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Encyclopedia > Nnamdi Azikiwe
Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe


In office
October 1, 1963 – January 16, 1966
Preceded by None (position created)
Succeeded by Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi

3rd Governor-General of Nigeria
In office
November 16, 1960 – October 1, 1963
Preceded by James Robertson
Succeeded by None (position abolished)

In office
January 1, 1960 – October 1, 1960
Preceded by None (position created)
Succeeded by Dennis Osadebey

Born November 16, 1904(1904-11-16)
Zungeru, Nigeria
Died May 11, 1996 (aged 91)
Enugu, Nigeria
Political party National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons;
Nigerian People's Party
Religion Christianity[1]

Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe (November 16, 1904May 11, 1996), usually referred to as Nnamdi Azikiwe, or, informally and popularly, as "Zik", was the founder of modern Nigerian nationalism and the first President of Nigeria, holding the position throughout the Nigerian First Republic. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Nigerian President File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... JTU Aguiyi-Ironsi Johnson Thomas Umananke Aguiyi-Ironsi (1924 - 1966) was a Nigerian Igbo political figure. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Nigeria. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Robertson may refer to: James Robertson (early American) (1742–1814), American farmer and explorer. ... The President of the Senate is the presiding officer of the Senate of Nigeria. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Enugu in Nigeria Enugu is the capital city of Enugu State, Nigeria. ... National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), was a Nigerian political party from 1944 to 1966. ... The Nigerian Peoples Party (NPP) was one of the major political parties that contested elections in the Nigerian Second Republic. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Nnamdi pronounced (nnam-dee) means my father is alive in Igbo. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... The First Republic was the republican government of Nigeria between 1963 and 1966 governed by the first republican Constitution. ...

Contents

Early life

Azikiwe was born on November 16, 1904 in Zungeru, northern Nigeria to Igbo parents.[2] After stydying in Nigeria, Azikiwe went to the United States. While there he attended Howard University, Washington DC [3] before enrolling in and graduating from Lincoln University, Pennsylvania in 1930. He subsequently obtained a masters degree in 1933 from a prestigious Ivy League institution, the University of Pennsylvania [4]. is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Igbo, sometimes (especially formerly) referred to as the Ibo/Ebo, are an ethnic group in West Africa numbering in the tens of millions. ... Howard University is a university located in Washington, D.C., USA. An historically black university, Howard was established in 1867 by congressional order and named for Oliver O. Howard. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... Lincoln University in Pennsylvania is a four-year University located on 350 acres in southern Chester County. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ...


Azikiwe had a stint as an instructor at Lincoln before moving to Accra, Ghana, where he became the founding editor of The West African Pilot. He later returned to Nigeria to found the Zik Group of Newspapers, publishing multiple titles in cities across the country. Some of the renowned post-independent journalists in Nigeria got their training from working with Azikiwe, whose newspapers were generally anti-colonialism. Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... hey, frank the tank rocks ur mom. ...


Newspaper career

In November 1934 he took the position of editor for the African Morning Post, a daily newspaper in Accra, Ghana. In that position he promoted a pro-African nationalist agenda. As a result of publishing an article on May 15, 1936 entitled "Has the African A God?" written by I.T. A. Wallace-Johnson he was brought to trial on charges of sedition. Although he was found guilty of the charges and sentenced to six months in prison, he was acquitted on appeal. He returned to Lagos in 1937 and founded the West African Pilot which he used as a vehicle to foster Nigerian nationalism. African Morning Post (OCLC 33206007) was a daily newspaper in Accra, Gold Coast published by City Press Ltd. ... Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (1895–May 10, 1965) was a British West African workers leader, journalist, and politician. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ...


Political career

Azikiwe in the full regalia of the Commander-in-Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces
Azikiwe in the full regalia of the Commander-in-Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces

After a successful journalism enterprise, Azikiwe entered into politics, co-founding the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) alongside Herbert Macaulay in 1944, and in 1954 became Premier of Nigeria's Eastern Region. Very soon after the granting of Nigeria's independence in 1960 he gained the office of Governor-General, and with the proclamation of a republic in 1963 he became the first President of Nigeria, while Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the Prime Minister. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 478 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (512 × 642 pixels, file size: 254 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Scan of document at the Abuja Cultural Center. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 478 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (512 × 642 pixels, file size: 254 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Scan of document at the Abuja Cultural Center. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The Military of Nigeria has active duty personnel in three Nigerian armed services divisions totalling approximately 76,000 troops. ... National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), was a Nigerian political party from 1944 to 1966. ... Herbert Macaulay (1864-1946) was a Nigerian politician, engineer, journalist, and musician. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... The Eastern Region was one of Nigerias federal divisions, dating back originally from the division of the colony Southern Nigeria. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Nigeria. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-January 15, 1966) was the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ...


