FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Normal school

A normal school or teachers college is an educational institution for training teachers. Its purpose is to establish teaching standards or norms, hence its name. In 1685, Saint John Baptist de La Salle, founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, founded what is generally considered the first normal school, the Ècole Normale, — that is, a school whose purpose is to train teachers — in Reims. The term normal school is now archaic in all but a few countries. In New Zealand, for example, normal schools are affiliated with teachers colleges. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, normal schools in the United States and Canada trained primary school teachers, while in Europe, normal schools educated primary, secondary and tertiary-level teachers. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of two or more individuals. ... For university teachers, see professor. ... You might be looking for: René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687), French explorer. ... La Salle Academy, New York City The Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools [[1]], also known as the Christian Brothers, the Lasallian Brothers, the French Christian Brothers, or the De La Salle Brothers, is a Roman Catholic religious teaching order, founded by French Priest Saint Jean-Baptiste de... Reims (alternative English spelling Rheims; pronounced in French) is a city of the Champagne-Ardenne région of northern France, standing 144 km (89 miles) east-northeast of Paris. ... Teachers College, Columbia University (also known as Teachers College of Columbia University) was founded in 1887 by the philanthropist Grace Hoadley Dodge and philosopher Nicholas Murray Butler to provide a new kind of schooling for the teachers of the poor children of New York City, one that combined a humanitarian... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... A primary school in ÄŒeský Těšín, Poland Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution. ...


In the United States, the function of normal schools has been taken up by undergraduate and graduate schools of education; the schools themselves were upgraded to universities focused on meeting the needs of the region in which they were located. Many famous universities, such as the University of California, Los Angeles were founded as normal schools. In Canada, such institutions are typically part of a university as the Faculty of Education offering a one- or two-year Bachelor of Education program. It requires at least three (usually four) years of prior undergraduate studies. In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ...

Contents

Usage

The term "normal school" originated in the early 19th century from the French école normale, meaning "model school". The French concept of an "ecole normale" was to provide a model school with model classrooms to teach model teaching practices to its student teachers. The children, the teachers of the children, the student teachers, and the teachers of the students were all together in the same building. Although a laboratory school, it was the official school for the children--primary or secondary. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Laboratory School (TSU-LS or LS) the High School department of Tarlac State University , Tarlac City. ...


The terminology is preserved in the official translations of such schools in both the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China since the early 20th century. A Chinese normal university (Chinese: 師範大學; pinyin: shīfàn dàxué, abbreviated 師大; shīdà) is usually controlled by the national or provincial government. A teachers' college (師範學院; shīfàn xuéyuàn, abbreviated 師院; shīyuàn) has lower entrance requirements. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...


The terminology is also preserved in Europe, both in the Écoles Normales Supérieures in France and in the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Neither specialize any longer in teacher training. See also École Normale de Musique de Paris. ... The Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, also known in Italian as Scuola Normale (English: Normal High School College of Pisa or Normal School), is without a doubt the most selective higher learning institution in Italy. ...


History

In the United States

Historic Wesleyan Hall in Florence, Alabama, site of the first state-supported normal school established south of the Ohio River and now part of the University of North Alabama. Florence Normal School is one of many state normal schools that developed into four-year state teachers colleges and eventually into comprehensive state universities.
Historic Wesleyan Hall in Florence, Alabama, site of the first state-supported normal school established south of the Ohio River and now part of the University of North Alabama. Florence Normal School is one of many state normal schools that developed into four-year state teachers colleges and eventually into comprehensive state universities.

The first normal school in the United States was founded in Concord, Vermont by Reverend Samuel Hall in 1823. Sixteen years later the first state funded Normal school was founded in LexingtonMassachusetts, thanks largely to the efforts of education reformers such as Horace Mann. In 1823, a school known simply as The Columbian School, the first of its kind in the United States, opened in Concord, Vermont; Influenced by similar academies in Prussia and elsewhere in Europe, they were intended to improve the quality of the burgeoning common school system by producing more qualified teachers. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 293 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Historic Wesleyan Hall on the University of North Alabama Campus. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 293 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Historic Wesleyan Hall on the University of North Alabama Campus. ... Historic Wesleyan Hall, one of the most familiar sites in Northwest Alabama, was used by both Union and Confederate armies during the U.S. Civil War. ... Florence Florence city is the seat of Lauderdale County, which is situated in the northwest corner of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... View of Pittsburgh, the largest metropolitan area on the Ohio River, where the Allegheny River (left) and the Monongahela River (right) join at Point State Park to form the Ohio River Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... The University of North Alabama (abbreviated UNA) is a coeducational university located in Florence, Alabama, and the states oldest public university. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Education reform is a plan or movement which attempts to bring about a systematic change in educational theory or practice across a community or society. ... Horace Mann (May 4, 1796 – August 2, 1859) was an American education reformer and abolitionist. ... Concord, Vermont Concord is a town located in Essex County, Vermont. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... A common school was a public school in United States in the nineteenth century. ...


