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Encyclopedia > Nitra
Nitra
Nitra coat-of-arms
Region (kraj) Nitra Region
District (okres) Nitra District
Location 48°18′25″N, 18°05′11″E
Altitude 250 m
Population 86,958 (2003)
Area 107.97 km²
Time Zone
• Summer DST
CET: UTC+1
CEST: UTC+2
Telephone prefix +421-37
Car registration plate NR
Nitra location map
Nitra - City Center
Nitra - City Center

Nitra (German: Neutra (pronunciation ); Hungarian: Nyitra / Nyitria [archaic]) is a city in western Slovakia (and the fourth largest urban settlement in Slovakia) situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the Nitra River valley. It is the seat of a region (kraj). Image File history File links Nitra_Coat_of_Arms. ... Slovakia is subdivided into 8 kraje (singular - kraj, usually translated as regions, but actually meaning rather county), each of which is named after their principal city. ... This region with rich history is situated in the SW of Slovakia, mostly in the E part of the Danubian Plain. ... An okres (in English district) is an administrative unit in Slovakia. ... Nitra District (okres Nitra) is a district in the Nitra Region of western Slovakia. ... ... The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Daylight saving time (DST), often referred to as daylight savings time, is a widely used system of adjusting the official local time forward, usually one hour, from its official standard time for the summer months. ... This abbreviation has four meanings: Central European Time (see time zones) College English Test: a national English examination in Peoples Republic of China. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Since 1997, the Slovak car registration plate number (Slovak: EÄŒV, evidenčné číslo vozidla) generally takes the form XX-NNNYY, where XX is a two letter code corresponding to a district (okres), NNN is three digit number and YY are two letters (assigned alphabetically). ... Image File history File links Map_slovakia_nitra. ... Nitra City Center File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Nitra City Center File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links De-Neutra. ... Nitra is the name of a 197 km long river in western Slovakia. ... Slovakia is subdivided into 8 kraje (singular - kraj, usually translated as regions, but actually meaning rather county), each of which is named after their principal city. ...


Nitra alongside with Bratislava are the oldest cities in Slovakia. Origins of Nitra as a town and the first sure historical reference date back to the early 9th century. Bratislava (until 1919: Prešporok in Slovak, Pressburg in German and English, Pozsony in Hungarian, Požun in Croatian) is the capital of Slovakia and the countrys largest city, with a population of some 450,000. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ...

Contents


History

Nitra is a city of extraordinary historic importance. Inhabited since time immemorial, it was an important center of the Celts (last centuries B.C.), and later the seat of the first known rulers of what for centuries part of Hungary and late the Austro-Hungarian Empire but has been since 1920 Slovak territory, i.e. of : A Celtic cross. ...

  • the Germanic Quadi around 396? (disputed)
  • the Slavic/Slovak Principality of Nitra:
    • an independent state (late 8th century - 833)
    • Principality of Nitra as part of Great Moravia (833 - ?907)
    • Principality of Nitra under Hungarian supremacy (?925/970 - 1107) [between 1000 and 1030 temporarily under Polish supremacy ]

Nitra is the site of the first known Christian church in central and eastern Europe, which was built in 828 during the time of the Nitrian Principality, and of the first known bishopric in present-day Slovakia (established 880). In the early Middle Ages, the city reached its height during the reign of prince Svätopluk, who was the prince of Nitra from the 850s to 871 and then the king of Great Moravia till 894. Svätopluk had the first monastery in Slovakia built on the Zobor Mountain during 880-881. During his rule, Nitra consisted of five large, fortified settlements and twenty markets, making it a metropolis of the country. Several churches including at Nitra Castle, Párovce, Nitrianska Blatnica, Lupka, Zobor, and Kostoľany pod Tríbečom existed in and around today's Nitra during the 9th and 10th centuries. Located beyond the city limits are the Great Moravian settlements of Chrenova, Lupka, Branc, Vrable, and Zlate Moravce. St. Methodius and St. Cyril, creators of the Glagolitic alphabet, an early precursor of the modern Cyrillic alphabet, participated actively in the formation of the Church and the first bishopric in Slovakia, in Nitra. Today, a basilica discovered beneath the Nitra Castle is believed to have been the first Christian church of western and eastern Slavs. The Quadi were a smaller Germanic tribe, about which little definitive information is known. ... Events Emperor An succeeds Emperor Xiaowu as ruler of the Chinese Jin Dynasty Augustine appointed bishop of Hippo in North Africa End of the Visigoth invasion in Greece. ... The Principality of Nitra or Nitrian Principality ( Slovak: Nitrianske kniežatstvo, Nitriansko, Nitrava) was a principality in what is today Slovakia and some adjacent territories in present-day Hungary in the Middle Ages. ... Great Moravia (Old Church Slavonic approximately Велья Морава, Czech Velká Morava, Slovak Veľká Morava, Latin Magna Moravia) was a Slav state existing on the territory of present-day Moravia and Slovakia between 833 and the early 10th century. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... In the period following its emergence in the 10th century, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christianity, created a strong Central European state and integrated Poland into European culture. ... Events Egbert became first King of England Alcamo was founded by the Muslim commander al-Kamuk. ... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... For other uses, see number 880. ... Svatopluk (-modern Czech name; modern Slovak name: Svätopluk; Old Slavic Свѧтопълкъ; reconstructed name: Sventopluk; some names in Latin texts: Suentopolcus, Zventopluk, Suatopluk, Zwentibald) (around 830 - 894) from the Mojmírs dynasty was the prince of the Nitrian principality (850s - 871) and then the king of Great Moravia (871 - 894). ... Zlaté Moravce (German: Goldmorawitz, Hungarian: Aranyosmarót) is a town in western Slovakia. ... Saint Methodius (Greek: Μεθόδιος; Church Slavonic Мефодии) (b. ... Saint Cyril (Greek: Κύριλλος, Church Slavonic: Кирилъ) (827 - February 14, 869) was a Greek (i. ... Tablet inscribed with the Glagolitic alphabet The Glagolitic alphabet or Glagolitsa is the oldest known Slavonic alphabet. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...


