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Encyclopedia > Nizam
The Nizam of Hyderabad

1720 – 1948

Flag of The Nizam The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Ashoka_Chakra. ... ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


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Capital Hyderabad
Language(s) Dakhni , later Urdu
Government Monarchy
Nizam
 - 1720-1748 Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah I
 - 1869-1911 Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI
History
 - Established 1720
 - Operation polo 1948
Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I
Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I

Nizam, a shortened version of Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, was the title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad state, India, since 1719, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. The dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi, a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal emperors from 1713 to 1721 and who intermittently ruled under the title Asaf Jah in 1724, and After Aurangzeb's death in 1707, the Mogul empire crumbled and the viceroy in Hyderabad, the young Asaf Jah, declared himself independent. Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dakhni (Hindi: दक्खिनी ), also known as Dakkhani, Deccani (Urdu: دکنی), is a dialect of the Urdu language, was spoken in the Deccan region of southern India, centered on the cities of Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Chennai. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI Sir Mahbub Ali Khan Bahadur Fath Jang Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI, GCB, GCSI was the VI Nizam of Hyderabad. ... Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 405 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (519 × 768 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Portrait of Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad The collection of the British Library This image is in the public domain because its... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 405 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (519 × 768 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Portrait of Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad The collection of the British Library This image is in the public domain because its... Asaf Jah I Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan Asaf Jah I was the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty that ruled Hyderabad state from 1720 to 1749. ... Look up sovereign in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... Asaf Jah I Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan Asaf Jah I was the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty that ruled Hyderabad state from 1720 to 1749. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Chin Qilij Khan Asaf Jah I was the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty that ruled Hyderabad state from 1724 to 1949. ... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title: Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from...


By the middle of 18th century, the scions, known as The Nizams, had quickly surpassed the Mughals ruling a vast dominion of about 125 million acres in south India. They were among the wealthiest people in the world. Seven Nizams ruled Hyderabad for two centuries until Indian independence in 1947. The Last Nizam of Hyderabad Sir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fateh Jung, GCSI, GBE, (April 8, 1886 – February 24, 1967) , styled His Exalted Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad, also named Fath Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Asaf Jah VII, was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial...


The Asaf Jahi rulers were great patrons of literature, art, architecture,culture, Jewelry collection and rich food. For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... This article is about building architecture. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... The Jewels of the Nizams of Hyderabad state, the largest and richest collection of jewels in India. ... Hyderabadi Cuisine, a princely legacy, to an extent, is a blend of Mughlai cuisine and Persian cuisines. ...


The Nizams ruled the state until its annexation into the Indian Union in 1948. Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ... Current political map of India showing states and territories. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Family Origins

The Asaf Jahi dynasty originated in the region around Samarkand, but the family came to India from Baghdad in the late 17th century. Shaikh Mir Ismail (Alam Shaikh Siddiqi) Alam ul-Ulema,son of Shaikh Allahadad Siddiqi, son of Abdul Rehman Shaikh Azizan Siddiqi, fourteenth in direct decent from Sheikh Shihab-ud-din Siddiqi Suhrawardy, of Suharwada in Kurdistan, a celebrated [Sufi] mystic, or dervish, who was himself a direct descendant paternal of Abu Bakr siddiq, maternal (first) a lady of the family of Mir Hamadan (descendant of prophet Mohammed ) a distinguished Sayyid of Samarkand. Samarkand (Tajik: Самарқанд, Persian: ‎ , Uzbek: , Russian: ), population 412,300 in 2005, is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... Look up mystic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Origin of the title

Nizām-ul-mulk was a title first used in Urdu around 1600 to mean Governor of the realm or Deputy for the Whole Empire. The word is derived from the Arabic word, nizām (نظام), meaning order, arrangement. The Nizam was referred to as Ala Hadrat /Ala Hazrat or Nizam Sarkar, meaning His Exalted Highness (Only the last Nizam had this title). Urdu ( , , trans. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...


