerrotype of Jenny Lind in New York, September 14, 1850 taken by her Swedish classmate, Poly Von Schneidau from Chicago, at the Mathew Brady Studio in New York City. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ... Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. ... “Canadiens” redirects here. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf? is a 1966 film adaptation of the play of the same name by Edward Albee. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Elizabeth Taylor, see Elizabeth Taylor (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Richard Burton, see Richard Burton (disambiguation). ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... This article relates to the film, The Cider House Rules (film) directed by Lasse Hallström. ... Malice is a 1993 film written by Aaron Sorkin, Jonas McCord and Scott Frank. ... Nicole Mary Kidman AC (born June 20, 1967), is an Australian [1] actress. ... Alexander Rae Alec Baldwin III (born April 3, 1958) is an Emmy- and Academy Award-nominated, and Golden Globe Award-winning, American actor. ... In Dreams is a movie released in 1999. ... Annette Bening (born May 29, 1958) is an American Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe-winning actress. ... Robert John Downey Jr. ... Movie poster of Sylvia Sylvia is a 2003 British motion picture that tells a biographical story of romance between Sylvia Plath, a prominent American poet and Ted Hughes, an English poet. ... Gwyneth Kate Paltrow (born September 27, 1972[1]) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and singer. ... TMNT redirects here. ...


Northampton today is a popular destination for tourists, who come to sample the city's shopping and restaurants. Since 1995 the city has been home to the biannual Paradise City Arts Festival, held at the Three County Fairgrounds on Memorial Day Weekend and Columbus Day Weekend. The Festival has been ranked the #2 arts fair in America, and is a national juried showcase for contemporary craft and fine art. Northampton itself remains a showplace for the arts, and was rated as the top "Small Arts Town" in the country by travel writer John Villani, author of "The 100 Best Small Art Towns in America" (3rd edition, published by John Muir Publications). Northampton is also the home of the New Century Theatre, which was founded by Sam Rush and Jack Neary in 1991 on the campus of Smith College. It is an open and tolerant community, and is home to a sizeable lesbian community. The town has ties to the controversial children's book, "Heather Has Two Mommies."[citation needed] “Tourist” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday that is observed on the last Monday of May (observed this year on 2007-05-28). ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... Heather Has Two Mommies is a childrens book by Leslea Newman and Diana Souza, first published in 1989. ...


Author Tracy Kidder documented the many layers of Northampton society at the end of the 20th century in his nonfiction book Home Town. Tracy Kidder (born November 12, 1945 in New York City) is an American author of multiple books. ...


Geography

Northampton sits on the banks of the Connecticut River, in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. It is located at 42°19′39″N, 72°39′28″W (42.327389, -72.657677).GR1 The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... The Pioneer Valley and Connecticut River, looking southward toward the towns of Sunderland, Amherst and Whately. ... Western Massachusetts is a loosely defined geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 92.2 km² (35.6 mi²). 89.3 km² (34.5 mi²) of it is land and 3.0 km² (1.1 mi²) of it (3.20%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Inclusive within the city limits are the villages of Florence and Leeds. It is bordered to the north by the towns of Hatfield and Williamsburg, to the west by Westhampton, to the east by Hadley (across the Connecticut River), and to the south by Easthampton. Florence, Massachusetts is a village located in the northwestern portion of the city of Northampton, near Westhampton and Williamsburg. ... Leeds, Massachusetts is a village located in the western portion of the city of Northampton, bordering Williamsburg along the Mill River and Florence. ... Hatfield is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Williamsburg is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Westhampton is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Hadley is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ...   The Town of Easthampton is a city[1] in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 28,978 people, 11,880 households, and 5,880 families residing in the city. The population density was 324.7/km² (841.0/mi²). There were 12,405 housing units at an average density of 139.0/km² (360.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.01% White, 2.08% African American, 0.30% Native American, 3.13% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.41% from other races, and 2.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.24% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 11,880 households out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.5% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.87. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 17.0% under the age of 18, 15.4% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 75.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $41,808, and the median income for a family was $56,844. Males had a median income of $37,264 versus $30,728 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,022. About 5.7% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Northampton's public schools include four elementary schools (kindergarten through 5th grade), one middle school (6th to 8th grade), one high school (9th to 12th grade), and one vocational-agricultural high school (9th to 12th grade). There are a few charter schools and several private schools in Northampton and surrounding towns. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ...