Landmarks

Notable religious structures located in Nitra are the St. Emmeram Cathedral, a Piarist church, a Roman Catholic religious congregation founded by Saint Joseph of Calasanza and a monastery founded in 1701. The monastery church was completed in 1716, but was later destroyed by a fire and remodeled from 1742-1748 in baroque style. Two towers were also added onto the church. The interior was renovated in 1940 and three modern frescos depicting themes from Slovak history of Nitra were created. St. ... The Pauline Congregation of the Mother of God or short Piarists is name of a Catholic educational order, the clerici regulares scholarum piarum, the , founded by Joseph Calasanza (Josephus a Matre Dei) at Rome in the beginning of the 16th century. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... // Events August 5 - In the Battle of Peterwardein 40. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ...


The old town (Staré Mesto) is dominated by the "Castle" (Hrad), which is one of the most interesting ancient complexes of buildings in Slovakia. Archeological findings in the past decades indicate that a large fortified castle had already stood here at the time of Samo's Kingdom, during the seventh century. Recent archeological findings prove the existence of a church from the ninth century beneath the younger, Gothic St. Emmeram Cathedral. The construction of the stone castle began during the 9th century during the reign of the Prince of Nitra Svätopluk. The castle currently serves as the seat of one of Roman-Catholic bishoprics in Slovakia, which was founded in 880 as the first bishopric of western and eastern Slavs, ceased to exist in the 10th century and was refounded around 1110.


The most powerful mediumwave transmitter of Slovakia, running on 1098 kHz, was situated in Nitra until recently. This transmitter could broadcast throughout all of Europe at night. Since 2003, however, it has operated on lower output to save energy cost, and has transmitted regional programming only.


Images

See also

Great Moravia (Old Church Slavonic approximately Велья Морава, Czech Velká Morava, Slovak Veľká Morava, Latin Magna Moravia) was a Slav state existing on the territory of present-day Moravia and Slovakia between 833 and the early 10th century. ... This article discusses the history of Slovakia and of the Slovak people. ... Nitra is the name of a 197 km long river in western Slovakia. ...

External links

  • Nitra.sk – Official Website (Slovak) (German) (English)
  • Constantine the Philosopher University of Nitra – History of Nitra
  • Slovakia Travels Tourist Board – Tourists in Nitra
  • Panoramic photo gallery of Nitra


edit Municipalities of Nitra District Flag of Slovakia

Nitra | Vráble
Alekšince | Báb | Babindol | Bádice | Branč | Cabaj-Čápor | Čab | Čakajovce | Čechynce | Čeľadice | Čifáre | Dolné Lefantovce | Dolné Obdokovce | Golianovo | Horné Lefantovce | Hosťová | Hruboňovo | Ivanka pri Nitre | Jarok | Jelenec | Jelšovce | Kapince | Klasov | Kolíňany | Lehota | Lúčnica nad Žitavou | Lukáčovce | Lužianky | Ľudovítová | Malé Chyndice | Malé Zálužie | Malý Cetín | Malý Lapáš | Melek | Mojmírovce | Nitrianske Hrnčiarovce | Nová Ves nad Žitavou | Nové Sady | Paňa | Podhorany | Pohranice | Poľný Kesov | Rišňovce | Rumanová | Svätoplukovo | Štefanovičová | Štitáre | Šurianky | Tajná | Telince | Veľká Dolina | Veľké Chyndice | Veľké Zálužie | Veľký Cetín | Veľký Lapáš | Vinodol | Výčapy-Opatovce | Zbehy | Žirany | Žitavce Nitra District (okres Nitra) is a district in the Nitra Region of western Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Location of Vráble in Slovakia Vráble is a town in Slovakia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nitra www.nitra.sk/en (1007 words)
The ancient Nitra, ruled by mighty kings and princes once in the past, is nowadays a modern centre of culture and economy in western Slovakia.
Nitra was at the height of its fame during the reign of King Svatopluk.
From the second half of the 18th century, Nitra escaped from military hardships, this made possible the renovation of the town and modifocations on the castle and especially on the Cathedral.
Nitra Region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (118 words)
The Nitra Region (Slovak: Nitriansky kraj) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia.
This region with a long history is situated in the southwest of Slovakia, mostly in the eastern part of the Danubian Lowland.
Nitra region spreads on both sides of the lower Nitra river and consists of seven districts:
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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