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Encyclopedia > North Ossetian ASSR
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Республика Северная Осетия-Алания
Цӕгат Ирыстоны Аланийы Республикӕ
   
Flag of North Ossetia-Alania Coat of arms of North Ossetia-Alania
Flag of North Ossetia-Alania Coat of arms of North Ossetia-Alania
Image:RussiaNorthOssetia-Alania2005.png
Capital Vladikavkaz
Area

- total
- % water Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Ossetia. ... a coat of arms of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (from Estonian wiki) This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Flag of North Ossetia-Alania The flag of North Ossetia consists of a tricolor of white, red and yellow. ... Coat of arms of North Ossetia_Alania The coat of arms of North Ossetia is a disk gules with a snow leopard passant or with sable spots on a ground or with as background seven mountains argent (i. ... Image File history File links RussiaNorthOssetia-Alania2005. ... Photo of Vladikavkaz cathedral mosque in 1912. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ...

Ranked 84th

- 8,000 km²
- negligible Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Population

- Total
- Density World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...

Ranked 68th

- est. 710,275 (2002)
- est. 88.8/km² Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ...

Political status Republic
Federal district Southern Federal District
Economic Region North Caucasus
Cadaster # 15
Official languages Russian, Ossetic
Head of the Republic Taimuraz Dzambekovich Mamsurov
Prime-Minister Alan Georgiyevich Boradzov
Legislature {{{LegiNm}}}
Anthem

The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (Russian: Респу́блика Се́верная Осе́тия–Ала́ния; Ossetic: Цӕгат Ирыстоны Аланийы Республикӕ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the Russian name of the republic is Respublika Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya. Its name in Ossetic transliterates as Căgat Irystony Alanijy Respublikă. The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Southern Federal District (Russian: Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... This article is in need of improvement. ... Taymuraz Mamsurov. ... This article is in need of improvement. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state or country that is led by people whose political power is based on principles that are not beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of North Ossetia-Alania

The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), located in the Caucasus region. ...

Geography

The Republic is located in the northern Caucasus. The northern part of the republic is situated in the Stavropol Plain. 22% of the republic's territory is covered by forests. The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ...

  • Area: 8,000 km²
  • Highest point: Mount Dzhimara, 4,780 m
  • Maximum N->S distance: 130 km.
  • Maximum E->W distance: 120 km.

The Kabardino-Balkar Republic or Kabardino-Balkaria (Russian: ; Kabardian: Къэбэрдей-Балъкъэр Республикэ; Balkar: Къабарты-Малкъар Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic), located in the northern Caucasus. ... Stavropol Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water Ranked 80th - 15,300 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 49th - est. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language Ossetian Capital Tskhinvali President Eduard Djabeevich Kokoity Prime Minister Igor Viktorovich Sanakoyev Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  3,900 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density (2004)  70,000 (approx)  18/km² Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Georgia  â€“ November 28, 1991  â€“ none Currency Russian ruble, Georgian lari Time zone UTC +3 Detailed...

Time zone

North Ossetia-Alania is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD). Image File history File links RTZ2. ... Time zones of Europe: Moscow Time (MSK) is the time zone 3 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+3). ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ...

Rivers

All of the republic's rivers belong to the basin of the Terek River. Major rivers include: The Terek (Те́рек) is a major river in the Northern Caucasus, flowing through Georgia and Russia into the Caspian Sea. ...

  • Terek River (~600 km)
  • Urukh River (104 km)
  • Ardon River (101 km)
  • Kambileyevka River (99 km)
  • Gizeldon River (81 km)
  • Fiagdon River
  • Sunzha River

Mountains

Map of the region with the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania highlighted
Enlarge
Map of the region with the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania highlighted
Map of North Ossetia
Map of North Ossetia

All of the mountains located on the territory of the republic are a part of the Caucasus. Mount Dzhimara is the highest point (4,780 m), with Mount Ulipata being the second highest (4,638 m). Map of the region with the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania highlighted (from Estonian wiki) File links The following pages link to this file: North Ossetia-Alania Categories: Caucasus maps ... Map of the region with the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania highlighted (from Estonian wiki) File links The following pages link to this file: North Ossetia-Alania Categories: Caucasus maps ... File links The following pages link to this file: North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz Mozdok Beslan Ardon, North Ossetia Alagir Categories: Caucasus maps ... File links The following pages link to this file: North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz Mozdok Beslan Ardon, North Ossetia Alagir Categories: Caucasus maps ...


Natural Resources

Natural resources include minerals (copper, silver, zinc), timber, mineral waters, hydroelectric power, and untapped reserves of oil and gas. General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Atomic mass 65. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... In many places, mineral water is often colloquially used to mean carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water, as opposed to tap water). ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... A gas is one of the five main phases of matter (after solid and liquid, and followed by plasma and Bose-Einstein Condensate) and, that subsequently appear as a solid material is subjected to increasingly higher temperatures. ...


Climate

Climate is moderately continental. A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts (but not the west coasts) of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other...

