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Encyclopedia > Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: Нижегоро́дская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). The oblast has an area of 76,900 km², and a population of 3,524,028 (as of 2002 All-Russian Population Census). Its administrative center is the city of Nizhny Novgorod. With a population of 1.3 million, Nizhny Novgorod is the largest city of the region and the 4th largest city of the Russian Federation, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Novosibirsk. Image File history File links Novgorod_Oblast_Flag. ... Image File history File links RussiaNizhnyNovgorod2005. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 89 subjects (Russian: субъект(Ñ‹); English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: ), colloquially shortened as Nizhny and also transliterated into English as Nizhniy Novgorod or Nizhni Novgorod, is the fourth largest city of Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Official website: http://www. ...

The area is crossed by the Volga River. Apart from Nizhny's metropolitan area, the biggest city is Arzamas. In the town of Sarov, there is the largest and holiest convent in Russia. Makaryev Monastery opposite the town of Lyskovo used to be location of the largest fair in Eastern Europe. Other historic towns include Gorodets and Balakhna, located on the Volga to the north from Nizhny Novgorod. The Volga river in Western Russia, Europes longest river, with a length of 3,690 km (2,293 miles), provides the core of the largest river system in Europe. ... Arzamas (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Tesha River (a tributary of the Oka River), 300 km east of Moscow. ... Sarov (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Lyskovo (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Gorodets (Городец in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast of Central Russia. ... Balakhna (Балахна in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ... For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: ), colloquially shortened as Nizhny and also transliterated into English as Nizhniy Novgorod or Nizhni Novgorod, is the fourth largest city of Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. ...



Nizhny Novgorod Oblast borders Kostroma Oblast (N), Kirov Oblast (NE), Mari El (E), Chuvashia (E), Mordovia (S), Ryazan Oblast (SW), Vladimir Oblast (W) and Ivanovo Oblast (NW). Kostroma Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Kirov Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... The Mari El Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Мари́й Эл; Mari: Марий Эл Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Capital Cheboksary Area - total - % water 81st - 18,300 km² - N/A Population - Total - Density 41st - est. ... The Republic of Mordovia (Moksha: Мордовскяй Республикась; Erzya: Мордовской Республикась; Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Ryazan Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Coat of arms of Vladimir Oblast Vladimir Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Ivanovo Oblast (Russian: )(21,400 km², pop. ...

Time zone

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD). Image File history File links RTZ2. ... Time zones of Europe: Moscow Time (MSK) is the time zone 3 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+3). ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ...

Natural resources

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast is not rich in natural resources, which are, mostly, limited to commercial deposits of sand (including titanium-zirconium sands), clay, gypsum, peat, mineral salt, and timber. Quaternary clay in Estonia. ... Gypsum is a very soft mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O. // Chemical structure Heating gypsum to between 100°C and 150°C (302°F) partially dehydrates the mineral by driving off exactly 75% of the water contained in its chemical structure. ... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) In chemistry, a salt is any ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lumber. ...

The sights

The unique architectural construction – the 128 m steel lattice hyperboloid tower built by the Great Russian engineer and scientist Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov in 1929 is located near the town of Dzerzhinsk on the left bank of the Oka River. Shukhov Tower, as photographed by Alexander Rodchenko in 1926 Hyperboloid structures in architecture were first applied by Russian engineer Vladimir Grigorevich Shukhov (1853-1939). ... Vladimir G. Shukhov Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov (Russian: ), (August 28 [O.S. August 16] 1853 - February 2, 1939) was a prominent Russian engineer renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for civil engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of oil reservoirs, pipelines, boilers, ships and barges. ...

Administrative divisions


Nizhny Novgorod Oblast consists of the following districts (raions): See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ...

  • Ardatovsky (Ардатовский)
  • Arzamassky (Арзамасский)
  • Balakhninsky (Балахнинский)
  • Bogorodsky (Богородский)
  • Bolsheboldinsky (Большеболдинский)
  • Bolshemurashkinsky (Большемурашкинский)
  • Borsky (Борский)
  • Buturlinsky (Бутурлинский)
  • Chkalovsky (Чкаловский)
  • Dalnekonstantinovsky (Дальнеконстантиновский)
  • Diveyevsky (Дивеевский)
  • Gaginsky (Гагинский)
  • Gorodetsky (Городецкий)
  • Knyagininsky (Княгининский)
  • Koverninsky (Ковернинский)
  • Krasnobakovsky (Краснобаковский)
  • Krasnooktyabrsky (Краснооктябрьский)
  • Kstovsky (Кстовский)
  • Kulebaksky (Кулебакский)
  • Lukoyanovsky (Лукояновский)
  • Lyskovsky (Лысковский)
  • Navashinsky (Навашинский)
  • Pavlovsky (Павловский)
  • Perevozsky (Перевозский)
  • Pervomaysky (Первомайский)
  • Pilninsky (Пильнинский)
  • Pochinkovsky (Починковский)
  • Sechenovsky (Сеченовский)
  • Semyonovsky (Семёновский)
  • Sergachsky (Сергачский)
  • Shakhunsky (Шахунский)
  • Sharangsky (Шарангский)
  • Shatkovsky (Шатковский)
  • Sokolsky (Сокольский)
  • Sosnovsky (Сосновский)
  • Spassky (Спасский)
  • Tonkinsky (Тонкинский)
  • Tonshayevsky (Тоншаевский)
  • Urensky (Уренский)
  • Vachsky (Вачский)
  • Vadsky (Вадский)
  • Varnavinsky (Варнавинский)
  • Vetluzhsky (Ветлужский)
  • Volodarsky (Володарский)
  • Vorotynsky (Воротынский)
  • Voskresensky (Воскресенский)
  • Voznesensky (Вознесенский)
  • Vyksunsky (Выксунский)


As Nizhny Novgorod Oblast is not rich in natural resources, the regional economy has been focused on developing its industrial and processing sectors, R&D and transport, which produce almost 80% the Gross Regional Product (GRP).

There are 722 industrial companies in the region, most of them engaged in the following sectors:

  • Machine-building and engineering
  • Chemical & petrochemical
  • Fuel & energy
  • Ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy
  • Construction materials
  • Glass
  • Wood and paper
  • Cloth-making
  • Food & food processing
  • Medical & pharmaceuticals
  • Printing & publishing.

These key industries are supplemented by other sectors of the economy such as agriculture, trade, services, communications and transport.

According to preliminary estimations, in 2002, the GRP of the Nizhny Novgorod region totaled US$ 5.6 billion, where the industrial and transportation companies produced US$ 4.5 billion. The regional companies demonstrated 6.6% growth in output, which is higher than the national growth in Russia for the last year. In 2002, high growth was registered in machine-building (+13.6%), fuel industry (+49%), ferrous metallurgy (+8.9%), wood & paper production (+2.4%), and printing & publishing (+6.2%). Foreign investment in the region totaled US$84.5 million with 95% of them invested into industrial enterprises. In 2003, the regional government forecast minimum 3.8% growth of industrial output.

Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On 1 January 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On 1 January 2008, Ust-Orda Buryatia will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On 1 July 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga

  Results from FactBites:
Nizhny Novgorod - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1375 words)
Nizhny Novgorod was regarded by the Muscovites primarily as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan.
The historical coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod in 1781 was: In a white field a red deer, horns and hoofs are fl.
The town of Semyonov, to the north of Nizhny Novgorod, is known as a craft center for Khokhloma wood painting.
  More results at FactBites »



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