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Encyclopedia > Nokia
Nokia Corporation
Type Public – Oyj
(OMX: NOK1V, NYSENOK, FWB: NOA3)
Founded Nokia, Finland (1865)
Headquarters Flag of Finland Espoo, Finland
Key people Fredrik Idestam, Founder in 1865
Kari Kairamo, CEO in the 1980s
Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, President & CEO
Jorma Ollila, Chairman
Industry Telecommunications
Products Mobile phones
Multimedia computers
Mobile gaming
Enterprise Architecture
Networks
Wireless systems
Wireless data devices
Wireless voice devices
Wireless switching equipment
Services Business Solutions
Revenue 41.121 billion (2006)[1]
Operating income 5.488 billion (2006)
Net income 4.306 billion (2006)
Employees 112,913 as of September 30, 2007[2]
Subsidiaries Nokia Siemens Networks
Vertu
NAVTEQ
Slogan Connecting People, Be closer. Be more Nokia.
Website www.nokia.com

Nokia Corporation (OMX: NOK1V, NYSENOK, FWB: NOA3) is a Finnish multinational communications corporation, focused on the key growth areas of wired and wireless telecommunications. Nokia is currently the world's largest manufacturer of mobile telephones, with a global device market share of approximately 39% in Q3 of 2007.[2] Nokia produces mobile phones for every major market segment and protocol, including GSM, CDMA, and W-CDMA (UMTS). The corporation also produces telecommunications network equipment for applications such as mobile and fixed-line voice telephony, ISDN, broadband access, voice over IP, and wireless LAN. Nokias harbour For the corporation, see Nokia. ... Nokia may refer to: Nokia Corporation, a Finnish telecommunications company (see also: List of Nokia products) Nokia, Finland, a Finnish town Nokian Renkaat (Nokian Tyres), a Finnish manufacturer of tires Nokian Jalkineet, a Finnish manufacturer of boots split from Nokia in 1990. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Osakeyhtiö, directly translated as share corporation, is the Finnish equivalent of Limited company (Ltd or LLC) or Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH). ... OMX AB is a Swedish-Finnish financial services company, formed in 2003 through a merger between OM AB and HEX plc. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (outside) The DAX chart (inside) The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (German: FWB® Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse) is a stock exchange located in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Nokias harbour For the corporation, see Nokia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kari Kairamo (1932 - 1988) was the former CEO of Nokia and a significant and popular industry person who was also actively involved in Finlands foreign policy. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo (born in Lavia, Finland on July 13, 1953) is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Nokia Corporation and Chairman of Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG. // Kallasvuo joined Nokia in 1980 as Corporate Counsel, and has held roles of increasing responsibility... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... “Chief executive” redirects here. ... Jorma Jaakko Ollila (born in Seinäjoki, Finland, on August 15, 1950) is the Chairman (1992– ) and former CEO of the Nokia Corporation (1992–2006) and Member of the Board of Directors of Ford Motor Company (2000– ), UPM-Kymmene (1997– ), and Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... A multimedia computer is a computer, that is optimized for high multimedia performance, enabling rich multimedia experience. ... Screenshot from a mobile fighting game, Fightality A mobile game is a video game played on a mobile phone, smartphone, PDA, handheld computer or any type of handheld or wireless device. ... This article is about Enterprise Architecture. ... A telecommunications network is a network of telecommunications links arranged so that messages may be passed from one part of the network to another over multiple links. ... For the use of the term in networking, see Wireless networking. ... For the use of the term in networking, see Wireless networking. ... For the use of the term in networking, see Wireless networking. ... A telephone operator manually connecting calls with patch cables at a telephone switchboard. ... This article is about a term used in economics. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... This article is about work. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... For other uses, see Vertu. ... NAVTEQ, founded in 1985 and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, is a provider of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data that is used in a wide-range of applications, including automotive navigation systems and web-based applications, such as Google Maps and MapQuest. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... OMX AB is a Swedish-Finnish financial services company, formed in 2003 through a merger between OM AB and HEX plc. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (outside) The DAX chart (inside) The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (German: FWB® Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse) is a stock exchange located in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Communication is a process that allows organisms to exchange information by several methods. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Cell Phone redirects here. ... Market share, in strategic management and marketing, is the percentage or proportion of the total available market or market segment that is being serviced by a company. ... A Market segment is a subgroup of people or organizations sharing one or more characteristics that cause them to have similar product needs. ... The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... Code division multiple access (CDMA) is the current name for the cellular technology originally known as IS-95. ... W-CDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) is a type of 3G cellular network. ... Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is one of the third-generation (3G) cell phone technologies. ... A telecommunications network is a network of telecommunications links arranged so that messages may be passed from one part of the network to another over multiple links. ... In telecommunication, Telephony encompasses the general use of equipment to provide voice communication over distances. ... ISDN redirects here. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies, which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... An overview of how VoIP works A typical analog telephone adapter for connecting an ordinary phone to a VoIP network Ciscos implementation of VoIP - IP Phone Voice over Internet Protocol, also called VoIP (pronounced voyp), IP Telephony, Internet telephony, Broadband telephony, Broadband Phone and Voice over Broadband is the... The notebook is connected to the wireless access point using a PC card wireless card. ...


