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Encyclopedia > Norrmalmstorg robbery

The Norrmalmstorg robbery was a bank robbery best known as the origin of the term Stockholm syndrome. It occurred in Stockholm, Sweden in 1973. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Capture-bonding. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Sequential run-down of the events

On August 23, 1973, Jan Erik "Janne" Olsson, on leave from prison, walked into Kreditbanken at Norrmalmstorg, central Stockholm. Swedish police were called in immediately, two of them went inside, and Olsson opened fire, injuring one policeman. The other was ordered to sit in a chair and "sing something". He started singing "Lonesome Cowboy". Olsson then took 4 people as hostages. He demanded his friend Clark Olofsson to be brought there, along with 3 million Swedish Kronor ($730,000 US 1973 value), two guns, bullet-proof vests, helmets and a fast car. is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Norrmalmstorg (in the 1900s) Norrmalmstorg is a square in central Stockholm. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... The Swedish Police Service (in Swedish: Polisen) is a Government agency concerned with police matters in Sweden. ... Police often train to recover hostages taken by force, as in this exercise For the 2005 film, see Hostage (film). ... Clark Olofsson, new name Daniel Demuynck, (born 1947) grew up in an alcoholic household in Trollhättan, Sweden. ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ...


Olofsson was brought in by permission of the government and established a communication link with the police negotiators. One of the hostages, Kristin Ehnemark, said she was confident with the robbers but feared the police might cause trouble by violent methods (this was the beginning of the Stockholm syndrome). The robbers barricaded the inner main vault together with the hostages. The doors to the vault were closed. The robbers were permitted to have a car to escape but were not allowed to take the hostages with them, if they were to leave.


The robber, Olsson, called up the Prime Minister Olof Palme and said he would kill the hostages, and took a stranglehold on Elisabeth; she was heard screaming as he hung up. Sven Olof Joachim Palme ( ) (January 30, 1927 – February 28, 1986) was a Swedish politician. ...


The next day Olof Palme received another call. This time it was Kristin Ehnmark who said she was very displeased with his attitude, asking him to let the robbers and the hostages leave.


Olofsson walked around in the vault singing Roberta Flack's "Killing Me Softly". Roberta Flack Roberta Flack (born February 10, 1937 in Asheville, North Carolina) is an American singer. ...


The drama went on. On August 26, the police drilled a hole into the main vault from the apartment above. This was the hole from which the picture of the hostages and Olofsson was taken. Olsson opened fire and threatened to kill the hostages if any gas attack was attempted. He attached small snare traps to the necks of the hostages which would cause them to strangle themselves in the event of a gas attack. These can be seen on the deposit boxes on the left. is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On August 28 the gas was used anyway, and after half an hour the robbers gave up. No one was physically injured. is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the robbery

Both Olsson and Olofsson were charged and sentenced to extended imprisonment for the robbery. However, Olofsson claimed he didn't help Olsson and was only trying to save the hostages by keeping the situation calm, and at the court of appeals he was freed of any charges. He was later to become a friend with one of the hostages, Kristin Ehnemark, and they met sometimes, their families becoming friends.

The former Kreditbanken building at Norrmalmstorg 2005
The former Kreditbanken building at Norrmalmstorg 2005

Clark Olofsson has committed several armed robberies and acts of violence, both before and after the events in 1973, resulting in numerous jail sentances. The first occuring at the age of 16. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 738 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2292 × 1861 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 738 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2292 × 1861 pixel, file size: 2. ... Norrmalmstorg (in the 1900s) Norrmalmstorg is a square in central Stockholm. ...



Olsson was sentenced to 10 years in prison. He received many admiring letters from women who found him attractive. He later became engaged to one of them (not one of the hostages, however, as some state). After his release, he appears to have carried on with unlawful activities. After having been on the run from Swedish authorities for ten years for alleged financial crimes, he turned himself in to police in 2006 — only to be told that he could leave again, as the charges were no longer actively pursued. [1]


The hostages still repeatedly claim they were more frightened of the police than the robbers during their six days of confinement. They clearly sympathized with their captors, which has led to academic interest in the matter. The term "Stockholm syndrome" was coined by criminologist Nils Bejerot. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Capture-bonding. ... Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... Nils Bejerot (born September 21, 1921 in Stockholm - died November 29, 1988) was a Swedish psychiatrist and criminologist, best known for several things: His role as a psychiatric advisor during the Norrmalmstorg robbery and coinage of the term Stockholm syndrome to refer to the way a hostage reacts in some...


Myths of the Norrmalmstorg robbery

The most widely publicized myth about the robbery, or rather about the Stockholm syndrome, was that one or both robbers became engaged to their captives. This is simply not true, and may stem from the language barrier: the phrase "engagera sig i någon" in Swedish, does not mean "to become engaged to someone", but rather "to care deeply about someone" (this sort of resemblance between two words in different languages that are not synonyms is known as a false friend). The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from mythologein to relate myths, from mythos, meaning a narrative, and logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and... Look up False friend in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


As stated above, Kristin Ehnemark and Clark Olofsson became friends, and Jan Olsson married one of his female admirers, but there were no engagements between anyone present during the events.


Influences

Apart from creating the Stockholm syndrome term, the robbery has inspired a feature film by Håkan Lindhé named Norrmalmstorg aired on Swedish television on August 29, 2003. is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


British rock band Muse and American rock band Blink-182 both have songs entitled Stockholm Syndrome, the former on the album Absolution and the latter on its self-titled album. The American band Yo La Tengo also has a song of the same name on its album "I Can Hear The Heart Beating As One." This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Absolution is the third studio album by English rock band Muse. ... (untitled) is blink-182s last album, and was released on Geffen Records on November 18, 2003. ... Yo La Tengo is an American indie rock band, based in Hoboken, New Jersey. ...


See also


 
 

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