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Encyclopedia > Ninth Ward of New Orleans

The Ninth Ward or 9th Ward is a distinctive region of New Orleans, Louisiana that is located in the easternmost downriver portion of the city. It is the most famous in name and geographically the largest of the 17 Wards of New Orleans. Nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City That Care Forgot Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ... The city of New Orleans, Louisiana is divided into 17 Wards. ...


On the south the Ninth Ward is bounded by the Mississippi River. On the western or "up river" side, the Ninth Ward is bounded by (going from the Mississippi River north to Lake Ponchartrain) Franklin Avenue, then Almonaster Avenue, then People's Avenue. From the north end of People's Avenue the boundary continues on a straight line north to Lake Pontchartrain; this line is the boundary between the Ninth and the city's Eight Ward. Lake Ponchartrain forms the north and northeastern end of the ward. Saint Bernard Parish is the boundary to the southeast, Lake Bourne further southeast and east, and the end of Orleans Parish to the east at The Rigolets. The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the river Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... Lake Pontchartrain is the second largest salt-water lake in the United States, and the largest lake in southeastern Louisiana. ... The 8th Ward is a section of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... St. ... The Rigolets (locally pronounced RIG-uh-leez) is a strait in Louisiana that, along with Chef Menteur Pass, connects Lake Pontchartrain and Lake St. ...


Notable landmarks in this region include the Lakefront Airport, the Industrial Canal, and Bally's Casino. Some of these landmarks and the region containing them were given a great deal of exposure by the Hot Boys music video "We On Fire", which was partly filmed there. Since then, it has become commonplace for many artists to mention the Ninth Ward in their songs. New Orleans Lakefront Airport, located in downtown New Orleans, Louisana was constructed in the mid 1930s on a man-made peninsula jutting into Lake Pontchartrain. ... The Industrial Canal is a 5. ... The Hot Boys were an American hip hop group, active from 1997 to 2001, and collectively made up of the most popular performers on the New Orleans-based record label Cash Money Records. ...


While there is substantial overlap, the 9th Ward should not be confused with city planning designation of the ninth planning district of New Orleans. The 9th Ward includes land in planning districts 8, 10, and 11 (not to be confused with the 8th, 10th, and 11th wards .) [1] Urban, city, or town planning, deals with design of the built environment from the municipal and metropolitan perspective. ...


Among the famous residents of the 9th Ward are Fats Domino, former Washington Husky and NBA basketball player Eldridge Recasner, and Magic—"Mr. Ninth Ward". The area has also produced well known figures like NFL star Marshall Faulk, author Kalamu ya Salaam, trumpeter Kermit Ruffins, and the prominent Lastie musical family. Fats Domino Antoine Dominique Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928 in New Orleans, Louisiana), is a classic R&B and rock and roll singer, songwriter and pianist. ... Magic(Awood Johnson) is a New Orleans hip-hop artist, who first worked the citys underground circuit, then eventually signed with Master Ps No Limit label thanks to the moguls brother, C-Murder. ... Marshall William Faulk (born February 26, 1973 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American football player in the National Football League. ... Kermit Ruffins (born December 19, 1964) is a trumpet player and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. He was heavily influenced by Louis Armstrong. ...

Contents


Nicknames

The initials "CTC," which stand for "Cross the Canal," referring to the Industrial Canal or "Cut Throat City" is a popular nickname for the area. Locals often refer to the ward as "the Mighty 9". Another local nickname for the area is "5-4" or "the five four", which was originated by residents using the digits on their hands to describe this distinct ward.


Neighborhoods of the Ninth Ward

The Ninth Ward can broadly be divided into three sections, from where the ward is divided from north to south by the Industrial Canal, and where the area east of the Industrial Canal is divided east to west by the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway/Mississippi River Gulf Outlet. The Industrial Canal is a 5. ... Categories: Stub ... The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal (also known as MRGO, MR-GO or Mr. ...


Lower 9th Ward

Main article: Lower Ninth Ward

The smallest of these pieces is the area south and east of these canals. The portion of the Ninth Ward along the river down river from the Industrial Canal stetching to the St. Bernard line is called the "Lower 9th Ward" or "Lower Ninth". It includes the Holy Cross neighborhood and the Jackson Barracks, and was long known for its high portion of working class African American home ownership. The two Lower Ninth Ward areas, including Holy Cross and the Lower Ninth Ward Neighborhood in relation to the rest of the city of New Orleans. ...


