FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > North Sound
Antigua and Barbuda
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Coat of arms of Antigua and Barbuda
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Each Endeavouring, All Achieving"
Anthem
Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee
Royal anthem: God Save the Queen 1
Capital
(and largest city)
Saint John's
17°7′N, 61°51′W
Official languages English
Government Federal constitutional monarchy
 -  Head of State Elizabeth II
 -  Governor-General Sir James Carlisle
 -  Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Date November 1, 1981 
Area
 -  Total 442 km² (198th)
171 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2005 estimate 81,479 (197th)
 -  Density 184 /km² (57)
394 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total US$750 million (170th)
 -  Per capita US$11,523 (59th)
HDI (2004) 0.808 (high) (59th)
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 -  Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Internet TLD .ag
Calling code +268
1 God Save The Queen is officially a national anthem but is generally used only on regal and vice-regal occasions.

Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. This country has two major islands: Antigua (IPA: [ænˈtiːgə]) and Barbuda (IPA: [bɑrˈbjuːdə]). They are located in the middle of the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean, roughly 17 degrees north of the equator. Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago with the islands of Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Barbados, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago to the south, Montserrat to the southwest, Saint Kitts and Nevis to the west and Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin and Anguilla to the northwest. Image File history File links Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda. ... Transparent Antigua and Barbuda coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... National flag, ratio: 2:3 State ensign, ratio: 1:2 The national flag of Antigua and Barbuda was adopted on February 27, 1967, and was designed by a school teacher named Reginald Samuels. ... The coat of arms of Antigua and Barbuda was designed in 1966 by Gordon Christopher. ... Many countries choose to include the national motto in the coat of arms. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee is the national anthem of Antigua and Barbuda. ... A royal anthem is a patriotic song, much like a national anthem that recognizes the nations monarch. ... God Save the King/Queen is a patriotic hymn, and the National Anthem and Royal Anthem of the United Kingdom. ... This country locator map was created by Vardion and is released into the public domain. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Population: 66,422 (July 2000 est. ... St Johns is the capital city of the nation of Antigua and Barbuda, a country located in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A federal constitutional monarchy is a federation of states with the executive under the authority of a constitutional monarch. ... Antigua and Barbuda is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Sir James Beethoven Carlisle (born 1937) is the Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Winston Baldwin Spencer (born October 8, Antigua and Barbuda. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, using the most recently available official figures. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... The Purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Map of world GDP (PPP) by country using the IMF list for 2005 There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, based on the 2005 IMF data. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... Daylight saving time around the world  DST used  DST no longer used  DST never used Daylight saving time (DST), also summer time in British English, is the convention of advancing clocks so that afternoons have more daylight and mornings have less. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... .ag is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Antigua and Barbuda. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... An island nation is a country that is wholly confined to an island or islands. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean Caribbean Sea from space (top left). ... Not to be confused with the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Barbuda is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda. ... Not to be confused with the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The Leeward Islands are the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... West Indian redirects here. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Gustavia Harbour, St. ... St. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Antigua and Barbuda

Pre-ceramic Amerindians were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 BC. Later Arawak and Carib Amerindian tribes populated the islands. The island of Antigua was named Wadadli by these natives. Christopher Columbus landed on his second voyage in 1493 and named the island Santa Maria la Antigua after a church in Seville, Spain. Early settlement by the Spanish was replaced by English rule from 1632, with a French interlude in 1666. Subsequently Irish Catholic slaves were transported to Antigua[citation needed]. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. This is the history of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... Barbuda is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda. ... (Redirected from 2400 BC) (25th century BC - 24th century BC - 23rd century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC -- Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period 2350 BC - End of the Early Dynastic IIIb Period in Mesopotamia 2334 - 2279 BC -- Sargon... The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the Caribbean. ... This article is about the Island Carib people, who lived on the islands of the Caribbean. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas. ... Motto  2(French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen 3 United Kingdom() – on the European continent() – in the European Union()  —  [] Capital London Largest conurbation (population) Greater London Urban Area Official languages English4 Government  -  Monarch Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair Formation  -  24 March 1603   -  Acts of Union... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ... Slave redirects here. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...