The first normal school west of the Appalachian Mountains in the United States was the Michigan State Normal School, now Eastern Michigan University. It was created by legislative action in 1849 and opened in Ypsilanti, Michigan in 1853. Harris-Stowe State University, now a state university in Missouri, was founded by the St. Louis public school system in 1857 and claims to be the oldest normal school west of the Mississippi River. The first state-authorized normal college to open west of the Mississippi River was Winona State Normal School, now called Winona State University. Opening in 1858, its creation was one of the first acts of the newly-formed Minnesota Legislature. The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... Eastern Michigan University is a comprehensive, co-educational public university located in Ypsilanti, Michigan. ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Pride. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Harris-Stowe State University is a Missouri public university located in midtown St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Winona State University is primarily an undergraduate university, the oldest of the schools that constitute Minnesota State Colleges and Universities (MnSCU). ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Minnesota State Legislature is the legislative branch of government in the U.S. state of Minnesota. ...


The State of Illinois passed an act to establish a normal school on 18 February 1857, and proposals were submitted to locate the new school in Batavia, Bloomington, Peoria, and Washington (in Tazewell County). Bids were opened by the State Board of Education in Peoria on 7 May 1857 and the offer from Bloomington, Illinois, was accepted. The normal school was located near the village of North Bloomington, which later was renamed in honor of the school, making it (as the story goes) the only Normal city in Illinois. The school, originally known as Illinois State Normal University (ISNU), is now known as Illinois State University. Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Batavia is a city in Kane County, Illinois. ... United States Illinois McLean 22. ... : See how it plays in Peoria United States Illinois Peoria 46. ... Tazewell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Illinois State University is a public university in Normal, Illinois and is the oldest public institution of higher education in the state. ...


The first normal school in what is now considered the Southwest was opened in 1879 as Sam Houston Normal Institute (now Sam Houston State University). Finally, the first state-run normal school on the West Coast was the Minns' Evening Normal School, created in 1857 to train teachers for San Francisco's schools. It was taken over by the State of California in 1862 and became the California State Normal School (now San Jose State University). Adams State College, founded in 1921 in Alamosa, Colorado, still retains the name "Adams State Normal School" on its main administrative building. It still has a thriving department of teacher education and has expanded into a four-year liberal arts college. Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Sam Houston State University, (known as SHSU and Sam, for short) founded in 1879, is a public university located in Huntsville, Texas. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... George Washington Minns (October 6, 1813 in Boston, Massachusetts - January 14, 1895 in Brookline, Massachusetts) was an American teacher, notable running the Minns Evening Normal School, which was established in San Francisco, California, in 1857 in order to train teachers for the citys public school system. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about 1862 . ... A lithograph of the second California State Normal School, San Jose building from the 1880s. ... San Jose State University San José State University, commonly shortened to San Jose State and SJSU, is the oldest university in what became the California State University system. ... Adams State College is a small state-supported liberal arts college in Alamosa, Colorado, USA, in Colorados San Luis Valley. ...


In Latin America

Early normal schools in Latin America include several in Mexico, such as the Escuela Normal de Enseñanza Mutua de Oaxaca (1824), the Escuela Normal Mixta de San Luis Potosí (1849), the Normal de Guadalajara (1881), and the Escuela Normal para Profesores de Instrucción Primaria (1887). The Mexican normal school system was nationalized and reorganized by the Secretaría de Educación Pública (Department of Public Education) under José Vasconcelos in 1921. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... José Vasconcelos (Oaxaca, Oaxaca, 1882 – Mexico City, 1959) was a Mexican writer, thinker and politician. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Perhaps the oldest continually operating normal school in Latin America is the Escuela Normal Superior José Abelardo Núñez, founded in Santiago, Chile, in 1842 as the Escuela de Preceptores de Santiago under the direction of the emininent Argentine educator, writer, and politician Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. The first normal school in the Dominican Republic was founded in 1875 by Puerto Rican educator and activist Eugenio María de Hostos. Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Domingo Faustino Sarmiento Albarracín (February 15, 1811 – September 11, 1888) was an Argentine statesman, educator, and author. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Eugenio María de Hostos (January 11, 1839 – August 11, 1903) born in the Barrio Río Cañas of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, known as El Ciudadano de las Americas (The Citizen of the Americas), was a Puerto Rican educator and independence advocate. ...


On 1938 the Escuela Normal Juan Demóstenes Arosemena was founded in Santiago de Veraguas, Panama. It has a rich history and beautiful architecture. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Santiago de Veraguas is the capital of the Panamanian province Veraguas. ...


In Colombia, normal schools were primarily associated with women's religious schools although in modern times have admitted men, thus forming escuelas normales mixtas (mixed normal schools).


See also

  • List of Normal Schools by Country

  Results from FactBites:
 
Normal school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (360 words)
The first normal schools in the United States were founded in Massachusetts beginning in the late 1830s, thanks largely to the efforts of education reformers like Horace Mann.
The first normal school to open west of the Mississippi River in the United States was the institution now called Sam Houston State University.
Among countries to still use the term Normal School is New Zealand, in which normal schools are affiliated with Teachers' colleges, particularly in the cities of Christchurch and Dunedin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m