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Encyclopedia > Norrbotten County
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Norrbotten County (Norrbottens län) is a Swedish county or län in the extreme north of Sweden. It borders to Västerbotten County and the Gulf of Bothnia. It also borders to Lapland Province in Finland, Nordland and Troms counties in Norway. A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... Län and lääni are the Swedish and Finnish terms for the administrative divisions used in Sweden and Finland, and sometimes in other countries, especially as a translation of the Russian word oblast. The word literally means fief. ... Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län is a County or län in the north of Sweden. ... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Bothnia (Fin. ... The Province of Lapland is one of the Provinces of Finland, and a part of the larger geographical area of Lapland, which spans over four countries. ... Nordland is a county in Norway, bordering Troms and Nord-Trøndelag. ... Troms is a county in northern Norway, bordering Finnmark and Nordland. ...


The name Norrbotten is also used for a Swedish province with that name. This province covers only the eastern part of Norrbotten County – the inland instead belongs to the Lapland province. Norrbotten is the name of an unofficial Province (landskap) in Sweden, originally a part of Västerbotten, which gradually grow apart from Västerbotten after the creation of Norrbotten County in 1810. ... Jump to: navigation, search Swedens provinces today. ... National anthem Sámi soga lávlla Languages Sami, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Russian Area ca. ...

Norrbottens län
Image:svcmap_norrbotten.png
Map highlighting the location of Norrbotten County in Sweden
Image:Norrbotten.png
County SE-BD, SE082
Residence City Luleå
County Council Norrbottens Läns Landsting
Province Norrbotten
Created 1810
Area
 -
 -
98,911 km², 24.1% of Sweden;
ranked 1st
Population 258,094 inh., 2.6 inh/km²
See further: ranked list of Swedish counties
GRP See this ranked list

Contents

Image File history File links Map Swedish Counties, Norrbottens län made by: User:Mic uppload history May 3 2003 (User:Mic) Nov 16 2003 (User:Mic) some changes Dec 9 2004 (User:Solkoll) some changes File links The following pages link to this file: Norrbotten County User:Mic/Images... Image File history File links Norrbotten (county), coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for Sweden describe the 21 Counties, or län. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics of Sweden are used for statistical purposes in a European Union context. ... A County Administrative Board is a Government appointed board of a County in Sweden. ... LuleÃ¥ Municipality (  listen, ) is a Swedish municipality in northern Sweden where the city LuleÃ¥ is seat with a population of about 45,000. ... A County Council, or Landsting, is an elected assembly of a County in Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Swedens provinces today. ... Norrbotten is the name of an unofficial Province (landskap) in Sweden, originally a part of Västerbotten, which gradually grow apart from Västerbotten after the creation of Norrbotten County in 1810. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... By population By area By density ... In economics, gross domestic product (GDP) is a measure of the value of economic production of a particular territory in financial capital terms during a specified period. ... Sweden is an industrialized country. ...


Province

Norrbotten has only gradually been come to be referred to as a province, following the county borders drawn in 1810. Historically, Västerbotten was the denomination for northern Sweden. Norrbotten is the name of an unofficial Province (landskap) in Sweden, originally a part of Västerbotten, which gradually grow apart from Västerbotten after the creation of Norrbotten County in 1810. ... Laponia, or Lappland, was a historical Province or landskap in the extreme north of Sweden. ... Västerbotten is the name of a geographical region in Sweden and Finland which can refer to: Westrobothnia, or Västerbotten - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Laponia, or Lappland - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Part of Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län - a current... Laponia, or Lappland, was a historical Province or landskap in the extreme north of Sweden. ... Västerbotten is the name of a geographical region in Sweden and Finland which can refer to: Westrobothnia, or Västerbotten - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Laponia, or Lappland - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Part of Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län - a current...


Cultural identification in Sweden is closely related to the historical Provinces of Sweden, and the people in the coastal region of Norrbotten County, are in this sense living in Northern Västerbotten, or Norra Västerbotten. In order not to be confused with people from Southern Västerbotten, i.e. the coastal region of Västerbotten County, they started to identify themselves with the county rather than with the historical province. By the early 20th century Swedes had in general started referring to northern Sweden as Norrbotten. Specifically this came to mean that Norrbotten, at times referred to just Northern Westrobothnia, rather than to the whole of Norrbotten County. In this Norrbotten also came to be seen as being on equal footing with the historical provinces, even if it never had been one itself, and from the 1980s it has adopted or has been assigned provincial symbols. There is a coat of arms for Norrbotten County, but Norrbotten designated as a traditional province does not hold any distinction of this kind. Jump to: navigation, search Swedens provinces today. ... Västerbotten is the name of a geographical region in Sweden and Finland which can refer to: Westrobothnia, or Västerbotten - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Laponia, or Lappland - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Part of Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län - a current... Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län is a County or län in the north of Sweden. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Jump to: navigation, search // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ...


Geography

Norrbotten covers almost 1/4 of Sweden's surface, but is scarsely inhabited. This is especially true for the Laponia part, in the inland. Laponia, or Lappland, was a historical Province or landskap in the extreme north of Sweden. ...


The climate is generally harsh. Considering its northern location this is not surprising. However, the long summer days allow crops to ripe within 2-3 months, and various grains are commonly grown and make up an important part of the industry. Besides grains, potatoes and turnips are also grown. The most important plant is however the grass, used as hey for the livestock. The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... Turnip can refer to three vegetables, which are described under the articles Turnip (brassica rapa), Rutabaga, and Jicama. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ...


