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Encyclopedia > North Vietnam
Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa
Democratic Republic of Vietnam

 

1945 – 1976
Flag
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Tiến Quân Ca
(Army March)
Location of North Vietnam
Capital Hanoi
Language(s) Vietnamese
Government Socialist republic
First president Ho Chi Minh
Historical era Cold War
 - Independence proclaimed (from Japan) September 2, 1945
 - Recognized 1954
 - Disestablished July 2, 1976
Area 157,880 km² (60,958 sq mi)
Population
 -  est. 13,000,000 
     Density 82.3 /km²  (213.3 /sq mi)
Currency đồng

The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Hồ Chí Minh in Hà Nội on September 2, 1945 with a declaration of independence, following the August Revolution, as a provisional government. It gathered Tonkin and Annam, provinces of the French Indochina. Flag Capital Hanoi Language(s) French Political structure Federation Historical era New Imperialism  - Addition of Laos 1893, 1887  - Vietnamese Declaration of Independence September 2, 1945  - Independence of Laos July 19, 1949  - Independence of Cambodia November 9, 1953  - Recognized Independence of Vietnam 1954, 1954 Area  - 1945 750,000 km² Currency French... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colonial_Vietnam. ... Flag Capital Huế Language(s) Vietnamese Political structure Client state Prime Minister Trần Trọng Kim Historical era World War II  - Established March 11, 1945  - Disestablished August 23, 1945 Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) Western Imperialism (1887–1945) Empire of Vietnam (1945... Image File history File links Old_Flag_Of_Vietnam. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Motto Independence - Freedom - Happiness Anthem Tiến Quân Ca Army March (first verse) Capital Hanoi Largest city Ho Chi Minh City Official languages Vietnamese Demonym Vietnamese Government Socialist republic1  -  President  -  Prime Minister  -  General Secretary Independence from chicago USA   -  Date zinctuphre 9859 bc   -  maggie and garret are from here to... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Vietnam. ... The flag of North Vietnam, also known as Red flag with Yellow star. This flag was adopted as the National flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) on November 30, 1955. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Army March (Vietnamese language: Tiến Quân Ca) is the national anthem of Vietnam. ... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... The term socialist state (or socialist republic, or workers state) can carry one of several different (but related) meanings: Strictly speaking, any real or hypothetical state organized along the principles of socialism may be called a socialist state. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... For the city named after him, see Ho Chi Minh City. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The đồng (IPA: ) was the currency of North Vietnam from 3 November 1946 to 2 May 1978. ... Hồ Chí Minh (Chinese : 胡志明) (help· info) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... On August 19, 1945 Vietnamese Communist forces led by Hồ Chí Minh began the August Revolution (Vietnamese: Cách mạng tháng Tám). ... Tonkin, also spelled Tongkin or Tongking, is the northernmost part of Vietnam, south of Chinas Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces, east of northern Laos, and west of the Gulf of Tonkin. ... Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the South over 900 years Annam (Vietnamese: An Nam) was a French colony in what is now the central area of Vietnam. ... Flag Capital Hanoi Language(s) French Political structure Federation Historical era New Imperialism  - Addition of Laos 1893, 1887  - Vietnamese Declaration of Independence September 2, 1945  - Independence of Laos July 19, 1949  - Independence of Cambodia November 9, 1953  - Recognized Independence of Vietnam 1954, 1954 Area  - 1945 750,000 km² Currency French...

Contents

Partition of Indochina

Further information: First Indochina War, Operation Passage to Freedom, and Geneva Conference (1954)

Following the partition of Vietnam in 1954, thousands of Vietnamese migrated to either the North and to the South. For example, an estimated 800,000 Catholics moved south. [1] The Catholic migration is attributed to perceived persecution of Catholics by the North Vietnamese government, as well as scare campaigns employed by the Saigon government of the Catholic Ngo Dinh Diem. [2] Concurrently, an estimated 130,000 people from South Việtnam who supported the Viet Minh headed for the North with the aid of Polish and Soviet ships.[3] Combatants French Union France State of Vietnam Cambodia Laos Viet Minh Commanders French Expeditionary Corps Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque (1945-46) Jean-Étienne Valluy (1946-8) Roger Blaizot (1948-9) Marcel-Maurice Carpentier (1949-50) Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (1950-51) Raoul Salan (1952-3) Henri Navarre (1953-4... Operation Passage to Freedom was the name of the sea lift of anti-communist Vietnamese out of communist-held territory following the Geneva peace agreements in 1954. ... The Geneva Conference (April 26 - July 21, 1954) was a conference between many countries that agreed to end hostilities and restore peace in French Indochina and Korea. ...   «ngoh dihn zih-ehm» (January 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) was the first President of South Vietnam (1955–1963). ...


