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Encyclopedia > Nordic Council

Flag of the Nordic Council
Working languages Danish
Finnish
Icelandic
Norwegian
Swedish
Seat Copenhagen
Nordic Council:

Foundation
President
Director (Secretariat) Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Nordic_Council. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ...


1952
Dagfinn Høybråten
Frida Nokken 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dagfinn Høybråten Dagfinn Høybråten (born December 2, 1957), is a Norwegian politician, representing the Christian Democratic Party (KrF). ...

Nordic Council of Ministers:

Foundation
Chairman
General Secretary (Secretariat)


1971
Ilkka Kanerva
Halldór Ásgrímsson Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Ilkka Armas Mikael Kanerva (born 28 January 1948) is the current Minister for Foreign Affairs of Finland (since 2007). ... Halldór Ásgrímsson Halldór Ásgrímsson (born September 8, 1947) is the former Prime Minister of Iceland. ...

Area
 - Members
 - With Greenland

1,318,412 km²
3,493,000 km² (7th)¹
Population
 - Total
 - Density

24,299,610
18.7/km² (6.9/km²)¹
Currencies Danish krone
Norwegian krone
Icelandic króna
Swedish krona
Faroese króna
Euro
Time zone UTC 0 to +2 (-3)¹
¹ Including Greenland
Political map of the Nordic countries and associated islands.

The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers is a co-operation forum for the parliaments and governments of the Nordic countries. It was established following World War II and its first concrete result was the introduction in 1952 of a common labour market, social security, and free movement across borders without passports for the countries' citizens. Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different surface areas  here is a list of areas between 1 million km² and 10 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different surface areas  here is a list of areas between 1 million km² and 10 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ... ISO 4217 Code NOK User(s) Norway Inflation 2. ... Króna is the name of the currency used in Iceland . ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... The Faroese króna is the currency of the Faroes. ... “EUR” redirects here. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1805x1385, 298 KB)Source: Norden. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1805x1385, 298 KB)Source: Norden. ... Political geography is a field of human geography that is concerned with politics. ... Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On 31 October 2006, the Icelander Halldór Ásgrímsson was chosen as the new secretary general for the Nordic Council of Ministers. Presently the Norwegian Frida Nokken is the director of the Nordic Council, but she will be replaced by the Finn Jan-Erik Enestam. October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Halldór Ásgrímsson Halldór Ásgrímsson (born September 8, 1947) is the former Prime Minister of Iceland. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ... The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers is a cooperation forum for the governments of the Nordic countries. ... Jan-Erik Enestam (born 12 March 1947 in Västanfjärd) is a Finnish politician. ...

Contents

Membership

Members of the Council:


Nations:

Autonomous territories: Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ...

In addition, the Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have expressed their wishes to apply for membership in the Council. The Nordic Council opened its information offices in all three countries in 1991. Also there are two Nordic Council offices in Northwestern Russia (in Saint Petersburg and Kaliningrad). The Nordic Scottish Islands have yet to show an interest. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greenland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Aaland. ... Motto none Anthem Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital (and largest city) Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  -  Governor Peter Lindbäck1  -  Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy  -  Declared 1920   -  Recognized 19212  Accession to the  January 1, 19953 Area  -  Total 13,517 km² (unranked) 5,267 sq mi   -  Water (%) 89 Population  -  2005... Baltic can refer to: The Baltic Sea Council of the Baltic Sea States - an intergovernmental organization Baltic sea countries - countries with access to the Baltic Sea The Baltic region (Balticum) Baltic States - the independent countries of Estonia Latvia Lithuania Baltic Republics - term refers to the three Baltic states under the... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Northwestern Federal District is one of the seven federal districts of Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Kaliningrad (Russian: ; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German  , Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Kyonigsberg), is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ...


The Faroe Islands have expressed their wishes for full membership in the Nordic Council instead of the current associate membership. This would lead to sessions being held in the Faroes, the presidency of the Council routinely being held by the Faroes and the Faroes paying their share of the Council's expenses.[1]


Secretaries-general

Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Helge Seip (1919-2004) was the party leader for the Liberal Party of Norway 1970-1972. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...

Organization

The Nordic Council and the Council of Ministers have offices in Copenhagen and various installations in each separate country, as well as many offices in neighbouring countries. The Council does not have any formal power on its own, but each government has to implement any decisions through its country's legislative assembly (parliament). With Denmark, Norway, and Iceland being members of NATO and Finland and Sweden being neutral, the Nordic Council has not been involved in any military cooperation. Image File history File linksMetadata Vikingshipmini. ... The history of Scandinavia is the common history of the Scandinavian countries— Denmark, Norway Sweden and Finland. ... The Nordic Stone Age refers to the Stone Age of Scandinavia. ... Map of the Nordic Bronze Age culture, ca 1200 BC The Nordic Bronze Age (also Northern Bronze Age) is the name given by Oscar Montelius (1843-1921) to a period and a Bronze Age culture in Scandinavian pre-history, ca 1800 BC - 600 BC, with sites that reached as far... The Viking Age is the name of the age in Northern Europe, following the Germanic Iron Age. ... For the purposes of this article the Christianization of Scandinavia refers to the process of conversion to Christianity of the Scandinavian and Nordic peoples, starting in the 8th century with the arrival of missionaries in Denmark and ending in the 18th century with the conversion of the Inuits and the... The Kalmar Union flag. ... Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Saxony after 1718 Prussia Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Frederick IV of Denmark Augustus II the Strong Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ... The Scandinavian Monetary Union (Swedish: Skandinaviska myntunionen, Danish: Skandinaviske møntunion) was a monetary union formed by Sweden and Denmark on May 5, 1873 by fixing their currencies against gold at par to each other. ... A Scandinavian defense union that would include Sweden, Norway and Denmark was planned between the three countries after World War II. Denmark and Norway had been occupied by Germany between 1940 and 1945, while Sweden, having escaped the horrors of occupation it had, still felt the effects of the war. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...


