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Encyclopedia > Nizar Qabbani
Nizar Kabbani
Nizar Kabbani

Nizar Tawfiq Kabbani (21 March 192330 April 1998) (Arabic:نزار قباني) was a Syrian diplomat, poet and publisher. His poetic style combines simplicity and elegance in exploring themes of love, eroticism, feminism, religion, and Arab nationalism. He is one of the most revered contemporary poets in the Arab world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (81st in leap years). ... {{year nav|1939 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Languages Arabic other languages (Arab minorities) Religions Predominantly Islam Some adherents of Druze, Judaism, Samaritan, Christianity Related ethnic groups Mizrachi Jews, Sephardi Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, Canaanites, other Semitic-speaking groups An Arab (Arabic: ‎); is a member of a Non-Semetic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases... Map of Arab League states in dark green with non-Arab areas in light green and Somalia and Djibouti in striped green due to their Arab League membership but non-Arab population. ...

Contents

Biography

Kabbani, at age 12. circa 1935
Kabbani, at age 12. circa 1935

Image File history File linksMetadata Nizar_qabbani_1935. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nizar_qabbani_1935. ...

Family and Early Life

He was born in the Syrian capital of Damascus to the prestigious Syrian family of Kabbani. He was raised in Mi'thnah Al-Shahm, one of the neighborhoods of Old Damascus. He had four siblings; three brothers and one sister. Mu'taz, Rashid, Sabah, and Haifa, respectively. Sabah Kabbani was the most famous after Nizar, becoming director of Syrian radio and TV in 1960 and in becoming Syria's ambassador to the United States in the 1980s. Damascus at sunset Damascus ( translit: Also commonly: الشام ash-Shām) is the largest city of Syria and is also the capital. ...


Nizar Kabbani's father, Tawfiq, was Syrian while his mother was of Turkish descent. His father had a chocolate factory; he also helped support fighters resisting the French mandate of Syria and was imprisoned many times for his views, greatly affecting the upbring of Nizar into a revolutionary in his own right. Nizar's great uncle, Abu-Khalil Al-Qabbani, was one of the leading innovators in Arab dramatic literature. Languages Arabic other languages (Arab minorities) Religions Predominantly Islam Some adherents of Druze, Judaism, Samaritan, Christianity Related ethnic groups Mizrachi Jews, Sephardi Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, Canaanites, other Semitic-speaking groups An Arab (Arabic: ‎); is a member of a Non-Semetic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases...


Education and Diplomatic Career

Kabbani studied at the National Scientific College School in Damascus. It was owned and run by his father's friend, Ahmad Munif al-Aidi. He later on moved to study Law at the Damascus University, which was called Syrian University up until 1958. He graduated with a degree in 1945. While a student in college he wrote his first collection of poems entitled "Kalat Liya al-Samraa" (The Dark Skinned Said to Me). It was a collection of romantic verse that made several startling references to a women's body, sending shockwaves throughout conservative society in Damascus. To make it more bearable Nizar showed it to Munir al-Ajlani, the minister of education who was also, a friend of his father and a leading nationalist leader in Syria. Ajlani liked the poems and endorsed them by writing the preface for Nizar's first book. Damascus at sunset Damascus ( translit: Also commonly: الشام ash-Shām) is the largest city of Syria and is also the capital. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... The University of Damascus (Arabic: جامعة دمشق jāmi‘atu-d-dimashq) is the largest university in Syria, located in the capital Damascus. ...


After law school, Nizar worked for the Syrian Foreign Ministry, serving as consult or cultural attache in several capital cities, including Beirut, Cairo, Istanbul, Madrid, and London. In 1959, when the United Arab Republic was formed, Kabbani was appointed Vice-Secretary of the UAR for its embassies in China. He wrote extensively during these years and his poems from China were some of his finest. He continued to work in the diplomatic field until he tendered his resignation in 1966. By that time, he established a publishing house in Beirut, which carried his name. For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Al Qahirah (The Triumphant City) Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 210 km²  (81. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


His Poetry's Significant Influences

When Kabbani was 15, his sister, who was 25 at the time, committed suicide because she could not marry the man she loved. During her funeral he decided to fight the social conditions he saw as causing her death. When asked whether he was a revolutionary, the poet answered: "Love in the Arab world is like a prisoner, and I want to set (it) free. I want to free the Arab soul, sense and body of with my poetry. The relationships between men and women in our society are not healthy". He is known as one of the most feminist and progressive intellectuals of his time. Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ...


The city of Damascus remained a powerful muse in his poetry, most notably in the "Jasmine Scent of Damascus". The 1967 Arab defeat also influenced his poetry and his lament for the Arab cause. The defeat marked a qualitative shift in Kabbani's work-- from erotic love poems to poems with overt political themes of rejectionism and resistance. For instance, his poem Marginal Notes on the Book of Defeat, a stinging self-criticism of Arab inferiority, drew anger from both the right and left sides of the Arab political dialogue. Damascus at sunset Damascus ( translit: Also commonly: الشام ash-Shām) is the largest city of Syria and is also the capital. ... In Greek mythology, the Muses (Greek , Mousai: from the Proto-Indo-European root *men- think, from which mind and mental are also derived[1]) are 50 goddesses or spiritual guides who embody the arts and inspire the creation process with their graces through remembered and improvised song and stage, writing... The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ...