Nokia's headquarters are located in Espoo, a neighbouring city of Finland's capital Helsinki. It has R&D, manufacturing, and sales representation sites in many continents throughout the world. Nokia Research Center, the corporation's industrial research laboratories, has sites in Helsinki; Tampere; Toijala; Tokyo; Beijing; Budapest; Bochum; Palo Alto, California and Cambridge, Massachusetts. Major production factories are located at Salo, Finland; Beijing, China; Dongguan, China; Chennai, India; Komárom, Hungary and the Ruhr region in Germany. In March 2007, Nokia signed a memorandum with Cluj-Napoca City Council, Romania to open a new plant near the city in Jucu commune.[3][4][5] Nokia's Design Department remains in Salo. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... The phrase research and development (also R and D or, more often, R&D), according to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Tampere ( , IPA: ; Swedish: Tammerfors ) is a city in southern Finland located between two lakes, Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. ... Toijala is a town and municipality of Finland, some 40 km south from Tampere. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Yoriko Kishimoto[1] Area  - City 25. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other meanings of Salo see Salo (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... Komárom is a city in Hungary on the right bank of the Danube in Komárom-Esztergom county. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Map of Romania showing Cluj_Napoca Cluj_Napoca (Hungarian: Kolozsvár, German: Klausenburg, Latin: Claudiopolis), the seat of Cluj county, is one of the most important academic, cultural and industrial centers in Romania. ... Jucu is a location in Cluj County, Romania. ...


Nokia plays a very large role in the economy of Finland. Nokia is the best selling mobile phone in this world, too. Nokia is by far the largest Finnish company, accounting for about a third of the market capitalization of the Helsinki Stock Exchange (OMX Helsinki); a unique situation for an industrialized country.[6] It is an important employer in Finland and several small companies have grown into large ones as Nokia's subcontractors. Nokia increased Finland's GDP by more than 1.5 percent in 1999 alone. In 2004 Nokia's share of the Finland's GDP was 3.5 percent and accounted for almost a quarter of Finland's exports in 2003. In 2006, Nokia generated revenue that for the first time exceeded the state budget of Finland. This has led some to refer to Finland as "Nokialand." Finland has a highly industrialized, largely free-market economy, based on abundant forest resources, capital investments, and technology. ... This is a list of Finnish publicly listed corporations: Akado, electronics Ahlstrom, pulp and paper Aldata Solution, software Alma Media, media Amer Sports, sport Aspo, chemicals BaseN, measurement services Benefon, mobile phones Biotie Therapies, biotechnology Cargotec, lifting solutions Chips Abp, potato chips and snacks Citycon, real estate Eccu Finland, market... Market capitalization, or market cap, is a measurement of corporate or economic size equal to the stock price times the number of shares outstanding of a public company. ... For the numeral system, Hex, see Hexadecimal For Wikipedias help pages, see Help:Contents. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ... A government budget is a legal document that is often passed by the legislature, and approved by the chief executive. ...


Finns have ranked Nokia many times as the best Finnish brand and employer. Nokia is listed as the 5th most valuable global brand in BusinessWeek's Best Global Brands list of 2007 (1st non-US company),[7] the 20th most admirable company worldwide in Fortune's World's Most Admired Companies list of 2007 (1st in network communications, 4th non-US company),[8] and is the world's 119th largest company in Fortune Global 500 list of 2007, up from 131 of the previous year.[9] BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... Fortune magazine is Americas second longest-running business magazine after Forbes magazine. ... The Fortune Global 500 is a ranking of the top 500 corporations worldwide as measured by revenue. ...

Contents

History

Nokia House, Nokia's headquarters located by the Gulf of Finland in Keilaniemi, Espoo, was constructed between 1995 and 1997. It is the working place of more than 1,000 Nokia employees.
Nokia House, Nokia's headquarters located by the Gulf of Finland in Keilaniemi, Espoo, was constructed between 1995 and 1997. It is the working place of more than 1,000 Nokia employees.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 835 KB) Summary Small part of Nokia corporate headquarters in Keilaniemi, Espoo, Finland (2003). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 835 KB) Summary Small part of Nokia corporate headquarters in Keilaniemi, Espoo, Finland (2003). ... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Finland is an arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to the city of Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. ... The Nokia head office is located in Keilaniemi. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ...

Pre-telecommunications era

What is known today as Nokia (pronounced /ˈnokiɑ/ in IPA) was established in 1865 as a wood-pulp mill by Knut Fredrik Idestam on the banks of the Tammerkoski rapids in the town of Tampere, in south-western Finland. The company was later relocated to Nokia by the Nokianvirta river, which had better resources for hydropower production. That's where the company also got its name that is still used today. The name of the Nokia originated from the river which flowed through the town. The river itself, Nokianvirta, was named after the old Finnish word originally meaning a dark, furry animal that was locally known as the nokia, or sable, later pine marten. IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... International Paper Company, pulp mill A pulp mill is a manufacturing facility that converts wood chips or other plant fiber source into a thick fiber board which can be shipped to a paper mill for further processing. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The north side of Tammerkoski. ... Tampere ( , IPA: ; Swedish: Tammerfors ) is a city in southern Finland located between two lakes, Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. ... Nokias harbour For the corporation, see Nokia. ... Undershot water wheels on the Orontes River in Hama, Syria Saint Anthony Falls Hydropower is the capture of the energy of moving water for some useful purpose. ... Binomial name Martes zibellina Linnaeus, 1758 The Sable (Martes zibellina) is a small mammal, closely akin to the martens, living in southern Russia near the Ural Mountains through Siberia and Mongolia to Hokkaidō in Japan. ... Binomial name Martes martes (Linnaeus, 1758) This article is about the European Pine Marten. ...


