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Encyclopedia > Norman Foster
Architects
Personal Information
Name Norman Foster
Nationality British
Birth date 1 June 1935
Birth place Manchester
Working Life
Practice Name Foster Associates
Significant Buildings Swiss Re headquarters in London, Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich
Significant Projects American Hangar at the Imperial War Museum Duxford
Awards and Prizes Stirling Prize, Pritzker Architecture Prize, Minerva Medal
View of 30 St Mary Axe from street level — London's "Gherkin".
View of 30 St Mary Axe from street level — London's "Gherkin".
A new dome for restored Reichstag, German parliament in 1999.
A new dome for restored Reichstag, German parliament in 1999.
Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich, was one of Foster's earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates.
Enlarge
Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich, was one of Foster's earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates.

Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect and designer. June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Manchester is a city in the United Kingdom, considered by most to be the countrys second city [1][2]. It is a centre of the arts, the media, higher education and big business. ... 30 St Mary Axe, one of Londons most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. ... 30 St Mary Axe - at 180 m, Swiss Res London headquarters is the 6th tallest building in London Swiss Re is the worlds second-largest reinsurance company (after Munich Re/ Münchener Rück), and the worlds largest life and health reinsurer. ... Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich, was one of Norman Fosters earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates. ... Ipswich is the county town of Suffolk and the main settlement in the local government district of the borough of Ipswich in East Anglia, England on the estuary of the River Orwell. ... American Air Museum Duxford General Dynamics F-111 A B-52 up close The Imperial War Museum Duxford in Cambridgeshire, commonly referred to simply as Duxford, houses the Imperial War Museums aircraft collection, as well as having a large collection of tanks, military and naval vehicles. ... 30 St Mary Axe (London, England). ... The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually to honor a living architect by the Hyatt Foundation, run by the Pritzker family. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x3072, 2023 KB) Summary Added picture of a picture of the finished building, that I took on June 4, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x3072, 2023 KB) Summary Added picture of a picture of the finished building, that I took on June 4, 2006. ... The Hearst Tower, under construction, as of June, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 568 KB) Summary Exterior View of Expo MRT Station, showing the futuristic station design. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 568 KB) Summary Exterior View of Expo MRT Station, showing the futuristic station design. ... The Expo MRT Station opened on 10 January 2001, sporting a space age architecture designed by world renowed architect Sir Norman Foster. ... The logo of the Public Transport System A C751B train at Eunos MRT Station. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 167 KB)Top of 30 St Mary Axe - The Gherkin. Richard James Lander - 7th February 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 167 KB)Top of 30 St Mary Axe - The Gherkin. Richard James Lander - 7th February 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ... Download high resolution version (1252x687, 226 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1252x687, 226 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Reichstag building. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1252x790, 193 KB) Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, in Ipswich, England (also known as the Willis building). This building was one of Norman Fosters first major commissions. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1252x790, 193 KB) Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, in Ipswich, England (also known as the Willis building). This building was one of Norman Fosters first major commissions. ... Ipswich is the county town of Suffolk and the main settlement in the local government district of the borough of Ipswich in East Anglia, England on the estuary of the River Orwell. ... 30 St Mary Axe, one of Londons most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Designer is a broad term for a person who designs any of a variety of things. ...


Foster was born in Manchester to a working class family. Leaving school at 16, he initially worked in Manchester's City Treasurer's office before National Service in the Royal Air Force. Once out of the Royal Air Force, he went to Manchester University's School of Architecture & City Planning in 1961. He won a fellowship to Yale University, where he earned his Master's degree. Manchester is a city in the United Kingdom, considered by most to be the countrys second city [1][2]. It is a centre of the arts, the media, higher education and big business. ... // National Service National Service in the 20th Century referred primarily to conscription for military service. ... Yale redirects here. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate or graduate course of one to three years in duration. ...


He co-founded Team 4 with Richard Rogers, whom he met at Yale, and in 1967 founded Foster Associates. He collaborated with Buckminster Fuller on several projects between 1971 and 1983; these projects were catalysts in the development of an environmentally sensitive approach to design. Today, Foster and Partners, together with its engineering collaborators, integrates complex computer systems with the most basic physical laws, such as convection, to create intelligent, efficient structures like the Swiss Re headquarters in London, whose complex facade lets in air for passive cooling and then vents it as it warms and rises. Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside (born 23 July 1933) is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs. ... 30 St Mary Axe, one of Londons most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. ... In the U.S. postage stamp commemorating Buckminster Fuller and his contributions to architecture and science, some of his inventions are visible. ... 30 St Mary Axe - at 180 m, Swiss Res London headquarters is the 6th tallest building in London Swiss Re is the worlds second-largest reinsurance company (after Munich Re/ Münchener Rück), and the worlds largest life and health reinsurer. ...


