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Encyclopedia > Norfolk
Norfolk
Image:EnglandNorfolk.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial and Non-metropolitan county
Region East of England[1]
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
Ranked 5th
5,371 km² (2,074 sq mi)
Ranked 5th
Admin HQ Norwich
ISO 3166-2 GB-NFK
ONS code 33
NUTS 3 UKH13
Demography
Population
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 25th
832,500
155/km² (401/sq mi)
Ranked 7th
Ethnicity 98.5% white
Politics

Arms of Norfolk County Council with supporters
Norfolk County Council
http://www.norfolk.gov.uk/
Executive Conservative
Members of Parliament
Districts
Image:NorfolkNumbered.png
  1. Norwich
  2. South Norfolk
  3. Great Yarmouth
  4. Broadland
  5. North Norfolk
  6. King's Lynn and West Norfolk
  7. Breckland

Norfolk (pronounced /ˈnɔrfək/) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. It has borders with Lincolnshire to the west, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest and with Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea coast, including The Wash. The county capital is Norwich, located at 52°37′59″N, 1°17′38″E. Norfolk is the fifth largest ceremonial county in England, with an area of 5,371 km² (2,074 sq mi). map of admin county File links The following pages link to this file: Norfolk Norfolk North (UK Parliament constituency) Norwich North Great Yarmouth (UK Parliament constituency) Norwich South Norfolk South West (UK Parliament constituency) Norfolk North West (UK Parliament constituency) Norfolk Mid (UK Parliament constituency) Norfolk South (UK Parliament constituency... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This is a List of Administrative shire counties of England by Area, that is to say Administrative counties with a two-tier County council structure, not including Administrative counties which are Unitary Authorities. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for the United Kingdom correspond to the nations administrative divisions. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population - 2002 mid-year estimates from the Office for National Statistics, unrounded figures published by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in the Entitlement Notification Reports for Revenue Support Grants [1]. See also: List of Administrative shire counties of... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by population. ... Arms of Norfolk County Council. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Peter William Bone (born October 19, 1952) is a British Conservative Party politician, and MP for Wellingborough. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Richard Bacon addresses the UK House of Commons Richard Michael Bacon (December 3, 1962) British politician and Conservative member of Parliament for Norfolk South. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Henry Campbell Bellingham (born 29 March 1955) is an English politician and barrister. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Rt Hon. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Christopher James Fraser (born 25 October 1962) is a United Kingdom politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Ian Gibson (born 26 September 1938) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Norman Peter Lamb (born 16 September 1957, Watford, Hertfordshire) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... Lib Dem logo The Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems) are a social liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Keith Robert Simpson (born 29 March 1949) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Anthony David Wright (born 12 August 1954, Great Yarmouth) is the Labour Party member of Parliament for Great Yarmouth in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links NorfolkNumbered. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... South Norfolk is a local government district in Norfolk, England. ... Great Yarmouth is a local government district with borough status in Norfolk, England. ... Broadland is a local government district in Norfolk, England, named after the Norfolk Broads. ... North Norfolk is a local government district in Norfolk, England. ... Kings Lynn and West Norfolk is a local government district and borough in Norfolk, England. ... Breckland District is a local government district in Norfolk, England. ... The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Lincolnshire (disambiguation). ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Wash, as seen looking west from Heacham, Norfolk The Wash is also the name of a 2001 film. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Of the 34 non-metropolitan English counties, Norfolk is the seventh most populous, with a population of 816,500. However, as a largely rural county it has a low population density, 152 people per square kilometre, making it 25th highest by population density.[2] This is reflected in Norfolk's economy which is dominated by agriculture and tourism. The Broads lie partly within the county. A recent bid to have them declared a National Park failed, because it would have meant conservation being more important than navigation. Historical sites, such as the centre of Norwich, also contribute to tourism. Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Not to be confused with The Broads, Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


In a contest held by Plantlife, Norfolk's county flower was voted to be the Common Poppy[3] after complaints that the first choice Alexanders was not representative. Plantlife is a U.K. plant conservation charity. ... A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. ... Binomial name Papaver rhoeas L. The Corn Poppy or Red Poppy is the wild poppy of agricultural cultivation—Papaver rhoeas. ... Binomial name Smyrnium olusatrum L. Alexanders is a commonly cultivated flowering plant, Smyrnium olusatrum, belonging to the family Umbelliferae. ...