Upper 9th Ward

The area west or "above" the Canal has sometimes been called the "Upper Ninth Ward." Such distinctions arose when the Industrial Canal bisected the neighborhood in the 1920s. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social issues of the 1920s. ...


The portion of the Ninth Ward along the riverfront between Faubourg Marigny and the Industrial Canal is known as Bywater. Faubourg Marigny or simply Marigny is a neighborhood in the downtown section of New Orleans, Louisiana, just down river from the famous French Quarter. ... The Bywater is a neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


Further back are the St. Claude and Florida area neighborhoods, then the Desire neighborhood. The Desire neighborhood was home to the large Desire housing project. Nearby was the Agriculture Street Landfill, an old city dump that was covered over and made into a neighborhood of low income housing, then became a Superfund toxic cleanup site. Public housing describes a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... The Agriculture Street Landfill was a dump in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Look up Dump in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Dump can mean: A landfill (usually a less formal and well-contained one). ... Checking the status of a cleanup site Superfund is the common name for the United States environmental law that is officially known as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 9601 to 9675, which was enacted by the United States Congress on December 11...


Other neighborhoods to the West of the Canal include Gentilly Woods, and Pontchartrain Park. Southern University at New Orleans is in this section. Pontchartrain Park is a neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... The Southern University at New Orleans is a University in New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


On Friday, January 06, 2006, the governing board for New Orleans public schools approved the sale of eight acres of surplus property in the Upper 9th Ward to the New Orleans Area Habitat for Humanity. Habitat for Humanity is working with Harry Connick Jr. and Branford Marsalis on a Musicians' Village. The Musicians' Village will include Habitat-constructed homes, with a Ellis Marsalis Center for Music, as the centerpiece of the area. The Habitat-built homes will provide musicians of modest means the opportunity to buy decent, affordable housing.[2] Official Habitat for Humanity logo Habitat for Humanity is an international, Christian, non-governmental, non-profit organization devoted to building quality, low-cost, affordable housing. ... Harry Connick, Jr. ... Branford Marsalis Branford Marsalis (born August 26, 1960) is an American jazz saxophonist. ... Musicians Village (New Orleans, Louisiana) is a project with musicians Harry Connick Jr. ... Musicians Village (New Orleans, Louisiana) is a project with musicians Harry Connick Jr. ...


Eastern New Orleans

Main article: Eastern New Orleans

The area to the east of the Industrial Canal and north of the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet is often called "New Orleans East", although this term is sometimes confined to a smaller section of this area. Neighborhoods to the east of the canal include Lake Kenilworth, Pines Village, Lake Forest East, Lake Forest West, Edgelake, Littlewoods, Plum Orchard, Bonita Park, Donna Villa, Camelot, and Village de L'Est, known for its Vietnamese community. Landmarks in this part of the city's 9th Ward include Lakefront Airport, Joe W. Brown Park, NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility, Six Flags New Orleans amusement park. Eastern New Orleans is a large section of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal (also known as MRGO, MR-GO or Mr. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Michoud Assembly Facility in 1968 The Michoud Assembly Facility is an 832 acre (3. ... Six Flags New Orleans (formerly known as Jazzland) is amusement park in New Orleans, Louisiana owned by the Six Flags organization. ... Amusement park is the more generic term for a collection of rides and other entertainment attractions assembled for the purpose of entertaining a fairly large group of people. ...


Further east in the Ward, the far eastern portion has little urban development. It includes the Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge, Chef Menteur Pass, and scattered areas of essentially rural character despite being within the city limits, like Venetian Isles, Irish Bayou and Lake Saint Catherine, and historic Fort Pike on the Rigolets. The Chef Menteur Pass is a narrow natural waterway which, along with the Rigolets, connects Lake Pontchartrain and Lake Borgne in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Venetian Isles is a neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Lake St. ... Fort Pike is a decommissioned 19th century fort which formerly guarded the Rigolets pass in Louisiana. ... The Rigolets (locally pronounced RIG-uh-leez) is a strait in Louisiana that, along with Chef Menteur Pass, connects Lake Pontchartrain and Lake St. ...


