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Encyclopedia > Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev

The Rumyantsev family were the Russian counts prominent in the imperial politics of the 18th and early 19th century. The family claimed descent from the boyar Rumyanets who had broken his oath of allegiance and surrendered Nizhny Novgorod to Vasily I of Moscow in 1391. A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is still a countess. Originally the title comes denoted the rank of a high official in the late Roman Empire: before Anthemius was made emperor in the West in 467, he was... A boyar (also spelt bojar; Romanian: boier) was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Ruthenian (Russian) and Romanian aristocracy, second only to the ruling princes, from the 10th through the 17th century. ... Area  - Total 260,000 mi² Population  - City (2003)  - Metropolitan 1,334,249 2 million approx. ... Vasili I Dmitriyevich (Василий I Дмитриевич in Russian) (1371 — February, 1425), Grand Prince of Moscow since 1389, oldest son of Dmitri Donskoi and Grand Princess Eudoxia (Yevdokiya in Russian) - daughter of the Grand Prince of Suzdal Dmitry Konstantinovich. ... Events Many Jews left Barcelona after the 1391 massacres, though a large number remained in the city. ...


Alexander Ivanovich Rumyantsev

Rumyantsev coat of arms

The first Rumyantsev to gain prominence was Alexander Ivanovich (1680-1749), enrolled in the Preobrazhensky regiment of guards since 1704. Once he guarded the headquarters of Peter the Great, he was noticed by the monarch "for his great height and smart face". Peter made him his servant and later recommended him to Peter Shafirov and Peter Tolstoy. In the service of these two courtiers, Rumyantsev was entrused with various diplomatic errands in Constantinople and Persia. In 1720, he married Countess Maria Matveyeva, granddaughter and heiress of the famous Artamon Matveyev. Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... Peter I Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia Peter I (Pyotr Alekseyvich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Baron Peter Pavlovich Shafirov (1670 - 1739), Russian statesman, one of the ablest coadjutors of Peter the Great, was of obscure, and in all probability of Jewish, extraction. ... Count Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy (1645 - 1729) was a Russian statesman prominent during and after the reign of Peter the Great. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Persian art is conscious of a great past, and monumental in many respects. ... Artamon Sergeyevich Matveyev (Артамон Сергеевич Матвеев in Russian) (1625 - 1682) was a Russian statesman, diplomat and Ukraine and took part in some of Russias wars with Poland. ...


With the enthronement of Elizabeth Petrovna, Rumyantsev was made a count and sent to govern Malorossia, or the Left-Bank Ukraine. He died there on March 4, 1749, leaving a son, Peter (see below), and a daughter, Daria, married to the Austrian count Wallestein. His wife survived him for 40 years, and entertained the St Petersburg society with the stories of her acquaintance with Louis XIV, Madame de Maintenon, and Duke of Marlborough. When she died at the age of 90, Gavrila Derzhavin wrote a remarkable ode glorifying her virtues. Empress Elizaveta Petrovna (1709-62) Yelizaveta Petrovna (Елизаве́та Петро́вна) (December 29, 1709 - January 5, 1762) was an Empress of Russia (1741 - 1762) who took the country into the War of Austrian succession (1740 - 1748) and the Seven Years War (1756-63). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... Françoise dAubigné, marquise de Maintenon Françoise dAubigné, marquise de Maintenon (November 27, 1635 - April 15, 1719), the second wife of Louis XIV, was born in a prison at Niort. ... John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in his Garter robes John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (May 26, 1650 – June 16, 1722), in full The Most Noble Captain-General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Marlborough, Baron Churchill of Sandridge, Lord Churchill of Eyemouth, KG, PC (in addition... Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin (Гаврила Романович Державин, 1743 – 1816) was the greatest Russian poet before Alexander Pushkin. ...


Peter Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky

Alexander's son Pyotr Alexandrovich was born on January 4, 1725 in Moscow and named after the ruling Emperor. As his mother spent much time in the company of Peter I, it was rumoured that the young Rumyantsev was the monarch's illegitimate son. January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow  listen? ( Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ...

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Field-Marshal P. A. Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky

He first saw service under his nominal father in the war with Sweden (1741-43). It was him who brought to the Empress the peace treaty of Abo in 1743. Thereupon he was made a colonel. His first military glory dates from the great battles of the Seven Years' War, those of Gross-Jagersdorf (1757) and Kunersdorf (1759). In 1761 he besieged and took the Polish fortress of Kolberg, thus clearing for Russian armies the path to Berlin. The Hats Russian War (1741-1743) was the Swedish participation in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). ... The Treaty of Åbo or Treaty of Turku is a Peace Treaty between Imperial Russia and Sweden after the Hats Russian War 1741-43. ... Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... The Seven Years War (1754 and 1756–1763) pitted Great Britain, Prussia and Hanover against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony. ... The Battle of Gross-Jagersdorf was a battle fought on August 30, 1757 during the Seven Years War. ... The battle of Kunersdorf was fought on August 23, 1759 during the Seven Years War near Kunersdorf, east of Frankfurt an der Oder. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Kołobrzeg (pronounce: [kɔwɔbʒεg], German Kolberg) is a city in Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland with some 50,000 inhabitants (2000). ... Berlin (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,387,404 inhabitants (as of September 2004); down from 4. ...