Finnish Rubber Works established its factories in the beginning of 20th century nearby and began using Nokia as its brand. Shortly after World War I Finnish Rubber Works acquired Nokia Wood Mills as well as Finnish Cable Works, a producer of telephone and telegraph cables. All these three companies were merged into the Nokia Corporation in 1967. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Telegraph and Telegram redirect here. ...


The Nokia Corporation created in the 1967 fusion was involved in many sectors, producing at one time or another paper products, bicycle and car tires, footwear (including Wellington boots), personal computers, communications cables, televisions, electricity generation machinery, capacitors, aluminium, etc. For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Firestone tire This article is about pneumatic tires. ... A pair of Wellington boots The Wellington boot, also known as a welly, a wellie, a gumboot or a rubber boot, is a type of boot based upon Hessian boots. ... For other uses, see Cable (disambiguation). ... Electricity (from New Latin ēlectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ...


Telecommunications era

The seeds of the current incarnation of Nokia were planted with the founding of the electronics section of the cable division in the 1960s. In the 1967 fusion, that section was separated into its own division, and began manufacturing telecommunications equipment.


Since 1964 had developed VHF-radio simultaneously with Salora Oy, which later in 1971 also developed the ARP-phone. In 1979 the merger of these two companies resulted in the establishment of Mobira Oy and three years later it launched the NMT phone. Nokia bought Salora Oy in 1984 and now owning 100% of the company, changed the company's telecommunication branch name to Nokia-Mobira Oy. In 1988, Jorma Nieminen, resigning from the post of CEO of the mobile phone unit, along with two other employees from the unit, started a notable mobile phone company of their own, Benefon Oy. One year later, Nokia Mobira Oy became Nokia Mobile Phones and in 1991 the first GSM phone was launched. Very high frequency (VHF) is the radio frequency range from 30 MHz to 300 MHz. ... ARP (Autoradiopuhelin, Car Radio Phone in English) was the first commercially operated public mobile phone network in Finland. ... NMT may mean: Nordic Mobile Telephone New Mexico Tech non-metallic conduit boots with a non-metallic toe Northwest Marine Technology NMT Medical NMT Corporation Toronto New Media Trainers Alliance NMT International Shipping Network Management Technologies NMT Group National Mobile Television Nuremberg Military Tribunals National Meningitis Trust Not More Then... Benefon is a company well known from the early mobile era as a mobile telephone maker for NMT and, later, GSM standards. ... Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ...


In the 1970s, Nokia became more involved in the telecommunications industry by developing the Nokia DX200, a digital switch for telephone exchanges. In 1982, a DX200 switch became the world's first digital telephone switch to be put into operational use. The DX200 became the workhorse of the network equipment division. Its modular and flexible architecture enabled it to be developed into various switching products. Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... The DX200 telephone switching exchange by Nokia was created around 1978 upon Intels brand new 16-bit 8086 processor. ... A telephone operator manually connecting calls with patch cables at a telephone switchboard. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


For a while in the 1970s, Nokia's network equipment production was separated into Telefenno, a company jointly owned by the parent corporation and by a company owned by the Finnish state. In 1987 the state sold its shares to Nokia and in 1992 the name was changed to Nokia Telecommunications.


In the 1970s and 1980s Nokia developed the Sanomalaitejärjestelmä ("Message device system") for Finnish Defence Forces. [10] The Finnish Defence Forces (Finnish Puolustusvoimat; Swedish Försvarsmakten) is a cadre army of 16500, of which 8700 professional soldiers (officers), with a standard readiness strength of 34,700 people in uniform (27,300 army, 3,000 navy, and 4,400 air force). ...


In the 1980s, Nokia produced a series of personal computers called MikroMikko.[11] However, the PC division was sold to ICL, which later became part of Fujitsu. That company later transferred its personal computer operations to Fujitsu Siemens Computers, which shut down its only factory in Finland (in the town of Espoo, where computers had been produced since the 1960s) at the end of March 2000[12], thus ending large-scale PC manufacturing in the country Fujitsu Siemens Computers is a European IT vendor, selling consumer and business computing products in the markets of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. ... International Computers Ltd, or ICL, was a large British computer hardware, computer software and computer services company that operated from 1968 until 2002, when it was renamed Fujitsu Services Limited after its parent company, Fujitsu. ... For the district in Saga, Japan, see Fujitsu, Saga. ... Fujitsu Siemens Computers is a Japanese and German IT vendor, selling consumer and business computing products in the markets of Europe, the Middle East and Africa (products marketed elsewhere are sold under the Fujitsu brand). ...


First mobile phones

Nokia's early model Mobira Cityman 200
Nokia's early model Mobira Cityman 200

Nokia had been producing commercial and military mobile radio communications technology since the 1960s and later began developing mobile phones for the Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) network standard that went online in the 1980s. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For other meanings of the abbreviation, see: NMT. NMT (Nordisk MobilTelefoni or Nordiska MobilTelefoni-gruppen, Nordic Mobile Telephone in English) is a mobile phone system that was specified by the Nordic telecommunications administrations (PTTs) starting in 1970, and opened for service in 1981 as a response to the increasing congestion...