The islands became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on 1 November 1981, and Vere Bird became the first prime minister. The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom, except for Mozambique and the United Kingdom itself. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vere Cornwall Bird (December 7, 1910–June 28, 1999) was the first Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. ... A prime minister is the very most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ...


Politics

Antigua and Barbuda is a full member of the OECS.
Antigua and Barbuda is a full member of the OECS.

The politics of Antigua and Barbuda takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. A Governor-General is appointed by the Queen (or other reigning monarch) of England. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament. The bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (seventeen-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Representatives (seventeen seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms). The last elections held were on 23 March 2004 for the House of Representatives; the next are due in 2009. The Antigua Labour Party won four seats, while the United Progressive Party won thirteen. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_OECS.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States User:Nightstallion/currencies User:Mysid/flags Image:Oecsflag1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_OECS.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States User:Nightstallion/currencies User:Mysid/flags Image:Oecsflag1. ... Flag of the OECS. The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Eastern Caribbean. ... Government The Queen of Antigua and Barbuda As head of state, Queen Elizabeth II is represented in Antigua and Barbuda by a governor general who acts on the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet. ... A map displaying todays federations. ... A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A monarchy, from the Greek μονος, one, and αρχειν, to rule, is a form of government that has a monarch as head of state. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Antigua and Barbuda. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... The Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda consists of two chambers: The Senate (Upper Chamber) The House of Representatives (Lower Chamber) External link Parliament of Antigua & Barbuda This politics-related article is a stub. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Antigua Labour Party is the former ruling political party in Antigua and Barbuda, It is led by Lester Bird, who was chairman of the party since 1971, and became Prime Minister and leader in 1994. ... The United Progressive Party is the main governing political party in Antigua and Barbuda. ...


Government

Since 1949 the party system had been dominated by the personalist Antigua Labour Party. However the Antigua and Barbuda legislative election, 2004, saw the defeat of the longest-serving elected government in the Caribbean. The Prime Minister, Lester Bird, had been in office since 1994, when he succeeded his father, Vere Bird. The elder Bird had been Prime Minister from independence in 1981, and before independence had been Chief Minister of Antigua from 1960, except for the period 1971-76. Personalism is the school of thought that consists of three main principles: Only persons are real (in the ontological sense), Only persons have value, and Only persons have free will. ... The Antigua Labour Party is the former ruling political party in Antigua and Barbuda, It is led by Lester Bird, who was chairman of the party since 1971, and became Prime Minister and leader in 1994. ... Legislative elections were held in Antigua and Barbuda on March 23, 2004. ... Lester Bryant Bird (born February 21, 1938) was Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda from 1994 to 2004 and a well-known athlete. ... Vere Cornwall Bird (December 7, 1910–June 28, 1999) was the first Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. ...


Structure

The Head of State is the Queen, who is represented by the Governor-General. A Council of Ministers is appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister. The Judicial Branch is the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction). Antigua is also a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice. The Supreme Court of Appeal was the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, up until 2001, when the nations of the Caribbean Community voted to abolish the right of appeal to the Privy Council in favour of a Caribbean Court of Justice. Some debate between member countries had repeatedly delayed the court's date of inauguration. As of March, 2005, only Barbados was set to replace the process of appeals of Her Majesty in Council with the Caribbean Court of Justice which then had come into operation. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is a Superior Court of record for the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), including six independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, the Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and three British Overseas Territories (Anguilla, British... The Court of Summary Jurisdiction is a court in the Northern Territory, a territory of Australia. ... The Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) is a regional Caribbean-based institution in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. ... The South African Supreme Court of Appeal is the South African court which has the final say on all matters, except those that involve the constitution. ... The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ...