Throughout the reign of Catherine the Great, Rumyantsev was supreme governor of Ukraine. In this post, which his father had held with so much honesty, Rumyantsev made his priority to eliminate any autonomy of the hetmans and to fully incorporate the newly-conquered territories into the Empire. He is often blamed for having promoted serfdom in New Russia, but obviously this was not a policy of his choosing. Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to her death on November 6, 1796. ... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1568 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Costumes of Slaves or Serfs, from the Sixth to the Twelfth Centuries, collected by H. de Vielcastel, from original Documents in the great Libraries of Europe. ...


With the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish war in 1768, Rumyantsev was placed in command of the army sent to capture Azov. He thoroughly defeated the Turks in the Battles of Larga and Kagula, crossed the Danube and advanced to Romania. For these dazzling victories he was made Field-Marshal and awarded the title Zadunaisky (i.e., the Trans-Danubian). When his forces approached Shumla in 1774, the Sultan started to panic and sued for peace, which was signed by Rumyanstev upon a military tambourine at the village of Kuchuk-Kainarji. The Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774 was a decisive conflict that brought Southern Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, and Crimea within the orbit of the Russian Empire. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Danube in Budapest Length 2,888 ¹ km Elevation of the source 1,078 ² m Average discharge 30 km. ... A Marshal or Field Marshal (sometimes incorrectly spelled Marshall) is the highest military rank in some nations, one step above a full General. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji (Küçük Kaynarca) was signed on July 21, 1774, between Russia (represented by Field-Marshal Rumyantsev) and the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman Empire was defeated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774. ...

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Rumyantsev Obelisk in St Petersburg.

At that point, Rumyantsev was undoubtedly the most famous Russian commander. It is said that other Catharinian generals, notably Potemkin, were so jealous of his fame that they wouldn't permit him to take the command again. In the times of peace, Rumyantsev expressed his innovative views on the martial art in the Instructions (1761), Customs of Military Service (1770), and the Thoughts (1777). These works provided a theoretical base for reorganisation of the Russian army undertaken by Potemkin. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Prince Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin (Russian: Григорий Александрович Потемкин) (September 13, 1739 (NS: September 24) – October 5, 1791 (NS: October 16)) was a Russian general-field marshal, statesman, and favorite of Catherine II the Great. ...


During the Second Russo-Turkish War, Zadunaisky suspected Potemkin of deliberately curtailing supplies of his army and presently resigned command. In the Polish campaign of 1794 he was again appointed commander-in-chief, but the armies were led into battle by his rival Suvorov. This time Rumyantsev didn't bother even to leave his Ukrainian manor at Tashan which he had rebuilt into a fortress. He died there on December 8, 1796, several month after Catherine's death. The Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792 was a futile attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russia in the course of the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-74. ... The Kościuszko Uprising took place in Poland in 1794. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Monument to Suvorov as youthful Mars, the Roman god of war (1801). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ...


Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev

As the story goes, old Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky grew enormously fat and avaricious, so that he pretended not to recognize his own sons, when they came from the capital to ask for money. Neither of his children married, and the comital branch of the family went extinct upon their death.

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Rumyantsev Museum in Moscow

Among these sons, Count Nikolay Petrovich (1754-1826) was the only one to reach the highest offices of state. Being on friendly terms with the future Alexander I and his mother, he served as Minister of Commerce (1802-11) and President of the State Council (1810-12). As foreign minister (appointed 1808), he advocated closer alliance with France. On receiving the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia (1812), he suffered a stroke and lost his hearing. When Napoleon entered Moscow, he advised to the Emperor to dismiss Kutuzov and to seek peace at any cost. Eventually he lost all confidence of the monarch and retired just before the Congress of Vienna. Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov or Tsar Alexander I (The Blessed), (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), Emperor of Russia (reigned March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825), son of the Grand Duke Paul Petrovich, afterwards Paul I, and Maria Fedorovna, daughter of the Duke of Württemberg. ... The State Council (Государственный Совет) was the supreme state advisory body to Tsar in Imperial Russia. ... Napoleons invasion of Russia in 1812 was a critical turning point in the Napoleonic wars, proving disastrous for France and its allies. ... Prince Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov (September 16, 1745 – April 28, 1813 (n. ... The Congress of Vienna (October 1, 1814 - June 9, 1815) was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria. ...


