The geology of the Pennines is dominated by extensive deposits of gritstone and limestone, which in the NorthPennines has led to the formation of large underground cave systems and watercourses — known as "gills" and "pots" in the Yorkshire dialect — which are prevalent on the eastern side.
The landscape of the Pennines is in general constituted by upland areas of high moors indented by the more fertile valleys of the region's various rivers.
The NorthPennines have been declared an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), while portions of the Pennines are incorporated into the Peak District National Park, the Yorkshire Dales National Park and the Northumberland National Park.
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