Between 1953 and 1956, the DRVN government instituted various agrarian reforms, including land redistribution. Large landowners were publicly denounced as landlords (địa chủ), and their land distributed to poor and middle peasants. Agriculture refers to the production of food, feed, fiber and other goods by the systematic growing of plants, animals and other life forms. ... A landlord, is the owner of a house, apartment, condominium, or real estate which is rented or leased to an individual or business, who is called the tenant. ...

History of Vietnam Map of Vietnam
Hồng Bàng Dynasty
Thục Dynasty (257–207 BC)
First Chinese domination (207 BC–39 AD)
  • Triệu Dynasty (207–111 BC)
Trưng Sisters (40–43)
Second Chinese domination (43–544)
  • Lady Triệu's Rebellion (248)
Anterior Lý Dynasty and Triệu Việt Vương (544–602)
Third Chinese domination (602–905)
  • Mai Hắc Đế (722)
  • Phùng Hưng (791–798)
Autonomy (905–938)
  • Khúc Family (906–930)
  • Dương Đình Nghệ (931–937)
  • Kiều Công Tiễn (937–938)
Champa (7th century–1471)
Ngô Dynasty (939–967)
Đinh Dynasty (968–980)
Prior Lê Dynasty (980–1009)
Lý Dynasty (1009–1225)
Trần Dynasty (1225–1400)
Hồ Dynasty (1400–1407)
Fourth Chinese domination (1407–1427)
  • Posterior Trần Dynasty (1407–1413)
  • Lam Sơn Rebellion (1418–1427)
Later Lê Dynasty (1428–1788)
  • Early Lê (1428–1527)
  • Restored Lê
    (1533–1788)
Mạc Dynasty (1527–1592)
Trịnh-Nguyễn War (1627–1673)
Tây Sơn Dynasty (1778–1802)
Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945)
North-South Division during the Indochina Wars (1945–1975)
Socialist Republic of Vietnam (from 1976)
[edit]

