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Encyclopedia > Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod (English)
Нижний Новгород (Russian)

View of Nizhny Novgorod near the Oka River
Location of Nizhny Novgorod on the map of Russia
Coordinates
56°20′N 44°0′E / 56.333, 44Coordinates: 56°20′N 44°0′E / 56.333, 44
Coat of Arms Flag
City Day: Second Sunday of September
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Administrative center of
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Local self-government
Charter Charter of Nizhny Novgorod
Municipal status Urban okrug
Head Vadim Bulavinov
Legislative body City Duma
Area
Area 673 km² (259.8 sq mi)
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
1,311,252 inhabitants
4th
1,948.4/km² (5,046.3/sq mi)
Events
Founded 1221
Renamed Gorky 1932
Renamed Nizhny Novgorod October 1990
Other information
Postal code 603xxx
Dialing code +7 831
Official website
http://www.admgor.nnov.ru/

Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: Ни́жний Но́вгород, Nižnij Novgorod), colloquially shortened as Nizhny, is the fourth largest city in Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Novosibirsk. Population: 1,311,252 (2002 Census); 1,438,133 (1989 Census). It is the economic and cultural center of the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region, and also the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and Volga Federal District. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 368 pixelsFull resolution (2642 × 1215 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 285 pixelsFull resolution (3347 × 1193 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kemerovo Vladivostok Khabarovsk Nizhny Novgorod Birobidzhan... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Location of Novosibirsk in Russia and the Oblast Coordinates: Oblast Novosibirsk  - Mayor Vladimir Gorodetskiy Area    - City 447. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The 1989 Soviet Census was the final and most comprehensive census taken within The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The census officially recorded the popullation of the USSR at 286,717,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. ... Volga-Vyatka economic region (Russian: ; tr. ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District (Russian: ; tr. ...


From 1932 to 1990 the city was known as Gorky (Го́рький) after the writer Maxim Gorky. Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28 [O.S. March 16] 1868–June 18, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ...

Contents

History

A seat of medieval princes

The city was founded by Grand Duke Yuri II of Russia in 1221 at the confluence of two most important rivers of his principality, the Volga and the Oka. Its name literally means Newtown the Lower, to distinguish it from the older Novgorod. A major stronghold for border protection, Nizhny Novgorod fortress took advantage of a natural moat formed by the two rivers. Yuri II (Юрий II), also known as Georgy II of Vladimir, Georgy II Vsevolodovich (Георгий II Всеволодович) (1189 - 1238) was grand prince of Vladimir between 1212 and 1216, and again... For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... Oka (Russian: Ока́) is a great river in Russia, the biggest right confluent of the Volga. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...


Along with Moscow and Tver, Nizhny Novgorod was among several newly-founded towns that escaped Mongol devastation on account of their insignificance and grew up into great centers of Russian political life during the period of Tatar yoke. Its importance further increased, when the seat of the powerful Suzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in 1350. Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich (1323-1383) sought to make his capital a rival worthy of Moscow: he built a stone citadel and several churches and was a patron of historians. The earliest extant manuscript of the Russian Primary Chronicle, the Laurentian Codex, was written for him by the local monk Laurentius in 1377. For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Tvers coat of arms depicts grand ducal crown placed on a throne. ... The Mongol Invasion of Russia was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus by a large army of nomadic Mongols, starting in 1223. ... This article is about the Russian town. ... Gorodets (Городец in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast of Central Russia. ... Dmitry Konstantinovich of Suzdal (Russian: Дмитрий Константинович Суздальский) (1324 – June 5, 1383), was a powerful Prince of Suzdal and Nizhny Novgorod who dominated Russian politics during minority of his son-in-law, Dmitri Donskoi. ... A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus, written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ... The Russian Primary Chronicle (Russian: Повесть временных лет, Povest vremennykh let, which is often translated in English as Tale of Bygone Years), is a history of the early East Slavic state, Kievan Rus, from... Laurentian Codex (Russian: ) is a collection of chronicles that includes the oldest extant version of the Primary Chronicle and its continuations, mostly relating the events in the Northern Russia (Vladimir-Suzdal). ...


The strongest fortress of Muscovy

One of the Stroganov churches
One of the Stroganov churches
Minin Square
Minin Square