  • Average January temperature: −5°C
  • Average July temperature: +24°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 400-700 mm in the plains, over 1,000 mm in the mountains.

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of North Ossetia-Alania

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction Vladikavkaz (Владикавка́з) (capital) City municipal districts: Iristonsky (Иристо́нский) with 1 rural settlements administration under the city municipal districts jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

The Ossetian population of North Ossetia is predominantly Christian with a Muslim minority, speaking Ossetic and Russian. A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth, referred to as Christ. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... This article is in need of improvement. ...


According to the 2002 Census, Ossetians at 445,310 make up 62.7% of the republic's population. Other groups include Russians (164,734, or 23.2%), Ingush (21,442, or 3.0%), Armenians (17,147, or 2.4%), Kumyks (12,659, or 1.8%), Georgians (10,803, or 1.5%), Ukrainians (5,198, or 0.7%), Chechens (3,383, or 0.5%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population. 3,283 people (0.5%) did not indicate their nationalities during the Census. Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The Ossetians live in the region of Ossetia, a region in the northern Caucasus Mountains in Europe. ... The Ingush are a people of the northern Caucasus, mostly inhabiting the Russian republic of Ingushetia. ... Flag of the Kumyks Kumyks are a Turkic people occupying the Kumyk plateau in north Dagestan and south Terek, and the lands bordering the Caspian Sea. ... // Geography The Chechen people are mainly inhabitants of Chechnya, which is internationally recognized as part of Russia. ...

  • Population: 710,275 (2002)
    • Urban: 464,875 (65.5%)
    • Rural: 245,400 (34.5%)
    • Male: 336,035 (47.3%)
    • Female: 374,240 (52.7%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,114
  • Average age: 33.8 years
    • Urban: 34.2 years
    • Rural: 32.9 years
    • Male: 30.4 years
    • Female: 36.9 years
  • Number of households: 200,191 (with 690,806 people)
    • Urban: 143,397 (with 447,884 people)
    • Rural: 56,794 (with 242,922 people)

Politics

The head of government in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is the Head of the Republic. As of 2005, the head of the republic is Taimuraz Dzambekovich Mamsurov. Mamsurov succeeded Alexander Dzasokhov, who voluntarily quit his post on May 31, 2005. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Taymuraz Mamsurov. ... ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ...


Economy

Despite the inevitable economic burden of a sizeable refugee population, North Ossetia is the most well-to-do republic in the northern Caucasus. It is the most urbanized and the most industrialized, with factories producing metals (lead, zinc, tungsten, etc.), electronics, chemicals, and processed foods. Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish white Atomic mass 207. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Atomic mass 65. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 6, d Appearance grayish white, lustrous Atomic mass 183. ... The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves (vacuum tubes) and semiconductors. ... Chemical tanks in Lillebonne, France Chemical industry includes those industries involved in the production of petrochemicals, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, polymers, paints, oleochemicals etc. ... Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value, texture and flavor. ...


Local agriculture focuses primarily on livestock, especially sheep and goats, and the cultivation of grains, fruit, and cotton. Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Species See text. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ...


Transportation

There is an airport in Vladikavkaz. Overall, the transport infrastructure is well-developed, with railroads and automobile roads being the principal means of transportation. The famous Georgian Military Road connects Vladikavkaz with Transcaucasia. The Georgian Military Road (Военно-Грузинская дорога in Russian, or Voyenno-Gruzinskaya doroga) is a historic name of the main route through the Caucasus from Georgia to Russia. ... Transcaucasia is the name given to a region south of the Caucasus Mountains that covers Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. ...


Culture

There are six professional theaters in North Ossetia-Alania.


Education

The most important facilities of higher education include North Caucasus State Technological University, North Ossetian State University, North Ossetian State Medical Academy, and Mountain State Agrarian University; all located in Vladikavkaz.


Religion

The most common religions are Russian Orthodox Church and Islam. The Russian Orthodox Church (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Catholic Church of Russia, is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ...


See also

This article is in need of improvement. ... Ossetia is a region, split into South Ossetia in Georgia and North Ossetia in Russia. ... The Beslan school hostage crisis (also referred to as the Beslan school siege or Beslan Massacre) began when armed Muslim terrorists[1] took more than 1200 school children and adults hostage on September 1, 2004, at School Number One (SNO) in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia. ...

External links

General

  • (Russian) Official website of the President of the Republic.
  • (Russian) Official website of the Parliament of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania.
  • (Russian) Ossetia—History, culture, politics, news.
  • Pictures of North Ossetia-Alania (in Esperanto).
  • (English) (Russian) Welcome to North Ossetia (by Toma Kulaeva) (also in Ossetic).

Education

  • (Russian) North Ossetian State University.
  • (Russian) North Ossetian State Medical Academy.
  • (Russian) Higher Institute of Management.
  • (English) Institute of Civilization.

Mass media

  • (Russian) Electronic version of the North Ossetia (Severnaya Osetiya) republican newspaper.
  • (Russian) North Ossetian information portal 15th Region (15y Region).

 
 

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