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Encyclopedia > North Central American English

North Central American English is used to refer to two dialects spoken in the Midwest United States. A fuller explanation of key distinctions of the region's speech may be found in the appropriate section of American English regional differences. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with North American regional phonology. ...

An adjacent dialect region to the east, is that of Inland Northern American English. This dialect is different from North Central American English, and should not be confused with it. The Inland North Dialect of American English was the standard Midwestern speech that was the basis for General American in the mid-20th Century, though it has been recently modified by the northern cities vowel shift. ...


Michigan and Wisconsin

Main article: Yooper dialect

It refers to the dialect of the English language spoken most commonly in The Upper Peninsula of Michigan (UP), where it is commonly called Yooper. Although it is also spoken in parts of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, Wisconsin and southern Ontario, Canada, its use is most prevalent in the UP. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Regions and major cities of the Lower Peninsula can be seen here. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked...

It is common in the Upper Peninsula and in Wisconsin to append the classic Canadian "eh" to statements-turned-questions,though it is pronounced more like "hey", in place of the usual "isn't it?", "right?" or "hmmm?" (as in "You think so, hey?") — also common are "Ya know? and don't cha know?; but this tendency does not extend to statements as is frequently heard in Canada. It is also common to put a superfluous "then" at the end of sentences, and it is common to use the expression "bye now". A related expression may be a contraction of "isn't it so" pronounced "in't-so". Look up eh in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hey is traditionally an interjection used to draw attention. ...


The term also refers to a similar accent spoken in Minnesota, particularly in rural areas. The accent is perhaps most famous for its heavily emphasized use in the movie Fargo, although the depiction was not an entirely accurate one. (While the movie's title city is in fact located in North Dakota, it's set primarily in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area.) The popular radio host Garrison Keillor has also helped to make the accent well-known. The accent itself is known for its long, monophthongal 'O' vowels, as in the words "boat", "toast", "snow" or "ghost". The sound of "a" in "that" is pronounced long, and often with acute accent. Minnesotans are stereotypically known for using "Uff da" (Norwegian, pronounced "oofda"), "yah sure" and "you betcha" in everyday conversation, but these are only used infrequently except as a self-referential joke. Another common usage is "hot-dish" instead of "casserole" (possibly from the Swedish varmrätt). Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Fargo is a 1996 film created by brothers Joel and Ethan Coen. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Garrison Keillor (born Gary Edward Keillor on August 7, 1942) is an American author, humorist, columnist, musician, satirist, and radio personality. ... A monophthong (in Greek μονόφθογγος = single note) is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation; compare diphthong. ... Uff da is an exclamation of Norwegian origin that is relatively common in the Upper Midwestern states of the United States, meaning roughly drats, oops! or ouch! especially if the ouch! is an empathetic one. ...

These very similar accents were heavily influenced by 19th century immigrants from Scandinavia, Finland, Germany and Poland. Many people in Minnesota, particularly those who are older and live in rural portions of the state, have a melodic way of speaking that is reminiscent of Swedish and Norwegian. Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ...

In these accents, "yah" or "ya" is frequently used instead of "yeah" or "yes" (cf. Swedish, Norwegian, German, Danish, Dutch, "ja"). The Germanic trend of replacing /ð/ with /d/ and /θ/ with /t/ is sometimes heard, including "that" becoming "dat" and the Minneapolis Northeast district sometimes, often in jest, referred to as "Nordeast." This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... The gateway to Northeast: the Hennepin Avenue Bridge and the landmark Grain Belt beer sign. ...

In addition, many Minnesotans use the word "borrow" to mean both "lend" and "borrow," as in, "I borrowed him the book." This usage may be traced to Swedish or German, where the word for "lend" and "borrow" are the same (låna). They also tend to use the word "bring" to mean both "bring" and "take with".

Minnesotans also tend to pronounce the sound of "a" as an "e". Therefore, the word "bag" is often said as "beg" and "hat as "het". In eastern Minnesota a "d" sound replaces the "th" sound (Hey, what'cha doing over dere?). The "or" sounds like "ur' or "er" (your and for sound like yur and fer).

Common features

These speakers tend to leave out the object of "to go with," "to come with," and similar constructions. "You wanna come with?" is considered correct, with an implied "me" or "us" at the end (cf. German "Kommst Du mit?", Norwegian "Blir du med?", Swedish "Följer du med?", Dutch "Kom je mee?"). This descends from the Germanic separable prefix verbs, which heavily influences the speech in the area. (This phenomenon has also been recorded in French-speaking areas of Belgium and Switzerland: "Vas-tu avec?".)

A common feature is a long "A" sound (such as the sound used in "day") in words with the "ag" combination such as "bag", "flag", "wagon", and several others.

See also

The Inland North Dialect of American English was the standard Midwestern speech that was the basis for General American in the mid-20th Century, though it has been recently modified by the northern cities vowel shift. ...


  • U.S.A & Canada - Cartes linguistiques / Linguistic maps (French)
  • English In The New World at buzzle.com

  Results from FactBites:
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North American English - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (388 words)
North American English is a collective term used for the varieties of the English language that are spoken in the United States and Canada.
Because of the considerable similarities in pronunciation, vocabulary and accent between American English and Canadian English, the two spoken languages are sometimes grouped together under a single category, as distinguished from the varieties of English that are spoken in the United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries such as Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
These were developed and built upon as new waves of immigration, and migration across the North American continent, brought new accents and dialects to new areas, and as these ways of speaking merged and assimilated with the population.
  More results at FactBites »



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