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Encyclopedia > Norman Whitfield
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Norman Whitfield
Norman Whitfield

Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordy's Motown label during the 1960s. He is credited as being one of the creators of the Motown Sound, as well as one of the major instrumental figues in the late-60s sub-genre of psychedelic soul. Image File history File links Normanwhitfield. ... Image File history File links Normanwhitfield. ... This article is about the Harlem neighborhood in New York City. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Jump to: navigation, search A songwriter is someone who writes, in part or in full, the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Jump to: navigation, search In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) is (among many other tasks) primarily responsible for completing a master recording so that it is fit for mass production and commercial release. ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... Jump to: navigation, search Motown Records, Inc. ... Jump to: navigation, search The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... The Motown Sound is a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics, including the use of tambourine along with drums, bass instrumentation, a distinctive melodical and chord structure, and a call and response singing style originating in gospel music. ... Psychedelic soul is a subgenre of soul music that thrived during the late 1960s and early 1970s. ...


A native of Harlem, New York, Whitfield spent most of his teen years in local pool halls. In his late teens, he became stranded in Detroit, Michigan while driving from California to New York. To survive, Whitfield hustled pool and performed with local Detroit bands. This article is about the Harlem neighborhood in New York City. ... Jump to: navigation, search Pool table with cue ball, object balls (in triangle), cue stick, and rack Billiard balls Billiards is a family of games played on a table, with a stick, known as a cue stick, being used to strike balls, moving them around the table. ... Jump to: navigation, search Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


At 47, Whitfield began hanging around at Motown's Hitsville U.S.A. offices, trying to get a chance at working for the growing label. Gordy recognized Whitfield's persistence and hired him in the quality control department that determined which songs would or would not be released by the label. Whitfield eventually joined Motown's in-house songwriting staff. Whitfield had a few minor successes, but he found his place at Motown when he began producing the recordings of his songs. His big break came when he took over Smokey Robinson's role as the main producer for The Temptations in 1966, after his "Ain't Too Proud to Beg" performed better than Robinson's "Get Ready" on the pop charts. Hitsville U.S.A, as seen in The Temptations (1998). ... Jump to: navigation, search William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ... The Classic 5 lineup of The Temptations, circa 1965. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Aint 2 Proud 2 Beg is also the name of a 1991 TLC single. ... This article is about the 1966 Temptations song. ...


From 1966 until [[2005], Whitfield produced virtually all of the material for The Temptations, experimenting with sound effects and other production techniques on the earliest of his records for them. He found a songwriting collaborator in lyricist Barrett Strong, the performer on Motown's first hit record, "Money (That's What I Want)", and wrote material for the Tempts and for other Motown artists such as Marvin Gaye and Gladys Knight & the Pips, both of whom recorded Whitfield-produced hit versions of the Whitfield/Strong composition "I Heard It Through The Grapevine." The Gladys Knight & the Pips version was the best-selling Motown single ever to that point, but it was replaced a year later by Marvin Gaye's version. 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... Barrett Strong (born February 5, 1941 in West Point, Mississippi) is an African-American singer and songwriter. ... Jump to: navigation, search Money (Thats What I Want) is a 1959 hit single by Barrett Strong for the Tamla label, distributed by Anna Records. ... Jump to: navigation, search Marvin Gaye on the cover of his classic 1971 album Whats Going On Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... For the BBC pips, see Greenwich Time Signal. ... I Heard It Through the Grapevine is the name of an R&B/soul song that resulted in two successful singles released by the Motown label: a 1967 U.S. number-two hit by Gladys Knight & The Pips and a 1968 U.S. number-one hit by Marvin Gaye. ...


