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Encyclopedia > Nipissing First Nation

The Nipissing First Nation consists of first nation (i.e. aboriginal) people of Ojibway and Algonquin descent who have lived in the Lake Nipissing area for about 9,400 years. As such, they are generally classified as Anishinaabe people, a grouping which includes the Odawa, Ojibway and Algonquins. This broad heritage is likely the result of the Nipissings living at a geographical crossroads - in fact at a watershed divide. Carved mask in Vancouver First Nations is a term for ethnicity used in Canada to replace the word Indian. It refers to the Indigenous peoples of North America located in what is now Canada, and their descendants, who are not Inuit or Métis. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... The Algonquins or Algonkins are an aboriginal North American people speaking Algonquin, an Algonquian language. ... View of Lake Nipissing from North Bay. ... Anishinaabe is a self-description often used by people belonging to the indigenous Odawa, Ojibwe, and Algonkin peoples of North America, who share closely related Algonkian languages. ... The Ottawa (also Odawa, Odaawa, Outaouais, or Trader) are a Native American and First Nations people. ...

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Geography

Lake Nipissing itself drains via the French River into Lake Huron and, to the east of Lake Nipissing, Trout Lake drains via the Mattawa River into the Ottawa River. Thus the Nipissings lived at the crossroads between two watersheds, and were key to trade to the East, West, North and South of Lake Nipissing. This watershed divide was later portaged extensively by the French in accessing the Great Lakes by canoe from settlements around Montreal. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into French River (Ontario). ... The Great Lakes from space; Lake Huron is the third from the left. ... The Mattawa River is a river in central Ontario, Canada. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ...


To the west their trade routes extended as far as Lake Nipigon and their Ojibway neighbours, and to the north as far James Bay where they traded with the Cree and, later, the English. Their trade network to the east extended as far as present day Quebec City. The Hurons lived nearby to the South, and there is archeological evidence that the Nipissings integrated some Huron styles and techniques in their pottery. James Bay in summer 2000 James Bay (French, Baie James) is a large body of water on the southern end of Hudson Bay in Canada. ... This article is about the indigenous people; for the American corporation, see Cree Inc. ... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Quebec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Quebec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Mandate Andrée P. Boucher 2005-2009 federal Members of Parliament...


They obtained food primarily through hunting, fishing and gathering although their extensive trading likely allowed them to supplement their diets with corn, beans and squash as well. Certainly the land in the lake valleys would have supported some horticulture.


Great Lakes-Ottawa River Watershed Divide


History

The trade routes that had been under the Nipissings' control became increasingly desirable during the early colonial period, as the French proved a large market for the inland pelts. As a result, the Iroquois executed military campaigns against the Huron and Nipissing and, by 1647, the Nipissing regrouped in the Lake Nipigon area. The Nipissing nonetheless continued to use their historical trade routes, but at greater risk to themselves. By 1670, the Nipissing are documented to have returned to Lake Nipissing. The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... // Events March 14 - Thirty Years War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm. ... Lake Nipigon (French : lac Nipigon) is the largest lake entirely within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario and is sometimes described as the sixth Great Lake. ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ...


By the early 19th century, the Europeans were actively trapping the area in and around Lake Nipissing themselves, which lead to a sharp reduction in the amount of pelts available to the Nipissings and other first nation peoples in the area. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1850 the Nipissing signed the Robinson Huron Treaty, in part to solidify their claim to the north shores of Lake Nipissing and its main waterways in the face of increasing European encroachment. 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Society

Traditionally, the Nipissing nation was structured around families and clans (or dodems). The five dodems were: blood, birch bark, heron, beaver and squirrel. In turn, each clan was based on family lines, with each family consisting of about thirty people and the "head man" usually being the patriarch of the family. The head men met in council to decide on the rules by which the nation would operate. There was nonetheless a great respect for an individual's right to decide their own path, whether they be a man or a woman.


The Nipissings are a very spiritual people, and traditionally used many natural medicines and had an extensive spiritual life that also encompassed interment ceremonies.


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