After the city's incorporation into Muscovy (1392), the local princes took the name Shuisky and settled in Moscow, where they were prominent at the court and briefly ascended the throne in the person of Vasili IV. After being burnt by the powerful Crimean Tatar chief Edigu in 1408, Nizhny Novgorod was restored and regarded by the Muscovites primarily as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan. The enormous red-brick kremlin, one of the strongest and earliest preserved citadels in Russia, was built in 1508–1511 under supervision of Peter the Italian. The fortress was strong enough to withstand Tatar sieges in 1520 and 1536. Image File history File links Stroganovskaya. ... Image File history File links Stroganovskaya. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 744 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1980 × 1596 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 744 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1980 × 1596 pixel, file size: 1. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... Shuisky (Шуйские) was a Rurikid family of boyars descending from Grand Dukes of Vladimir-Suzdal. ... Vasili IV of Russia (1552 – September 12, 1612) was the last Rurikid tsar of Russia between 1606 and 1610. ... For Crimean Tatar ethos see Crimean Tatars For Crimean Tatar language and alphabet see Crimean Tatar language ... Edigu, or Edigey (1352-1419) was an emir of the White Horde who founded the new political entity, which came to be known as the Nogai Horde. ... St. ... Map of Kazan Khanate, early 1500s The Kazan Khanate (Tatar: Qazan xanlığı; Russian: Казанское ханство) (1438-1552) was a Tatar state on the territory of former Volga Bulgaria with its capital in Kazan. ... This article is about Russian citadels. ...


In 1612, the so-called national militia, gathered by a local merchant Kuzma Minin and commanded by Knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky expelled the Polish troops from Moscow, thus putting an end to the Time of Troubles and establishing the rule of the Romanov dynasty. The main square before the kremlin is named after Minin and Pozharsky, although it is locally known as simply "Minin Square". Minin's remains are buried in the citadel. Also in commemoration of these events on October 21, 2005 an exact copy of Red Square statue of Minin and Pozharsky was placed in front of St John the Baptist Church, which is believed to be the place from where the call to the people had been proclaimed. Monument to Kuzma Minin in Nizhny Novgorod Kuzma Minich Minin (Russian: Минин Кузьма Минич) (?-1616) was a Russian patriot who together with Prince Dmitry Pozharsky rallied an army to defend Russia against Polish invasion. ... Kniaz’ or knyaz is a word found in some Slavic languages, denoting a nobility rank. ... Pozharsky and Minin monument (1804-16) in front of Saint Basils Cathedral Dmitry Mikhaylovich Pozharsky (Russian: Дми́трий Миха́йлович Пожа́рский, Polish: Dymitr Pożarski) (November 1, 1578 - April 30, 1642) was a Rurikid prince who obtainted from the tsar an unprecedented title of the Saviour of Motherland. ... The Time of Troubles (Russian: Смутное время, Smutnoye Vremya) was a period of Russian history comprising the years of interregnum between the death of the last of the Moscow Rurikids, Tsar Feodor Ivanovich in 1598 and the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613. ... The House of Romanov (Рома́нов, pronounced ) was the second and last imperial dynasty of Russia, which ruled the country for five generations from 1613 to 1761. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pozharsky and Minin monument in front of Saint Basils Cathedral Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze statue on Red Square of Moscow right in front of Saint Basils Cathedral. ...


In the course of the following century, the city prospered commercially and was chosen by the Stroganovs (the wealthiest merchant family of Russia) as a base for their operations. A particular style of architecture and icon painting, known as the Stroganov style, developed there at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Stroganovs or Strogonovs (Строгановы, Строгоновы in Russian), also spelled in French manner as Stroganoffs, was a family of highly successful Russian merchants, industrialists, landowners, and statesmen of the 16th - 20th centuries that eventually earned nobility. ... Saint Basils Cathedral (1555-61) is a showcase of medieval Russian architecture. ...


The historical coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod in 1781 was: In a white field a red deer, horns and hoofs are black. The modern coat of arms circa 1992 is the same but the shield can be adorned with golden oak leaves tied with a stripe with colours of the Russian national flag. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


Great trade centre

This building formerly housed the Great Russian Fair
This building formerly housed the Great Russian Fair

In 1817, the Makaryev Fair, one of the liveliest in the world, was transferred to Nizhny Novgorod, which thereupon started to attract millions of visitors annually. By the mid-19th century, the city on the Volga was firmly established as the trade capital of the Russian Empire. The world's first radio receiver of engineer Alexander Popov and the world's first hyperboloid tower and lattice shells-coverings of engineer Vladimir Shukhov were demonstrated at the All-Russia industrial and art exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod in 1896. Other industries gradually developed, and by the dawn of the 20th century it was a first-rank industrial hub as well. Henry Ford helped build a large truck and tractor plant (GAZ) in the late 1920s, sending along engineers and mechanics, including future labour leader Walter Reuther. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (947x706, 290 KB) 19th-century postcard of the Main Fair Building in Nizhny Novgorod. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (947x706, 290 KB) 19th-century postcard of the Main Fair Building in Nizhny Novgorod. ... Makariev Fair (Russian:Макарьевская ярмарка) was a fair in Russia held annually every July near Makariev Monastery on the left bank of the Volga River from the mid-16th century to 1816. ... It has been suggested that Commerce be merged into this article or section. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Alexander Popov (1859-1905) Alexander Stepanovich Popov (Russian: Александр Степанович Попов) (March 4/16 1859 - January 13/December 31 1905/6) was a Russian physicist who publicly demonstrated the transmission of radio waves (but did not apply for a patent for this invention). ... The worlds first hyperboloid water tower by Vladimir Shukhov, All-Russian Exposition, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 1896 Hyperboloid structures in architecture were first applied by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (1853-1939). ... Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov (Russian: ), (August 28 [O.S. August 16] 1853 - February 2, 1939) was a great Russian engineer renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for civil engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of hyperboloid structures, shell structures, tensile structures, oil... The worlds first hyperboloid structure by Vladimir Shukhov, Nizhny Novgorod, 1896 The worlds first steel tensile structure by Shukhov (during construction), Nizhny Novgorod, 1896 The All-Russia industrial and art exhibition 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod was held from May 28 (June 9) till October 1 (13), 1896. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... GAZ(RTS:GAZA) or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Russia, Nizhny Novgorod), translated as Gorky Automobile Plant (Russian: ), started in 1929 as NNAZ, a cooperation between Ford and the Soviet Union. ... Walter Philip Reuther (September 1, 1907 – May 10, 1970) was an American labor union leader, who made the United Automobile Workers a major force not only in the auto industry but also in the Democratic party]] in the mid 20th century. ...