Government

Northampton is also considered by many as something of a liberal mecca, due in part to the five colleges in the area and the city's large GLBT community. Smith College, which has an active and progressive lesbian community and a growing number of female-to-male transgendered students, is part of the center of the city's activities.[citation needed] It is also home to a thriving transgendered community. The city has a non-discrimination ordinance in place which protects individuals from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity and expression. Modern liberalism in the United States is a form of liberalism that began in the United States in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. ... The Five Colleges are composed of four liberal arts colleges and one university in the Connecticut River Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts, belonging to a consortium called Five Colleges, Incorporated, which was established in 1965. ... LGBT (or GLBT) is an acronym used as a collective term to refer to lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people. ... Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ...


Smith College has also been at odds with the community from time-to-time, most recently with the construction of its new engineering and molecular sciences complex, which may cause many low-income residents to be displaced. [1] Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ...


The city is home to the national office of the Bill of Rights Defense Committee, a civil liberties advocacy group; as well as Free Press, a non-profit advocating media reform and citizen involvement in media public policy. The Freedom Center, an antipsychiatry community and advocacy group, also operates out of Northampton. The National Bill of Rights Defense Committee (BORDC) encourages local communities to take an active role in an ongoing national debate about anti-terrorism measures that threaten civil liberties guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, such as the USA PATRIOT Act. ... In the modern age, the free press has taken on multiple meanings. ... The Freedom Center is a Northampton, Massachusetts-based activist, support, and advocacy group run by and for people diagnosed with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia, bipolar, borderline and obsessive-compulsive who are challenging the disease and disorder medical model of mental illness and working for human rights and real... Beginning in the 1960s, a movement called anti-psychiatry claimed that psychiatric patients are not ill but are individuals that do not share the same consensus reality as most people in society. ...


As of 2007, Mary Clare Higgins is the Mayor.[citation needed] Previous mayors include James "Big Jim" Cahillane who served from 1954 to 1960. One of the duties he performed while in office was to present his son, Stephen, with his high school diploma in 1954. He also awarded his future daughter-in-law, Rita Menard, with her diploma as well. Mary Clare Higgins, Democrat, was elected to her first term as Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts in November of 1999 and took office in January of 2000. ...


The Paradise City Forum was founded November, 2001 to provide a nonpartisan discussion tool for the community.


In the 2004 presidential election, multiple wards within Northampton recorded 80%+ of the votes going to Kerry/Edwards.[citation needed]


Public schools

Northampton Public Schools is a school district in Northampton, Massachusetts. ...

Transportation

The Pioneer Valley Transit Authority operates several buses which originate in Northampton, with service to local towns such as Amherst and Holyoke, and local universities, such as the University of Massachusetts-Amherst and Hampshire College. The Franklin Regional Transit Authority also operates a bus to Greenfield. There is a Peter Pan Bus terminal with service to Springfield. The Vermont Transit Lines bus also serves this terminal. At the Springfield terminal, passengers can connect to buses to many other Northeast cities. The Springfield Amtrak station is a short walk from the Springfield bus depot. The only active train line through Northampton is operated by a Class 2 railroad regional railway, PanAm Railways (formerly known as Guilford Rail System). The Montrealer was the last passenger train to run through Northampton. The closest major passenger airport is Bradley International Airport, BDL. The Pioneer Valley Transit Authority (PVTA) oversees and coordinates public transportation in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1703 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  27. ... See Holyoke, Colorado for the city in Colorado. ... The center of the UMass Amherst campus. ... Hampshire College is an experimenting private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Franklin County Settled 1686 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Mayor-council city Area  - City  21. ... Peter Pan Bus Lines is a long-distance bus carrier that operates in the northeastern states of the United States. ... Nickname: Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1852 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Vermont Transit Lines (VTL) is a bus company serving New England. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... A Class II railroad, as defined by the American Association of Railroads, is a railroad with an annual operating revenue between $10 million (1978 dollars) and $50 million (1978 dollars). ... Guilford Rail System (GRS) is a regional freight railroad covering northern New England from Calais, Maine to Albany, New York. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Bradley International Airport (IATA:BDL, ICAO:KBDL) is located just north of Hartford, Connecticut in Windsor Locks, Connecticut and is near Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Media

