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Encyclopedia > No Exit
No Exit


Cover of the Vintage edition No Exit may refer to: In theater and film: No Exit, a play by Jean-Paul Sartre any of the follwing film adaptations of the play by Sartre: Huis clos (1954 film), directed by Jacqueline Audry No Exit (1962 film), directed by Tad Danielewski No Exit (2006 film), directed by... For the album by Blondie, see No Exit (album) No Exit is an existentialist play by Jean-Paul Sartre, originally published in French in 1944 as Huis Clos. ... Image File history File links NoExit_cover. ...

Written by Jean-Paul Sartre
Characters Garçin
Inès
Estelle
Valet

No Exit is a 1944 existentialist play by Jean-Paul Sartre, originally published in French as Huis Clos (literally, In Camera). English translations have also been performed under the titles In Camera, No Way Out, and Dead End. Huis Clos was first performed at the Vieux-Colombier in May 1944, just before the liberation of Paris in World War II. [1] Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980), normally known simply as Jean-Paul Sartre (pronounced: ), was a French existentialist philosopher and pioneer, dramatist and screenwriter, novelist and critic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... See also: 1943 in literature, other events of 1944, 1945 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Existentialism is a philosophical movement which claims that individual human beings create the meanings of their own lives. ... For other uses, see Play (disambiguation). ... Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980), normally known simply as Jean-Paul Sartre (pronounced: ), was a French existentialist philosopher and pioneer, dramatist and screenwriter, novelist and critic. ... The Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier is a theatre in the 6e arrondissement in Paris. ... For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The play features only four characters (one of whom, the Valet, appears for only a very limited time), and one set. No Exit is the source of perhaps Sartre's most famous quote, "Hell is other people." (In French, "l'enfer, c'est les autres"). It has been adapted in cinema many times, notably in 1954 by Jacqueline Audry. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Plot synopsis

The play begins with the Valet leading a man named Garçin into a room that the audience soon realizes is in hell (hell may be a gigantic hotel, in light of the "rooms and passages" mentioned in the play). The room has no windows, no mirrors, and only one door. Eventually Garçin is joined by a woman, Inès, and then another, Estelle. After their entry, the Valet leaves and the door is shut and locked. All expect to be tortured, but no torturer arrives. Instead, they realize they are there to torture each other, which they do effectively, by probing each other's sins, desires, and unpleasant memories. At first, the three see events concerning themselves that are happening on Earth, but eventually (as their connection to Earth dwindles and the living move on) they are left with only their own thoughts and the company of the other two. Near the end of the play, Garçin demands he be let out; at his words the door flies open, but he and the others refuse to leave.


Characters

Garçin – Garçin is the first character to whom the audience is introduced. He is a Brazilian whose sins are cowardice and callousness. He deserted the army during World War II, and he blatantly cheated on his wife - he even brings his affairs home and gets her to make them breakfast, without any sympathy. Initially, he hates Inès because she understands his weakness, and lusts after Estelle because he feels that if she treats him as a man he will become manly. However, by the end of the play he understands that because Inès understands the meaning of cowardice and wickedness, only absolution at her hands can redeem him (if indeed redemption is possible). He is constantly waiting for his physical torture to come, but this itself is torturous. He is condemned to wish for pain, which he feels will redeem his cowardly actions. In American adaptation of the play, the character's name is changed to Vincent Cradeau. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Inès – Inès is the second character to enter the room. A lesbian, her sin is turning a wife against her husband, twisting her perception of her spouse. Indeed, Inès seems to be the only character who understands the power of opinion, throughout the play manipulating Estelle's and Garçin's opinions of themselves and of each other. She is the only character who is honest about the evil deeds she, Garçin, and Estelle have done. This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ...


Estelle – Estelle is a high-society woman, a blonde who married her husband for his money and cuckolded him with a younger man. To her, the affair is merely an insignificant fling, whereas her lover becomes emotionally attached to her. She drowns the illegitimate child that results, which drives her lover to commit suicide. Throughout the play she makes advances towards Garçin, seeking to define herself as a woman in relation to a man. Her sins are deceit and murder (which also motivated a suicide). A cuckold is a married man whose wife has sex with other men. ... Frente de Luta pela Independência Nacional da Guiné (Struggle Front for the National Independence of Guinea), a political movement in Guinea-Bissau. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


Valet – The Valet enters the room with each character, but his only real dialog is with Garçin. It is never made clear in the play whether the Valet's job is his by choice, by birth, or as punishment. We do learn that his uncle is the head valet.


Film adaptations

No Exit
Directed by Tad Danielewski
Produced by Fernando Ayala
Héctor Olivera
Written by Jean-Paul Sartre (play)
George Tabori
Starring Carlos Brown
Elsa Dorian
Music by Vladimir Ussachevsky
Cinematography Ricardo Younis
Editing by Jacques Bart
Carl Lerner
Atilio Rinaldi
Distributed by Zenith International Films
Release date(s) December 5, 1962
Running time 85 min.
Country Flag of the United States USA
Flag of Argentina Argentina
Language English
IMDb profile
  • Huis clos (1954), directed by Jacqueline Audry.
  • No Exit (1962), directed by Tad Danielewski.
  • No Exit (2006), directed by Etienne Kallos.

Tad Danielewski (1921–1993) was a film director. ... Fernando Ayala (2 July 1920, Gualeguay, Entre Rios - 11 September 1997 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine film producer, film director, screenwriter and film producer of the classic era. ... Héctor Olivera (born April 5, 1931 in Olivos, Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a film director, producer and screenplay writer. ... Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980), normally known simply as Jean-Paul Sartre (pronounced: ), was a French existentialist philosopher and pioneer, dramatist and screenwriter, novelist and critic. ... George Tabori George Tabori (born May 24, 1914, Budapest) is a Hungarian writer and theatre director. ... Carlos Alan Autry (born July 31, 1952) is an actor, politician, and former NFL football player. ... Vladimir Ussachevsky (Hailar, Manchuria, November 3, 1911 – New York, New York, January 2, 1990) was a composer particularly known for his work in electronic music. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Wallace Fowlie, Dionysus in Paris (New York: Meridian Books, inc., 1960) page 173.

External links

  • Script and notes from New York University

  Results from FactBites:
 
No Exit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (893 words)
No Exit is a 1944 existentialist play by Jean-Paul Sartre, originally published in French as Huis clos (Closed Door).
No Exit was first performed at the Vieux-Colombier in May 1944, just before the liberation of Paris in World War II.
No Exit is the source of the famous Sartrean maxim, "Hell is other people".
No exit - Salon (724 words)
To this day, they claim that the exit polls -- which are compiled through interviews with voters just after they've cast their ballots -- tell us that most Americans attempted to vote for John Kerry.
Exit poll results were just one item in a long bill of election-fraud particulars that folks began passing around in the aftermath of the election.
The reason the exits were off, Mitofsky said, is that interviewers assigned to talk to voters as they left the polls appeared to be slightly more inclined to seek out Kerry voters than Bush voters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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