Famous writer Maxim Gorky was born there in 1868. In his novels he realistically described the dismal life of the city proletariat. Even during his lifetime, the city was renamed Gorky following his return to the Soviet Union in 1932 on invitation of Joseph Stalin. The city bore his name until 1991. During that time, the city was closed to foreigners to safeguard the security of Soviet military research. Asociación de amigos de Gorki, a UNESCO recognised organisation from Spain, was the first tourist group in the city after cancellation of this closed status. Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28 [O.S. March 16] 1868–June 18, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from... A closed city (town) is a city/town with travel and residency restrictions in the former Soviet Union, or in a CIS country. ... Asociación de amigos de Gorki, is a sociocultural Spanish organization recognized and recommended by the UNESCO across his international web page and it was the first foreign tourist group to visit the city of Nizhny Novgorod after his status of Closed City for the Soviet regime of the former...


The physicist and the Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov was exiled there during 1980-1986 to limit his contacts with foreigners. Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awarded for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine. ... Andrei Sakharov, 1943 For the historian, see Andrey Nikolayevich Sakharov. ...


An end to the "closed" status of the city has accompanied the reinstatement of the city's original name in 1990.


Economy

Nizhny Novgorod Region ranks seventh in Russia in industrial output, while the processing industry predominates in the local economy. More than 633 industrial companies employ nearly 700 000 people, or 62% of the workforce involved in material production. Industry generates 83% of the regional GDP and makes 89% of all material expenditures. The leading sectors are engineering and metalworking, followed by the chemical and petrochemical industries and the forestry, woodworking, and paper industries. The first three sectors account for about 75% of all industrial production.


Nizhny Novgorod Region has traditionally been attractive to investors. In 2002, Moody's rating agency confirmed a Caa1 rating based on the region's long-term foreign currency liabilities [1]. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


The region maintains trade relations with many countries and has an export surplus. The largest volume of exports goes to Ukraine, Belarus, Switzerland, Kazakhstan, Belgium, and France. Imports come mainly from Ukraine, Germany, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Austria, the Netherlands, China, and the United States.


The stock market infrastructure is quite well developed in Nizhny Novgorod, and the exchange business is expanding. Companies and organizations registered in the region include 1153 joint-stock companies, 63 investment institutions, 34 commercial banks, 35 insurance companies, 1 voucher investment fund, 1 investment fund, 17 nongovernmental pension funds, 2 associations of professional stock market dealers, and 3 exchanges (stock, currency, and agricultural). Nizhny Novgorod Region is noted for having relatively highly developed market relations.


Information technologies

Nizhny Novgorod is one of the centers of IT Industry in Russia. It ranks among leading Russian cities in terms of the quantity of software R&D providers . Here is located a number of offshore outsourcing software developers, including Devetel Ltd., MERA Networks, RealEast Networks, and Telma, which are specialized in delivering services to telecommunication vendors. Moreover Intel has opened in Nizhny Novgorod its software R&D center with more than 500 engineers. The phrase research and development (also R and D or R&D) has a special commercial significance apart from its conventional coupling of research and technological development. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... MERA Networks is a Russian offshore software development service provider focused on IT and telecom equipment vendors. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...


There are 25 scientific R&D institutions focusing on telecommunications, radio technology, theoretical and applied physics, and 33 higher educational institutions, among them are Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Niznny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, as well as Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Information Technologies (former MERA Networks training center), that focuses on information technologies, software development, system administration, telecommunications, cellular networks, Internet technologies, and IT management. Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy (Russian: ) is one of the medical schools in Russia which is located in the city of Nizhny Novgorod. ... MERA Networks is a Russian offshore software development service provider focused on IT and telecom equipment vendors. ...


Nizhny Novgorod has also been chosen as one of four sites for building an IT-oriented technology park—a special zone that has an established infrastructure and enjoys a favorable tax and customs policy.