Azikiwe and his civilian colleagues were removed from power in the military coup of January 15, 1966. During the Biafran (19671970) war of secession, Azikiwe became a spokesman for the nascent Igbo republic and an adviser to its leader Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu; in 1969, however, he switched to the side of the Nigerian government.[2] After the war, he served as Chancellor of Lagos University from 1972 to 1976. He joined the Nigerian People's Party in 1978, making unsuccessful bids for the presidency in 1979 and again in 1983. He left politics involuntarily after the military coup on December 31, 1983. He died on May 11, 1996 at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, in Enugu, Enugu State, after a protracted sickness. is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language English Capital Enugu Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 Demonym Biafran The Republic of Biafra was a short-lived secessionist state in... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 ([[Rf 1970 == January 1 - The Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC January 2 - The last studio performance of The Beatles oman numerals|MCMLXX]]) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Ikemba Nnewi (born November 4, 1933) was the leader of the secessionist state of Biafra in Nigeria (1967–1970), during the Nigerian Civil War. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nigerian Peoples Party (NPP) was one of the major political parties that contested elections in the Nigerian Second Republic. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Enugu in Nigeria Enugu is the capital city of Enugu State, Nigeria. ... // Enugu State is an inland state in southeastern Nigeria. ...

Portrait of Azikiwe on the 500 Naira note

His time in politics spanned most of his adult life and he was referred to by admirers as "The Great Zik of Africa". His motto in politics was "talk I listen, you listen I talk". Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 408 pixelsFull resolution (855 × 436 pixels, file size: 144 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chippla Vandu, http://chippla. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 408 pixelsFull resolution (855 × 436 pixels, file size: 144 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chippla Vandu, http://chippla. ... The Naira is the currency of Nigeria. ...


The writings of Azikiwe spawned a philosophy of African liberation Zikism, which identifies five concepts for Africa's movement towards freedom: spiritual balance, social regeneration, economic determination, mental emancipation, and political resurgence. [1] Zikism is the system of political thought attributed to the Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, one of the founding fathers of modern Nigeria and the first President of Nigeria. ...


Places named after Azikiwe

Places named after Azikiwe include the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja and the Nnamdi Azikiwe University in Awka, Anambra State. His portrait adorns Nigeria's five hundred naira currency note. Several streets and university campus hostels are also named after him including Nnamdi Azikiwe street in Lagos, Zik Avenue in Enugu, Ziks Flat at University of Nigeria, Nsukka and Azikiwe Hall at University of Ibadan , Nigeria. Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (IATA: ABV, ICAO: DNAA) is located in Abuja, FCT, Nigeria, and is the main airport serving the Nigerian capital city. ... Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria, with an estimated population of 1. ... Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka is a Federal university in Nigeria. ... Location of Awka in Nigeria // Awka (Oka) in pre-colonial times was famous for metal working and its black smiths were prized throughout the region. ... // Anambra is a state in south-central Nigeria. ... naira sign The naira is the currency of Nigeria. ...


Works

  • Zik (1961)
  • My Odyssey: An Autobiography (1971) — ISBN 0900966262 [2]
  • Renascent Africa (1973) — ISBN 071461744X
  • Liberia in World Politics (1931) — ISBN 0837137748
  • One hundred quotable quotes and poems of the Rt. Hon. Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe (1966) — ISBN 9782736090

Notable quotes

"There is plenty of room at the top because very few people care to travel beyond the average route. And so most of us seem satisfied to remain within the confines of mediocrity" — from My Odyssey, No. 5


Further reading

  • Zikist philosophy
  • Zik of New Africa (1961), by Vincent Ikeotuonye
  • A Life of Azikiwe (1965), by K.A.B. Jones-Quartey

Zikism is the system of political thought attributed to the Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, one of the founding fathers of modern Nigeria and the first President of Nigeria. ...

Trivia

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lincoln University in Pennsylvania is a four-year University located on 350 acres in southern Chester County. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... Phi Beta Sigma (ΦΒΣ) Fraternity was founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 1914, by three young African-American male students. ...

References

  1. ^ Mamza, Paul. Odd Men For Odd Political Jobs: Its Time Up!. Dawodu.com. Segun Toyin Dawodu. Retrieved on 2007-05-03.
  2. ^ a b c Nnamdi Azikiwe. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved on 2007-05-03.
  3. ^ Biography of Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe. [www.onlinenigeria.com]. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  4. ^ Alumni, Faculty, and Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Who Have Served as Heads of State or Government. University of Pennsylvania. University Archives and Records Center University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Nnamdi Azikiwe
Preceded by
Position created
Senate President of Nigeria
1960–1960
Succeeded by
Dennis Osadebey
Preceded by
Sir James Robertson
Governor-General of Nigeria
1960–1963
Succeeded by
Position abolished
Preceded by
Position created
President of Nigeria
1963–1966
Succeeded by
Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi

 
 

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