A literary movement called Nhân văn-Giai phẩm (from the names of the two magazines which started the movement) attempted to encourage the democratization of the country and the free expression of thought. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Blank map of Vietnamese provinces. ... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) French Indochina (1887–1954) Empire of Vietnam (1945) Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam State of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Republic of South Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam (from 1976) List of Vietnamese monarchs The H... Nam Việt or Nanyue (Chinese: 南越; pinyin: ) was an ancient kingdom that consisted much of modern northern Vietnam and the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Nam Việt. ... Procession commemorating the TrÆ°ng Sisters in early 20th century The TrÆ°ng Sisters, known in Vietnamese as Hai Bà TrÆ°ng (the two TrÆ°ng ladies), are two 1st century women regarded as national heroines of Vietnam after they successfully repelled Chinese invasions for three years. ... Second Chinese dominiation of Vietnam saw strengthen control on the region. ... Folk art of Trieu Thi Trinh depicted as a 9 foot tall giantess with pendulous breasts riding upon a huge elephant. ... Lý Nam Đế (Lý, The Southern Emperor) was originally Lý Bí or Lý Bôn (October 17, 503 - April 13, 548, Traditional Chinese: 李賁, pinyin: Lǐ BÄ“n) is debateably considered the first emperor of Vietnam and the founder of the Early Lý (or Li/Lee) Dynasty (544 - 603) and ruled from... Triệu Việt VÆ°Æ¡ng (548-570) Triệu Quang Phục was recognized by Emperor Lý Nam Đế as the best lieutenant and general in the army. ... Third Chinese domination of Vietnam saw two Chinese imperial dynasty rule over Chinese controlled region of Chiaozhou. ... Phùng HÆ°ng (Hán tá»±: 馮興) was a military leader who briefly reigned Vietnam during the 8th century. ... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) New Imperialism (1887–1945) Empire of Vietnam (1945) North-South Division During The Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–1976) State of Vietnam (1949–1955) Republic of Vietnam (1955–1975) Republic of South Vietnam (1969... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) New Imperialism (1887–1945) Empire of Vietnam (1945) North-South Division During The Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–1976) State of Vietnam (1949–1955) Republic of Vietnam (1955–1975) Republic of South Vietnam (1969... South East Asia circa 1100 C.E. Champa territory in green. ... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) New Imperialism (1887–1945) Empire of Vietnam (1945) North-South Division During The Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–1976) State of Vietnam (1949–1955) Republic of Vietnam (1955–1975) Republic of South Vietnam (1969... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... // Đinh Bo Linhs childhood Đinh Bo Linhs father was Đinh Cong Tru, a mandarin under the reigns of Ngô Quyen (939-944) and Ngô Xuong Van (950-954). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Lý Dynasty (Vietnamese: nhà Lý, pronounced like Lee), sometimes known as the Posterior Lý Dynasty (nhà Hậu Lý), was a Vietnamese dynasty that began in 1009 when Lý Thái Tổ overthrew the Anterior Lê Dynasty (nhà Tiền Lê) and ended in 1225 when the queen L... The Trần Dynasty (陳朝 Trần Triều; or vernacularly Nhà Trần, meaning the Trần Family) was a Vietnamese dynasty that ruled Vietnam (at that time known as Đại Việt) from 1225 to 1400. ... The Hồ Dynasty was a short-lived seven-year reign of two emperors, Hồ Quý Ly in 1400 and his second son, Hồ Hán ThÆ°Æ¡ng, who reigned from 1400 to 1407. ... The fourth Chinese domination was a period of the history of Vietnam, from 1406 to 1428, upon which, the country was ruled by the Ming Dynasty administration. ... The period of 1407 till 1417 in the history of Vietnam is characterized by 2 revolts centered around 2 figures, Tran Quy Giang Dinh De and Tran Qui Khoach. ... The Later Lê Dynasty (Vietnamese: Nhà Hậu Lê, Sino-Vietnamese: 後黎朝), sometimes referred to as the Lê Dynasty (the earlier Lê Dynasty ruled only for a brief period) was the longest-ruling dynasty of Vietnam, ruling the country from 1428 to 1788, with a brief interruption. ... The Mạc Dynasty. ... Trịnh Lords (1553-1789) A series of rulers of Vietnam who controlled the powers of government while leaving a figurehead as king. ... The Nguyá»…n Lords (1558 - 1775) were a series of rulers of Southern Vietnam. ... Trịnh-Nguyen War (1627 - 1673) - A long war waged between the two ruling families in Vietnam. ... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) French Indochina (1887–1954) Empire of Vietnam (1945) North-South Division During The Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam State of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Republic of South Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam (from 1976) List... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) French Indochina (1887–1954) Empire of Vietnam (1945) North-South Division During The Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam State of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Republic of South Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam (from 1976) List... Flag Capital Hanoi Language(s) French Political structure Federation Historical era New Imperialism  - Addition of Laos 1893, 1887  - Vietnamese Declaration of Independence September 2, 1945  - Independence of Laos July 19, 1949  - Independence of Cambodia November 9, 1953  - Recognized Independence of Vietnam 1954, 1954 Area  - 1945 750,000 km² Currency French... Flag Capital Huế Language(s) Vietnamese Political structure Client state Prime Minister Trần Trọng Kim Historical era World War II  - Established March 11, 1945  - Disestablished August 23, 1945 Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) Western Imperialism (1887–1945) Empire of Vietnam (1945... The Partition of Vietnam refers to the establishment of the 17th parallel as the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone in 1954, splitting Vietnam into halves after the First Indochina War. ... The Indochina Wars refers to wars of national liberation that erupted in the wake of World War II, fought in Southeast Asia from 1947 until 1979, between nationalist Vietnamese against French, American, and Chinese forces. ... Anthem Thanh niên Hành Khúc (Call to the Citizens) 1949-1954 borders Capital Saigon Language(s) Vietnamese Government Republic Head of State¹ Emperor Bảo Đại Prime minister Ngo Dinh Diem Historical era Cold War  - Independence declared (from France) June 14, 1949  - Recognised 1954  - Disestablished October 26... Anthem Thanh niên Hành Khúc (Call to the Citizens) Capital Saigon Language(s) Vietnamese Government Republic Last President¹ Duong Van Minh Last Prime minister Vu Van Mau Historical era Cold War  - Regime change June 14, 1955  - Dissolution April 30, 1975 Area  - 1973 173,809 km² 67,108... Map of the Republic of South Vietnam. ... Below is a list of Vietnamese monarchs. ...


International relations

The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) capital was Hà Nội and its government was led by the left-nationalist Vietnam Workers' Party, which had been formed in opposition to foreign (French and Japanese) involvement in the territory of Vietnam. Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ...


In December 1960, the Vietnam Workers' Party co-initiated and began working within the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (referred to by the South as the Việt Cộng) which was organized to support reunification and oppose the government of South Vietnam. After August 1964, this was expanded to armed opposition to the military presence and operations of the United States in the southern areas of Vietnam.[4] From at least 1965 onwards, both China and the Soviet Union provided aid to North Vietnam in support of its military activities; known in the West as the Vietnam War and in Vietnam as the American War. National Liberation Front (NLF) flag NLF prisoner The National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Giải Phóng Miền Nam Việt Nam), also known as the National Liberation Front (NLF) and as Front National de Liberté (FNL), was the primary rebel organization fighting the Colonialist French regime...


