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Encyclopedia > Niyoga

Niyoga (Sanskrit: नियोग) is an ancient Hindu tradition, when a woman (whose husband is incapable of fatherhood or have died without having a child) would request and appoint a person for helping her bear a child. The man who was appointed would most likely be a Rishi or a revered person. There were various clauses associated with this process, as follows: The Sanskrit language ( , ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 22 official languages of India. ... In Hinduism, a Rishi ( ऋषि) is a sage and/or seer who heard (cf. ...

  1. The woman would agree for this only for the sake of rightfully having a child and not for pleasure.
  2. The appointed man would do this for Dharma, considering it as his duty to help the woman bear a child and not for pleasure.
  3. The child thus born would be considered the child of the husband-wife and not that of the appointed man.
  4. The appointed man would not seek any relationship or attachment to this child in the future.
  5. To avoid misuse, a man was allowed a maximum of three times in his life time to be appointed in such a way.
  6. The act will be seen as that of Dharma and while doing so, the man and the wife will have only Dharma in their mind and not passion nor lust. The man will do it as a help to the woman in the name of the GOD, whereas the woman will accept it only to bear the child for herself and her husband.

In Niyoga, the bodies were to be covered with "ghee" (so that lust may not take root in the minds of participants but actual act may take place for conception). Similar traditions are referred to in the Old Testament as levirate marriages see [1] and the Spartans. Dharma (Sanskrit धर्म) or Dhamma (Pāli) means Natural Law or Reality, and with respect to its significance for spirituality and religion might be considered the Way of the Higher Truths. ... Dharma (Sanskrit धर्म) or Dhamma (Pāli) means Natural Law or Reality, and with respect to its significance for spirituality and religion might be considered the Way of the Higher Truths. ... Dharma (Sanskrit धर्म) or Dhamma (Pāli) means Natural Law or Reality, and with respect to its significance for spirituality and religion might be considered the Way of the Higher Truths. ... Levirate marriage is the practice of a woman marrying one of her husbands sons or brothers after her husbands death, in order to continue his line. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


Niyoga in Mahabharata

The most famous examples of Niyoga in Hindu mythology occur in the Mahabharata. Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura were the three children born by this process when Rishi Vedavyasa was the appointed man. Later Pandu himself was incapable of producing children and died early. The five Pandavas, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva were the offspring born out of Niyoga. Hindu mythology is a term used by modern scholarship for a large body of Indian literature that details the lives and times of legendary personalities, deities and divine incarnations on earth interspersed with often large sections of philosophical and ethical discourse. ... Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra The (Devanagari: ), is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the . ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... Vidura (Sanskrit: विदुर, vidüra) was a son of a maid-servent who served the Queens of Hastinapura, Queen Ambika and Ambalika. ... In Hinduism, a Rishi ( ऋषि) is a sage and/or seer who heard (cf. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... Yudhisthira was the son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Nakula was the son of King Pandu and Queen Madri. ... Sahadeva is a character in the Mahabharata. ...


Influences on art and culture

Niyoga is the central issue of Anaahat, a Marathi feature film directed by Amol Palekar. It was showcased at the International Film Festival of India 2003. [2] Anahat (Eternity) is a 2003 Marathi film directed by Amol Palekar and starring Sonali Bendre,Anant Nag and Deepti Naval. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Amol Palekar (born 24 November 1944) is a well known actor of the 70s and later director of notable Indian movies. ...


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