Northampton is home to WXOJ-LP, a low power community radio station owned and operated by Valley Free Radio. The station was built by more than 400 volunteers from Northampton and around the country in August 2005 at the eighth Prometheus Radio Project barnraising, in conjunction with the tenth annual Grassroots Radio Coalition conference. WXOJ broadcasts music, news, and public affairs to listeners at 103.3FM. Low-power broadcasting is the concept of broadcasting at very low power and low cost, to a small community area. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... The Prometheus Radio Project, or PRP, is a 501(c)(3) advocacy and community organizing group committed to creating the best opportunities possible for the public in the LPFM ruling. ... The Grassroots Radio Coalition is a loose coalition of community media activists. ...


Points of interest

Hampshire County Courthouse in Northampton
Hampshire County Courthouse in Northampton
The Connecticut River in Northampton
The Connecticut River in Northampton
  • First Churches is located on Main Street and the home church of Jonathan Edwards, 19th centurry theologian, philosopher and leader of the First Great Awakening.
  • Smith College is a women's college (one of the Seven Sisters) founded in 1871. It is also one of the Five Colleges.
  • Clarke School For The Deaf specializes in oral education (speech and lip-reading, as opposed to signing), and holds an annual summer camp, the theme varying from summer to summer. Clarke is also the oldest oral school for the deaf in the country, being established in 1867 on Round Hill Road overlooking the Connecticut River Valley.
  • Fitzgerald Lake Conservation Area, Rainbow Beach, Roberts Hill Conservation Area, Mineral Hills Conservation Area, and Saw Mill Hills Conservation Area provide a portion of the protected open space that covers 15% of the City.[citation needed]
  • Look Park is a 150+ acre recreational park founded in 1930.
  • Northampton is becoming a rail trail hub. Currently, the Norwottuck Rail Trail extends ten miles from Northampton to Amherst and Belchertown, the 2.5 mile Northampton Bike Path extends from downtown Northampton to Florence, and the Manhan Rail Trail Spur extends 0.5 miles from Route 66 to Florence Road. Four other rail trail extensions are under construction, in the bidding process, or planned for the short term.
  • The Botanic Garden of Smith College is a diverse outdoor collection of trees, shrubs, and plants, as well as a fine collection of plant conservatories for the tropics, semi-tropics, and desert regions. It also includes an indoor greenhouse.
  • The Three County Fair claims to be the "longest consecutive running agricultural fair in the country," having been established and incorporated in 1818.
  • Due to its relative proximity to Boston and its strong arts community,[citation needed] many musicians perform in Northampton at local venues such as the Calvin theater, the Iron Horse Music Hall, Flywheel and the Pearl Street Nightclub.
  • The Northampton Independent Film Festival (NIFF) is held each fall. Founded as the Northampton Film Festival in 1995 by Howard Polonsky and Dee DeGeiso, it has continued to grow under a variety of directors. It is one of the largest in New England.
  • The Academy of Music, built in 1890 by Edward H.R. Lyman,[citation needed] is the only municipally owned theatre in the nation, and was the first to be so owned; it is also one of the six oldest theatres, nationally. Boris Karloff and Harry Houdini (who installed a trap door in the stage) performed here. The Academy is still in operation today.
  • The Forbes Library built in 1894 is the public library for Northampton.
  • Mirage Studios, the Creators of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Franchise. In the TMNT series, the turtles and Casey Jones visit Casey Jones' grandmother's farm in Northampton, Massachusetts.
  • Each May, students from the Northampton Community Music Center (NCMC) fill the streets with music.
  • Early in May, Northampton marks GLBT Pride with a colorful parade down Main St. (Route 9), ending with an all-day family-friendly festival at a designated location in town.
  • Thornes Marketplace in downtown Northampton contains shops, restaurants, a gallery and a performing space where local dance and theater performances occur regularly.
  • On a small hill overlooking the city, right by the site of the Northampton State Hospital, sits a simple stone monument marking the spot of the hangings of Daley and Halligan, two Irishmen wrongfully accused of murder in the early 1800s.[citation needed]