Contents

History

Main article: Prehistoric Norfolk
Main article: History of Norfolk

Norfolk was settled in pre-Roman times, with neolithic camps along the higher land in the west where flints could be quarried.[4] A Brythonic tribe, the Iceni, inhabited the county from the first century BC, to the end of the first century (AD). The Iceni revolted against the Roman invasion in 47 AD, and again in 60 AD led by Boudica. The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. During the Roman era roads and ports were constructed throughout the county and farming took place. This prehistory of the County of Norfolk, England is broken into specific time periods. ... It has been suggested that some sections of this article be split into a new article entitled Prehistoric Norfolk. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... This article is about the sedimentary rock. ... Brython and Brythonic are terms which refer to indigenous, pre-Roman, Celtic speaking inhabitants of most of the island of Great Britain, and their cultures and languages, the Brythonic languages. ... The Iceni or Eceni were a Brythonic tribe who inhabited an area of Britain corresponding roughly to the modern-day county of Norfolk between the 1st century BC and 1st century AD. The Cenimagni, who surrendered to Julius Caesar during his second expedition to Britain in 54 BC, may have... BCE redirects here. ... Roman invasion of Britain: Britain was the target of invasion by forces of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire several times during its history. ... A sculpture depicting Boudica, the warrior queen of the Iceni who led the revolt against the Romans in AD 61, and her daughters, commissioned by Prince Albert and executed by Thomas Thornycroft, stands near Westminster Pier, London Boudica (also spelt Boudicca, formerly better known as Boadicea) (d. ...


Situated on the east coast, Norfolk was vulnerable to invasions from Scandinavia and northern Europe, and forts were built to defend against the Angles and Saxons. By the 5th century the Angles, for whom East Anglia and England itself are named, had established control of the region and later became the "north folk" and the "south folk", hence, "Norfolk" and "Suffolk". Norfolk, and several adjacent areas, became the kingdom of East Anglia, later merging with Mercia and then Wessex. The influence of the Early English settlers can be seen in the many "thorpes", "tons" and "hams" of placenames. In the 9th century the region again came under attack, this time from Vikings who killed the king, Edmund the Martyr. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest the wetlands of the east of the county began to be converted to farmland, and settlements grew in these areas. Migration into East Anglia must have been high, as by the time of the Conquest and Domesday Book survey, it was one of the most densely populated parts of the British Isles. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... For the helicopter, see Westland Wessex. ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... Edmund the Martyr (841–20 November 869) was a King of East Anglia. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


During the high and late Middle Ages the county developed arable agriculture and woolen industries. The economy was in decline by the time of the Black Death, which dramatically reduced the population in 1349, suffice to say that the current population has yet to equal the population from this time. By the 16th century Norwich had grown to become the second largest city in England, but in 1665 the Great Plague of London again killed around one third of the population.[5] During the English Civil War Norfolk was largely Parliamentarian. The economy and agriculture of the region declined somewhat, and during the industrial revolution Norfolk developed little industry and was a late addition to the railway network. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... A bill of mortality for the plague year of 1665. ... For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...


In the 20th century the county developed a role in aviation. The first development in airfields came with the First World War; there was then a massive expansion during the Second World War with the growth of the Royal Air Force and the influx of the American USAAF 8th Air Force which operated from many Norfolk Airfields. During the Second World War agriculture rapidly intensified, and has remained very intensive since with the establishment of large fields for cereal and oil seed rape growing. Norfolk's low-lying land and easily eroded cliffs, many of which are chalk and clay, make it vulnerable to the sea, the most recent major event being the North Sea flood of 1953. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... RAF redirects here. ... The Eighth Air Force was a World War II, United States Army Air Force unit, which carried out day-time bombing operations in western Europe from airfields in eastern England from 1942. ... Norfolk Airfields This is a list of current or former military airfields within the county of Norfolk. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Grain redirects here. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member (related to mustard) of the family Brassicaceae. ... The North Sea flood of 1953 and the associated storm combined to create a major natural disaster which affected the coastlines of the Netherlands and England on the night of 31 January 1953 – 1 February 1953. ...