Engineering industry

The engineering industry is the leading industry of Nizhny Novgorod economy. It is mainly oriented towards transportation, i.e., the auto industry, shipbuilding, diesel engines, aircraft manufacture, and machine tools, with the auto industry being the leading sector (50%). Largest plants are:

  • JSC "Gorky Automobile Plant" - personal cars, trucks, and other autos;
  • JSC "Krasnoye Sormovo" - river and sea ships, submarines;
  • JSC "Sokol" - airplanes, jets;
  • JSC "Nitel" - TV sets;
  • JSC "RUMO" - diesel generators;
  • JSC "Krasny yakor" - anchor chains;
  • JSC "ZeFS" - metal-cutting machines.

A joint stock company (JSC) is a type of business partnership in which the capital is formed by the individual contributions of a group of shareholders. ... GAZ(RTS:GAZA) or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Russia, Nizhny Novgorod), translated as Gorky Automobile Plant (Russian: ), started in 1929 as NNAZ, a cooperation between Ford and the Soviet Union. ... T-34 Model 1942 rolls off the line at Zavod no. ...

Transport

ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Vaneev Street
ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Vaneev Street
Bridge above Oka River
Bridge above Oka River

Gorkovskaya Railroad (Горьковская железная дорога), which operates some 5,700 km of rail lines throughout the Middle Volga region (of which some 1,200 in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast), is headquartered in Nizhny Novgorod. Overnight trains provide access to Nizhny Novgorod from Moscow. Since December 2002, a fast train transports passengers between Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow in less than five hours. One can continue from Nizhny Nogorod eastward along the Trans-Siberian Railway, with direct trains to major cities in the Urals and Siberia, as well as to Beijing. Image File history File links ZiU-9_trolley_nn. ... Image File history File links ZiU-9_trolley_nn. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ... The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... “Peking” redirects here. ...


Nizhny Novgorod Strigino Airport has direct flights to major Russian cities, as well as to Frankfurt (Lufthansa flights to the city three times a week). The air base Sormovo was an important military airlift facility, and Pravdinsk air base was an interceptor aircraft base during the Cold War. S7 Airlines goes to Moscow Domodedovo airport daily. Nizhny Novgorod Strigino Airport (IATA: GOJ, ICAO: UWGG) (sometimes referred to as Gorkiy Strigino) is a major airport in Russia, serving the city of Nizhny Novgorod. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... The Luftansa headquarters in Cologne, Germany. ... Sormovo (also given as Gorkiy Sormovo) is an airfield in Russia located on the outskirts of Nizhny Novgorod, some 8 km from the center city, just west of the Sokol Aircraft Plant. ... Pravdinsk Air Base was an air base in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia located 5 km northwest of Balakhna and 38 km northwest of Nizhny Novgorod (formerly Gorky). ... The MiG-25 is a Russian interceptor that was the mainstay of the Soviet air defence. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... S7 Airlines is an airline based in Ob, Russia. ... ...


Nizhny Novgorod is an important center of Volga cargo and passenger shipping. In the summer, cruise vessels operate between Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Astrakhan. In 2006 the small number of Meteor-class hydrofoils resumed operations on the Volga river. For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... For other uses, see Astrakhan (fur). ... In Russia a Meteor floats in displacement mode near Peterhof preparing to travel through the Gulf of Finland to the Winter Palace in St. ...


The city is served by Russian highway M-7 (Moscow–Nizhny Novgorod–KazanUfa), and is a hub of the regional highway network. This article is about the capital city of Tatarstan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Public transport within the city is provided by a small subway system (Nizhny Novgorod Metro), tramways, marshrutkas or minibuses, buses and trolleybuses. Electric and diesel commuter trains run to suburbs in several directions. Map of the Nizhny Novgorod Metro The Nizhny Novgorod Metro (Russian: ), formerly known as Gorky Metro (Russian: ) is a rapid-transit system that serves the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. ... A Tram or Light rail system Historically, a railway, particularly one used for the carriage of minerals. ... Marshrutka (Russian: ; short for маршрутное такси (routed taxicab)) is a CIS minibus taxi. ... “Autobus” redirects here. ... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ...


Free shuttle buses run from several points in the city to the MEGA shopping complex, which opened in October 2006 in Fedyakovo, a village in Kstovsky District a few kilometers to the east of Nizhny Novgorod city line. [1] A view of Volga from the village of Bezvodnoe, Kstovsky District Kstovsky District (Russian: ) is an administrative district in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ...


Culture

Planetarium and Circus
Planetarium and Circus

There are more than six hundred unique historic, architectural, and cultural monuments in the city; that gave grounds to UNESCO to include Nizhny Novgorod in the list of 100 cities of the world which are of great historical and cultural value. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 471 pixelsFull resolution (2448 × 1440 pixel, file size: 944 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 471 pixelsFull resolution (2448 × 1440 pixel, file size: 944 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


There are about two hundred culture and art institutions of oblast and municipal subordination in Nizhny Novgorod.