Military

The Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force is the smallest military in the world, with only 170 members. The NOT SO ROYAL Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defense Force is the armed force of Antigua and Barbuda. ...


Administrative divisions

St. John's Cathedral

The island of Antigua is divided into six parishes: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1605 KB) I took this photo myself I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1605 KB) I took this photo myself I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The island of Antigua of Antigua and Barbuda is separated into six parishes: Saint George Saint John Saint Mary Saint Paul Saint Peter Saint Philip The island of Barbuda has the status of dependency, as does the tiny island of Redonda to the west. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...

Name Population
1. St. George &&&&&&&&&&&&4473.04,473
2. St. John &&&&&&&&&&&14121.014,121
3. St. Mary &&&&&&&&&&&&5303.05,303
4. St. Paul &&&&&&&&&&&&6117.06,117
5. St. Peter &&&&&&&&&&&&3622.03,622
6. St. Philip &&&&&&&&&&&&2964.02,964

The island of Barbuda (1,241) and the uninhabited island of Redonda each enjoy dependency status. Saint George is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. ... Saint John is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. ... Saint Mary is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. ... Saint Paul is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. ... Saint Peter is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. ... Saint Philip is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Barbuda is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda. ... Redonda is an uninhabited island dependency of Antigua and Barbuda. ...


The capital is the city of St. John's (population 21,514). St Johns is the capital city of the nation of Antigua and Barbuda, a country located in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. ...


Geography

The country consists of a number of islands, of which Antigua is the largest one, and the most populated. Barbuda, just north of Antigua is the other main island. The islands have a warm, tropical climate, with fairly constant temperatures year round. Redonda – annexed in the 1860s when Phosphate reserves were noted, unoccupied since 1930 also belongs to the nation of Antigua and Barbuda. Map of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Map of Antigua and Barbuda. ... This article describes the geography of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Barbuda is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda. ... Redonda is an uninhabited island dependency of Antigua and Barbuda. ...


The islands are mostly low-lying, with the highest point being Boggy Peak, at 402 metres (1,319 ft). The small country's main town is the capital Saint John's on Antigua; Barbuda's largest town is Codrington. The local people like to say that Antigua has 365 beaches. The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... St Johns is the capital city of the nation of Antigua and Barbuda, a country located in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. ... Codrington is a town located on the island of Barbuda, which is part of the country of Antigua and Barbuda. ...


Economy

Tourism dominates its economy, accounting for more than half of its GDP. Weak tourist arrival numbers since early 2000 have slowed the economy, however, and pressed the government into a tight fiscal corner. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labour shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction work. Economy - overview: Antigua and Barbudas economy is service-based, with tourism and government services representing the key sources of employment and income. ... Tourists on Oʻahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... A water supply system provides water to the locations that need it. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is a measure of the work done by human beings and is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ...


Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on income growth in the industrialised world, especially in the United States, which accounts for about one-third of all tourist arrivals. Manufacturing , a branch of industry, is the application of tools and a processing medium to the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale. ... World GDP/capita changed very little for most of human history before the industrial revolution. ...


Demographics

The majority of the population comprises people of African or mixed African and European (predominately British) ancestry. There is a minority of people of Portuguese and mixed Portuguese and African ancestry, due to Portuguese indentured servants brought to the West Indies after the abolition of slavery. The remainder of the population comprises Europeans, notably Irish, British and Portuguese, and Christian Levantine Arabs. There is also a relatively small Sephardic Jewish population. Population: 66,422 (July 2000 est. ...


An increasingly large percent of the population live abroad, most notably in the United States, Canada, and England. A minority of the Antiguan residents are immigrants from other countries, particularly Dominica, Guyana and Jamaica.