In 1982, Nokia (then Mobira) introduced its first car phone, the Mobira Senator for NMT 450 networks. The Mobira Talkman, launched in 1984, was the world's first transportable phone. In 1987, Nokia introduced the world's first handheld phone, the Mobira Cityman 900. When the Mobira Senator of 1982 had weighed 9.8 kg (21.6 lb), and the Talkman just under 5 kg (11 lb), the Mobira Cityman weighed only 800 g (28 oz) with the battery and had a price tag of 24,000 Finnish marks (approximately EUR 4,560).[13] Despite the high price, the first phones were almost snatched from the sales assistants’ hands. Initially, the mobile phone was a ‘yuppie’ product and a status symbol. ... “Kg” redirects here. ... The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, lbm, or sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ... The ounce (abbreviation: oz) is the name of a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of mass that form part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The markka or mark was the currency used in Finland from 1861 until January 1, 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (€). The currency code used for the markka was FIM, and the usual familiar notation was a postfix mk. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... Yuppies (young urban professionals, or less commonly young upwardly-mobile professionals[1]) is a market segment whose consumers are characterized as self-reliant, financially secure individualists. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


NMT was the world's first mobile telephony standard that enabled international roaming, and provided valuable experience for Nokia for its close participation in developing Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM). It is a digital standard which came to dominate the world of mobile telephony in the 1980s and 1990s, in mid-2006 accounting for about two billion mobile telephone subscribers in the world, or about 80% percent of the total, in more than 200 countries. The world's first commercial GSM call was made in 1991 in Helsinki over a Nokia-supplied network, by then Prime Minister of Finland Harri Holkeri, using a Nokia phone. The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... The Prime Minister (Finnish Pääministeri, Swedish: Statsminister) is the head of government in Finland. ... Harri Hermanni Holkeri (born January 6, 1937 in Oripää) is a Finnish politician of the National Coalition Party of Finland (Kokoomus) who was Prime Minister of Finland 1987-1991, speaker of the UN General Assembly 2000-2001 and headed UNMIK. The current head is Søren Jessen-Petersen. ... The following is a partial list of products branded by Nokia. ...


In the 1980s, during the era of its CEO Kari Kairamo, Nokia expanded into new fields, mostly by acquisitions. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the corporation ran into serious financial problems, a major reason being its heavy losses by the television manufacturing division. (These problems probably contributed to Kairamo taking his own life in 1988.) Nokia responded by streamlining its telecommunications divisions, and by divesting itself of the television and PC divisions. Jorma Ollila, who became the CEO in 1992, made a strategic decision to concentrate solely on telecommunications. Thus, during the rest of the 1990s, Nokia continued to divest itself of all of its non-telecommunications divisions. Kari Kairamo (1932 - 1988) was the former CEO of Nokia and a significant and popular industry person who was also actively involved in Finlands foreign policy. ... Jorma Jaakko Ollila (born in Seinäjoki, Finland, on August 15, 1950) is the Chairman (1992– ) and former CEO of the Nokia Corporation (1992–2006) and Member of the Board of Directors of Ford Motor Company (2000– ), UPM-Kymmene (1997– ), and Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd. ...


The exploding worldwide popularity of mobile telephones, beyond even Nokia's most optimistic predictions, caused a logistics crisis in the mid-1990s. This prompted Nokia to overhaul its entire logistics operation. Logistics continues to be one of Nokia's major advantages over its rivals, along with greater economies of scale. Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In the new millennium

Evolution of size in Nokia mobile phones
Evolution of size in Nokia mobile phones

In 2004, the troubles of the networks equipment division caused the corporation to resort to similar streamlining practices on that side, with layoffs and organizational restructuring. This, however, diminished Nokia's public image in Finland, and produced a number of court cases along with an episode of a documentary television show critical towards Nokia.[14] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2258 × 1692 pixel, file size: 788 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2258 × 1692 pixel, file size: 788 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Layoff is the termination of employment of an employee or (more commonly) a group of employees for business reasons, such as the decision that certain positions are no longer necessary. ... This is a list of significant court cases. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ...


Despite these occasional crises, Nokia has been phenomenally successful in its chosen field. This growth has come mostly during the era of Jorma Ollila and his team of about half a dozen close colleagues. In June 2006, this era came to an end with Ollila leaving the CEO position to become the chairman of Shell. The new CEO of Nokia is Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo. Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo (born in Lavia, Finland on July 13, 1953) is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Nokia Corporation and Chairman of Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG. // Kallasvuo joined Nokia in 1980 as Corporate Counsel, and has held roles of increasing responsibility...


On February 2006 Nokia and Sanyo announced a MOU to create a joint venture addressing the CDMA handset business. A few months later, in June, both companies announced ending their negotiations without agreement. Nokia also stated their decision to pull out of CDMA R&D, with the intention to continue CDMA business in selected markets.[15] Sanyo Electric Co. ... A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is a legal document describing a bilateral agreement between parties. ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ...


On February 10, 2006, Nokia acquired Intellisync Corporation, a provider of data and PIM synchronization software. is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Intellisync Corporation is a provider of Data and PIM Synchronization software for mobile devices, such as Cell Phones and PDAs. ...


On June 19, 2006, Nokia and Siemens AG announced the companies are to merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses to create one of the world's largest network firms. Both companies will have a 50% stake in the infrastructure company, to be headquartered in the Helsinki area, and to be called Nokia Siemens Networks. The companies predict annual sales of 16 billion and cost savings of €1.5 billion a year by 2010. About 20,000 Nokia employees will be transferred to this new company. is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Siemens redirects here. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ...


In May 2007 Nokia announced its Nokia 1100, with over 200 million units shipped, is the best-selling mobile phone of all time and the world's top-selling consumer electronics product.[16] A Nokia 1100 mobile phone using the pre-paid service, Tracfone. ...