Knighted in 1990 and appointed to the Order of Merit in 1997, he was created a life peer in 1999, with the title of Lord Foster of Thames Bank. Foster is known by the British tabloid newspapers as "Lord Wobbly", due to structural problems with his Millennium Bridge. He has been criticised for his treatment of an arts charity, the Couper Collection, located next door to his London offices and home. See article UK Times article and UK Observer article. The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... In the United Kingdom, Life Peers are appointed members of the Peerage whose titles may not be inherited (those whose titles are inheritable are known as hereditary peers). ... The London Millennium Footbridge is a pedestrian-only steel suspension bridge crossing the River Thames in London between the existing Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge, linking Bankside with the City. ... The Couper Collection is a floating art museum and registered charity, on converted barges, which is permanently moored on the banks of the Thames in Battersea, London. ...


Norman Foster is the second UK architect to win the Stirling Prize twice: once for the American Hangar at the Imperial War Museum Duxford in 1998 and again for 30 St Mary Axe in 2004. In consideration of his whole portfolio, Foster was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1999. He is also a Fellow of the Chartered Society of Designers, and winner of the Minerva Medal, the Society's highest award. 30 St Mary Axe (London, England). ... American Air Museum Duxford General Dynamics F-111 A B-52 up close The Imperial War Museum Duxford in Cambridgeshire, commonly referred to simply as Duxford, houses the Imperial War Museums aircraft collection, as well as having a large collection of tanks, military and naval vehicles. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually to honor a living architect by the Hyatt Foundation, run by the Pritzker family. ... A fellow in the broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade. ... Logo of the Chartered Society of Designers The Chartered Society of Designers (CSD) is the worlds largest and oldest chartered body of professional designers. ...


His designs were originally a stylish, machine influenced high-tech but he has moved away from this to a more sublime, more acceptable sharp-edged modernity.


He is known to some in the UK – pejoratively – as an über- or superstar-architect, the accusation being that certain architects are given preferential status based on their fame. Foster's critics dismiss his ideas as a dystopian (rather than utopian) dream. In Lord Foster: Stormin' Norman, Andrew Walker claims that Foster's critics "grumble about his fetishistic use of steel, aluminium and glass. His very ubiquity is seen as a threat." [1] The word über ( ) comes from the German language. ...


Recently one of Norman Foster's senior project architects, Ken Shuttleworth, who was responsible for some of Foster's best known buildings such as the GLA and "The Gherkin", left to set up the architectural practice "Make". [2] Some people believe that Shuttleworth was the driving force behind Foster in recent years. Ken Shuttleworth (born 1954 in Birmingham, England) is a celebrated British architect. ... Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ...


Projects

He has had an extremely prolific career including:


The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Government Russia District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuri Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big D Location Location in the state of Texas Government Counties Dallas County Collin County Denton County Kaufman County Rockwall County Mayor Laura Miller Geographical characteristics Area     City 997. ... St. ... Manchester is a city in the United Kingdom, considered by most to be the countrys second city [1][2]. It is a centre of the arts, the media, higher education and big business. ... The EnCana Office Complex is a planned highrise complex being built in downtown Calgary, Alberta by EnCana Corporation, North Americas second largest natural gas producer. ... Motto: Heart of the new west Area: 712. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Beijing Capital International Airport (Simplified Chinese: 北京首都国际机场; Pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng ShÇ’udÅ« Guójì JÄ«chÇŽng) (IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport that serves the capital city of Beijing, Peoples Republic of China. ... Copenhagen Zoo is one of the oldest zoos in Europe. ... The Hearst Tower, under construction, as of June, 2005. ... The University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada by student population. ... A modern-style library in Chambéry In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... Satellite photo of Berlin. ... The National Police Memorial is a marble and glass memorial unveiled on April 26, 2005 by Queen Elizabeth. ... The Londoner:Kawasaki, Japan The Londoner, one of the most prolific and biggest malls in the world is located in Kawasaki, Japan. ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation). ... Panoramic view of Millau Viaduct from south-east side The Millau Viaduct (French: le Viaduc de Millau) is a cable-stayed road bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. ... McLaren Technology Centre The McLaren Technology Centre is the headquarters of the McLaren Group, located on a 50 hectare site near Woking, United Kingdom. ... The McLaren Group is a group of companies, created by Ron Dennis, focused around the Team McLaren racing team and Formula One constructor. ... The Sage viewed from central Newcastle The Sage Gateshead is a new centre for musical education and performance, located in Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne, in the north-east of England. ... Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ... 30 St Mary Axe - at 180 m, Swiss Res London headquarters is the 6th tallest building in London Swiss Re is the worlds second-largest reinsurance company (after Munich Re/ Münchener Rück), and the worlds largest life and health reinsurer. ... Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP) was established on January 10, 1997 when Petronas was invited by the Government of Malaysia to set up a university. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: KL Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Peace and progress) Location Location in Malaysia Coordinates , Government Country State Malaysia Federal Territory Establishment 1857 (Granted city status in 1974) Mayor Ruslin Hasan Geographical characteristics Area     City 243. ... J Sainsbury HQ in Holborn Circus J Sainsbury plc is the parent company of Sainsburys Supermarkets Ltd, commonly known as Sainsburys, which is a chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation). ... Metro is: a general term, synonymous with rapid transit, subway or underground, for an urban underground rail public transit system (see list of rapid transit systems); any of several specific public transport systems, including: Bi-State Development Agency in Missouri and Illinois, d/b/a Metro since 2003 Buffalo Metro... Location within France Some medieval houses, such as these, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ... The Expo MRT Station opened on 10 January 2001, sporting a space age architecture designed by world renowed architect Sir Norman Foster. ... City Hall, taken from the high walkway on Tower City Hall in London is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority and the Mayor of London. ... The Reichstag building. ... Berlin is the capital city and a state of Germany. ... The London Millennium Footbridge is a pedestrian-only steel suspension bridge crossing the River Thames in London between the existing Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge, linking Bankside with the City. ... The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, with a tessellated glass roof by Foster and Partners surrounding the original Reading Room. ... Location within France Nîmes is a city and commune of southern France, préfecture (capital) of the Gard département. ... Torre de Collserola is a uniquely designed tower located on the Tibidabo in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain). ... Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain, capital city of the autonomous community of Catalonia and the province with the same name. ... The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as the London School of Economics or simply the LSE, is a specialist university and a constituent college of the federal University of London, located on Houghton Street in Central London, off the Aldwych and next to the Royal... The contract for the underground metro system in Bilbao, Spain was awarded to architects Sir Norman Foster and partners in 1988 following an open competition as metro was decided to be the best method to improve congestion problems in the evolving and regenerating city. ... Bilbao (Basque: Bilbo) in the North of Spain, is the largest city in the Basque Country and the capital of the province of Biscay (Basque: Bizkaia). ... It has been suggested that Stop Stansted Expansion be merged into this article or section. ... HSBC Hong Kong Headquarters The HSBC Hong Kong headquarter building (officially HSBC Main Building) is located along the southern side of Statue Square, in Central, at the location of the old City Hall, Hong Kong (built 1869, demolished 1933). ... The interior of the Hong Kong International Airport A replica of the Spirit of Sha Tin displayed at the Hong Kong International Airport in Chek Lap Kok. ... View of Commerzbank Tower from the top of Main Tower The Commerzbank Tower at night Commerzbank Tower is a skyscraper located in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Skyline of Frankfurt at night is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany. ... The Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts is an art gallery and museum located on the campus of the University of East Anglia, Norwich in the United Kingdom. ... The University of East Anglia (UEA) is a campus university located in Norwich, Norfolk, England, founded as part of the British Governments New Universities programme in the 1960s. ... Norwich (pronounced variously Norritch, Norridge) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England, and the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. ... Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich, was one of Norman Fosters earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates. ... Ipswich is the county town of Suffolk and the main settlement in the local government district of the borough of Ipswich in East Anglia, England on the estuary of the River Orwell. ... The IBM Pilot Head Office at Cosham, UK is a beautiful building. ...

See also

30 St Mary Axe, one of Londons most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. ... Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside (born 23 July 1933) is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs. ... Ken Shuttleworth (born 1954 in Birmingham, England) is a celebrated British architect. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Norman Foster - definition of Norman Foster in Encyclopedia (324 words)
Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank OM Kt (born June 1, 1935) is a British architect.
Foster was born in Manchester and educated at the University of Manchester and at Yale University.
Norman Foster is the second UK architect to win the Stirling Prize twice: once for the American Hanger and the Imperial War Museum Duxford in 1998 and again for 30 St Mary Axe in 2004.
Norman Foster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (775 words)
Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect and designer.
Foster is known by the British tabloid newspapers as "Lord Wobbly", due to structural problems with his Millennium Bridge.
Norman Foster is the second UK architect to win the Stirling Prize twice: once for the American Hangar at the Imperial War Museum Duxford in 1998 and again for 30 St Mary Axe in 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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