Rise of the Nizams

Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI
Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI
The Last Nizam,Osman Ali Khan
The Last Nizam,Osman Ali Khan

The first Nizams ruled on behalf of the Mughal emperors. But, after the death of Aurangazeb, the Nizams split away from the Mughals to form their kingdom. When the British achieved paramountcy over India, the Nizams were allowed to continue to rule their princely states. The Nizams retained power over Hyderabad State until its annexation into the Indian Union in 1948, after Indian independence. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 437 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (650 × 892 pixels, file size: 107 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph of Asaf Jah VI, ruler of Hyderabad State, who died in 1911 this website. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 437 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (650 × 892 pixels, file size: 107 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph of Asaf Jah VI, ruler of Hyderabad State, who died in 1911 this website. ... Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI Sir Mahbub Ali Khan Bahadur Fath Jang Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI, GCB, GCSI was the VI Nizam of Hyderabad. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nawab_Mir_Osman_Ali_Khan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nawab_Mir_Osman_Ali_Khan. ... Asaf Jah VII (General His Exalted Highness Sir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fateh Jung, GCSI, GBE), (April 6, 1886 – February 24, 1967) , styled His Exalted Highness The Nizam of Hyderabad, also named Fath Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Asaf Jah VII, was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... Abul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir (November 3, 1618 - March 3, 1707), also known as Alamgir I, was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until 1707. ... The doctrine of paramountcy is the legal principle that reconciles contradicting or conflicting laws in a federalist state. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ...


The Asaf Jah dynasty had only seven rulers; however there was a period of 13 years after the rule of the first Nizam when three of his sons (Nasir Jung, Muzafar Jung and Salabath Jung) ruled. They were not officially recognized as the rulers.


A legend about the first Nizam states that, on one of his hunting trips he was offered some kulchas (an Indian bread) by a holy man and was asked to eat as many as he could. The Nizam could eat seven kulchas and the holy man then prophesied that seven generations of his family would rule the state. For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Kulcha is a north India bread, usually eaten with Cholay. ... Kulcha is a north India bread, usually eaten with Cholay. ... For other uses, see Prophecy (disambiguation). ... Generations redirects here. ...


The Nizams, by an honored Hyderabad tradition that no Nizam has ever left India no matter how good a reason might exist for doing so, they believed, "the Sovereign is too precious to his people ever to leave India.".


Ever since Hyderabad stood aloof from the great first war of Indian Independence of 1857 while betraying many Indians and also at time acting against those who opposed the British such as Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan, its Royal Family have been accorded by British Royalty special honors and the Nizam was given the official status of Faithful Ally. Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... Portrait of Tippu Sultan, 1792 Tippu (Tips) Sultan (full name Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu), also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is a group of people closely related to the British monarch. ...


Lineage

A cover story by TIME in February 22, 1937 called the last Nizam as the wealthiest man in the world
A cover story by TIME in February 22, 1937 called the last Nizam as the wealthiest man in the world
  1. Mir Qamaruddin Khan, Nizam ul Mulk, Asaf Jah I (1720-1748)
  2. Mir Ahmed Ali Khan, Nizam-ud-Dowlah Nasir Jang (1748-1750)
  3. Nawab Hidayat Mohi-ud-din Sa'adu'llah Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang (1750-1751)
  4. Nawab Syed Mohammed Khan, Amir ul Mulk, Salabat Jang (1751-1762)
  5. Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Bahadur, Nizam ul Mulk, Asaf Jah II (1762-1803)
  6. Nawab Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikandar Jah, Asaf Jah III (1803-1829)
  7. Nawab Mir Farkhonda Ali Khan Nasir-ud-Daulah, Asaf Jah IV (1829-1857)
  8. Nawab Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal ud Daulah, Asaf Jah V (1857-1869)
  9. Fateh Jang Nawab Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI (1869-1911)
  10. Fateh Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII (1911-1948)

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the concept of time. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Last Nizam of Hyderabad Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fateh Jung (April 8, 1886 – February 24, 1967) , His Exalted Highness (the British conferred this upon him), also named Fath Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Asif Jah VII, was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad... Asaf Jah I Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan Asif Jah I was the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty that ruled Hyderabad state from 1724 to 1949. ... Ruled Hyderabad State from 1748 to 1750, died 5th December 1750, was know as a benevolent ruler. ... Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat (d. ... Asaf ad-Dawlah Mir Ali Salabat Jang (November 24, 1718—September 16, 1763) was the ruler of the Hyderabad State in India from 1751 until 1762. ... Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Bahadur Asaf Jah II was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. ... Afzal ad-Dawlah Asaf Jah V, Nizam of Hyderabad (11 October 1827-26 February 1869) was the ruler of Hyderabad state in India from 1857 to 1869. ... Mahbub Ali Khan Bahadur Fath Jang Mahbub Ali Khan was the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad. ... The Last Nizam of Hyderabad Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fateh Jung (April 8, 1886 – February 24, 1967) , His Exalted Highness (the British conferred this upon him), also named Fath Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Asif Jah VII, was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad...