Economy and industry

Wells-next-the-Sea.
Wells-next-the-Sea.
River Wensum, Norwich.
River Wensum, Norwich.
Norwich Cathedral: Spire and south transcept.
Norwich Roman Catholic Cathedral.
Norwich Roman Catholic Cathedral.

In 1998 Norfolk had a Gross Domestic Product of £9,319 million, making it 1.5% of England's economy and 1.25% of the United Kingdom's economy. The GDP per head was £11,825, compared to £13,635 for East Anglia, £12,845 for England and £12,438 for the United Kingdom. In 1999-2000 the county has an unemployment rate of 5.6%, compared to 5.8% for England and 6.0% for the UK.[6] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2160x1440, 369 KB) Summary Description: The quay at Wells-next-the-sea, viewed from the embankment. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2160x1440, 369 KB) Summary Description: The quay at Wells-next-the-sea, viewed from the embankment. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 624 KB) Summary The river Wensum in Norwich, England, seen looking west in a tree-lined area roughly north of Bishopgate. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 624 KB) Summary The river Wensum in Norwich, England, seen looking west in a tree-lined area roughly north of Bishopgate. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 956 KB) Summary Photographed by J-wiki Licensing This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 956 KB) Summary Photographed by J-wiki Licensing This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 577 KB) Summary The Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 577 KB) Summary The Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. ... GDP redirects here. ... GBP redirects here. ...


Much of Norfolk's flat and fertile land has been drained and converted to arable land. Chief arable crops are sugar beet, wheat, barley (for brewing) and oil seed rape. Over 20% of employment in the county is in the agriculture and food industries.[7] Agribusiness has been successful in the county, and farming is very intensive with large fields, and many formerly family-run farms have been agglomerated into large farms which are highly efficient but criticised for reducing biodiversity and employment, and damaging community. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... In agriculture, agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in the food production chain, including farming, seed, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesaling, processing, distribution, and retail sales. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ...


Well-known companies in Norfolk are Norwich Union, Colman's and Bernard Matthews. The Construction Industry Training Board is based on the former airfield of RAF Bircham Newton. The BBC East region is centred on Norwich (though covers as far west as Milton Keynes). Norwich Union is an insurance company in the UK. It is the biggest life-insurer in the UK, and has a strong position in motor insurance. ... Colmans English Mustard jar Colmans is a UK manufacturer of mustard, based in Norwich, Norfolk. ... Bernard Matthews is a food processing company headquartered in Norwich, Norfolk, with 57 farms throughout Norfolk, Suffolk and Lincolnshire [1]. They produce and market turkey and other meat products, oven-ready turkeys, day-old turkeys, fish products and other poultry products. ... RAF Bircham Newton was in the west of the county of Norfolk in the United Kingdom. ... BBC East is the BBC English Region that produces local television and radio programming for Norfolk, Suffolk, northern Essex, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, southern Northamptonshire andBuckinghamshire. ... , Milton Keynes ( ; IPA ) is a large town in South East England, about 45 miles (75 km) north-west of London. ...


To help local industry in Norwich, Norfolk, the local council offers a wireless service.[8]


Education

Norfolk has a completely comprehensive state education, with secondary school age from 11 to 16 or 18, as well as several private schools. In many rural areas, there is no nearby sixth form. Sixth form colleges are found in larger towns. There are twelve independent schools including the Gresham's School in Holt in the north of the county, and Norwich School, in Norwich. The Kings Lynn district has the largest school population. A sixth form college is an educational institution in England, Wales or Northern Ireland where students aged 16 to 18 complete post-compulsary further education qualifications, such as A Levels. ... Gresham’s School is an independent coeducational boarding school at Holt in North Norfolk, England, founded in the year 1555, a member of the HMC. // Big School, 1903, architect Sir John Simpson Greshams School was established at Holt by Sir John Gresham in 1555, during the reign of Queen... Holt is a market town in the county of Norfolk, England. ... Norwich School may refer to: Norwich school of painters Norwich School, Norwich, the first school in Norwich, England This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Politics

Norfolk is a shire county, under the control of Norfolk County Council. This is divided into seven local government districts, Breckland District, Broadland District, Great Yarmouth Borough, King's Lynn and West Norfolk Borough, North Norfolk District, Norwich City and South Norfolk. Breckland District is a local government district in Norfolk, England. ... Broadland is a local government district in Norfolk, England, named after the Norfolk Broads. ... Great Yarmouth is a local government district with borough status in Norfolk, England. ... Kings Lynn and West Norfolk is a local government district and borough in Norfolk, England. ... North Norfolk is a local government district in Norfolk, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... South Norfolk is a local government district in Norfolk, England. ...