Among these institutions there are eight theatres, five concert halls, ninety-seven libraries (with branches), seventeen movie theaters (including five movie theaters for children), twenty-five institutions of children optional education, eight museums (sixteen including branches), and seven parks.


City layout and landmarks

Inside Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Inside Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Nizhny Novgorod Panorama from Oka river bank. Lenin's place.
Nizhny Novgorod Panorama oposite side from river Oka bank
Nizhny Novgorod Panorama oposite side from river Oka bank

Nizhny Novogorod is divided by the Oka River into two distinct parts. The Upper City (Russian: Нагорная часть, Nagornaya Chast) is located on the hilly eastern (right) bank of the Oka. It includes three of the eight city districts into which the city is administratively divided: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 433 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (723 × 1000 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Titel: Nizhny Novgorod - Kremlin Fotograf: G. Teschke am 9. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 433 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (723 × 1000 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Titel: Nizhny Novgorod - Kremlin Fotograf: G. Teschke am 9. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 353 pixelsFull resolution (2658 × 1172 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 353 pixelsFull resolution (2658 × 1172 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 274 pixelsFull resolution (3355 × 1149 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 274 pixelsFull resolution (3355 × 1149 pixel, file size: 2. ... Oka (Russian: Ока́) is a great river in Russia, the biggest right confluent of the Volga. ...

  • Nizhegorodsky (the historical and administrative center of the city);
  • Prioksky;
  • Sovetsky.

The Lower City (Russian: Заречная часть, Zarechnaya Chast) occupies the low (western) side of the Oka, and includes five city districts: Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: ), colloquially shortened as Nizhny, is the fourth largest city in Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. ...

All of the today's lower city was annexed to Nizhny Novgorod in 1929–1931. Makariev Fair (Russian:Макарьевская ярмарка) was a fair in Russia held annually every July near Makariev Monastery on the left bank of the Volga River from the mid-16th century to 1816. ... Sormovo (also given as Gorkiy Sormovo) is an airfield in Russia located on the outskirts of Nizhny Novgorod, some 8 km from the center city, just west of the Sokol Aircraft Plant. ... Sormovsky District (Russian: ), or Sormovo (Russian: ), is one of the eight city districts of the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. ... T-34 Model 1942 rolls off the line at Zavod no. ... GAZ(RTS:GAZA) or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Russia, Nizhny Novgorod), translated as Gorky Automobile Plant (Russian: ), started in 1929 as NNAZ, a cooperation between Ford and the Soviet Union. ...


Much of the city downtown is built in the Russian Revival and Stalin Empire styles. The dominating feature of the city skyline is the grand Kremlin (1500-11), with its red-brick towers. After Bolshevik devastation, the only ancient edifice left within the kremlin walls is the tent-like Archangel Cathedral (1624-31), first built in stone in the 13th century. Thons Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Moscow, 1839-60 The Russian Revival style (Russian: ) is the generic term for a number of different movements within Russian architecture, that arose in second quarter of the 19th century and was an eclectic melding of pre-Peterine Russian architecture and elements of... Never executed design for the Palace of Soviets in Moscow. ... This article is about Russian citadels. ...

Pechersky Ascension Monastery
Pechersky Ascension Monastery
New Fair Cathedral (Aleksandr Nevsky Cathedral)
New Fair Cathedral (Aleksandr Nevsky Cathedral)
Saviour (Old Fair) Cathedral
Saviour (Old Fair) Cathedral

Other notable landmarks are the two great medieval abbeys. The Pechersky Ascension Monastery features the austere five-domed cathedral (1632) and two rare churches surmounted by tent roofs, dating from the 1640s. The Annunciation monastery, likewise surrounded by strong walls, has another five-domed cathedral (1649) and the Assumption church (1678). The only private house preserved from that epoch formerly belonged to the merchant Pushnikov. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (2392 × 1704 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (2392 × 1704 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 700 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1864 × 1596 pixel, file size: 1,005 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 700 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1864 × 1596 pixel, file size: 1,005 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ... Inside the monastery. ...


There can be little doubt that the most original and delightful churches in the city were built by the Stroganovs in the nascent Baroque style. Of these, the Virgin's Nativity Church (1719) graces one of the central streets, whereas the Church of Our Lady of Smolensk (1694-97) survives in the suburb of Gordeevka, where the Stroganov palace once stood. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ...