Almost all Antiguans are Christians (97%[1]), with the Anglican Church (about 44%) being the largest denomination. Catholicism is another significant denomination, as well as a number of Jehovah's Witnesses. Non-Christian religions practiced on the islands include Rastafari, Islam, Judaism, and Baha'i. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... The Anglican Communion uses the compass rose as its symbol, signifying its worldwide reach and decentralized nature. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai House of Worship attracts an average of three and a half million visitors a year. ...


Language

The official language of Antigua and Barbuda is English, but many of the locals speak Antiguan Creole. The Barbudan accent is slightly different from the Antiguan one. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Antiguan Creole is a linguistic variety spoken in Antigua and Barbuda. ... Barbuda is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda. ... There is more than one entry for the locale Antigua in Wikipedia: Antigua is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Guatemala is also a city in the central mountains of Guatemala This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share...


In the years before Antigua and Barbuda's independence, Standard English was widely spoken in preference to Antiguan Creole, but afterwards Antiguans began treating Antiguan Creole as a respectable aspect of their culture. Generally, the upper and middle classes shun Antiguan Creole. The educational system dissuades use of Antiguan Creole and instruction is done in Standard (British) English. The higher up one goes on the socio economic ladder, the less prevalent Antiguan Creole becomes, to the extent that some Antiguans will even deny that they speak or understand Antiguan Creole


Many of the words used in the Antiguan dialect are derived from English and also African origins. The dialect was formed when slaves owned by English planters imitated the 18th century English spoken by their masters but failed to pronounce it correctly. This can be easily seen in some phrases like: "Me nah go" meaning "I am not going". Another example is: "Ent it?" meaning "Ain't it?" which is in itself dialect and means "Isn't it?". Common island proverbs often can be traced to Africa. There is more than one entry for the locale Antigua in Wikipedia: Antigua is an island in the Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Guatemala is also a city in the central mountains of Guatemala This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... For the music piece by Steve Reich see Proverb (Reich) Look up proverb in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Culture

The culture is predominantly British which is evident throughout many aspects of the society. American popular culture also has a heavy influence. Family and religion play an important role in the lives of Antiguans. There is a national Carnival celebration during the month of August each year: historically Carnival commemorates the abolition of slavery in the British West Indies. The annual Carnival includes pageants, shows, contests and festive activities, and is a notable tourist attraction.


Media

There are two daily newspapers: Daily Observer, and Antigua Sun which also publishes newspapers on other Caribbean islands. Most American television networks are available in addition to the local television stations. There are several local and regional radio stations.


Sport

Cricket is very popular in Antigua and Barbuda, along with most Commonwealth nations. The 2007 Cricket World Cup will be hosted in the West Indies from 11 March to 28 April 2007. Antigua hopes to host some matches at the Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, which is still under construction, and will hold 20,000 people at full capacity. The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom, except for Mozambique and the United Kingdom itself. ... The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup is a mens cricket tournament currently taking place in the West Indies, using the sports one-day international format; it started on 13 March and will run to 28 April 2007. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Sir Vivian Richards Stadium is a multi-use stadium in North Sound, Antigua and Barbuda that is currently under construction. ...


Football (soccer) is also a very popular sport. Antigua has a national football team, albeit inexperienced. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Athletics is also big in Antigua. Talented athletes identified in schools are trained from a young age and Antigua has produced one or two fairly adept athletes. Janill Williams, a young athlete with much promise hails from Grey's Farm, Antigua. Also, there is Sonia Williams and Heather Samuel who have represented Antigua at the Olympic Games. Others to watch are Brendan Christian (100 m, 200 m), Daniel Bailey (100 m, 200 m) and James Grayman (High Jump). The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


Cuisine

The national dish is fungie (pronounced "foon-gee") and pepper pot. Fungie is a dish very similar to the Italian Polenta, and is almost completely made from cornmeal. Other local dishes include ducana, season rice, Saltfish and lobster (from Barbuda). There are also local confectionaries which include: sugarcake, fudge, raspberry and tamarind stew and peanut brittle. Fried polenta (left), with chicken and potatoes Polenta is a cornmeal dish popular in Italian, Savoyard, Swiss, Austrian, Croatian, Slovenian, Serbian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Corsican, Argentine, Brazilian, and Mexican cuisine, and it is a traditional staple food throughout much of northern Italy. ...


