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Encyclopedia > Ningxia
宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
Abbreviation(s): 宁 (pinyin: Níng)
Ningxia is highlighted on this map
Origin of name 宁 níng - tranquil
夏 xià - Western Xia
"Tranquil Xia"
Administration type Autonomous region
Capital and
Largest City
Yinchuan
CPC Ningxia Committee Secretary Chen Jianguo
Chairman Ma Qizhi
Area 66,000 km² (27th)
Population (2004)
 - Density
5,880,000 (29th)
89.1/km² (25th)
GDP (2004)
 - per capita
CNY 46.04 billion (30th)
CNY 7830 (23rd)
HDI (2005) 0.712 (26th) — medium
Major nationalities (2000) Han - 79%
Hui - 20%
Manchu - 0.4%
Prefecture-level divisions 5
County-level divisions 21
Township-level divisions
(December 31, 2004)
219
ISO 3166-2 CN-64
Official website:
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》/ China Statistical Yearbook 2005 ISBN 7503747382

Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》/ Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China ISBN 7105054255

Ningxia (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏; Pinyin: Níngxià; Wade-Giles: Ning-hsia; Postal Pinyin: Ningsia), full name Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏回族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏回族自治區; Pinyin: Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū), is a Hui autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located on the northwest Loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land. It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme of the Chinese phonetic alphabet (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音方案; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音方案; Pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n fāngàn), while pin means spell(ing) and yin means sound(s)), is a system of romanization (phonemic notation... Made by uploader. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... Yinchuan (Simplified Chinese: 银川; Traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: ) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) also known as Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total areas. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total populations in 2003. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total population density in 2003. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product in 2003. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product per capita in 2003. ... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, in order of their Human Development Index (HDI). ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; Hanyu pinyin: ) are a Tungusic people who originated in Northeastern Asia, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... This page as shown in the aol 9. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme of the Chinese phonetic alphabet (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音方案; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音方案; Pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n fāngàn), while pin means spell(ing) and yin means sound(s)), is a system of romanization (phonemic notation... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... In the early twentieth century, China (starting with the dying Qing Empire) used Postal (Office) System Pinyin (郵政式拼音 Hanyu Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì Pīnyīn) (unrelated to the modern Hanyu Pinyin), based on Wade-Giles (in particularly, Herbert Giless A Chinese-English Dictionary) for postal purposes, especially for placenames on letters and... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme of the Chinese phonetic alphabet (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音方案; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音方案; Pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n fāngàn), while pin means spell(ing) and yin means sound(s)), is a system of romanization (phonemic notation... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (徽) dialects. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... The Loess Plateau is a plateau that covers an area of some 640,000 km² in the upper and middle parts of Chinas Yellow River. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ...

Contents


History

Ningxia and its surrounding areas have been incorporated into the Qin empire as early as the 3rd century BC. Throughout the Han Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty, there were further evidence of settlements and by the 11th century, the Tangut tribe have established the Xixia dynasty on the outskirts of the then Song Dynasty. The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: 秦朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝; Simplified Chinese: 汉朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Han Chau; 206 BC–AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... The Tangut, also known as the Western Xia were a Qiangic-Tibetan people who moved to the highlands of western Sichuan sometime before the 10th century AD. They spoke Tangut language a now-extinct Tibeto-Burman language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ...


It then came under Mongol domination after Genghis Khan conquered Yinchuan in the early 13th century. After the Mongols departed and its influences faded, Turkish speaking Muslims slowly began moving into Ningxia from the west. This created unavoidable tensions between the Han and the Hui ethnic groups in the following centuries. Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Genghis Khan (c. ... Yinchuan (Simplified Chinese: 银川; Traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: ) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ...


In 1914, Ningxia was merged with the province of Gansu and became a part of it but then in 1928 Ningxia was created a province of China. Between 1914 and 1928 the Xibei San Ma, literally "three Ma's of the northwest", were three brothers who ruled the provinces of Qinghai, Ningxia and Gansu. In 1958, Ningxia formally became an autonomous region of China. In 1969, Ningxia's border was extended to the north and acquired parts of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region. However it was reverted back again in 1979. 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...