In July 2007 Nokia acquired all assets of Twango, the comprehensive media sharing solution for organizing and sharing photos, videos and other personal media.[17]


In August 2007 Nokia launched a series of web services under the brand name Ovi that allows users to download games, maps and music directly to their phones. ovi is the name for Nokias umbrella concept internet services. ...


In September 2007 Nokia announced their intention to acquire Enpocket, a supplier of mobile advertising technology and services.[18]


In October 2007 Pending shareholder and regulatory approval, Nokia acquires Navteq, a U.S.-based supplier of digital mapping data, for a price of $8.1B.[19] NAVTEQ, founded in 1985 and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, is a provider of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data that is used in a wide-range of applications, including automotive navigation systems and web-based applications, such as Google Maps and MapQuest. ...


Product divisions

Nokia comprises four business groups: Mobile Phones, Multimedia, Enterprise Solutions and Networks, plus various horizontal entities such as Customer and Market Operations, and Technology Platforms.


On June 20, 2007, Nokia announced that it would reorganize into three business units, effective January 1, 2008: is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


Devices: This division combines its existing mainline mobile phones division with the separate subdivisions manufacturing Multimedia (N-Series) and Enterprise (E-Series) class devices, headed by Kai Öistämö.


Services and Software: This combines the existing Technology Platforms division with other services monetized independently, headed by Niklas Savander.


Markets: The successor organization to Nokia's Customer and Market Operations division, represents the sales, marketing, integration and strategy functions of the company, led by Anssi Vanjoki.


Mobile Phones

Evolution of the Nokia Communicator
Evolution of the Nokia Communicator

Nokia's Mobile Phones division provides the general public with mobile voice and data products across a wide range of mobile devices. The division aims to target primarily high-volume category sales of mobile phones and devices, with consumers being the most important customer segment. The devices are based on GSM/EDGE, 3G/WCDMA and CDMA cellular technologies. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 546 pixelsFull resolution (1690 × 1154 pixel, file size: 183 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 546 pixelsFull resolution (1690 × 1154 pixel, file size: 183 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... The Nokia Communicator is a brand name for a series of Nokia smartphones, all of which appear as normal (if large) phones on the outside yet have a keyboard and a large LCD screen inside. ... Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) or Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS), is a digital mobile phone technology that allows it to increase data transmission rate and improve data transmission reliability. ...


Nokia believes that design, brand, ease of use and price are mainstream mobile phones' most important considerations to customers. Nokia's product portfolio includes camera phones with features such as megapixel cameras and MP3 players which appeal to the mass market. Instantly sharing media A Sony Ericsson K750 camera phone in use Philippe Kahn Working on and early camera-phone A camera phone is a mobile phone which has a camera built-in and is coupled with a server-based infrastructure that allows the user to share pictures and video with... Instantly sharing media A Sony Ericsson K750 camera phone in use Philippe Kahn Working on and early camera-phone A camera phone is a mobile phone which has a camera built-in and is coupled with a server-based infrastructure that allows the user to share pictures and video with... Apple iPod, the best-selling hard drive-based player An embedded hard drive-based player (Creative ZEN Vision:M) An MP3 CD player (Philips Expanium) More commonly referred to as an MP3 player, a digital audio player or DAP is a portable, handheld digital music player that stores, organizes and...


In the first quarter of 2006 Nokia sold over 15 million MP3 capable mobile phones, which means that Nokia is not only the world's leading supplier of mobile phones and digital cameras (as most of Nokia's mobile telephones feature digital cameras, it is also believed that Nokia has recently overtaken Kodak in camera production making it the largest in the world), Nokia is now also the leading supplier of digital audio players (MP3 players). Nokia aims to sell 80 million music phones by the end of 2006, outpacing sales of devices such as the iPod from Apple.[20] iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in October 2001. ... Apple Inc. ...


Multimedia

The Nokia N93, an example of Nokia's Nseries multimedia product lineup.
The Nokia N93, an example of Nokia's Nseries multimedia product lineup.

The Multimedia division's purpose is to design devices and applications that bring multimedia experiences to their customers. These devices allow people to create, access and consume multimedia, as well as share their experiences with others. The devices are included with a wide range of connectivity such as GSM, 3G/WCDMA, WLAN and Bluetooth. Nokia Multimedia Nseries extensively uses Symbian OS. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Nokia N93 (black and silver versions) The Nokia N93 is a smartphone by Nokia especially designed for multimedia use. ... At the press conference of mobile phone manufacturer Nokia and optics company Carl Zeiss in Amsterdam on the 27th of April 2005, Nokia announced what the company refers to as the Nseries, consisting of the three mobile phones Nokia N70, Nokia N90 and Nokia N91. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... 3G is the third generation of mobile phone standards and technology, after 2G. It is based on the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) family of standards under the International Mobile Telecommunications programme, IMT-2000. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer users a wider range of more advanced services while achieving... W-CDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access), a wideband spread-spectrum 3G mobile telecommuncation air interface that utilizes code division multiple access (or CDMA the general multiplexing scheme, not to be confused with CDMA the standard), is a 3G mobile communications standard allied with the GSM standard. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Bluetooth logo This article is about the electronic protocol named after Harald Bluetooth Gormson. ... Nokia Nseries is a product family consisting of multimedia computers. ... Symbian OS is a proprietary operating system, designed for mobile devices, with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian Ltd. ...


The Multimedia group also works with other companies outside the telecommunications industry to make advances in the technology and bring new applications and possibilities in areas such as Internet services, optics, music synchronization and streaming media. For the book by Sir Isaac Newton, see Opticks. ... Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ...