During the years of his foreign service, Nikolay Petrovich amassed a huge collection of historic documents, rare coins, maps, manuscripts, and incunabulas which formed a nucleus of the Rumyantsev Museum (http://www.rsl.ru/history/history.htm) in Moscow (subsequently transformed into the State Russian Library). Being keenly interested in Russian history, Rumyantsev was the first to publish several old Russian chronicles and ancient literary monuments of Eastern Slavs. He was also a notable patron of the Russian voyages of exploration. Nicholas Rumyantsev died on 3 January 1826 in St Petersburg. 1¢ euro coin A coin is generally a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is used as a form of money. ... A map of the world by Johannes Kepler A map is a simplified depiction of a space, a navigational aid which highlights relations between objects within that space. ... A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus, written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ... A page from a rare Blackletter Bible (1497) printed in Strassburg by J.R.Grueninger. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow  listen? ( Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... The East Slavs are the ethnic group that evolved into the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1826 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...



 
Russian and Soviet Foreign Ministers

Afanasy Ordin-Naschokin | Artamon Matveyev | Vasily Golitsyn | Fyodor Golovin | Peter Shafirov | Gavrila Golovkin | Andrey Osterman | Alexey Bestuzhev-Ryumin | Mikhailo Vorontsov | Nikita Panin | Alexander Bezborodko | Feodor Rostopchin | Adam Jerzy Czartoryski | Nikolay Rumyantsev | John Capodistria | Karl Robert Nesselrode | Alexander Gorchakov | Nicholas de Giers | Alexis Lobanoff de Rostoff | Mikhail Muravyov | Vladimir Lambsdorff | Alexander Izvolsky | Alexander Sazonov | Pavel Milyukov | Leon Trotsky | Georgy Chicherin | Maxim Litvinov | Vyacheslav Molotov | Andrey Vyshinsky | Andrey Gromyko | Eduard Shevardnadze | Andrey Kozyrev | Yevgeny Primakov
This page lists foreign ministers of Russian Empire, Soviet Union, and Russian Federation: Heads of Posolsky Prikaz, 1549-1699 Ivan Mikhailovich Viskovatyi 1549-70 Brothers Vasily and Andrey Shchelkalov 1570-1601 Ivan Tarasievich Gramotin 1605-06, 1610-12, 1618-26, 1634-35 Pyotr Alekseyevich Tretyakov 1608-10, 1613-18 Almaz... Russian coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Afanasy Lavrentievich Ordin-Naschokin (1605 - 1680) was one of the greatest Russian statesmen of the 17th century. ... Artamon Sergeyevich Matveyev (Артамон Сергеевич Матвеев in Russian) (1625 - 1682) was a Russian statesman, diplomat and Ukraine and took part in some of Russias wars with Poland. ... Peter I permitted the Galitzines to take an emblem of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as their coat of arms Galitzine, more correctly Golitsyn (Russian: Голицын), is one of the largest and noblest princely houses of Russia. ... 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Noble Family Czartoryski Coat of Arms Czartoryski Parents Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Izabela Fleming Consorts Anna Zofia Sapieha Children with Anna Zofia Sapieha Witold Czartoryski Władysław Czartoryski Izabella Elżbieta Czartoryska Date of Birth January 14, 1770 Place of Birth Warsaw, Poland Date of Death July 15, 1861 Place of Death Montfermeil... statue of John Capodistria in Panepistimiou Street, Athens John Capodistria, (in Greek Ioannis Kapodistrias or Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας, and in Italian Giovanni Capo dIstria, Count Capo dIstria) (February 11, 1776 - October 9, 1831), Greek-born diplomat of the Russian Empire and later first head of state of independent Greece... Count Karl Robert Nesselrode (December 14, 1780 - March 23, 1862) was a Russian diplomat and a leading European conservative statesman of the Holy Alliance. ... Pushkins portrait of Alexander Gorchakov Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov (1798-1883) was a Russian statesman from the Gorchakov princely family. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
Rumyantsev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (971 words)
The Rumyantsev family (Румянцевы) were Russian counts prominent in Russian imperial politics in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
With the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish war in 1768, Rumyantsev took command of the army sent to capture Azov.
During the years of his foreign service, Nikolay Petrovich amassed a huge collection of historic documents, rare coins, maps, manuscripts, and incunabula which formed a nucleus of the Rumyantsev Museum in Moscow (subsequently transformed into the State Russian Library).
Dmitry Levitzky. Biography. - Olga's Gallery (4165 words)
Notable portraits of this period include the Portrait of Prokofiy Demidov (1773), Portrait of Catherine II as Legislator in the Temple of the Goddess of Justice (1783), Portrait of Maria Dyakova (1778), Portrait of Nikolay Lvov, Architect, Painter and Poet (1780).
Bezborodko, Alexander Andreyevich (1747 - 1799) - son of the Chief Judge of the Zaporozh Army A.Y. Bezborodko and E.M. Zabello.
Khruschova, Ekaterina Nikolayevna (1761-1811), daughter of Premier Major Nikolay Semenovich Khruschov and Praskovya Mikhailovna, née Volkonskaya.She studied in the Smolny Institute in 1767-1779, graduating with honors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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