FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Non disclosure agreement

A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also called a confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), confidentiality agreement or secrecy agreement, is a legal contract between at least two parties which outlines confidential materials the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict from generalized use. In other words, it is a contract through which the parties agree not to disclose information covered by the agreement. A NDA creates a confidential relationship between the parties. Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Letter versus Spirit List of legal abbreviations Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law Look up law on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A contract is any legally-enforceable promise or set of promises made between parties. ... A party is a person or group of persons that compose a single entity which can be identified as one for the purposes of the law. ... Confidentiality has been defined by the International Standards Organization (ISO) as ensuring that information is accessible only to those authorized to have access and is one of the cornerstones of Information security. ... Disclose is a Japanese Hardcore punk band, heavily influenced by Discharge. ...


NDAs can be used to protect any type of intellectual property or trade secret. As such, an NDA can protect non-public business information, know-how, patent-pending inventions, unpatented yet patentable inventions, unpatentable ideas, or copyrighted software. For instance, a script for a high-profile film that is still in production could be the subject of an NDA. In law, particularly in common law jurisdictions, intellectual property or IP refers to a legal entitlement which sometimes attaches to the expressed form of an idea, or to some other intangible subject matter. ... A trade secret is a confidential practice, method, process, design, or other information used by a company to compete with other businesses. ... Categories: Business | Academic disciplines | School subjects ... Information is a word with many meanings depending on context, but is as a rule closely related to such concepts as meaning, knowledge, instruction, communication, representation, and mental stimulus. ... Procedural knowledge or know-how is the knowledge of how to perform some task. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In lay terms, an invention is a novel device, material, or technique. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or substance (known as an invention) which is new, inventive and useful. ... An idea (Greek: ιδέα) is a specific thought or concept which arises in the mind of a person as a result of thinking. ... For copyright issues in relation to Wikipedia itself, see Wikipedia:Copyrights. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... A screenplay or script is a blueprint for producing a motion picture. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ...


NDAs are commonly signed when two companies or individuals are considering doing business together and need to understand the technology or processes used in one another's businesses solely for the purpose of evaluating the potential business relationship. NDAs can be "mutual", meaning both parties are restricted in their use of the materials provided, or they can only restrict a single party. A company is, in general, any group of persons united to pursue a common interest. ... In common speech, the word individual most often refers to a person, or, by analogy, to any specific object in a group of things. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


It is also possible for an employee to sign an NDA or NDA-like agreement with a company at the time of hiring, in fact some employment agreements will include a clause restricting "confidential information" in general.


Companies can be harsh on discovering a break in a non-disclosure agreement. For example, Nintendo has a "Banned for Life" list, preventing the offender from ever working for them again. Nintendo (Japanese: 任天堂; (NASDAQ: NTDOF), (TYO: 7974)) was originally founded in 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards, for use in a Japanese playing card game of the same name. ...


Content

Some common issues handled with in a NDA include:

  • outlining the parties to the agreement;
  • the definition of what is confidential, i.e. the information to be held confidential. Modern NDAs will typically include a laundry-list of types of items which are covered, including unpublished patent applications, know-how, schema, financial information, verbal representations, business strategies, etc;
  • the exclusions from what must be kept confidential. Typically, the restrictions on use of the confidential data will be invalid if
    • the recipient had prior knowledge of the materials;
    • the recipient gained subsequent knowledge of the materials from another source;
    • the materials are generally available to the public;
    • the materials were obtained illegally; or
    • the materials are subject to a subpoena. In any case, a subpoena would more likely than not override a contract of any sort;
  • provisions restricting the transfer of data in violation of national security;
  • the term (in years) of the confidentiality, i.e. the time period of confidentiality;
  • the term (in years) the agreement is binding;
  • permission to obtain ex-parte injunctive relief;
  • the obligations of the recipient regarding the confidential information; and
  • types of permissible disclosure - such as those required by law or court order.

A patent application is a request filed before a patent office in which an applicant applies for a patent for an invention. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses and organizations raise, allocate and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ... A subpoena (pronounced suh-pee-nuh) is a writ commanding a person to appear under penalty (from Latin). ... Security measures taken to protect the Houses of Parliament in London, England. ... An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that either prohibits or compels (enjoins or restrains) a party from continuing a particular activity. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Letter versus Spirit List of legal abbreviations Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law Look up law on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A court order is an official proclamation by a judge (or panel of judges) that defines the legal relationships between the parties before the court and requires or authorises the carrying out of certain steps by one or more parties to a case. ...

See also

Standard Form 312 (SF 312) is a non-disclosure agreement required under Executive Order 13292 to be signed by employees of the Federal Government or one of its contractors when they are granted a security clearance for access to classified information. ... A trade secret is a confidential practice, method, process, design, or other information used by a company to compete with other businesses. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m