The Nordic Council uses the three Continental-Scandinavian languages (Danish, Norwegian and Swedish) as its official working languages, however it publishes material in Finnish, Icelandic and English, as well.[1] Under the Nordic Language Convention, since 1987, citizens of the Nordic countries have the opportunity to use their native language when interacting with official bodies in other Nordic countries without being liable to any interpretation or translation costs. The Convention covers visits to hospitals, job centres, the police and social security offices. The languages included are Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish and Icelandic.[2][3][4] The North Germanic languages (also Scandinavian languages or Nordic languages) is a branch of the Germanic languages spoken in Scandinavia, parts of Finland and on the Faroe Islands and Iceland. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Nordic Language Convention (Nordiska språkkonventionen) is an convention of linguistic rights which came into force in March 1, 1987, under the auspices of the Nordic Council. ...


The original Nordic Council concentrates on inter-parliamentary cooperation. The Nordic Council of Ministers, founded in 1971, is responsible for inter-governmental cooperation. Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...

Population density in the Nordic region (excluding Svalbard).

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x1012, 122 KB) Summary Terms of use: All images are the property of Nordregio. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x1012, 122 KB) Summary Terms of use: All images are the property of Nordregio. ...

Formation of the Council

In 1946 the Danish, Swedish and Norwegian ministers of justice decided to appoint a committee to draw up proposals on co-operation in the future on legislation in the Nordic region.


In February 1953 the Nordic Council became a reality. Finland joined the council in 1956. The formation of the council made it possible for Nordic parliamentarians to play a larger role in the process of developing co-operation on legislation.


Today the council has 87 members, elected among the members of the national parliaments. The composition of the council reflects the relative representation of the political parties in the national parliaments.


The Nordic Council holds its main session in the autumn, while a so-called theme session is arranged in the spring.


Each of the national delegations has its own secretariat in the national parliament. The autonomous territories - Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Åland - also have Nordic secretariats.


Alternative projects and plans

In the 1960s there were plans to develop the Nordic cooperation into an organisation similar to the European Economic Community. A treaty was negotiated to establish a new organisation, Nordek headquartered in Malmö. Ultimately it was the case that Finland did not ratify the treaty due to its relationship with the Soviet Union. Without Finland the idea was defunct, and Norway and Denmark chose to apply for membership to the EEC. Denmark became a member of the EEC in 1973, but Norway rejected accession in the same year in a referendum. Sweden did not apply due to its non-alliance policy, which was aimed at preserving neutrality. Greenland subsequently left the EEC and has since sought a more active role in circumpolar affairs. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... In the 1960s there were plans to develop the Nordic cooperation into an organisation similar to the European Economic Community. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... Finlandization (Finnlandisierung in German) refers to the influence that one neighboring powerful country can have on the policies of a smaller nearby country. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Circumpolar stars are those stars which are located near the celestial poles of the celestial sphere, i. ...

Administrative subdivisions in the Nordic region in 1996 (excluding Svalbard).

Sweden and Finland joined the European Union in 1995. Norway has not joined, twice rejecting an offer of membership through a national referendum. Icelandic and Faroese public opinions are both solidly against EU membership. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (700x797, 143 KB) Terms of use: All images are the property of Nordregio. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (700x797, 143 KB) Terms of use: All images are the property of Nordregio. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... The Nordic countries (Greenland not shown) The Nordic countries is a term used collectively for five countries in Northern Europe. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


The tasks of the Nordic Council overlap significantly with the European Union and related organizations and treaties.


References

  1. ^ The Broad Agreement - Faroese coalition paper and Call for meeting on full membership for the Faroe

See also

The Nordic Passport Union includes Iceland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, and Finland. ... The West Nordic Councils logo The West Nordic Council[1] is a cooperation forum of the parliaments and governments of the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland. ... Look up Scandinavia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... The Northern dimension is an initiative in the European Union regarding the cross-border and external policies covering Nordic countries, Baltic states and Russia. ... The Nordic Council Music Prize is awarded annually by NOMUS, the Nordic Music Committee. ... Population density in the wider Baltic region. ... For the political science journal, see: International Organization An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. ...

External links

  • Nordic Council - Official Site
  • Office of Nordic Council in St. Petersburg - Official Site
  • Nordic FAQ

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nordic countries - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (848 words)
The Nordic countries, also referred to as Norden ("The North"), and as Scandinavia, is a term used collectively for five countries in Northern Europe.
During the Viking era, the Scandinavian countries all shared a common culture, language and religion; Old Norse and Norse mythology, although Finland, due to its different cultural, mythological and lingustic Finno-Ugric heritage is considered to be separate from the Scandinavian grouping.
All Nordic countries, including the Faroe and Åland Islands, have a similar flag design, all based on the Dannebrog, the Danish flag.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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