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Conn. ... Image File history File links Conn. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... For other persons named Jonathan Edwards, see Jonathan Edwards (disambiguation). ... The First Great Awakening is the name sometimes given to a period of heightened religious activity, primarily in the northeastern US during the 1730s and 1740s. ... Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ... In higher education, particularly in the United States, a womens college is a college (that is, a primarily undergraduate, bachelors degree-granting institution) whose students are exclusively women. ... The Seven Sisters is the name given in 1927 to seven liberal arts womens colleges in the Northern United States. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Five Colleges are composed of four liberal arts colleges and one university in the Connecticut River Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts, belonging to a consortium called Five Colleges, Incorporated, which was established in 1965. ... Clarke School for the Deaf was founded in 1867 in Northampton, Massachusetts as the first permanent oral school for the deaf in the United States and has gained an international reputation as a pioneer and a leader in the field of auditory/oral education. ... Lip reading, also known as lipreading, speech reading, or speechreading, is a technique of understanding speech by visually interpreting the movements of the lips, face and tongue with information provided by the context, language, and any residual hearing. ... It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rail trails are former railway lines that have been converted to paths designed for pedestrian, bicycle, skating, equestrian, and/or light motorized traffic. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1703 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  27. ...   Belchertown is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Florence, Massachusetts is a village located in the northwestern portion of the city of Northampton, near Westhampton and Williamsburg. ... The Botanic Garden of Smith College is located on the campus of Smith College, in Northampton, Massachusetts, USA. It consists of an fine selection of woody trees, shrubs, herbaceous plants, and an excellent collection of warm-weather plants in a set of historic conservatories. ... The Royal Greenhouses of Laeken. ... An Agricultural Show or Livestock show is a judged event or display in which breeding stock is showcased. ... Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... The interior of the Comédie-Française, Paris, showing the stage, boxes, galleries and orchestra sections of the house. ... Boris Karloff (born William Henry Pratt) (London, November 23, 1887 – February 2, 1969) was an English actor, who immigrated to Canada in the 1910s, best known for his roles in horror films and the creation of Frankensteins monster in 1931s Frankenstein. ... Houdini redirects here. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ... Mirage Studios is an independent American comic book company founded in 1983 by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird. ... TMNT redirects here. ... Arnold Casey Jones is a character from the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles series. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ...