Other notable churches include:

  • the Saviour Cathedral, a huge domed edifice built at the site of the great fair to an Empire style design by Agustín de Betancourt and Auguste de Montferrand in 1822;
  • the so-called New Fair Cathedral, designed in the Russian Revival style and constructed between 1856 and 1880 at the confluence of the Oka and the Volga;
  • the recently reconstructed church of the Nativity of John the Precursor (1676-83), standing just below the kremlin walls; it was used during the Soviet period as an apartment house;
  • the parish churches of the Holy Wives (1649) and of Saint Elijah (1656);
  • the Assumption Church on St Elijah's Hill (1672), with five green-tiled domes arranged unorthodoxly on the lofty cross-shaped barrel roof;
  • the shrine of the Old Believers at the Bugrovskoe cemetery, erected in the 1910s to a critically acclaimed design by Vladimir Pokrovsky;
  • the wooden chapel of the Intercession (1660), transported to Nizhny Novgorod from a rural area.

There is also a mosque in Sennaya Square, where the muslim populations of the city go for Friday prayers, Islamic activities and activities which are organised by the mosque. There is also a small shop to buy halal meats. Most of the muslims in this city are Tatars. Empire is an early 19th century style of architecture and furniture design that and originates from Napoleons rule of France. ... Agustín de Betancourt and Molina (Puerto de la Cruz (Tenerife, Spain), 1758 - 1825) was one of the most prestigious engineers of Europe. ... Monferrands cathedral was the largest Orthodox church in the world at the time it was completed. ... In the context of Russian Orthodox church history, the Old Believers (Russian: ) separated after 1666 - 1667 from the hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church as a protest against church reforms introduced by Patriarch Nikon. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Friday prayer is a congregational prayer that Muslims hold Fridays at noon or evening. ... This article is about the people. ...


The city has many industrial suburbs, such as Kstovo, Dzerzhinsk, and Bor. The town of Semyonov, to the north of Nizhny Novgorod, is known as a craft center for Khokhloma wood painting. Another suburb, Balakhna, is noted for its medieval architecture. Kstovo (Кстово in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ... Dzerzhinsk (Дзержинск) is a city of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia along the Oka River, about 240km east of Moscow. ... Bor (Бор in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ... Semyonov (Russian Семёнов) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, famous for being a major centre for traditional handcrafts such as Khokhloma wood painting and matryoshka. ... Khokhloma (Хохлома, Хохломская роспись in Russian, or Khokhlomskaya rospis) is the name of a Russian wood painting handicraft. ... Balakhna (Балахна in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ...


A singular monument of industrial architecture is a 128-metre-high open-work hyperboloid tower built on the bank of the Oka near Dzerzhinsk as part of a powerline river crossing by the eminent engineer and scientist Vladimir Shukhov in 1929. Shukhov Tower on the Oka River in the suburb of Nizhniy Novgorod, 2006 Shukhov Tower on the Oka River (Dzerzhinsk High-Voltage Mast) is the world’s only surviving hyperboloid electricity pylon. ... Dzerzhinsk, transliterated from Russian, may be the name of one of the following places. ... Power line redirects here. ... Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov (Russian: ), (August 28 [O.S. August 16] 1853 - February 2, 1939) was a great Russian engineer renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for civil engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of hyperboloid structures, shell structures, tensile structures, oil...


The climate in the region is continental, and it is similar to the climate in Moscow, although colder in winter, which lasts from late November until late March with a permanent snow cover.


Nizhny Novgorod art gallery

The art gallery in Nizhny Novgorod is a large and important art gallery and museums of human history and culture. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... History studies time in human terms. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ...


Nizhny Novgorod has a great and extraordinary art gallery with more than 12,000 exhibits, an enormous collection of works by Russian artists such as Viktor Vasnetsov, Karl Briullov, Ivan Shishkin, Ivan Kramskoi, Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Isaak Iljitsch Lewitan, Vasily Surikov, Ivan Aivazovsky, there are also greater collections of works by Boris Kustodiev and Nicholas Roerich, not only Russian art is part of the exhibition it include also a vast accumulation of Western European art like works by David Teniers the Younger, Bernardo Bellotto, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Pieter de Grebber, Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, and lot more. Self-portrait 1873 Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (Виктор Михайлович Васнецов) (May 15 (N.S.), 1848—1926) was a Russian artist who specialized in mythological and historical subjects. ... Karl Pavlovich Briullov (Карл Павлович Брюллов), called by his friends the Great Karl (December 12, 1799, St Petersburg - June 11, 1852, Rome), was the first Russian painter of international standing. ... Portrait of Ivan Shishkin by Vasiliy Mate, 1898 Ivan Shishkin (Иван Иванович Шишкин, 1832–1898) was a Russian landscape painter. ... Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi (1837 - 1887) was a Russian painter and the art critic. ... Self-portrait Ilyá Yefímovich Répin (Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин) (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. ... Issac Levitan. ... Self-Portrait Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Василий Иванович Суриков) (January 24, 1848 (Julian calendar: January 12) – March 19, 1916 (Julian calendar: March 6)) was the foremost Russian painter of large-scale historical subjects. ... Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (Russian: , Armenian: - Hovhannes Aivazovsky July 29, 1817 - May 5, 1900) was a Russian painter of Armenian descent, most famous for his seascapes, which constitute more than half of his paintings. ... Self-Portrait in front of Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, 1912 Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (Russian: ) (March 7, 1878–May 28, 1927) was a Russian art deco painter. ... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Longships Are Built in the Land of the Slavs (1903) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рёрих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... David Teniers the Younger (December 15, 1610 - April 25, 1690), Flemish artist was the more celebrated son of David Teniers the Elder, almost ranking in celebrity with Rubens and Van Dyck, was born in Antwerp. ... Bellottos urban scenes have the same carefully drawn realism as his uncles Venetian views but are marked by heavy shadows and are darker and colder in tone and colour. ... A self portrait Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472 – October 16, 1553) was a German painter. ... Elisha refusing the gifts of Naaman, by de Greeber Pieter Fransz de Grebber (Haarlem, ca. ... Giuseppe Crespi (born 1665 in Bologna, Italy; died 1747), called Lo Spagnuolo, was a late Baroque painter of the Bolognese School. ... Piranesi redirects here. ...