Although these foods are indigenous to Antigua and Barbuda and to some other Caribbean countries, the local diet has diversified and now include the local dishes of Jamaica (e.g. jerk pork), Guyana (e.g. Roti) and other Caribbean countries. Chinese restaurants have also begun to become more mainstream. The supermarkets sell a wide variety of food, from American to Italian. Meals also vary depending on social class.


Lunches here typically include a starch, like rice/macaroni/pasta, vegetables/salad, an entree (fish, chicken, pork, beef etc.) and a side dish like macaroni pie, scalloped potatoes or plantains. Local drinks are mauby, seamoss, tamarind juice, raspberry juice, mango juice, lemonade, coconut milk etc. Adults favor beers and rums, many of which are made locally. Mauby (also mavi in Puerto Rico, or mabi) is a drink that is widely consumed in the Caribbean. ...


Sunday is the main day most go to church in the country and is the day when the culture is mostly reflected in the food. For breakfast one might have saltfish, eggplant (aka troba), eggs and lettuce.


Dinner on Sundays is eaten earlier (around 2:00 pm) because parents are usually off from work and can stay home and cook. It may include pork, baked chicken, stewed lamb, or turkey, alongside rice (prepared in a variety of ways), macaroni pie, salads, and a local drink. Dessert may be ice cream and cake or an apple pie (mango and pineapple pie in their season) or Jello.


Education

The people of Antigua & Barbuda have a high level of education with over 90% of the people being literate. The island of Antigua currently has two medical schools: American University of Antigua College of Medicine (AUA), which was founded in early 2000, is an offshore school which accepts students mainly from the US and Canada. The other is The University of Health Sciences Antigua (UHSA), a privately endowed institution founded in 1982. The University is chartered by the Government of Antigua and Barbuda.


There is also a government owned state college in Antigua as well as the Antigua and Barbuda Institute of Information Technology (ABIIT). The University of the West Indies has a branch in Antigua for locals to continue University studies. Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA)is: the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The University of the West Indies, also known as UWI, is an autonomous regional institution supported by and serving 16 English speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean : Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. ...


With the onset of the Internet, more Antiguans are completing online degrees.


