Today this ancient city of SriLanka, which is sacred to the Buddhist world, which its surrounding monasteries covers an area of over sixteen square miles (40 sq km) and is one of the world's major archaeological sites.
The Mahathupa, the Bodhi Tree and Thuparama of the Mahavihara stood to the south of the city, the Abhayagiri to the north, the Pubbarama to the east, the Tanovana to the north-west and the Jetavana to the south-east.
This wall was constructed during the reign of King Kirthi Sri Rajasingha, to protect it from the wild elephants.
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