Finally what makes this gallery extremely important is the amazing collection Russian avant-garde with works by Kazimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky, Natalia Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov and so on. There is also collection of East Asian art. Lissitzky, Beat the Whites With the Red Wedge, lithograph, 1919 The Russian avant-garde is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia from approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its end as... Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Russian: , Polish: , Ukrainian Казимір Северинович Малевич, German: ), (February 23, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and art theoretician, pioneer of geometric abstract art and one of the most important members of the Russian avant-garde. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ... Self Portrait with Yellow Lilies. ... Self-Portrait, 1910 Mikhail Fyodorovich Larionov (1881-1964) was a celebrated Russian painter, husband of Natalia Goncharova. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ...


Notable People

Valeri Ivanovich Vasiliev (Russian: ) (born August 3, 1949 in Gorky, USSR) was a Russian ice hockey defenceman, who competed for the USSR. An eight-time Soviet all-star, Vasiliev was captain of the national team, for which he played 13 years. ... Aleksandr Vikentyevich Skvortsov (Russian: ) (born August 28, 1954) was a Russian ice hockey player, who competed for the USSR. Categories: | | | | | | | | | ... Mikhail Varnakov (born June 25, 1957 in Gorky, Russia) is a retired ice hockey player who played in the Soviet Hockey League. ...

Sister cities

Shukhov tower on the Oka River in the suburb of Nizhny Novgorod
Shukhov tower on the Oka River in the suburb of Nizhny Novgorod


Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 2821 KB) Other versions unknown File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nizhny Novgorod Shukhov tower on the Oka River Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 2821 KB) Other versions unknown File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nizhny Novgorod Shukhov tower on the Oka River Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Shukhov Tower on the Oka River in the suburb of Nizhniy Novgorod, 2006 Shukhov Tower on the Oka River (Dzerzhinsk High-Voltage Mast) is the world’s only surviving hyperboloid electricity pylon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Essen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Tampere ( , Tammerfors in Swedish) is a city in southern Finland located between two lakes, Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... The Poestlingberg church in Linz. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For the South Korean county of the same name, see Jinan County. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Suwon (Suwon-si) is the provincial capital of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Matanzas is the capital of the Cuban Province Matanzas. ...

Weather averages for Nizhny Novgorod
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.5 (42) 7.0 (45) 17.3 (63) 26.3 (79) 32.5 (91) 36.3 (97) 36.4 (98) 36.0 (97) 31.0 (88) 24.2 (76) 13.2 (56) 7.0 (45) 36.4 (98)
Average high °C (°F) -8.1 (17) -7.2 (19) -1.1 (30) 8.9 (48) 17.3 (63) 22.0 (72) 23.6 (74) 21.8 (71) 15.3 (60) 6.8 (44) -0.7 (31) -5.9 (21) 7.9 (46)
Average low °C (°F) -14.5 (6) -13.8 (7) -8.2 (17) 0.7 (33) 7.5 (46) 12.0 (54) 14.3 (58) 12.5 (55) 7.3 (45) 1.1 (34) -5.4 (22) -11.6 (11) 0.2 (32)
Record low °C (°F) -41.2 (-42) -37.2 (-35) -28.3 (-19) -19.7 (-3) -6.9 (20) -1.8 (29) 5.1 (41) 0.9 (34) -5.4 (22) -16.0 (3) -29.4 (-21) -41.4 (-43) -41.4 (-43)
Precipitation mm (inch) 40 (1.6) 33 (1.3) 28 (1.1) 36 (1.4) 52 (2) 64 (2.5) 76 (3) 67 (2.6) 57 (2.2) 59 (2.3) 56 (2.2) 50 (2) 618 (24.3)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[2] 8.09.2007

References

  1. ^ How to get to MEGA
  2. ^ Pogoda.ru.net (Russian). Retrieved on September 8, 2007.
  • Munro-Butler-Johnstone, Henry Alexander, A trip up the Volga to the fair of Nijni-Novgorod, Oxford: J. Parker and co., 1876.
  • Fitzpatrick, Anne Lincoln, The Great Russian Fair: Nizhnii Novgorod, 1840-90, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, in association with St. Antony’s College, Oxford, 1990. ISBN 0-333-42437-9