History

Flooding after Betsy, 1965
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Flooding after Betsy, 1965

The area along the river front was developed first, at the start of the 19th century, followed by the natural high land along Gentilly Ridge. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x917, 142 KB) Summary Flooding in the Lower 9th Ward of New Orleans after Hurricane Betsy, with helicoptor visible. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x917, 142 KB) Summary Flooding in the Lower 9th Ward of New Orleans after Hurricane Betsy, with helicoptor visible. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The designation of this area as the "9th Ward" dates from 1852, when the boundaries of the Wards of New Orleans were redrawn as part of the reorganization of the city from three municipalities into one centralized city government. The city of New Orleans, Louisiana is divided into 17 Wards. ...


Along the lakefront were various fishing camps built on piers, the most famous collection being Little Woods. Such camps were common along the lakefront in the 19th and early 20th century, but the collection at Little Woods was the longest lasting concentration, many surviving until Hurricane Georges in 1998. Hurricane Georges was the second most destructive storm of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


The Industrial Canal was dredged through the neighborhood at the start of the 1920s.


Most of the area between Gentilly Ridge and Lake Ponchartrain was swamp, not drained and developed until the mid and late 20th century. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Lincoln Beach was an amusement park along the lakefront for African-Americans during the era of racial segregation. The nearby "Ponchartrain Beach" was the corresponding amusement area for whites. Lincoln Beach was an amusement park in New Orleans, Louisiana, functioning from 1939 through 1965. ... Amusement park is the more generic term for a collection of rides and other entertainment attractions assembled for the purpose of entertaining a fairly large group of people. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 This entry is related to, but not included in the Political ideologies series or one of its sub-series. ...


Parts of the 9th Ward flooded during Hurricane Flossy in 1956, and the Lower 9th Ward experienced catastrophic flooding in Hurricane Betsy in 1965. The 1956 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ... Hurricane Betsy was a powerful hurricane of the 1965 Atlantic hurricane season which caused enormous damage in the Bahamas, Florida, and Louisiana. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


Hurricane Katrina

22 December 2005 view inland from the inner (southern) of the two major breaches in the lower side of the Industrial Canal levee & flood wall into the Lower 9th Ward, one of the more famous of the multiple levee failures which devastated much of the Ward at the time of Hurricane Katrina
Enlarge
22 December 2005 view inland from the inner (southern) of the two major breaches in the lower side of the Industrial Canal levee & flood wall into the Lower 9th Ward, one of the more famous of the multiple levee failures which devastated much of the Ward at the time of Hurricane Katrina

Much of the 9th Ward on both sides of the Industrial Canal again experienced catastrophic flooding in Hurricane Katrina in 2005 (see Effect of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans). Much of the damage was caused by storm surge channeled into the area by the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet. There were multiple severe levee breaks along both the MRGO and the Industrial Canal. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2935 KB) Summary Taken by Craig Morris on Dec 22, 2006 on top of the levee overlooking the 9th Ward where the breach took place. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2935 KB) Summary Taken by Craig Morris on Dec 22, 2006 on top of the levee overlooking the 9th Ward where the breach took place. ... The 9th ward is a distinctive region of New Orleans, Louisiana that is located in the eastern downriver portion of the city. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa) Damages $75 billion (2005 USD) (costliest Atlantic hurricane in history) Fatalities ≥1,836 total Areas affected Bahamas, South Florida, Cuba, Louisiana (especially Greater New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida Panhandle, most of eastern North America Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Katrina was the... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The effect of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans was catastrophic and long-lasting. ... ... A levee, levée (from the feminine past participle of the French verb lever, to raise), floodbank or stopbank is a natural or artificial embankment or dike, usually earthen, which parallels the course of a river. ...


Eastern New Orleans was mostly flooded from multiple breaches in the MRGO to the south. Some heavy waves during the storm topped the lake levee to the north, which may have contributed to the flooding in some places. Lakefront Airport, outside the main protection levees, was heavily damaged by surge from Lake Pontchartrain. Some water also overtopped a section of the Industrial Canal levee Most of Eastern New Orleans experienced flooding, generally all areas except the Gentilly/Chef Menteur Ridge and Michoud areas.


