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Encyclopedia > Ninety nine names of Allah

The 99 Names of God, according to Islamic tradition, are the names of God that God, or Allah, has revealed to man.


According to Islamic traditions, the prophet Muhammad used to call God by all his names: "Allahumma inni ad`uka bi asma'ika al-husna kulliha": O God, I invoke you with all of your beautiful names. Narrated by Ibn Maja, book of Du`a; and by Imam Malik in his Muwatta', Kitab al-Shi`r.


The 99 names are repeated a certain number of times in the Qur'an. Many of these names are part of Arabic personal names, as in Abd ar-Rahman ("server of the Most Compassionate (God)").


The number 99 is written in everybody's hands. If you look at your palms, thumbs facing upward, the lines in the hands appear as "١٨ ٨١", i. e. similar to 81 and 18 in arabic-indic numerals. The sum of these numbers is 99, for Muslims a reference to the names of God.


The 99 Names of God according to the tradition of Islam are:

  1. ALLAH (الله)
  2. Al Rahman (الرحمن) The All Beneficent
  3. Al Rahim (الرحيم) The Most Merciful
  4. Al Malik (الملك) The King, The Sovereign
  5. Al Quddus (القدوس) The Most Holy
  6. Al Salam (السلام) Peace and Blessing
  7. Al Mu'min (المؤمن) The Guarantor
  8. Al Muhaymin (المهيمن) The Guardian, the Preserver
  9. Al 'Aziz (العزيز) The Almighty, the Self Sufficient
  10. Al Jabbar (الجبار) The Powerful, the Irresistible
  11. Al Mutakabbir (المتكبر) The Tremendous
  12. Al Khaliq (الخالق) The Creator
  13. Al Bari' (البارئ) The Maker
  14. Al Musawwir (المصور) The Fashioner of Forms
  15. Al Ghaffar (الغفار) The Ever Forgiving
  16. Al Qahhar (القهار) The All Compelling Subduer
  17. Al Wahhab (الوهاب) The Bestower
  18. Al Razzaq (الرزاق) The Ever Providing
  19. Al Fattah (الفتاح) The Opener, the Victory Giver
  20. Al Alim (العليم) The All Knowing, the Omniscient
  21. Al Qabid (القابض) The Restrainer, the Straightener
  22. Al Basit (الباسط) The Expander, the Munificent
  23. Al Khafid (الخافض) The Abaser
  24. Al Rafi' (الرافع) The Exalter
  25. Al Mu'izz (المعز) The Giver of Honor
  26. Al Mudhill (المذل) The Giver of Dishonor
  27. Al Sami' (السميع) The All Hearing
  28. Al Basir (البصير) The All Seeing
  29. Al Hakam (الحكم) The Judge, the Arbitrator
  30. Al 'Adl (العدل) The Utterly Just
  31. Al Latif (اللطيف) The Subtly Kind
  32. Al Khabir (الخبير) The All Aware
  33. Al Halim (الحليم) The Forbearing, the Indulgent
  34. Al 'Azim (العظيم) The Magnificent, the Infinite
  35. Al Ghafur (الغفور) The All Forgiving
  36. Al Shakur (الشكور) The Grateful
  37. Al 'Ali (العلى) The Sublimely Exalted
  38. Al Kabir (الكبير) The Great
  39. Al Hafiz (الحفيظ) The Preserver
  40. Al Muqit (المقيت) The Nourisher
  41. Al Hasib (الحسيب) The Reckoner
  42. Al Jalil (الجليل) The Majestic
  43. Al Karim (الكريم) The Bountiful, the Generous
  44. Al Raqib (الرقيب) The Watchful
  45. Al Mujib (المجيب) The Responsive, the Answerer
  46. Al Wasi' (الواسع) The Vast, the All Encompassing
  47. Al Hakim (الحكيم) The Wise
  48. Al Wadud (الودود) The Loving, the Kind One
  49. Al Majid (المجيد) The All Glorious
  50. Al Ba'ith (الباعث) The Raiser of the Dead
  51. Al Shahid (الشهيد) The Witness
  52. Al Haqq (الحق) The Truth, the Real
  53. Al Wakil الوكيل The Trustee, the Dependable
  54. Al Qawiyy (القوى) The Strong
  55. Al Matin (المتين) The Firm, the Steadfast
  56. Al Wali (الولى) The Protecting Friend, Patron, and Helper
  57. Al Hamid (الحميد) The All Praiseworthy
  58. Al Muhsi (المحصى) The Accounter, the Numberer of All
  59. Al Mubdi' (المبدئ) The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of all
  60. Al Mu'id (المعيد) The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
  61. Al Muhyi (المحيى) The Giver of Life
  62. Al Mumit (المميت) The Bringer of Death, the Destroyer
  63. Al Hayy (الحي) The Ever Living
  64. Al Qayyum (القيوم) The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All
  65. Al Wajid (الواجد) The Perceiver, the Finder, the Unfailing
  66. Al Majid (الماجد) The Illustrious, the Magnificent
  67. Al Wahid (الواحد) The One, the All Inclusive, the Indivisible
  68. Al Samad (الصمد) The Self Sufficient,the Impregnable,the Eternally Besought of All, the Everlasting
  69. Al Qadir (القادر) The All Able
  70. Al Muqtadir (المقتدر) The All Determiner, the Dominant
  71. Al Muqaddim (المقدم) The Expediter, He who brings forward
  72. Al Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) The Delayer, He who puts far away
  73. Al Awwal (الأول) The First
  74. Al Akhir (الأخر) The Last
  75. Al Zahir الظاهر The Manifest; the All Victorious
  76. Al Batin (الباطن) The Hidden; the All Encompassing
  77. Al Wali (الوالي) The Patron
  78. Al Muta'al (المتعالي) The Self Exalted
  79. Al Barr (البر) The Most Kind and Righteous
  80. Al Tawwab (التواب) The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting
  81. Al Muntaqim (المنتقم) The Avenger
  82. Al 'Afuww (العفو) The Pardoner, the Effacer of Sins
  83. Al Ra'uf (الرؤوف) The Compassionate, the All Pitying
  84. Malik al Mulk (مالك) (الملك) The Owner of All Sovereignty
  85. Dhu al Jalal wa al Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
  86. Al Muqsit (المقسط) The Equitable, the Requiter
  87. Al Jami' (الجامع) The Gatherer, the Unifier
  88. Al Ghani (الغنى) The All Rich, the Independent
  89. Al Mughni (المغنى) The Enricher, the Emancipator
  90. Al Mani'(المانع) The Withholder, the Shielder, the Defender
  91. Al Darr (الضار) The Distressor, the Harmer
  92. Al Nafi' (النافع) The Propitious, the Benefactor
  93. Al Nur (النور) The Light
  94. Al Hadi (الهادئ) The Guide
  95. Al Badi (البديع) Incomparable, the Originator
  96. Al Baqi (الباقي) The Ever Enduring and Immutable
  97. Al Warith (الوارث) The Heir, the Inheritor of All
  98. Al Rashid (الرشيد) The Guide, Infallible Teacher, and Knower
  99. Al Sabur (الصبور) The Patient, the Timeless

External Links

  • Ninety-nine Names of God (http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/99names.htm) with references to verses where the name appears in the Qur'an.
  • Chanting the names in Arabic Version One (http://www.angelfire.com/al/islam1/tabcon.html) with music, Version two (http://islam.org/audio/Asmaaul_Husna2.ram),Version three (http://live.pibc.com:7070/ramgen/pv/99/hi_300ss.rm), a video.

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