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Encyclopedia > Nizhny Tagil
Coat of arms of the city
Coat of arms of the city

Nizhny Tagil (Russian: Ни́жний Таги́л) is a city in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, at 57°56′N 60°00′E). Population: 390,498 (2002 Census). The city is situated some 25 kilometers east of the virtual border between Europe and Asia. Image File history File linksMetadata Mar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mar. ... Sverdlovsk Oblast (Russian: , tr. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ...

Contents

History

The history of Nizhniy Tagil begins with the opening of the Visokogorski iron ore quarry in 1696. The deposits were particularly rich, and included lodes of pure magnetic iron. The surrounding landscape provided everything needed for a successful and productive mining and smelting operation - rivers for transport, forests for fuel, and suitable climate.


The city itself was legally founded in October, 1722 among settlements connected to the construction of the Viyskiy copper smelting plant, owned by Nikolai Demidov. Over the following decades, the city developed as one of the early centers of Russian industrialization, and it has been a major producer of cast iron and steel. Coat of arms of Prince Anatole Demidoff. ... Cast iron usually refers to grey cast iron, but can mean any of a group of iron-based alloys containing more than 2% carbon (alloys with less carbon are carbon steel by definition). ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is sometimes described as a sea of electrons. ...


The first Russian steam locomotive was constructed there in 1833, and the father-and-son engineers who developed it, Ye.A. and M.Ye. Cherepanov (Черепанов), were in 1956 commemorated by an 8m bronze statue (executed by sculptor A.S. Kondratyev and architect A.V. Sotnikov) which stands in the center of the Theatrical Square in the heart of downtown. A locomotive (from Latin loco motivus) is a railway vehicle that provides the motive power for a train, and has no payload capacity of its own; its sole purpose is to move the train along the tracks. ...


In addition, the copper for the skin of the Statue of Liberty was mined and refined in Nizhniy Tagil. Statue of Liberty and Liberty Island Liberty Enlightening the World (La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty, is a statue given to the United States by France in 1885, standing at Liberty Island in the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor...


Geography

Signpost for Leninsky Region at southern entrance to city center
Signpost for Leninsky Region at southern entrance to city center

Rivers and ponds take up one third of the city's territory. Nizhny Tagil spans 22 km from north to south and 21 km from east to west. The city is built around Lisya Mountain extinct volcano. This mountain with a watch-tower on its top is a symbol of the city. Another mountain, Medved-Kamen, is located in the northern part of the city and is 100 meters high. High rock wall breaks into the Tagil River. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (856x1502, 223 KB) Signpost for the Leninski Region of Nizniy Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located at the main southern entrance point to the city center. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (856x1502, 223 KB) Signpost for the Leninski Region of Nizniy Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located at the main southern entrance point to the city center. ... Volcano 1. ...


The city has three official regions: the Leninski Region (Ленинский Район), encompassing the city center and Nizhnemagilski Lake (Нижнемагильский Пруд); the Tagilstroyevski Region (Тагилстроевский Район), a comparatively small section at the north part of town; and Dzerzhinski Region (Дзержинский Район), a sizable section to the east of the city center principally consisting of apartment buildings and other residences.


In addition, a large portion of the land within the bounds of the city is dominated by the facilities of the various factories located in this industrial city, including those of Oxochem.


The city's climate is temperate continental. The geological structure of the city is very complex. Its altitude varies from 170 to 380 meters. This makes Nizhny Tagil one of the rare natural store-rooms on the Earth. There are many mineral deposits containing 63 elements of the periodic table. The periodic table of the chemical elements is a tabular method of displaying the chemical elements, first devised in 1869 by the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev. ...


Rail lines and highways connect the city with others in all directions: with Yekaterinburg 130km to the south, with Serov and Priobye in the north, with Perm in the west, and with Alapayevsk and Verkhnyaya Salda in the east. Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were executed. ... Serov is a mining and commercial city in Sverdlovsk Oblast and the administrative center of Serov rayon. ... City of Perm, Church of Ascension Perm (Russian: ) is a city in and administrative center of Perm Krai, Russia. ... Alapayevsk (Алапаевск in Russian) is a city in the Sverdlovsk Oblast in Russia, located at the confluence of the Neiva and Alapaikha Rivers. ...


Industry

First Russian locomotive
First Russian locomotive

Nizhny Tagil is a large industrial center of the Middle Urals. Such highly power-intensive industries as ferrous metallurgy, engineering, chemistry, and metal working are well-developed in the city. A total of 606 manufacturing companies operate in Nizhny Tagil[citation needed]. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1023x1364, 156 KB) Summary Replica of first locomotive of Russia (1834). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1023x1364, 156 KB) Summary Replica of first locomotive of Russia (1834). ... The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Engineering is the application of scientific and mathematical principles to develop economical solutions to technical problems, creating products, facilities, and structures that are useful to people. ... Chemistry (from Greek χημεία khemeia[1] meaning alchemy) is the science of matter at the atomic to molecular scale, dealing primarily with collections of atoms, such as molecules, crystals, and metals. ...