Geography

Ningxia borders the provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu, and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Shaanxi (Simplified Chinese: 陕西; Traditional Chinese: 陝西; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like Shahn-shee) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Ningxia is a relatively dry, desert-like region. There is a significant irrigation in order to support the growing of wolfberries (a commonly consumed fruit throughout the region). The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... High-altitude aerial view of irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara (, ) Irrigation (in agriculture) is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. ... Species Lycium barbarum L. Lycium chinense Miller Wolfberry is also another name for the western snowberry, Symphoricarpos occidentalis Goji is also short for Gojira (Godzilla), a popular film series in Japan. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Catalonia. ...

The Tengger desert (腾格里沙漠) covers about 36,700 square km and is in the Gansu Province in China. ... Shapotou desert, July 2004 Shapotou is a large region in Ningxia Province, China, noted for the Tengger desert. ...

Administration

Ningxia is divided into five prefecture-level cities: A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ...

Yinchuan (Simplified Chinese: 银川; Traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: ) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. ... Shizuishan is a prefecture-level city and is the second biggest city in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in Western China after Yinchuan. ... Wuzhong is a prefecture-level city in Ningxia. ...

Demographics

Ningxia is the home of the Hui, one of the officially recognized Chinese minority groups. While ethnically indistinguishable from the Han (the major Chinese ethnic group), the Hui have been Muslims for many centuries. As a stop along the legendary Silk Road, the Hui were converted by the Islamic traders. The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Silk Road in the 1st century CE. For other uses, see Silk Road (disambiguation). ...


Economy

Ningxia is the province with the second smallest GDP (Tibet being the last) of all of the PRC. Its nominal GDP in 2004 was just 46.04 billion yuan (US$5.71 billion) and a per capita GDP of 6,640 yuan (US$801). It contributes to only 0.3% of the national economy. The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་; Wylie: Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs; Simplified Chinese: 西藏自治区; Traditional Chinese: 西藏自治區; Pinyin: Xīzàng Zìzhìqū), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tourism

One of Ningxia's main tourist spots is the famous Xixia Tomb located 30 kilometres west of Yinchuan. Located within an area of 50 km² are the remnant tombs of 9 emperors of the Xixia dynasty and 200 other tombs from that era. Other famous sites in Ningxia include Helan Shan, the mysterious 108 dagobas, the twin pagodas of Baisikou and the desert research outpost at Shapatou. Yinchuan (Simplified Chinese: 银川; Traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: ) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Stupa at Samye Ling Monastery, Scotland A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent, Asia and increasingly in the Western World. ... Chinese Pagodas (Chinese å¡”, pinyin tÇŽ) are a traditional part of Chinese architecture, introduced from India along with Buddhism as protective structures for Buddhist relics. ... Shapotou desert, July 2004 Shapotou is a large region in Ningxia Province, China, noted for the Tengger desert. ...


External links

  • Ningxia regional government website (simplified Chinese)
  • Large map of Ningxia


Province-level divisions administered by the People's Republic of China
Provinces: Anhui | Fujian | Gansu | Guangdong | Guizhou | Hainan | Hebei | Heilongjiang | Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangsu | Jiangxi | Jilin | Liaoning | Qinghai | Shaanxi | Shandong | Shanxi | Sichuan | Yunnan | Zhejiang
Autonomous Regions: Guangxi | Inner Mongolia | Ningxia | Tibet | Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing | Chongqing | Shanghai | Tianjin
Special administrative regions: Hong Kong | Macau
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ningxia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ningxia - definition of Ningxia in Encyclopedia (140 words)
Ningxia (寧夏), also spelled Ningsia, is an autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, located on the northwest loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land.
Ningxia borders the Shaanxi and Gansu provinces, and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Ningxia is the home of the Hui, one of the officially recognized Chinese minority groups.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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