The Upper Ninth was flooded by levee & floodwall failures near the Desire neighborhood, across the Industrial Canal from the junction with the MRGO. Flooding in this part of the ward joined with that of the bulk of the City's east bank to the west, with water flowing in from the London Avenue Canal breaches. The old high ground of the section of Bywater on the river side of Saint Claude Avenue was the only substantial neighborhood to escape flooding. A few areas on the very highest part of Gentilly Ridge and along the lakefront fill were also above the floodwaters. The London Avenue Canal in New Orleans, Louisiana does not connect Lake Pontchartrain to the Mississippi River. ...


The Lower Ninth Ward flooded most catastrophically, with storm surge coming from the east via flooded Saint Bernard Parish and from the west through two large breaches in the Industrial Canal flood protection system, creating violent currents that did not merely flood buildings, but smashed them and displaced them from their foundations. Floodwaters propelled the barge ING 4727 into the neighborhood on the other side of the levee from the Industrial Canal. ING 4727 is a barge belonging to Ingram Barge Company that became famous when it went through through a levee and landed in a residential neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana during Hurricane Katrina. ...


During the hurricane aftermath, live television news coverage from reporters and anchors with little familiarity with New Orleans included repeated confused misinformation over several days, including referring to the Lower 9th Ward simply as "the 9th Ward" and misidentifying helicopter shots of the Industrial Canal breech as the 17th Street Canal breech (which was actually at the nearly opposite end of the city.) Television news refers to the practice of disseminating current events via the media of television. ... Woman walks dog along the levee beside the floodwall on the Metarie side of the Canal, 11 November, 2005. ...


The Lower 9th Ward, not yet dry from Katrina, was re-flooded by Hurricane Rita a month later. Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 55–112 indirect[citation needed] Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded...


Roughly half a year after the hurricane, the ward comprises the vast majority of hurricane-ravaged territory still devoid of noticeable improvement or substantial rebuilding efforts. There is debate about why this is, as many argue that neighborhoods like Lakeview were just as badly damaged, yet are being given a better chance to recover from the storm by city officials and rebuilding planners. There are a number of cities and towns known as Lakeview: Lakeview, Alberta Lakeview, Central Kootenay Regional District, British Columbia Lakeview, Central Okanagan Regional District, British Columbia Lakeview Crescent, British Columbia Lakeview Heights, British Columbia Lakeview, Manitoba Lakeview, Queens County, New Brunswick Lakeview, Westmorland County, New Brunswick Lakeview, Halifax, Nova...


During Mardi Gras 2006, the 9th Ward was a popular spot for visitors. The national attention the area received due to the hurricane and the events following the disaster provided Carnival revelers with an additional destination during their celebration. Visitors, however, were not the only ones to venture into the area. Locals flocked to the devastated neighborhoods of the ward, as well. Hundreds of people gathered near the Florida housing project in the Ninth Ward on Fat Tuesday. In the quasi-celebratory spirit of a jazz funeral, many residents made their first trip back to take part in a massive block party in their former neighborhood. Mardi Gras (French for Fat Tuesday) is the day before Ash Wednesday, and is also called Shrove Tuesday or Pancake Day. It is the final day of Carnival (English:IPA: and Romance languages:IPA: ). It is a celebration that is held just before the beginning of the Christian liturgical season... Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival is a public celebration or parade combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the Carnival Season. ... The Ninth ward is a distinctive region of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States that is located in the eastern downriver portion of the city. ... In the Christian calendar, Shrove Tuesday is the English name for the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, which in turn marks the beginning of Lent. ... Jazz funeral is a unique American funeral tradition which occurs in New Orleans. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ninth Ward of New Orleans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1770 words)
The Ninth Ward or 9th Ward is a distinctive region of New Orleans, Louisiana that is located in the easternmost downriver portion of the city.
On the south the Ninth Ward is bounded by the Mississippi River.
The 9th Ward includes land in planning districts 8, 10, and 11 (not to be confused with the 8th, 10th, and 11th wards.) [1] Also to be noted, the Upper and Lower Ninth Ward are represented by different voting factions, city as well as state.
Online NewsHour: Commission Charged with Creating Plan for New Orleans -- September 30, 2005 (2419 words)
New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin halts the reopening of New Orleans.
New Orleans is not asking for a hand-out; we're asking for a hand up, and we're asking for you to help us to create the right environment for us to be successful.
New Orleans' poor wards were the few places where poor people were allowed to live in the region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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