The Department for Communities and Local Government has referred Norwich City Council's proposal to become a new unitary authority to the Boundary Committee.[9][10] The Boundary Committee will report back by the end of the year. The Department for Communities and Local Government is a United Kingdom government department. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ...


Norfolk County Council is Conservative-controlled and led by Daniel Cox. There are 46 Conservative councillors, 22 Labour councillors, 14 Liberal Democrat councillors and two Green councillors.[11] There was 63% turnout at the most recent local election. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, is a liberal political party in the United Kingdom formed in 1988 by the merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party; the two parties had already been in an alliance for seven years prior to this, since not long... The Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW) is the principal Green political party in England and Wales. ...


In the House of Commons, Norfolk is represented by four Conservative Members of Parliament, three Labour MPs and one Liberal Democrat. Labour represent the more urban areas of Norwich and Great Yarmouth. The former Home Secretary, Charles Clarke, represents Norwich South. Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department, commonly known as the Home Secretary, is the minister in charge of the United Kingdom Home Office and is responsible for internal affairs in England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the whole United Kingdom (including Scotland and Northern Ireland). ... The Rt Hon. ... Norwich South is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...

Norfolk Election Results 5th May 2005
Parliamentary County Council [1]
Party Votes Votes % Seats Seats % Party Votes Votes % Seats Seats %
Conservative 163224 40% 4 50% Conservative 158942 39% 46 55%
Labour 122650 30% 3 38% Green 18786 5% 2 2%
Liberal Democrat 103805 25% 1 13% Labour 108043 27% 22 26%
Others [2] 19371 5% 0 0% Liberal Democrat 113048 28% 14 17%
Others [3] 6924 2% 0 0%
Totals 409050 8 405743 84
Turnout 64% 63%
Notes

[1] Includes Town Close ward by-election held 26 May 2005, electors in Town Close didn't vote for a County Councilor on 5 May 2005 due to the death of one of the candidates between close of nominations and polling day.
[2] UKIP, Green, LCA, Independents, Others
[3] UKIP, LCA, Independents, Others

Settlements and communications

Norfolk's county town and only city is Norwich, one of the largest settlements in England during the Norman era. Norwich is home to Norfolk's only university, the University of East Anglia, and is the county's main business and culture centre. Other principal towns include the port-town of King's Lynn and the seaside resort and Broads gateway town of Great Yarmouth. There are also several market towns: Aylsham, Downham Market, Dereham, Fakenham, Holt, North Walsham, Swaffham, Thetford and Wymondham. This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial and shire county of Norfolk, England. ... Cathedral city redirects here. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... Norman conquests in red. ... UEA redirects here. ... , Kings Lynn is a town and port in Norfolk, England. ... Great Yarmouth, often known to locals simply as Yarmouth, is an English coastal town in the county of Norfolk. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Aylsham is a historic market town and civil parish on the River Bure in North Norfolk, England. ... Downham Market, also known simply as Downham,or more recently The Jewel Of The East is a town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... Dereham, also known as East Dereham, is a town in Norfolk, England. ... Fakenham is a town and civil parish in Norfolk, England. ... Holt is a market town in the county of Norfolk, England. ... , Market Cross, North Walsham (photo by S.Mason) North Walsham is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... , Swaffham is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... Thetford is a market town and civil parish in the Breckland area of Norfolk, England. ... , Wymondham Market Cross There is also a Wymondham, Leicestershire Wymondham (pronounced ) is an historic market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ...


