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Encyclopedia > Nisei Japanese American

The Nisei Japanese Americans (二世 pronounced [nise(ɪ)], lit. second generation) are American-born citizens of the United States of Japanese ancestry who generally reached adulthood by the outbreak of World War II. In American history, Nisei means specifically Japanese Americans who lived on the West Coast, but not on Hawaii and not on the East Coast, who were interned during WW2 because the government feared that they would support Japan in the war. The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II...


Americans of Japanese ancestry living in the western United States, including the Nisei were, forcibly interned with their parents (the Issei Japanese Americans) and children (the Sansei Japanese Americans) during WWII. Jerome Relocation Camp The Japanese American internment refers to the exclusion and subsequent removal of approximately 112,000 to 120,000 Japanese and Japanese Americans, officially described as persons of Japanese ancestry, 62% of whom were United States citizens, from the west coast of the United States during World War... Categories: | | ... The Sansei Japanese Americans (三世 lit. ...


Most Japanese Americans who fought in WWII were Nisei. The 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team, fighting in the European theatre, became the most decorated unit in U.S. military history for its size and length of service, earning it the title, the "Purple Heart Battalion." Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... It has been suggested that U.S. 100th Infantry Battalion be merged into this article or section. ...


Americans of Japanese ancestry were generally forbidden to fight a combat role in the Pacific theatre. No such limitations were placed on Americans of German or Italian ancestry who fought against the Axis Powers in Europe. However, about 6,000 Nisei did serve in the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) as linguists and in other non-combative roles, interpreting captured enemy documents and interrogating POWs. The initial training facility for the Nisei to prepare for their function was at Camp Savage in Savage, MN. This decision was to locate them in a region where there was less racial prejudice towards the Japanese as compared to the West Coast. MIS linguists translated Japanese documents known as the "Z Plan," which contained Japan's counterattack strategy in the Central Pacific. This information led to Allied victories at "The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot," in which the Japanese lost most of their carrier planes, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines. An MIS radio operator intercepted a message describing Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's flight plans, which led to P-38s downing his plane over the Solomon Islands. General Douglas MacArthur stated, "Never in military history did an army know so much about the enemy prior to actual engagement." General Charles Willoughby, MacArthur's intelligence chief, said, "The Nisei saved countless Allied lives and shortened the war by two years." The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... memorial sign at Camp Savage site Camp Savage is the former site of an MIS language school operating during World War II. The school itself was established in San Francisco, but was moved in 1942 to Savage, Minnesota in the interest of national security. ... Savage is a city located in Scott County, Minnesota. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Douglas MacArthur GCB (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and medal of honor winner, who was Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area during World War II. He led the defense of Australia, and the recapture of New Guinea, the Philippines and... Charles Willoughby, 1892-1972, was a soldier in the U.S. Army. ...


The story of the Nisei is a topic unto itself. There are books written about it and museums devoted to it. It is considered one of the most horrific human rights violations in the U.S. in the twentieth century. The topic of Nisei (and not Japanese Americans per se) is part of the mandated high school history curriculum of many states, including New York State, New Jersey, and California.


See also

Exclusion order posted at First and Front Streets in San Francisco, California, directing removal of persons of Japanese ancestry. ... Case opinions Laws applied Executive Order 9066 Korematsu v. ... Manzanar, California. ... After the Pearl Harbor attacks, Jap hunting licenses were spread and circulated in the United States. ...

References

  • Savage in World War II

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nisei Japanese American - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (483 words)
The Nisei Japanese Americans (二世 pronounced [nise(ɪ)], lit.
Americans of Japanese ancestry living in the western United States, including the Nisei were, forcibly interned with their parents (the Issei Japanese Americans) and children (the Sansei Japanese Americans) during WWII.
Americans of Japanese ancestry were generally forbidden to fight a combat role in the Pacific theatre.
Japanese people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1198 words)
The most accepted theory is that present-day Japanese are primarily descendants of both the Jomon, a paleo-Asiatic people, and the Yayoi, a neo-Asiatic people with cultural influences from Korea's Goguryeo and Baekje kingdoms and Gaya confederacy, as well as the Sui and Tang dynasties of China.
The Japanese, along with the Ainu and Koreans are believed to be largely derived from the Tungusic language group which is often speculated as related to the Altaic language group.
The Japanese are not a genetically uniform group, as previously claimed, and the Ainu and Okinawans don't share the same DNA types at all.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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