FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Nord (department)
Nord
Coat of Arms of Nord
The Nord coat of arms
Location
Administration
Department number: 59
Region: Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Prefecture: Lille
Sub-Prefectures: Avesnes-
sur-Helpe
Cambrai
Douai
Dunkirk
Valenciennes
Arrondissements: 6
Cantons: 79
Communes: 652
President of the General Council: Bernard Derosier
Statistics
Population Ranked 1st
 -Jan.1, 2004 estimate
 -Mar.8, 1999 census
2,577,492
2,555,020
Population density: 449/km²
Land area¹: 5,743 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France
Extent of Dutch in the Arrondissement of Dunkirk, 1874 and 1972

Nord (French term for: North) is a département in the north of France. In population terms, it is France's largest. Image File history File links Blason59. ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Look up Administration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron ( PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais The administrative region of Nord-Pas-de... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Nord-Pas de Calais Département Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... Avesnes-sur-Helpe is a French sous-prefecture, département(59). ... Cambrai (Dutch: Kamerijk) is a French city and commune, in the Nord département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... Douai is a city and commune in the north of France in the département of Nord, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Carnival in Dunkirk. ... Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... Arrondissements of the Nord département In France, the chief town of an arrondissement is known as the sous-préfecture. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 79 cantons of the Nord département, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Arrondissement of Avesnes-sur-Helpe (12 cantons) : Avesnes-sur-Helpe-Nord - Avesnes-sur-Helpe-Sud - Bavay - Berlaimont - Hautmont - Landrecies - Maubeuge-Nord - Maubeuge-Sud - Le Quesnoy-Est - Le Quesnoy-Ouest - Solre-le... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 652 communes du Nord département of France: (CUDL) Communauté urbaine de Lille Métropole (C.U.D.L.), created in 1966. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Disclaimer: It must be noted that reference to French people as an ethnic group is not present in French official terminology. ... Categories: Lists of subnational entities ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1238x808, 115 KB) Summary Extent of Flemish in the Arrondissement of Dunkirk, in the extreme north of France. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1238x808, 115 KB) Summary Extent of Flemish in the Arrondissement of Dunkirk, in the extreme north of France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ...

Contents

History

Nord comprises the French parts of the County of Flanders, excluding the western parts separated in 1237 as the County of Artois and now part of the neighbouring Pas-de-Calais, and Hainault. This territory was part of the Spanish Netherlands, but was ceded to France in successive treaties (1659, 1668, and 1678). The geographical region and former county of Flanders contains not only the two Belgian provinces but also the present-day French département of Nord, in parts of which there is still a Flemish-speaking minority, and the southern part of the Dutch province of Zeeland known as Zeeuws-Vlaanderen... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ... The County of Artois was a Carolingian county, established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. ... Pas-de-Calais is a département in northern France named after the strait which it borders. ... The virtually independent county of Hainaut emerged from chaotic conditions at the end of the 9th century as a semi-independent state, at first a vassal of the crown of Lotharingia. ... This article or section should be merged with Seventeen Provinces The Spanish Netherlands was a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ...


Historically the region was completely Dutchophone rather than dominantly Francophone. The marks of the Dutch language are still present as many of the towns and villages have frenchified Dutch names. Today there is still a small community that continues to speak Dutch, the language which has been present in the area since the early 8th century.[1] Dutch ( ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 22 million people, mainly in the Netherlands and Belgium. ... Look up Francophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


It was one of the original 83 départements created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. The French Revolution (1789–1799/1804) was a vital period in the history of French, and Europe as a whole. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Geography

Nord is part of the current Nord-Pas-de-Calais région and is surrounded by the French départements of Pas-de-Calais and Aisne, as well as by Belgium and the North Sea. Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron ( PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais The administrative region of Nord-Pas-de... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Pas-de-Calais is a département in northern France named after the strait which it borders. ... Aisne is a département in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...


Situated in the north-east of the country along the western half of the Belgian frontier, the département is unusually long and narrow. Its principal city is Lille, which with nearby Roubaix, Tourcoing and Villeneuve d'Ascq constitutes the center of a cluster of industrial and former mining towns totalling slightly over a million inhabitants. Other important cities are Valenciennes, Douai, and Dunkirk. The principal rivers are the following: New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Nord-Pas de Calais Département Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... Location within France Roubaix is a city of northern France, in the Nord département, located near the cities of Lille and Tourcoing and the Belgian border. ... Location within France Tourcoing is a city and commune of northern France, in the Nord département, located near the cities of Lille and Roubaix and the Belgian border. ... Saint-Pierre dAscq church Located between Lille and Roubaix, at the crossroads of the principal freeways towards Paris, Ghent, Antwerp and Brussels, Villeneuve dAscq (which means New city of Ascq in French) is one of the principal cities of the communauté urbaine Lille Métropole. ... Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. ... Douai is a city and commune in the north of France in the département of Nord, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Location within France For the battleship, see Dunkerque Dunkirk (French: Dunkerque; Dutch: Duinkerke; German: Dünkirchen) is a harbour city and a commune in the northernmost part of France, in the département of Nord, 10 km from the Belgian border. ...

Categories: France geography stubs | Belgium geography stubs | Belgian rivers | French rivers ... The Lys or Leie is a river originating in France entering Belgium and flowing into the river Scheldt in Ghent. ... The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut) is a 350 km[1] long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands. ... The Scarpe is a river in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France. ... The Sambre is a river rising in northern France and flowing into southern Belgium. ...

Economy

At the forefront of France's 19th century industrialisation, the area suffered severely during World War I and now faces the economic, social and environmental problems associated with the decline of coal mining with its neighbours following the earlier decline of the Lille-Roubaix textile industry. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Until recently, the département was dominated economically by coal mining, which extended through the heart of the département from neighbouring Artois into central Belgium. Artois is a former province of northern France. ...


Demographics

Nord is the most heavily populated département, with a population of 2.55 million and an area of 5,740 km².


Culture

The Dutch dialect West Flemish is spoken by around 20,000 people in the northern part of the département, the arrondissement of Dunkirk. West Flemish (in West Flemish, Vlaemsch) is a group of dialects, spoken in parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. ...


See also

The following is a list of the 79 cantons of the Nord département, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Arrondissement of Avesnes-sur-Helpe (12 cantons) : Avesnes-sur-Helpe-Nord - Avesnes-sur-Helpe-Sud - Bavay - Berlaimont - Hautmont - Landrecies - Maubeuge-Nord - Maubeuge-Sud - Le Quesnoy-Est - Le Quesnoy-Ouest - Solre-le... The following is a list of the 652 communes du Nord département of France: (CUDL) Communauté urbaine de Lille Métropole (C.U.D.L.), created in 1966. ... Arrondissements of the Nord département In France, the chief town of an arrondissement is known as the sous-préfecture. ...

External links

  • Prefecture website (in French)
  • Conseil Général website (in French)
  • links DMOZ (in English)

  Results from FactBites:
 
US Department of State - Home Page (392 words)
Topics in the State Department's online forum include Iraq, Afghanistan, UN reform, and other key issues.
The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department.
External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
MSN Encarta - Romania (1012 words)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m