In June 1969, in the South, the NLF formed a Provisional Revolutionary Government in order to present an organized alternative government to the international community.[5]


In addition to the NLF, other nationalist insurgencies also operated within neighboring Laos and Cambodia, both formerly part of the French colonial territory of Indochina.


The Fall of Saigon

Indochina 1886.
Indochina 1886.

With the fall of Saigon to National Liberation Front and regular North Vietnamese armed forces on April 30, 1975, political authority within South Vietnam was assumed by the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. This government merged with Democratic Republic of Vietnam on July 2, 1976, to form a single nation officially called the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cộng Hoà Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam), or more commonly known as Việt Nam. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 453 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1573 × 2079 pixel, file size: 875 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Indochina, map of 1886 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 453 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1573 × 2079 pixel, file size: 875 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Indochina, map of 1886 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Combatants Democratic Republic of Vietnam National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Commanders Van Tien Dung Nguyen Van Toan Strength ~130,000 ~50,000 Casualties Trivial Unknown The Fall of Saigon (in Vietnamese: Sá»± kiện 30 tháng 4, or April 30 Incident) was the... National Liberation Front is a common name for guerrilla organisations fighting to free their country from foreign rule, or at least claiming to be such an organisation. ... knulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (Vietnamese language|Vietnamese: Chính Phủ Cách Mạng Lâm Thời Cá»™ng Hòa Miền Nam Việt Nam), often abbreviated to PRG, was a underground government formed on June 8, 1969 in opposition to... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ United Nations High Commission on Refugees. 2000. The State of the World's Refugees 2000: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action. Oxford University Press. from.
  2. ^ Truong Nhu Tang. 1986. A Viet Cong Memoir. Vintage.
  3. ^ United Nations High Commission on Refugees. 2000. The State of the World's Refugees 2000: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action. Oxford University Press. from.
  4. ^ Truong Nhu Tang. 1986. A Viet Cong Memoir. Vintage.
  5. ^ Truong Nhu Tang. 1986. A Viet Cong Memoir. Vintage.

See also

Preceded by
Nguyễn Dynasty
Empire of Việt Nam
Ruler of North Vietnam
1945 - 1976
Succeeded by
Socialist Republic of Việt Nam

On August 19, 1945 Vietnamese Communist forces led by Hồ Chí Minh began the August Revolution (Vietnamese: Cách mạng tháng Tám). ... The flag of North Vietnam, also known as Red flag with Yellow star. This flag was adopted as the National flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) on November 30, 1955. ... Anthem Thanh niên Hành Khúc (Call to the Citizens) Capital Saigon Language(s) Vietnamese Government Republic Last President¹ Duong Van Minh Last Prime minister Vu Van Mau Historical era Cold War  - Regime change June 14, 1955  - Dissolution April 30, 1975 Area  - 1973 173,809 km² 67,108... The Indochina Wars refers to wars of national liberation that erupted in the wake of World War II, fought in Southeast Asia from 1947 until 1979, between nationalist Vietnamese against French, American, and Chinese forces. ... For the city named after him, see Ho Chi Minh City. ... The term socialist state (or socialist republic, or workers state) can carry one of several different (but related) meanings: Strictly speaking, any real or hypothetical state organized along the principles of socialism may be called a socialist state. ... The Peoples Army of Vietnam (PAVN) is the term used by the Vietnamese for their armed forces. ... Northern Vietnam and Southern Vietnam are two general regions within Vietnam. ... Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) French Indochina (1887–1954) Empire of Vietnam (1945) North-South Division During The Indochina Wars (1945–1975) Democratic Republic of Vietnam State of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Republic of South Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam (from 1976) List... Flag Capital Huế Language(s) Vietnamese Political structure Client state Prime Minister Trần Trọng Kim Historical era World War II  - Established March 11, 1945  - Disestablished August 23, 1945 Tây SÆ¡n Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyá»…n Dynasty (1802–1945) Western Imperialism (1887–1945) Empire of Vietnam (1945... The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
North Vietnam information - Search.com (0 words)
North Vietnam's capital was Hanoi and it was ruled by a Communist government allied with the Soviet Union and China.
During the Vietnam War, North Vietnam largely controlled the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF, also known as the Viet Cong) who were fighting against the government of South Vietnam, and the United States.
North Vietnam invaded and occupied portions of its neighbors Laos and Cambodia.
North Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (615 words)
Non-communist South Vietnam was established in the southern part of the country, with its capital at Saigon.
North Vietnam's capital was Hanoi and it was ruled by a Communist government allied with the Soviet Union and China.
North Vietnam invaded and occupied portions of its neighbors Laos and Cambodia out of a combination of military necessity and a paternalistic attitude toward both countries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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