Notable residents

Jeanne Birdsall (1951-[1]) is an American author who won the National Book Award in 2005 for her novel The Penderwicks: A Summer Tale of Four Sisters, Two Rabbits, and a Very Interesting Boy, her debut novel. ... Augusten Xon Burroughs (born Christopher Robison on October 23, 1965 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American writer noted for his New York Times best-selling memoir Running with Scissors (2002), which spawned a feature film of the same name written and directed by Ryan Murphy and starring Joseph Cross as... William Cullen Bryant William Cullen Bryant (November 3, 1794 - June 12, 1878) an American romantic poet, journalist, political adviser, and homeopath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lydia Maria Child (February 11, 1802, Medford - July 7, 1880, Wayland) was an American abolitionist, novelist, and journalist. ... The art of diplomacy, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). ... Chris Collingwood, born in 1968 in Pennsylvania, is a founding member of the power pop band Fountains of Wayne. ... Fountains of Wayne is an American power pop/rock band, formed in 1995. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Kevin Baines Eastman (born May 30, 1962) is an American comic book artist. ... Peter Laird Peter Alan Laird (born January 27, 1954 in North Adams, Massachusetts) is an American comic book artist. ... TMNT redirects here. ... Jonathan Edwards (October 5, 1703- March 22, 1758) was a colonial American Congregational preacher and theologian. ... The First Great Awakening is the name sometimes given to a period of heightened religious activity, primarily in the northeastern US during the 1730s and 1740s. ... Anthony Giardina is an American novelist, short story writer, essayist and playwright. ... Sylvester Graham (1794-1851) Sylvester Graham (July 5, 1794 – September 11, 1851) was born in Suffield, Connecticut, and was ordained in 1826 as a Presbyterian minister. ... The graham cracker was developed in 1829 in Bound Brook, New Jersey, by Presbyterian minister Rev. ... Tracy Kidder (born November 12, 1945 in New York City) is an American author of multiple books. ... Elinor Lipman is the author of seven novels about contemporary American society, a collection of short stories, and an occasional feature columnist for the Boston Globe. ... José Molina can refer to: José Francisco Molina, Spanish football (soccer) goalkeeper José Benjamin Molina, Puerto Rican baseball catcher Category: ... Indoor field hockey is an indoor variant of traditional outdoor field hockey. ... William Monahan (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (born November 3, 1960) is an American novelist and screenwriter. ... Thurston Joseph Moore (born July 25, 1958 in Coral Gables, Florida) is an American musician best known as a singer and guitarist for Sonic Youth. ... Gordon in 2005 Kim Althea Gordon (born April 28, 1953, in Rochester, New York), is a musician, vocalist, and artist. ... Sonic Youth is a seminal American alternative rock group formed in New York City in 1981. ... Jeff Rowland can refer to: Jeff Rowland, creator of the internet comic WIGU Jeff Rowland, American soccer player This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Wigu is a webcomic (and later a print comic) created by Jeff Rowland. ... Overcompensating is a journal webcomic created by Jeff Rowland. ... Talisa Soto (born Miriam Soto on March 27, 1967) is an American model and actress of Puerto Rican descent. ... Sojourner Truth (c. ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.google.com/search?q=cache:E5wNQ-A3_UgJ:www.dailyhampshiregazette.com/storytmp.cfm%3Fid_no%3D120700532004+Joseph+Krupczynski+%22smith+college%22&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=13
  • Kerry W. Buckley, ed. A Place Called Paradise: Culture and Community in Northampton, Massachusetts, 1654-2004. Northampton: Historic Northampton Museum and Education Center, in association with University of Massachusetts Press, 2004. ix + 523 pp. ISBN 978-1-55849-485-5. reprints 20 essays by scholars
  • Tracy Kidder. Home Town [1999], nonfiction by reporter

External links

  • City of Northampton's official website
  • Visit Northampton (city guide website)

Coordinates: 42.327389° N 72.657677° W Low-power broadcasting is the concept of broadcasting at very low power and low cost, to a small community area. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Northampton, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1481 words)
Northampton is a city in Hampshire County, Massachusetts in the USA.
Northampton sits on the banks of the Connecticut River, in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts.
Northampton is also home to a low-power FM community radio station, Valley Free Radio, which took to the airwaves in August, 2005.
Northampton Massachusetts Real Estate (777 words)
Downtown Northampton is home to the prestigious Smith College, making the city one that is vibrant from the presence and influence of young women and the professors that lead them in their academic journey.
Northampton is one of the only spots in New England offering the rich diversity of an urban center with a rural beauty that restores the soul.
Northampton, and the surrounding Pioneer Valley, is a great place to head for a mini or full-blown vacation any time of year.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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