Notables

Mouse embryonic stem cells with fluorescent marker. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Marie-Elena John (born 1963) is a Caribbean author whose first novel, Unburnable, was published in 2006. ... Shermain Jeremy (born 24 June 1983) is an Antiguan singer and beauty pageant contestant, winner of the Miss Antigua and Barbuda Carnival Queen Show competition in 2002, and Jaycees Caribbean queen show that year. ... Sir Isaac Vivian Alexander Richards (known by his second name, Vivian or, more popularly, Viv Richards), a former West-Indian cricketer, was born in St Johns, Antigua on 7 March 1952. ... Curtly Elconn Lynwall Ambrose (b. ... Richard Benjamin Richardson was born January 12th 1962 in Five Islands Village, Antigua. ... Anderson Montgomery Everton Andy Roberts (born 29 January 1951 on the island of Antigua in the West Indies) is a former West Indian cricketer. ... Jamaica Kincaid is an Antiguan-American novelist. ... See: Soca River (pronounced Socha River), ( Slovenian original reka Soča). ... See: Soca River (pronounced Socha River), ( Slovenian original reka Soča). ... Ledley Teven King (born December 10, 1980 in Bow, London) is an English football player of Antiguan descent and first choice central defender and club captain for Tottenham Hotspur. ... Emile William Rufus Baw Simba Hugo Wilberforce Ivanhoe Heskey (born 11 January 1978 in Evington, Leicester, to an Antiguan father and Barbudan mother) is an English professional footballer currently playing for Wigan Athletic, he is a former England international. ... Colin Kazim-Richards (born in August 26, 1986 in Leytonstone, London) is a professional footballer for who plays for Sheffield United in the Premiership. ... Craig Speedy Claxton (born May 8, 1978 in Hempstead, New York) is an American basketball player with the NBAs Atlanta Hawks. ... Maurice Hope (born December 6, 1951 in St. ... Bert Williams (November 12, 1874 – March 4, 1922) was the pre-eminent African American entertainer of his era. ... Anna Maria Horsford (born March 6, 1948 in Harlem, New York, USA) is an African-American television and film actress. ... Gregory Abbott (born 2 April 1954 in New York) is an American soul-musician (keys and drums), singer, composer and producer. ... Leonard Timoshenko Hector (24 November 1942 in Antigua – 12 November 2002, Antigua) was a leftist Antiguan political leader and cricket administrator known for his opposition to the rule of the Bird family. ... Vere Cornwall Bird (December 7, 1910–June 28, 1999) was the first Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Lester Bryant Bird (born February 21, 1938) was Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda from 1994 to 2004 and a well-known athlete. ... Winston Baldwin Spencer (born October 8, Antigua and Barbuda. ... Sir James Beethoven Carlisle (born 1937) is the Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda. ... William Allen Harper, witness to JFK assassination William Harper (South Carolina), U.S. Senator This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... Josiah Martin (April 23, 1737 in Antigua, Wisconsin, U.S.A. - July, 1786 in London, England) was the colonial governor of the Province of North Carolina (1771-1775). ... The Province of North Carolina was originally part of the Province of Carolina, which was chartered by eight Lords Proprietors. ... Calypso might refer to one of several things: Calypso is the name of a sea nymph in Greek mythology; Calypso music is a style of Caribbean folk music; Calypso is the name of an album sung by Harry Belafonte; Calypso is the name of a moon of Saturn; 53 Kalypso... From Antigua and Barbuda, this band represents the epitome of the high-energy, multiple-influenced, synthesizer-driven soca. ...

Facts

  • Antigua was an important port to Great Britain in the days of sailing ships. Because of its unique position in relation to the trade winds, it was easy for ships to enter, but difficult to leave the port. Therefore, when enemy ships tried to retreat back out to sea, they could more easily be caught by the British Navy.
  • The Antigua Racer Snake is the rarest snake in the world, with only about two hundred living. It is found on Great Bird Island, an island off the coast of Antigua.
  • Antigua and Barbuda claim to collectively have 365 beaches, one for every day in the year. This has never been tested and is taken lightly as humour.
  • Vere Cornwall Bird, Antigua and Barbuda's first Prime Minister, is accredited to have brought Antigua and Barbuda and the Caribbean into a new era of independence.
  • Antigua and Barbuda has been named the best Island Wedding Destination in the twelfth annual International Caribbean World Awards, and has been cited by the Guinness World Records as having the most marriages per capita.
  • Antigua's English Harbour Rum has been named one of The Best Rums in the World by Forbes Magazine.
  • Claudette Peters, Antigua and Barbuda's Soca princess has been awarded Best New Female Artist at the International Soca Awards 2006.
  • Young Destroyer, an Antiguan calypsonian is now crowned the Calypso King of the World after winning the CARIFESTA Calypso Competition in September 2006 in Trinidad.
  • Eric Clapton, musician, has founded a Rehabilitation Clinic, the The Crossroads Centre, in Antigua which has seen celebrity visitors like Whitney Houston.
  • Giorgio Armani, fashion designer, has a million dollar mansion in Antigua.
  • The English pop band Duran Duran shot the video for their 1980s hit "Rio" in Antigua.

Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... Binomial name Alsophis antiguae Alsophis antiguae is a gentle and harmless grey-brown snake, found only in Antigua, a small Caribbean island, thus nicknamed Antigua Racer Snake. It is thought to be the rarest snake in the world, with only about 200 existing on a small island off the coast... Vere Cornwall Bird (December 7, 1910–June 28, 1999) was the first Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. ... The famous Clapton is God graffiti Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer, who is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century,[1] garnering an unprecedented three inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall... The Crossroads Centre is a drug and alcohol addiction rehabilitation centre located on the island of Antigua. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born on August 9, 1963) is a Grammy and Emmy Award winning American R&B/pop singer, actress, former fashion model, record and movie producer. ... It has been suggested that Giorgio Armani S.p. ... Duran Duran is a British pop/rock band notable for a long series of catchy, synthesiser-driven hit singles and vivid music videos. ...

Foreign relations

Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Caribbean Community, United Nations, World Trade Organization, Commonwealth of Nations, Organization of American States, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, and the Eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System. Antigua and Barbuda maintains diplomatic relations with the United States, Canada the United Kingdom, and the Peoples Republic of China, as well as with many Latin American countries and neighboring Eastern Caribbean states. ... The Caribbean Community and Common Market or CARICOM was established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas[1] which came into effect on August 1, 1973. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom, except for Mozambique and the United Kingdom itself. ... The Organization of American States (OAS; OEA in the other three official languages) is an international organization, headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States of America. ... Flag of the OECS. The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Eastern Caribbean. ...


Antigua and Barbuda is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98). Official logo of the ICC. The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, crime of aggression, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Opened for signature June 17, 1998[1] at Rome Entered into force July 1, 2002 Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 99[2] The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (or Rome Statute) is the treaty which established the International...


See also

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Binomial name Ameiva griswoldi Ameiva griswoldi is a rare endangered species of lizard found only in Antigua and Barbuda, a small Caribbean island nation. ... Binomial name Alsophis antiguae Alsophis antiguae is a gentle and harmless grey-brown snake, found only in Antigua, a small Caribbean island, thus nicknamed Antigua Racer Snake. It is thought to be the rarest snake in the world, with only about 200 existing on a small island off the coast... Antiguan Creole is a linguistic variety spoken in Antigua and Barbuda. ... The Caribbean Community and Common Market or CARICOM was established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas[1] which came into effect on August 1, 1973. ... Chickenhawk was formerly the name of two species of hawk known to prey on barnyard fowl - the Red-tailed Hawk and the Coopers Hawk. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom, except for Mozambique and the United Kingdom itself. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 20,000 (1994) Telephones - mobile cellular: APUA PCS, Cable & Wireless, Cingular Wireless Telephone system: domestic: good automatic telephone system international: 3 fiber optic submarine cables (2 to St. ... Binomial name Eretmochelys imbricata Linnaeus, 1766 subspecies Eretmochelys imbricata bissa (Rüppell, 1835) Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766) Synonyms Eretmochelys imbricata squamata junior synonym The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered[1] sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... The Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defense Force is the armed force of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Antigua and Barbuda is a Caribbean nation in the Lesser Antilles chain. ... St Johns is the capital city of the nation of Antigua and Barbuda, a country located in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. ... Sir Vivian Richards Stadium is a multi-use stadium in North Sound, Antigua and Barbuda that is currently under construction. ... The Antigua and Barbuda Branch of The Scout Association is coeducational, with separate sections for boys and girls. ... Antigua and Barbudas transportation systems include both public and privately run services. ... V.C. Bird International Airport (IATA: ANU, ICAO: TAPA) is located on the island of Antigua, 8km northeast of St. ... Binomial name Dendrocygna arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) The West Indian Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna arborea, is a whistling duck which breeds in the West Indies. ... The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup is a mens cricket tournament currently taking place in the West Indies, using the sports one-day international format; it started on 13 March and will run to 28 April 2007. ...

Gallery

References

The World Factbook 2007 (government edtion) cover. ...

External links

Look up Antigua and Barbuda in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Geographic locale
International membership

Coordinates: 17°03′N, 61°48′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m