Palaces of the Nizams

The Asaf Jahis were prolific builders. Several palaces of the Nizams were: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Chowmahalla Palace Chowmahalla Palace was once the centre of Hyderabad. ...

The princely state had one of the finest palaces in India with rich adornments. Fine objects of art and furnishings in the palaces reflect the grandeur. Chowmahalla Palace Chowmahalla Palace was once the centre of Hyderabad. ... This was the official residence of the Nizam. ... King Kothi Palace is a palace belonging to the erstwhile ruler and the Seventh Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, of Hyderabad state. ... Hyderabad House Hyderabad House is a former Princely Residence of the Osman Ali Khan, Nizam VII located at New Delhi. ... Falaknama Palace (sometimes called Mirror of the Sky) is one of the finest palaces in Hyderabad. ...


The landmarks like the Andhra Pradesh High Court, Jubilee Hall, Asafia library, The Assembly building, the Osmania Arts College and the Osmania Medical College are among their notable constructions. The Andhra Pradesh High Court is the High Court of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Jubilee Hall was built in 1913 during the reign of Mir Osman Ali Khan of erstwhile Hyderabad state. ... The Andhra Pradesh State Assembly is the seat of Andhra Pradeshs Legislative assembly The Andhra Pradesh State Assembly Building located in Hyderabad city, is the seat of the state legislature of Andhra Pradesh It was Built in 1913, the building was originally the Hyderabad Town hall. ... Osmania University (also known as OU in short) is a public university situated in the city of Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... OSMANIA MEDICAL COLLEGE—Mile stones It is one of the oldest and largest Medical Schools in the world. ...


The Nizams liked the European style of architecture and created a fusion of European traditions with Hindu and Islamic forms and motifs. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... In literature, a motif is any recurring element that has symbolic significance. ...


Abdication

Main Article: Operation Polo Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ...


After the British left India in 1947, Hyderabad state did not accede to either of the new dominion of India or Pakistan. In September 1948, the Indian government launched Operation Polo, swiftly overrunning the Nizams' forces and annexed the state into India. Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ...


Each of the Nizams is buried in the royal graves at the Makkah Masjid, near Charminar, except for the last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan, who has willed that he be buried in his mausoleum in the Judi Mosque facing King Kothi Palace. Mecca Masjid - Late 19th Century Mecca Masjid - Now Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad, India is one of the oldest and the biggest masjids in India. ... Charminar (Devanagari: चार मीनार, Nastaliq: چار مینار) (translation: Four Towers), or a mosque of the four minarets, is a monument located in the City of Hyderabad, the capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... The Last Nizam of Hyderabad Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fateh Jung (April 8, 1886 – February 24, 1967) , His Exalted Highness (the British conferred this upon him), also named Fath Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Asif Jah VII, was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad... St. ... Judi Mosque is located at King Kothi Palace in Hyderabad, India, a palace where HEH VII Sir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur lived. ... King Kothi Palace is a palace belonging to the erstwhile ruler and the Seventh Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, of Hyderabad state. ...


References

  • Zubrzycki, John. (2006) The Last Nizam: An Indian Prince in the Australian Outback. Pan Macmillan, Australia. ISBN 978-0-3304-2321-2.
  • University of Queensland feature

See also

Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... The city of Hyderabad is an historic city noted for its many temples, Churches, Mosques, and bazaars. ... The Salar Jung family was a prominent family of Hyderabad state, India under the Asaf Jahi Nizams who ruled the state from 1724 to 1949. ... HMAS Nizam (G38) was an N-class destroyer of the Royal Australian Navy laid down by John Brown and Company, Limited, at Clydebank in Scotland on 27 July 1939, launched on 4 July 1940 and commissioned on 8 January 1941. ... The senior Hyderabad State aristocracy - known as the Paigah nobles - tended to be richer than the average Indian Maharajah, and each maintained their own court, their own extraordinary palaces, and their own three or four thousand strong private army. ...

Further reading

  • Mughal Administration of Deccan Under Nizamul Mulk Asaf Jah, 1720-48 A.D.By M. A. Nayeem, Indian Council of Historical Research, University of Poona, Dept. of History [1]

External links

William Dalrymple (born 1965 in Scotland) is a historian, travel writer and journalist. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ...

 
 

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