Population

The population has still increased during the last hundred years. In the 1912 concensus, the population was 166,641, (4,000 more males than females), and of this, around 120,000 belonged to the Västerbotten part. Twenty years earlier, in 1892, the population was however only 110,000. [1]


History

Following the Finnish War in 1809 Västerbotten County was separated into a Swedish and a Finnish part, where the main part remained within Swedish borders. In 1810 the county was divided once more when Norrbotten County was created out of the northern part, on the Swedish side. The Finnish War was fought between Sweden and Russia from February 1808 to September 1809. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län is a County or län in the north of Sweden. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Heraldry

The arms for the Norrbotten County is a combination of the arms of Västerbotten and Laponia. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Blazon: "Quartered, the arms of Westrobothnia and the arms of Laponia." Västerbotten is the name of a geographical region in Sweden and Finland which can refer to: Westrobothnia, or Västerbotten - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Laponia, or Lappland - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Part of Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län - a current... Laponia, or Lappland, was a historical Province or landskap in the extreme north of Sweden. ...


Culture

The culture of Norrbotten is in many ways different from the rest of Sweden, since many different cultures meet there; the sami culture, the finnish culture and the swedish settler-culture. There is a saying in Norrboten called "I am not Swedish - I am a Norrbottnian".


Along the coast are the historical cities Luleå and Piteå. Luleås old town section Gammelstad has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Jump to: navigation, search UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1945. ... World Heritage Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt). ...


Sami, Meänkieli, and Finnish may be used be used in dealing with government agencies, courts, municipalities, preschools and nursing homes in parts of Norrbotten County. Sami is a general name for a group of Finno-Ugric languages spoken in parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia, in Northern Europe. ... Meänkieli means in Swedish Tornedalen Finnish, but written in two words it means literally our language. Meänkieli was the informal term used by local people signifying the spoken variety in the minority region of northern Sweden. ... The Government Agencies in Sweden are state controlled organizations who act independently to carry out the policies of the Swedish Government. ... A court is an official, public forum which a public power establishes by lawful authority to adjudicate disputes, and to dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the law. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... A nursery school is a school for the education of very young children (generally five years of age and younger). ... A nursing home is a place of residence for people who require constant medical care. ...


Administration

The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Parliament and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is nominally a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Norrbotten Governors. A County Administrative Board is a Government appointed board of a County in Sweden. ... Riksdag is also the Swedish name of the Parliament of Finland. ... The Government Agencies in Sweden are state controlled organizations who act independently to carry out the policies of the Swedish Government. ... This is a list of Governors for Norrbotten County of Sweden. ...


The County Council of Norrbotten or Norrbottens Läns Landsting. A County Council, or Landsting, is an elected assembly of a County in Sweden. ...


Municipalities

From north to south with approximate population figures as of 2002. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Norrbotten_County. ...

The Sami language can be used in contacts with local authorities in Arjeplog, Gällivare, Jokkmokk and Kiruna. Similary, Finnish and Meänkieli can be used in Gällivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala and Övertorneå. Kiruna municipality is a Swedish municipality in northernmost Sweden where the Swedish city Kiruna (pop. ... Gällivare Municipality is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Pajala is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Jokkmokk Municipality is a Municipality in northern Sweden where the city Jokkmokk is seat. ... ÖvertorneÃ¥ is a municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Överkalix (Finnish: Ylikainuu) is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Arjeplog is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern population density of the community is 0 inhabitants per km². See also Arjeplog Lapland Court District External links Arjeplog - Official site Categories: Municipalities of Sweden | Municipalities of Norrbotten County | Sami language municipalities ... Boden is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Kalix is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Haparanda is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Älvsbyn is a municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... LuleÃ¥ Municipality (   listen?, ) is a Swedish municipality in northern Sweden where the city LuleÃ¥ is seat with a population of about 45,000. ... Arvidsjaur Municipality is a Municipality in northern Sweden where the City Arvidsjaur is the seat of government. ... PiteÃ¥ Municipality (or Pite in the local dialect) is a Municipality in southern Norrbotten County in northernmost Sweden, where the city PiteÃ¥ is seat with a population of 22,500. ... Sami is a general name for a group of Finno-Ugric languages spoken in parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia, in Northern Europe. ... Arjeplog is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern population density of the community is 0 inhabitants per km². See also Arjeplog Lapland Court District External links Arjeplog - Official site Categories: Municipalities of Sweden | Municipalities of Norrbotten County | Sami language municipalities ... Gällivare Municipality is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Jokkmokk Municipality is a Municipality in northern Sweden where the city Jokkmokk is seat. ... Kiruna municipality is a Swedish municipality in northernmost Sweden where the Swedish city Kiruna (pop. ... Meänkieli (Meänkieli: lit. ... Gällivare Municipality is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Haparanda is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Kiruna municipality is a Swedish municipality in northernmost Sweden where the Swedish city Kiruna (pop. ... Pajala is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... ÖvertorneÃ¥ is a municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ...


References

The Owl Edition Nordisk familjebok is a Swedish encyclopedia, published between 1876 and 1957. ...

External links

  • Norrbotten County Administrative Board
  • Norrbotten County Council
  • Norrbotten Regional Association of Local Authorities


Counties of Sweden Flag of Sweden
Blekinge | Dalarna | Gotland | Gävleborg | Halland | Jämtland | Jönköping | Kalmar | Kronoberg | Norrbotten | Örebro | Östergötland | Skåne | Stockholm | Södermanland | Uppsala | Värmland | Västerbotten | Västernorrland | Västmanland | Västra Götaland

  Results from FactBites:
 
Norrbotten County - Definition, explanation (481 words)
Norrbotten County, or Norrbottens län, or North Bothnia is a County or län in the extreme north of Sweden.
The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Parliament and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case.
The County Council of Norrbotten or Norrbottens Läns Landsting.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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