Marriage and Family

Nizar Kabbani married twice in his life. His first wife was his cousin Zahra; together they had a daughter Hadba and a son Tawfiq. Tawfiq died due to a heart attack at 17 years old while he was a medical student in Cairo. Kabbani eugolized his son in the famous poem "To The Legendary Damascene Prince Tawfiq Kabbani". His daughter Hadba is married to a doctor and is living in one of the Arab Gulf countries. Nickname: Al Qahirah (The Triumphant City) Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 210 km²  (81. ... The term Damascene can be used to refer to: A resident of Damascus Saint John Damascene A special type of steel, see Damascus steel A decorative metal inlay, see Damascening A tapestry-woven fabric, see Damask This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


His second marriage was to an Iraqi woman named Balqis Al Rawi; she was killed in a bomb attack on the Iraqi embassy in Beirut during the Lebanese civil war on 15 December 1982. Her death had a severe psychological effect on Kabbani; he expressed his grief in his famous poem "Balqis," assigning responsibility for her death to the entire Arab world. Together they had a son Omar and a daughter Zainab. After the death of Balqis, Kabbani did not marry again. Combatants Lebanese Front Syria LNM PLO Commanders Bachir Gemayel Dany Chamoun Kamal Jumblatt Yasser Arafat The multi-sided Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) had its origin in the conflicts and political compromises after the end of Lebanons administration by the Ottoman Empire and was exacerbated by the nations...


Late Life & Death

After the death of Balqis, Kabbani left Beirut. He was moving between Geneve and Paris, eventually settling in London, where he spent his last 15 years of his life. Kabbani continued to write poems and raise controversies and arguments. Notable controversial poems from this period in his life include "When Will They Announce the Death of Arabs?" and "Runners". Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac de Genève or Lac L... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


He later died on April 30, 1998, at the age of 75. April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


Bibliography

Syrian writer Nizar Kabbani at older age
Syrian writer Nizar Kabbani at older age

Kabbani began writing poetry when he was 16 years old; he published in 1944 at his own expense his first book of poems, entitled The Dark Skinned Told Me (قالت لي السمراء), while he was a law student at the University of Syria. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (627x883, 68 KB) Source http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (627x883, 68 KB) Source http://www. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Over the course of a half-century, Kabbani wrote 34 more books of poetry, including:

  • Childhood of a Breast (1948)
  • Samba (1949)
  • You Are Mine (1950)
  • Poems (1956)
  • My Beloved (1961)
  • Drawing with Words (1966)
  • Diary of an Indifferent Woman (1968)
  • Savage Poems (1970)
  • Book of Love (1970)
  • 100 Love Letters (1970)
  • Poems Against The Law (1972)
  • I Love You, and the Rest is to Come (1978)
  • To Beirut the Feminine, With My Love (1978)
  • May You Be My Love For Another Year (1978)
  • I Testify That There Is No Woman But You (1979)
  • I Write the History of Woman Like So (1981)
  • The Lover's Dictionary (1981)
  • A Poem For Balqis (1982)
  • Love Does Not Stop at Red Lights (1985)
  • Insane Poems (1985)
  • Poems Inciting Anger (1986)
  • Love shall Remain, Sir (1987)
  • Three Stone-throwing Children (1988)
  • Secret Papers of a Karmathian Lover (1988)
  • Biography of an Arab Executioner (1988)
  • A Match in My Hand (1989)
  • Petty Paper Nations (1989)
  • No Victor Other Than Love (1989)
  • Do You Hear the Cry of My Sadness? (1991)
  • Marginal Notes on the Book of Defeat (1991)

He also composed many works of prose, such as My Story with Poetry, What Poetry Is, and Words Know Anger, On Poetry, Sex, and Revolution, and The Woman in My Poetry and My Life, as well as lyrics of many famous songs of celebrated Arab singers, among them Abdel Halim Hafez, Fairuz and Kazem al-Saher. Abdel Halim Ismael Shabana (Arabic: عبدالحليم إسماعيل شبانة) commonly known as Abdel Halim Hafez (Arabic: عبد الحليم حافظ) (June 21, 1929 – March 30, 1977), was one of the most popular Egyptian singers and actors not only in Egypt but throughout the Middle East from the 1950s to the 1970s. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Kazem Al-Saher Arabic: ‎ (born on September 12, 1961 in the city of Mosul in northern Iraq) has established himself as the biggest singer in the Arab World, having sold more than 30 million albums since the start of his career. ...


Many of Kabbani's poems have also been translated into English, both individually and in collections of selected works. Some of these collections include:

  • On Entering the Sea (1998)
  • Arabian Love Poems (1998) translated by Bassam Frangieh and Clementina R. Brown
  • Republic of Love (2002) translated by Nayef al-Kalali

Bassam Frangieh in the classroom, ca. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nizar Qabbani - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (731 words)
Nizar Qabbani (21 March 1923 30 April 1998) (Arabic:نزار قباني) was a Syrian diplomat, poet and publisher.
Qabbani studied at the National Scientific College in Damascus for his Bachelor's degree, after which he moved on to study law at the University of Syria, graduating in 1945.
Qabbani eugolized his son in the famous poem "The Legendary Prince Tawfiq Qabbani." His daughter Hadba is married to a doctor and is living in one of the Persian Gulf countries.
The Poet (1061 words)
Nizar Qabbani was born in Damascus on March 21, 1923 and began writing poetry in 1944, just one year before he began his Syrian diplomatic career which he later abandoned for his greater love, poetry.
Qabbani believed the defeat was a shameful event and blames the Arab rulers through his poetry by saying that they have denied the Arab people any chance of expressing their opinions freely and acting as a spontaneous body in a free society.
Nizar Qabbani, for instance, in "Marginal Notes in the Book of the Setback", expressed his firm confidence that the new generation would be able to achieve what the present generation had failed to do.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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