Norfolk is one the few counties in England that does not have a motorway. The A11 connects Norfolk to Cambridge and London and the A47 runs west to the East Midlands. The Great Eastern Main Line is a major railway from London Liverpool Street Station to Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk. The only major airport in the county is Norwich International Airport, which offers flights within Europe, including a link to Amsterdam which offers onward flights throughout the world. Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ... The A11 is a major road in England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The A47 is a trunk road in England linking Birmingham to Great Yarmouth (although most of the section between Birmingham and Nuneaton has been reclassified as the B4114). ... The East Midlands is one of the regions of England and consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. ... The Great Eastern Main Line, or the GE, is a major railway line of the British railway system, which connects Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations in east London and the East of England, including Ipswich, Norwich and several coastal resorts. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... The control tower at Norwich International Airport Norwich International Airport (IATA: NWI, ICAO: EGSH) also just Norwich Airport, is an airport 2. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ...


Dialect, accent and nickname

Main article: Norfolk dialect

The Norfolk Dialect, also known as "Broad Norfolk", is the accent/dialect of people living in Norfolk, although over the modern age much of the vocabulary and phrases have died out due to a number of factors, such as radio, TV and people from other parts of the country coming to Norfolk. As a result the speech of Norfolk is more of an accent than dialect, though one part retained from the Norfolk dialect is the distinctive grammar of the region. The Norfolk dialect, also known as Broad Norfolk, is a dialect that was once spoken by those living in the county of Norfolk in England. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... For dialects of programming languages, see Programming language dialect. ...


More cutting, perhaps, was the formerly-used pejorative medical term "Normal for Norfolk", now discredited, the use of which is banned by the profession. Normal for Norfolk (or NFN) is a slang term used in some parts of England for something that is peculiar, or odd. ...


Tourist highlights

The Norfolk coast.
The Norfolk coast.
The Norfolk Broads.
The Norfolk Broads.
The historic city of Norwich.

Norfolk is a popular tourist destination; major attractions include beaches, the Broads, and the city of Norwich. The Queen's residence of Sandringham provides an all year round tourist attraction. Rural parts of the county, notably the area around Burnham Market, are also popular locations for city dwellers to purchase weekend homes. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 185 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mundesley beach, looking North Photo taken by Mark Oakden of TourNorfolk for the Mundesley online guided tour at www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 185 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mundesley beach, looking North Photo taken by Mark Oakden of TourNorfolk for the Mundesley online guided tour at www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 201 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Wroxham Bridge Photo taken by Mark Oakden of TourNorfolk for the Wroxham online guided tour at www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 201 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Wroxham Bridge Photo taken by Mark Oakden of TourNorfolk for the Wroxham online guided tour at www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) Elm Hill in Norwich Photo taken by Mark Oakden of TourNorfolk for the Norwich online guided tour at www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) Elm Hill in Norwich Photo taken by Mark Oakden of TourNorfolk for the Norwich online guided tour at www. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... Sandringham House is a country house on 8000 acres (32 km²) of land near the village of Sandringham, Norfolk, which is privately owned by the British Royal Family. ... Burnham Market is an ancient settlement for amber trade. ...


People of Norfolk

see also Category:People from Norfolk Some notable people who were born and/or raised in Norfolk:

Image:Blowers. ... This article is about the sport. ... Henry Blogg (1876–13 June 1954) was a famous lifeboat man from Cromer on the north Norfolk coast of England. ... Severn class lifeboat in Poole Harbour, Dorset, England. ... Cromer is a seaside town and civil parish on the north coast of the English county of Norfolk. ... A sculpture depicting Boudica, the warrior queen of the Iceni who led the revolt against the Romans in AD 61, and her daughters, commissioned by Prince Albert and executed by Thomas Thornycroft, stands near Westminster Pier, London Boudica (also spelt Boudicca, formerly better known as Boadicea) (d. ... The Iceni or Eceni were a Brythonic tribe who inhabited an area of Britain corresponding roughly to the modern-day county of Norfolk between the 1st century BC and 1st century AD. The Cenimagni, who surrendered to Julius Caesar during his second expedition to Britain in 54 BC, may have... The Roman army was a set of land-based military forces employed by the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and later Roman Empire as part of the Roman military. ... A tree-lined section of the River Wensum as it flows through the city of Norwich, seen in July 2005. ... Sir Thomas Browne (October 19, 1605 - October 19, 1682) was an English author of varied works that disclose his wide learning in diverse fields including medicine, religion, science and the esoteric. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... This article is about the racing driver. ... A Peugeot 206 World Rally Car Motor racing and Motorsports redirect here. ... , Kings Lynn is a town and port in Norfolk, England. ... Dave Bussey (born October 1, 1952 in Norfolk), is a British radio DJ and presenter of The Dave Bussey Show on BBC Radio Lincolnshire. ... BBC Radio 2 is one of the BBCs national radio stations and is by far the most popular station in the UK, reaching some 27% of the available audience in 2006[1]. It broadcasts throughout the UK on FM radio between 88 and 91 MHz from its studios in... BBC Radio Lincolnshire is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Lincolnshire. ... Plate LXXA shows detail on a ceremonial walking staff found buried with Tutankhamun; it depicts the two foes, or the Northern and Southern enemies of Egypt. ... King Tut redirects here. ... Swaffham is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... Edith Cavell Edith Louisa Cavell (December 4, 1865–October 12, 1915) was a British World War I nurse and humanitarian. ... Cathy Dennis (born March 25, 1969 in Norwich, England) is a Grammy Award winning dance-oriented pop singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. ... Diana Spencer redirects here. ... “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... Sandringham House is a country house on 8000 acres (32 km²) of land near the village of Sandringham, Norfolk, which is privately owned by the British Royal Family. ... Anthony Nicholas George Duckworth-Chad OBE, DL, of Pynkney Hall, near Kings Lynn, Norfolk, England, born 1942, is a landowner, City of London business man, and a senior county officer for Norfolk. ... Sir James Dyson (born Cromer, Norfolk, England, 2 May 1947) is a British industrial designer. ... Holt is a market town in the county of Norfolk, England. ... Gresham’s School is an independent coeducational boarding school at Holt in North Norfolk, England, founded in the year 1555, a member of the HMC. // Big School, 1903, architect Sir John Simpson Greshams School was established at Holt by Sir John Gresham in 1555, during the reign of Queen... Natasha Firman is an English racing driver, and was the winner of the inaugural Formula Woman championship in 2004. ... Ralph Firman (born 20 May 1975) is a racing driver from Britain, although racing under Irish citizenship (his mother Angela is Irish) and an Irish-issued racing licence. ... Gresham’s School is an independent coeducational boarding school at Holt in North Norfolk, England, founded in the year 1555, a member of the HMC. // Big School, 1903, architect Sir John Simpson Greshams School was established at Holt by Sir John Gresham in 1555, during the reign of Queen... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Norwich castle Norwich Castle ( ) was built in 1067 when William the Conqueror (c. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Butung Island off of SE Sulawesi Buton (also Butung or Boeton), is an island in Indonesia just off the southeast peninsula of Sulawesi. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Gresham’s School is an independent coeducational boarding school at Holt in North Norfolk, England, founded in the year 1555, a member of the HMC. // Big School, 1903, architect Sir John Simpson Greshams School was established at Holt by Sir John Gresham in 1555, during the reign of Queen... Claire Goose (born 10 February 1975) is a British actress. ... Casualty is the longest running emergency medical drama series in the world[1], first broadcast in 1986 and transmitted in the UK on BBC One (with repeats on UKTV Gold). ... Sienna Tiggy Guillory (born March 16, 1975) is an English actress and model. ... Gresham’s School is an independent coeducational boarding school at Holt in North Norfolk, England, founded in the year 1555, a member of the HMC. // Big School, 1903, architect Sir John Simpson Greshams School was established at Holt by Sir John Gresham in 1555, during the reign of Queen... Ed Graham (full name Edwin James Graham) is the drummer in the English rock band The Darkness. ... , Lowestoft (pronouned IPA: /loÊŠs tÉ”ft, -tÉ’ft, -tÉ™f/) is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England, lying between the eastern edge of The Broads National Park at Oulton Broad and the North Sea. ... For other uses, see The Darkness (disambiguation). ... Great Yarmouth, often known to locals simply as Yarmouth, is an English coastal town in the county of Norfolk. ... Sir Henry Rider Haggard KBE (June 22, 1856 – May 14, 1925), born in Norfolk, England, was a Victorian writer of adventure novels set in exotic locations. ... Jake Humphrey Jake Humphrey is a British television presenter best known for his work on CBBC, he is also the youngest ever presenter of both Football Focus and Match Of The Day. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Andy (Andrew) Hunt was a Professional Football player for 10 years in England, playing for Newcastle United, West Bromwich Albion and finally for Charlton Athletic, scoring 135 goals in 361 appearances for his respective teams. ... A footballer is a person who plays one of the various games known as football – especially association football, although the term is also used to refer to participants in Australian rules football and Gaelic football. ... Ashill could be Ashill, Cornwall Ashill, Devon Ashill, Norfolk Ashill, Somerset Category: ... Sid Kipper is the nom de plume of Chris Sugden, a Norfolk humorist. ... A humorist is an author who specializes in short, humorous articles or essays. ... Myleene Angela Klass (born 6 April 1978) is a British classical pianist, commercial model, television and radio presenter, and former member of the UK pop group HearSay. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... , Gorleston-on-Sea is adjacent to the town of Great Yarmouth, in the English county of Norfolk. ... Matthew Macfadyen Matthew Macfadyen (born 1974) is a British theatre and film actor, best known for his role as MI5 agent Tom Quinn in the BBC television drama series Spooks. ... For the music band, see The Spooks. ... Great Yarmouth, often known to locals simply as Yarmouth, is an English coastal town in the county of Norfolk. ... Ruth Madoc (born 16 April 1943 in Norwich, Norfolk, England, brought up in Llansamlet in south Wales) is a the typical elfish actress and singer. ... Daniel John Danny Mills (born May 18, 1977 in Norwich, Norfolk) is an English professional footballer, who currently plays for Manchester City. ... Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ... Combatants United Kingdom First French Empire Kingdom of Spain Commanders Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson † Pierre Charles Silvestre de Villeneuve Strength 27 ships of the line and 6 others. ... Elizabeth Caroline Orton[1], commonly known as Beth Orton, (born December 14, 1970), is a BRIT Award–winning English singer-songwriter. ... Dereham, also known as East Dereham, is a town in Norfolk, England. ... For other persons of the same name, see Thomas Paine (disambiguation). ... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... Thetford is a market town and civil parish in the Breckland area of Norfolk, England. ... Barry Pinches (born 13 July 1970) is an English professional snooker player, instantly recognisable for his fabulously bright waistcoats, which usually feature the yellow and green colours of Norwich City F.C.. He defeated Jimmy White in the 2004 Embassy World Championship, and has lost in the first round twice... Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a large baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. ... Sir Matthew Clive Pinsent CBE (born 10 October 1970) is an English rowing champion, four-time Olympic gold medallist and broadcaster. ... The GB coxless pair of Toby Garbett & Rick Dunn at Henley Royal Regatta 2004. ... Look up holt, Holt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Philip Pullman CBE (born October 19, 1946) is a British writer. ... Allan Smethurst (November 19, 1927 - December 23, 2000), aka The Singing Postman was an English postman and singer. ... Sheringham from the mound Sheringham is a seaside town (population 7143[1]) in Norfolk, England, west of Cromer. ... Thomas Shadwell Thomas Shadwell (c. ... A Poet Laureate is a poet officially appointed by a government and often expected to compose poems for State occasions and other government events. ... Hannah Louise Spearritt (born April 1, 1981) is an English actress and singer. ... S Club 7 (later re-named S Club after the departure of Paul Cattermole from the band) were an English pop group created by former Spice Girls manager Simon Fuller, who rose to fame via their own BBC television programme. ... , Gorleston-on-Sea is adjacent to the town of Great Yarmouth, in the English county of Norfolk. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1972 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Kings Lynn is a medium-sized town in Norfolk, England on the River Great Ouse. ... Professor Peter Trudgill (pronounced [ˈtɹʌd. ... Sociolinguistics is the study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used. ... Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the British Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the modern day Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Alaska, Washington and Oregon. ... Kings Lynn is a medium-sized town in Norfolk, England on the River Great Ouse. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, (commonly known as Robert Walpole, or Sir Robert Walpole) KG, KB, PC (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745) was a British statesman who is generally regarded as having been the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... Tim Westwood (born 3 October 1957 in Lowestoft, Suffolk),[3]is a British rap DJ and presenter of the BBC Radio 1 Rap Show. ... John Wilson is Britains most popular, most successful and most respected angler. ... The Angler (Lophius piscatorius) The angler, also sometimes called fishing-frog, frog-fish, or sea-devil (Lophius piscatorius), is a fish well known off the coasts of Great Britain and much of Europe. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... See Diary (novel) for the novel by Chuck Palahniuk. ...