Loudeye

In August 2006, Nokia acquired online music distributor Loudeye Corp for $60 m. The company has been developing this into an online music service in the hope of using it to generate handset sales. The service is expected to launch in late 2007 and would rival iTunes. This article is about the iTunes application. ...


MOSH

In August 2007, Nokia launched their new social network, dubbed MOSH. MOSH by Nokia is the first-ever social network built by a handset manufacturer. MOSH aims to bring social, media-based networks to the mobile environment. Users can upload, download, share, and bookmark a variety of media - audio files, video files, documents, applications, games, images.[21] Audience members at a Dillinger Escape Plan concert moshing in front of the stage. ... Audience members at a Dillinger Escape Plan concert moshing in front of the stage. ...


Enterprise Solutions

As the name implies, the Nokia Enterprise Solutions offers businesses, corporations and institutions a broad range of products and solutions, such as enterprise-grade mobile devices, underlying security infrastructure, software and services. Nokia also works with a range of companies to provide network security, bring mobilized corporate e-mail and extend corporate telephone systems to work with Nokia’s mobile devices. The following is a partial list of products branded by Nokia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Nokia Siemens Networks

Nokia Siemens Networks (previously Nokia Networks) provides mobile network infrastructure, communications and networks service platforms, as well as professional services to operators and service providers. Networks focuses in: GSM, EDGE, 3G/WCDMA and WiMAX radio access networks; core networks with increasing IP and multiaccess capabilities; and services. Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ...


At the end of 2005, Nokia Networks had more than 150 mobile network customers in more than 60 countries, with its systems serving in excess of 400 million subscribers.


On June 19, 2006 Nokia and Siemens AG announced the companies are to merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses to create one of the world's largest network firms, called Nokia Siemens Networks. The Nokia Siemens Networks brand identity, created by London and Tokyo based branding agency Moving Brands, was subsequently launched at the 3GSM World Congress in Barcelona in February 2007[22] [23]. is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Siemens redirects here. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Moving Brands is a London and Tokyo based, D&AD award nominated[1][2] branding agency founded in 1997. ...


.mobi and the Mobile Internet

Nokia was the first proponent of a Top Level Domain (TLD) specifically for the mobile internet and, as a result, was instrumental in the launch of the .mobi domain name extension in September 2006 as an official backer.[24][25][26] Since then, Nokia has launched the largest mobile portal, Nokia.mobi, which receives over 100 million visits a month.[27] It followed that with the launch of a mobile Ad Service to cater to the growing demand for mobile advertisement.[28] A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of which Internet domain names consist of. ... .mobi (also known as DotMobi) is a top-level domain approved by ICANN and managed by the mTLD global registry dedicated to delivering the Internet to mobile devices via the Mobile Web. ...


Corporate affairs

Historical logos

Corporate governance

Nokia headquarters in Keilaniemi, Espoo.
Nokia headquarters in Keilaniemi, Espoo.

The operations of Nokia are managed by the Group Executive Board, left, under the direction of the Board of Directors, right. The Chairman and the rest of the Group Executive Board members are appointed by the Board of Directors. Only the Chairman of the Group Executive Board can belong to both, the Board of Directors and the Group Executive Board. The operations of the company are managed within the framework set by the Finnish Companies Act,[31] Nokia's Articles of Association[32] and Corporate Governance Guidelines,[33] and related Board adopted charters. Image File history File linksMetadata Nokian_pääkonttori_Keilaniemessä.jpg The head quarters of Nokia in Keilaniemi, Espoo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nokian_pääkonttori_Keilaniemessä.jpg The head quarters of Nokia in Keilaniemi, Espoo. ... The Nokia head office is located in Keilaniemi. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ...