Nizhny Tagil Iron and Steel Plant (Nizhnetagilsky Metallurgichesky Kombinat, NTMK) is a leading Russian steel company. Nizhniy Tagil Iron and Steel Works (Russian: ) is part of the Evraz Group. ...


Uralvagonzavod (UVZ) is well-known in Russia as the main producer of modern tanks on the territory of the former Soviet Union. T-72, T-90, T-95 are produced in the city. The main Uralvagonzavod building Uralvagonzavod (Уралвагонзавод, Dzierzhinsky Ural Railroad Car Works, Uralsky vagonostroitelny zavod imeni F.E. Dzerzhinskogo, UVZ) is an industrial location in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. ... The T-72, a Soviet main battle tank entered production in 1971. ... The T-90 is a main battle tank of Russian Federation Army. ... The T-94 or T-95 is a prototype main battle tank, currently in development in the Russian Federation. ...


Culture

Nizhny Tagil is known for its trays.


Demidovs' initiatives in the area of culture had a favorable influence on the development of Tagil community into the Urals' most important cultural center. In the 19th century, a library and the museum of natural history and antiquity were open. Coat of arms of Prince Anatole Demidoff. ... The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ...


Nizhny Tagil has a wide network of 28 libraries servicing 75,000 readers every year. Tagil museums include the old regional history museum, the museum of Fine Arts, and a number of new museums opened in the 1990s: the museum of tray painting art, the museum of lifestyle and handicrafts representing the starting point of a new ethnographic complex.


The Demidov Park, a new cultural and historical project, is planned to be built in the city. Nizhny Tagil has been repeatedly chosen to host international Urals' Industrial Heritage conferences and workshops.


Nizhny Tagil theatrical life is represented by three professional theaters: the National D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak Academic Drama Theater, a puppet theater, community theaters, and the actor department of Nizhny Tagil College of Arts, which has been training actors and actresses for Nizhny Tagil and oblast scenes for two years. Dmitri Narkisovich Mamin-Sibiryak (Russian: Дмитрий Наркисович Мамин-Сибиряк) (October 25 1852 - November 2 1912) was a Russian author most famous for his novels and short stories about life in the Ural Mountains. ...


A number of famous musicians studied in the Nizhny Tagil College of Arts, including Mikhail Kuritsky, a cellist, and Boris Levantovich, a pianist.


Education

Front edifice of the Nizhniy Tagil Technological Institute
Front edifice of the Nizhniy Tagil Technological Institute

Nizhniy Tagil is home to the Nizhniy Tagil Technological Institute (Нижнетагильский Технологический Институт) located to the south-east of the city center. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1023, 450 KB) Photo of the main front edifice of the Nizhniy Tagil Technological Insitute located in Nizhniy Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1023, 450 KB) Photo of the main front edifice of the Nizhniy Tagil Technological Insitute located in Nizhniy Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. ...


Public Health

Medical care is provided in 29 medical care centers that employ 1,100 doctors and 4,500 assistants. Annually, up to 100,000 people are hospitalized, 28,000 surgeries are performed, and up to four million appointments are registered in the city medical care centers.


There is a Yekaterinburg branch of eye microsurgery in Nizhny Tagil. Obstetrical care is well developed. There is a network of municipal and private pharmacies. Potential investors can be attracted by the prospects of developing and implementing a program of manufacturing medical tools for traumatology at the Nizhny Tagil medical tools plant. Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were executed. ...


Expo-Center

Nizhny Tagil is one of centers of exhibition activity in the Middle Urals. Nizhny Tagil Institute of Metals Testing was the host of the international exhibitions such as Ural Expo Arms (1999 and 2000), Russian Defense Expo (2001 and 2002). The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ...


Miscellaneous

As of 2006, the city mayor is Nikolay Didenko.


Nizhny Tagil is a sister city of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Nickname: Scenic City (official), Chatt-Town, River City, Chatty, Chattavegas, The Noo Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee Cities in Tennessee Tennessee Mayor Ron Littlefield Area    - City 370. ...


Professional hockey player, Alexander Radulov was born here. Alexander Radulov (born July 5, 1986, in Nizhny Tagil, Russia) is an ice hockey player. ...


External links

  • Official website of Nizhny Tagil (Russian)
  • Official website of Evraz Group, owner of Nizhnetagilsky Metallurgichesky Kombinat (NTMK) (English)
  • Official website of Russian Defense Expo-2005 (Russian)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nizhny Tagil - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (901 words)
Nizhny Tagil is a large industrial center of the Middle Urals.
Nizhny Tagil is one of centers of exhibition activity in the Middle Urals.
Nizhny Tagil is a sister city of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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