Other photos

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nizhny Novgorod
  • Nizhny Novgorod City Government website (English)
  • Nizhny Novgorod Welcoming Center website (English)
  • Sights of the city (English)
  • About the city (English)
  • About this city (German)
  • www.hist.nnov.ru/architect/ (Russian)
  • Official website of Nizhny Novgorod State Art Museum (Russian)
  • Art Museum of Nizhny Novgorod (English)
  • http://www.nne.ru The Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas Archdiocese (Russian)
  • Asociacion de amigos de Gorki - (in Spanish) - "Association of friends of Gorki", a UNESCO recognised organisation, was the first tourist group in the city after cancellation of closed status.
  • VisitNizhny.com Information about tourism and entertainment in Nizhny Novgorod (English)
  • Nizhny Novgorod Video Created by José Antonio Lozano Rodriguez.
  • Nizhny Novgorod Video 2 Created by José Antonio Lozano Rodriguez.
  • Nizhny Novgorod Online (Russian)
  • Heather DeHaan. "Nizhnii Novgorod: History in the Landscape" (English)
  • Photographic community in Nizhny Novgorod "Photo Gorky" (Russian)
  • Web camera, Nizhniy Novgorod, Lyadova sq. You could see Okskiy s'ezd, Gagarina prospect, Timiryazeva str. (Russian)
  • Web camera, Nizhniy Novgorod, Gorkogo sq. You could see Novaya str., B.Pokrovskaya str. (Russian)
  • Reviews, articles, town legends "The Nizhny Novgorod Cronicles" (English)


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

Cities and towns in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Nizhny Novgorod

Arzamas | Balakhna | Bogorodsk | Bor | Chkalovsk | Dzerzhinsk | Gorbatov | Gorodets | Knyaginino | Kstovo | Kulebaki | Lukoyanov | Lyskovo | Navashino | Pavlovo | Perevoz | Pervomaysk | Sarov | Semyonov | Sergach | Shakhunya | Uren | Vetluga | Volodarsk | Vorsma | Vyksa | Zavolzhye Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Arzamas (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Tesha River (a tributary of the Oka River), 300 km east of Moscow. ... Balakhna (Балахна in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ... Bogorodsk (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located 43 km southwest of Nizhny Novgorod at . ... Bor (Бор in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ... For other uses, see Chkalovsk. ... Dzerzhinsk (Дзержинск) is a city of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia along the Oka River, about 240km east of Moscow. ... For other uses, see Gorbatov. ... Gorodets (Городец in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast of Central Russia. ... Kstovo (Кстово in Russian) is a town in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. ... Kulebaki (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located 188 km southwest of Nizhny Novgorod at . ... Lukoyanov (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Tyosha River, 173 km south of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Lyskovo (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Navashino (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Oka River, 158 km southwest of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Pavlovo (Russian: ), or Pavlovo-na-Oke (Russian: ) is a city in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, situated on the Oka River. ... For other uses, see Perevoz. ... Pervomaysk (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located some 190 km south of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Sarov (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Semyonov (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, famous for being a major centre for traditional handcrafts such as Khokhloma wood painting and matryoshka. ... Sergach (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Pyana River (Suras tributary), 150 km southeast of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Shakhunya (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Nizhny Novgorod–Kirov railroad, 240 km northeast of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Uren (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Usta River (Volgas basin), 183 km northeast of Nizhny Novgorod. ... For the specialized Russian vehicle, see GAZ5903V Vetluga. ... Volodarsk (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seyma River (Okas tributary) 50 km west of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Vorsma (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Kishma River (Okas tributary), 71 km southwest of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Coat of arms of Vyksa Vyksa (Russian: ) is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 186 km southwest of Nizhny Novgorod. ... Zavolzhye (Russian: ) is a town in Gorodetsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nizhny Novgorod: General information about the city (501 words)
History decreed that the Nizhny Novgorod city should be the "heart of Mother Russia", situated as it is in the very center of the European part of the Russian Federation, on the banks of the River Volga.
Nizhny Novgorod recently regained its original name, having been renamed as Gorky in 1932 in honor of the celebrated author Maxim Gorky, who was born in Nizhny Novgorod.
Nizhny Novgorod occupies the 5th position among most populated and industrially developed cities of Russia, is a center of Nizhny Novgorod region and a recognized capital of the Volga economic region.
Nizhny Novgorod Hotels (545 words)
The Hotel is situated on a high picturesque bank of the river Volga, in the historical centre of Nizhni Novgorod, one of the largest Russian cities.
Hotel is situated on the one of the central squares of Nizhni Novgorod -the Lenin Square.
In 1350 Nizhni Novgorod became the capital of the Nizhni Novgorod principality.
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