People associated with Norfolk

The following people were not born or brought up in Norfolk but are long-term residents of Norfolk, are well-known for living in Norfolk at some point in their lives, or have contributed in some significant way to the county.

Delia Smith OBE (born 18 June 1941) is an English television chef, known for her interest in food and teaching basic cookery. ... Liza Goddard (born 20 January 1950, in Smethwick, West Midlands, England) is a television and stage actress best known for her work in the 1970s and 1980s. ... For other persons named John Major, see John Major (disambiguation). ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Reverend Richard William Enraght SSC (1837–1898) was an Irish-born Church of England priest of the late nineteenth century. ... Bintree is a village and civil parish in the Breckland district of Norfolk, England, about nine miles south-east of Fakenham. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... Information Gender Male Date of birth April 2, 1955 ) Occupation Radio and Television Broadcaster Portrayed by Steve Coogan Alan Gordon Partridge is a fictional television and radio presenter portrayed by English comedian Steve Coogan. ... Trisha Goddard (born 23 December 1957) is an English television presenter well known for morning talk show Trisha Goddard which is aired on five. ... The Eastern Daily Press is a regional newspaper covering Norfolk, and northern parts of Suffolk and eastern Cambridgeshire, and is published daily in Norwich, UK. Originally a broadsheet, it changed to compact (tabloid) format in the mid-1990s. ... The Norwich Evening News is a daily newspaper for Norwich city and the surrounding suburbs and outlying towns, and is published by Archant. ...

See also

This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial and shire county of Norfolk, England. ... The following are lists of recreational walks in Norfolk, England. ... The county of Norfolk is divided into 8 Parliamentary constituencies - 2 Borough constituencies and 6 County constituencies. ... Earl of Norfolk is a title which has been created several times in the Peerage of England. ... Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk holding the baton of the Earl Marshal. ... The Royal Norfolk Regiment, orignally formed as the Norfolk Regiment, was a regiment of the British Army. ... The Norfolk Terrier is the smallest of the working Terriers. ... The Norwich Terrier is the smallest of the Terriers that was bred to hunt small vermin. ...

References

  1. ^ Hierarchical list of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics and the statistical regions of Europe The European Commission, Statistical Office of the European Communities (retrieved 06 January 2008)
  2. ^ Based on Office for National Statistics 2004 population estimates, see List of non-metropolitan counties of England by population.
  3. ^ Norfolk county flowers www.plantlife.org.uk
  4. ^ John Barwell, n.d. "A History of Norfolk."
  5. ^ Anon, 2002. Norfolk History.
  6. ^ Office for National Statistics, 2001. Regional Trends 26 ch:14.7 (PDF). Accessed 2006-01-03.
  7. ^ Invest in Norfolk, Agriculture and Food.
  8. ^ Hayes Computing Solutions (HCOMS) ::
  9. ^ Unitary Norwich City Council - The business case for unitary Norwich
  10. ^ Communities and Local Government - Proposals for future unitary structures: Stakeholder consultation
  11. ^ Norfolk County Council, 2005. County election results.

Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Office for National Statistics logo The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the United Kingdom government executive agency charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the United Kingdom at national and local levels. ... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by population. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Norfolk

  Results from FactBites:
 
Norfolk, Virginia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1770 words)
Norfolk is a city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States of America.
Norfolk is one of Virginia's largest cities; as of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 234,403.
Norfolk and the rest of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area (including Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Williamsburg and Poquoson, Virginia) are served by Norfolk International Airport and Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport.
Norfolk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1705 words)
Norfolk (pronounced IPA: /'nɔ:fək/) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England.
Norfolk's low-lying land and easily eroded cliffs, many of which are chalk and clay, make it vulnerable to the sea, the most recent major event being the North Sea flood of 1953.
Norfolk's county town and only city is Norwich, one of the largest settlements in England during the Norman era.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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