Group Executive Board [34]
Flag of Finland Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo (Chairman), b. 1953
President, CEO and Group Executive Board Chairman of Nokia Corporation since June 1, 2006
Member of the Nokia Board of Directors since May 3, 2007
With Nokia 1980–1981, rejoined 1982, Group Executive Board member since 1990
Flag of Finland Robert Andersson, b. 1960
Executive Vice President, Customer and Market Operations
Joined Nokia 1985, Group Executive Board member since 2005
Flag of the United Kingdom/ Flag of Australia Simon Beresford-Wylie, b. 1958
Chief Executive Officer, Nokia Siemens Networks
Joined Nokia 1998, Group Executive Board member since 2005
Flag of Finland Timo Ihamuotila, b. 1966
Head of Sales and Portfolio Management for Nokia Mobile Phones
With Nokia 1993–1996, rejoined 1999, Group Executive Board member since 2007
Flag of the United States Mary T. McDowell, b. 1964
Executive Vice President and General Manager of Enterprise Solutions
Joined Nokia 2004, Group Executive Board member since 2004
Flag of Norway Hallstein Mørk, b. 1953
Executive Vice President, Human Resources
Joined Nokia 1999, Group Executive Board member since 2004
Flag of Finland Dr. Tero Ojanperä, b. 1966
Executive Vice President, Chief Technology Officer
Joined Nokia 1990, Group Executive Board member since 2005
Flag of Finland Niklas Savander, b. 1962
Executive Vice President, Technology Platforms
Joined Nokia 1997, Group Executive Board member since 2006
Flag of the United States Richard A. Simonson, b. 1958
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
Joined Nokia 2001, Group Executive Board member since 2004
Flag of Finland Veli Sundbäck, b. 1946
Executive Vice President, Corporate Relations and Responsibility of Nokia Corporation
Joined Nokia 1996, Group Executive Board member since 1996
Flag of Finland Anssi Vanjoki, b. 1956
Executive Vice President and General Manager of Multimedia
Joined Nokia 1991, Group Executive Board member since 1998
Flag of Finland Dr. Kai Öistämö, b. 1964
Executive Vice President and General Manager of Mobile Phones
Joined Nokia 1991, Group Executive Board member since 2005
Board of Directors [34]
Flag of Finland Jorma Ollila (Chairman), b. 1950
Board member since 1995, Chairman of the Board of Directors since 1999
Chairman of the Board of Directors of Royal Dutch Shell PLC
Flag of the United States Dame Marjorie Scardino (Vice Chairman), b. 1947
Board member since 2001
Chairman of the Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee, Member of the Personnel Committee
Chief Executive Officer and member of the Board of Directors of Pearson PLC
Flag of Finland Georg Ehrnrooth, b. 1940
Board member since 2000
Member of the Audit Committee, Member of the Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee
Flag of India Lalita D. Gupte, b. 1948
Board member since 2007
Member of the Audit Committee
Non-executive Chairman of the ICICI Venture Funds Management Co Ltd.
Flag of the United States Daniel R. Hesse, b. 1953
Board member since 2005
Member of the Personnel Committee
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Embarq Corporation
Flag of Finland Dr. Bengt Holmström, b. 1949
Board member since 1999
Paul A. Samuelson Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
joint appointment at the MIT Sloan School of Management
Flag of Germany Dr. Henning Kagermann, b. 1947
Board member since 2007
CEO and Chairman of the Executive Board of SAP AG
Flag of Finland Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, b. 1953
Board member since 2007
President and CEO of Nokia Corporation
Flag of Sweden Per Karlsson, b. 1955
Board member since 2002, Independent Corporate Advisor
Chairman of the Personnel Committee, Member of the Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee
Flag of Finland Keijo Suila, b. 1945
Board member since 2006
Member of the Audit Committee
Flag of Finland Vesa Vainio, b. 1942
Board member since 1993
Member of the Audit Committee

Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo (born in Lavia, Finland on July 13, 1953) is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Nokia Corporation and Chairman of Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG. // Kallasvuo joined Nokia in 1980 as Corporate Counsel, and has held roles of increasing responsibility... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Jorma Jaakko Ollila (born in Seinäjoki, Finland, on August 15, 1950) is the Chairman (1992– ) and former CEO of the Nokia Corporation (1992–2006) and Member of the Board of Directors of Ford Motor Company (2000– ), UPM-Kymmene (1997– ), and Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd. ... Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Dame Marjorie Morris Scardino, DBE, FRSA, (born 25 January 1947) is the CEOof Pearson PLC. She became the first female Chief Executive of a FTSE 100 company when she was appointed CEO of Pearson[1] in 1997. ... Pearson plc LSE: PSON;NYSE: PSO is a London-based media conglomerate. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Lalita D. Gupte currently (2006), Joint Managing Director of ICICI Bank (India’s second largest commercial bank), is an important figure in India’s banking and financial services sector. ... ICICI Bank (formerly Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India) is Indias largest private sector bank in market capitalization and second largest overall in terms of assets. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Embarq Corporation, or EMBARQ is the fourth largest local exchange carrier in the United States (below the Baby Bells) and the largest independent local provider, serving customers in 18 states and providing local, long distance, high-speed data and wireless services to residential and business customers. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Bengt Robert Holmström (b. ... Paul Anthony Samuelson (born May 15, 1915, in Gary, Indiana) is an American neoclassical economist known for his contributions to many fields of economics, beginning with his general statement of the comparative statics method in his 1947 book Foundations of Economic Analysis. ... “MIT” redirects here. ... The MIT Sloan School of Management is one of the five schools of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. It is one of the worlds leading business schools, conducting research and teaching in finance, entrepreneurship, marketing, strategic management, economics, organizational behavior, operations management, supply chain... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Executive Board: Henning Kagermann. ... SAP AG (ISIN: DE0007164600, FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise and the third largest in the world, with headquarters in Walldorf, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo (born in Lavia, Finland on July 13, 1953) is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Nokia Corporation and Chairman of Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG. // Kallasvuo joined Nokia in 1980 as Corporate Counsel, and has held roles of increasing responsibility... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ...

Corporate culture

Nokia's official corporate culture manifesto, The Nokia Way, emphasises the speed and flexibility of decision-making in a flat, networked organization, although the corporation's size necessarily imposes a certain amount of bureaucracy. Equality of opportunities and openness of communication are also stressed, along with management leadership and employee participation. Organizational culture, or corporate culture, comprises the attitudes, experiences, beliefs and values of an organization. ... Entrepreneurs need different types of resources to start or improve their businesses (or projects). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about the sociological concept. ... Equal opportunity is a descriptive term for an approach intended to provide a certain social environment in which people are not excluded from the activities of society, such as education, employment, or health care, on the basis of immutable traits. ...


Nokia is a progressive and forward-thinking mobile technology group that spends a significant amount of its revenue on research and development, and prides itself on often being the first to market with new products and applications. The phrase research and development (also R and D or, more often, R&D), according to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use...


The official business language of Nokia is English. All documentation is written in English, and is used in official intra-company spoken communication and e-mail.


