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Encyclopedia > Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika

Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika ("God Bless Africa" in the Xhosa language) is a hymn composed in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga, a teacher at a Methodist mission school in Johannesburg, South Africa. The hymn is the national anthem of Tanzania and Zambia. It was the anthem of ANC since 1925, and part of South Africa's national anthem since 1994. It is also the former anthem of Zimbabwe and Namibia. Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. ... Enoch Mankayi Sontonga (ca. ... , City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party supported by a tripartite alliance between itself, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... Since 1997, The South African national anthem has been a hybrid song combining verses from the national anthem under the apartheid government Die Stem van Suid-Afrika and the popular hymn of the African National Congress and other black organisations Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika. This makes it perhaps the only national... Ishe Komborera Africa or God Bless Africa was formerly the national anthem of Zimbabwe until it was replaced by Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe in 1994. ...

The words of the first stanza were originally written in Xhosa as a hymn. In 1927 seven additional Xhosa stanzas were added by the poet Samuel Mqhayi. Solomon Plaatje, one of South Africa's greatest writers and a founding member of the ANC, was the first to have the song recorded. This was in London in 1923. A Sesotho version was published in 1942 by Moses Mphahlele. Rev. John L. Dube 's Ohlange Zulu Choir popularised the hymn at concerts in Johannesburg, and it became a popular church hymn that was also adopted as the anthem at political meetings. It has also been recorded by artists like Ladysmith Black Mambazo and the Mahotella Queens. Sol Plaatje as a young man South African History Online[1] Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje (1876-1932) was an accomplished South African intellectual, journalist, linguist, politician, translator, and writer. ... Sesotho is a language spoken in southern Africa. ... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a chorus from South Africa that is noted for singing a cappella mbube music. ... The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for...

  Results from FactBites:
National anthem of South Africa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (256 words)
Since 1997, The South African national anthem has been a hybrid song combining new words in English with extracts of the hymns "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" and "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika/The Call of South Africa".
Nkosi Sekelel' iAfrika was composed in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga, a Methodist school teacher.
It was originally sung as a church hymn but later became an act of political defiance against the apartheid Government.
  More results at FactBites »



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