After Temptations lead singer David Ruffin was replaced with Dennis Edwards in 1968, Whitfield moved the group into a harder, darker sound that featured a blend of psychedelic rock and funk heavily inspired by the work of Sly & the Family Stone. The first Temptations single to feature this new "psychedelic soul" style was "Cloud Nine" in late 1968, which earned Motown its first Grammy award (for Best Rhythm & Blues Performance by a Duo or Group). A second Best R&B Group Performance Grammy for Whitfield and the Tempts came in 1973 with "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone." The instrumental B-side to "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" earned Whitfield a Grammy with arranger Paul Riser for Best R&B Instrumental Performance, and Whitfield and Barrett Strong shared the songwriters' award for Best R&B Song. David Ruffin. ... Dennis Edwards (born February 3, 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an African-American soul and R&B singer, most noted for being one of The Temptations lead singers. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The word psychedelic is a neologism coined from the Greek words for mind, ψυχη (psyche), and manifest, δηλειν (delein). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Jump to: navigation, search Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... Sly Stone holds the Family Stone in the palm of his hand in this image. ... Psychedelic soul is a subgenre of soul music that thrived during the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... Cloud Nine is a 1968 hit song recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal has been awarded since 1970. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Papa Was a Rollin Stone is a soul song, written by Motown songwriters Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong as a single for Motown act The Undisputed Truth in 1971. ... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Instrumental Performance was awarded from 1970 to 1990 and in 1993. ... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Song (sometimes known as the R&B Songwriters Award) has been awarded since 1969. ...


The psychedelic soul records Whitfield produced for the Temptations and other artists such as Edwin Starr and The Undisputed Truth experimented with and updated the Motown sound for the late-1960s. Longer song lengths, distorted guitars, multitracked drums, and unusual vocal arrangements became trademarks of Whitfield's productions, and later of records produced by Motown staffers he coached, including Frank Wilson. Edwin Starr (January 21, 1942 - April 2, 2003) was a soul music singer. ... The Undisputed Truth, on the cover of their first LP, 1971s The Undisputed Truth, which contains their only hit single, Smiling Faces Sometimes. The Undisputed Truth was a 1970s Motown recording act, assembled by record producer Norman Whitfield as a means for being able to experiment with his psychedelic... Jump to: navigation, search The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Frank Wilson is an African-American former songwriter and record producer for Motown Records. ...


In 1975, Whitfield left Motown to form his own record label, Whitfield Records. In the beginning, his only act was The Undisputed Truth, which he had convinced to leave Motown. They never really had much more chart success, but W Records had a smash hit in 1976 with Rose Royce's "Car Wash". Rose Royce went on to produce 3 more popular albums, but never could top the success of "Car Wash," which served as the theme song to the 1976 motion picture Car Wash. The instrumental version of "Car Wash" won Whitfield another Grammy award. Jump to: navigation, search 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Whitfield Records (also known as W Records) was founded in 1975 by former Motown producer and songwriter Norman Whitfield. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Rose Royce was a soul and disco band, most noted for their work with Motown producer Norman Whitfield. ... Car Wash is the first and only single from the Shark Tale Soundtrack. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Car Wash (song). ...


In the early 1980s, Whitfield began working producing for Motown again, helming The Temptations' 1983 hit single "Sail Away" and the soundtrack to The Last Dragon. Jump to: navigation, search // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berry Gordys The Last Dragon is a 1985 martial arts parody film featuring a predominately African-American cast. ...


On January 18, 2005, Whitfield pleaded guilty for failing to report royalty income he earned from 1995 to 1999 to the Internal Revenue Service. Facing charges of tax evasion on over $2 million worth of income, and was sentenced to six months of house arrest and aforced to pay a $25,000 fine. The producer was not imprisoned because of health problems such as diabetes [1]. Jump to: navigation, search January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1999(MCMXCIX) is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the United States government agency that collects taxes and enforces the tax laws. ... This article contrasts tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax resistance and tax mitigation. ... Jump to: navigation, search USD redirects here. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ...


Production and Songwriting Highlights


  Results from FactBites:
 
Norman Whitfield - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (821 words)
Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordy's Motown label during the 1960s.
Whitfield had a few minor successes, but he found his place at Motown when he began producing the recordings of his songs.
After Temptations lead singer David Ruffin was replaced with Dennis Edwards in 1968, Whitfield moved the group into a harder, darker sound that featured a blend of psychedelic rock and funk heavily inspired by the work of Sly and the Family Stone.
I Heard It Through the Grapevine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1362 words)
Whitfield recorded several different versions of the song with several different Motown acts, and two of those versions became hits: one version by Gladys Knight and the Pips became a number-two hit in the United States in 1967, while a version by Marvin Gaye became a number-one hit in the U.S. in 1968.
Norman Whitfield first recorded "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" in early 1967 with Smokey Robinson and the Miracles as the vocalists.
After Whitfield presented them with the demo tapes for "Grapevine", Gladys Knight, Bubba Knight, William Guest, and Edward Patten snuck a reel-to-reel tape recorder out of Motown and worked for several weeks on their vocal arrangement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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