Until May 2007, the Nokia Values were Customer Satisfaction, Respect, Achievement, and Renewal. In May 2007, Nokia redefined its values after initiating a series of discussions worldwide as to what the new values of the company should be. Based on the employee suggestions, the new values were defined as: Engaging You, Achieving Together, Passion for Innovation and Very Human.[35] Customer satisfaction, a business term, is a measure of how products and services supplied by a company meet or surpass customer expectation. ... This article is about the emotion. ... A goal is a state of affairs or a state of a concrete activity domain which a person or a system is going/tends to achieve or obtain. ...


Research cooperation with universities

A Nokia shop in Würzburg, Germany.
A Nokia shop in Würzburg, Germany.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1500x834, 339 KB) Beschreibung: Nokia-Shop in Würzburg, Germany Quelle: selbst fotografiert Fotograf: Christian VisualBeo Horvat Datum: 25. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1500x834, 339 KB) Beschreibung: Nokia-Shop in Würzburg, Germany Quelle: selbst fotografiert Fotograf: Christian VisualBeo Horvat Datum: 25. ... Würzburg Residenz. ... Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) (Finnish: Teknillinen korkeakoulu; Swedish: Tekniska högskolan) is the premier technical university in Finland and the largest in the Nordic Countries with over 15000 students. ... Tampere University of Technology (TUT) (Finnish: Tampereen Teknillinen Yliopisto (TTY) ) is the second-largest of the universities in engineering sciences in Finland. ... Stanford redirects here. ... “MIT” redirects here. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ...

See also

The following is a partial list of products branded by Nokia. ... This article is about the American football game. ... The Nokia Arena is a basketball arena, in Tel Aviv, Israel. ... Nokia Software Updater is a Windows application from Nokia that enables customers to update their own mobile device firmware (software) from home. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References and footnotes

  1. ^ Nokia − Annual Information 2006
  2. ^ a b Q3 2007 Quarterly results. Press release.
  3. ^ Boston.com
  4. ^ Softpedia
  5. ^ HELSINGIN SANOMAT
  6. ^ (Finnish) Taloussanomat.fi – Ulkomaalaiset valtaavat pörssiyhtiöitä
  7. ^ BusinessWeek – The 100 Top Brands 2007 (Scoreboard)
  8. ^ Fortune − World's Most Admired Companies 2007 - Top 50
  9. ^ Fortune – Global 500
  10. ^ Finnish Defence Forces http://www.mil.fi/maavoimat/kalustoesittely/index.dsp?level=81
  11. ^ Old-Computers.com — Nokia MikroMikko 1
  12. ^ EIR Online — Nokia Kilo Plant
  13. ^ Nokia – Mobira Cityman – The move to mobile
  14. ^ YLE.fi − Nokia's Law
  15. ^ [1] [2] [3] [4]
  16. ^ Reuters, 2007-05-03, Nokia's cheap phone tops electronics chart
  17. ^ Nokia acquires Twango. 2007-07-26
  18. ^ [5], 2007-09-17, Nokia to acquire Enpocket to create a global mobile advertising leader
  19. ^ Reuters. "Nokia Offers $8.1 Bln For Navteq", New York Times, 2007-10-01. Retrieved on 2007-10-01. 
  20. ^ Nokia Media and Music Tehcnologies
  21. ^ Nokia launches MOSH social network - Mobilize and Share
  22. ^ [6]
  23. ^ [7]
  24. ^ http://domainsmagazine.com/Domains_1/Domain_6853.shtml
  25. ^ http://mtld.mobi/company/about/investors
  26. ^ http://research.nokia.com/files/Haumont-dotMobi.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.adservice.nokia.com/faq.jsp#12
  28. ^ http://news.com.com/2100-1039_3-6164800.html
  29. ^ "Saamani palautekirjeen mukaan sanat rykäisi Nokian tiimissä ilmeisesti ensimmäisenä diplomi-insinööri Ove Strandberg"
  30. ^ Nokia's Art Director Juhani Pitkänen, Nokia Strategic Marketing, Brand Identity (2007-09-03)
  31. ^ New Finnish Companies Act designed to increase Finland’s competitiveness
  32. ^ Nokia – Articles of Association, May 10, 2007
  33. ^ Corporate Governance Guidelines at Nokia
  34. ^ a b Nokia − Corporate Governance. Retrieved on 2007-8-7.
  35. ^ Nokia – Nokia Way and values

For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Michael Lattanzi, Antti Korhonen, Vishy Gopalakrishnan (2006). Work Goes Mobile: Nokia's Lessons from the Leading Edge. ISBN 0-470-02752-5 .
  • Christian Lindholm, Turkka Keinonen, Harri Kiljander (2003). Mobile Usability: How Nokia Changed the Face of the Mobile Phone. ISBN 0-07-138514-2 .
  • Martti Häikiö (2002). "Nokia: The Inside Story". ISBN 0-273-65983-9 .
  • Trevor Merriden (2001). Business The Nokia Way: Secrets of the World's Fastest Moving Company. ISBN 1-84112-104-5 .
  • Dan Steinbock (2001). The Nokia Revolution: The Story of an Extraordinary Company That Transformed an Industry. ISBN 0-8144-0636-X .

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Nokia, Finland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (459 words)
Nokia is a town and municipality of Finland on the banks of the Emäkoski River in the region of Pirkanmaa and the province of Western Finland, some 15km to the west of Tampere.
Nokia was the setting of one of the largest battles in the Club War, a 1596 peasant uprising against Swedish feudal lords.
Telecommunication giant Nokia was established in Nokia (hence the name.) The now billion-dollar company was founded by Fredrik Idestam in 1865 as a pulp mill for manufacturing paper.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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