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Encyclopedia > Nikolay Novikov
Portrait of Nikolay Novikov, by Dmitry Levitzky.
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Portrait of Nikolay Novikov, by Dmitry Levitzky.

Nikolay Ivanovich Novikov (1744-1818) was a Russian writer and philanthropist most representative of his country's Enlightenment. Frequently considered to be the first Russian journalist, he aimed at advancing the cultural and educational level of Russian public. Dmitry Levitzky (Dmitry Grigoryevich Levitsky) (Russian: Дмитрий Григорьевич Левицкий, 1735-1822) was a Russian portrait painter. ... // Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births May 19 - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen of George III of Great Britain (d. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... For the concept in mysticism, philosophy and psychology, see Enlightenment (concept) For the Hindu religious concept of enlightenment, see moksha For the Buddhist religious concept, see Bodhi, Satori For the Yoga concept of enlightenment, see Yogic Enlightenment For the period in European history, The Age of Enlightenment For the corresponding... A journalist is a person who practices journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events, trends, issues and people. ...


Novikov belonged to the first generation of Russians which benefited from the creation of the Moscow University in 1755. He took an active part in the Legislative Assembly of 1767, which sought to produce a new code of laws. Inspired by this kind of freethinking activity, he started to edit satirical journals, patterned after The Tatler and The Spectator. His attacks on the existing social customs prompted jocund retorts from Catherine the Great, who even set her own journal to comment on Novikov's articles. Moscow State University campus M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is considered the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A journal (through French from late Latin diurnalis, daily) is a daily record of events or business. ... Tatler is a British magazine, originally founded in 1709 by Richard Steele. ... The Spectator is the name of several publications, of which the following have articles on Wikipedia: The Spectator (1711), which is the one most often meant in historical contexts, edited by Addison and Steele The Spectator (1828) The Spectator is also the name of: the student newspaper of Columbia University... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to her death on November 6, 1796. ...


By the 1780s, Novikov rose to the highest positions in the Russian Freemasonry, which liberally funded his ambitious book-publishing ventures. Novikov's press produced a third part of contemporary Russian books and several newspapers. Novikov used his influence for various noble purposes, such as a large-scale project of promoting Shakespeare to Russian public. the Square and Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ...


When the French Revolution started, Catherine changed her attitude towards the likes of Novikov. His printing-house was confiscated. Three years later, without a formal trial, he was incarcerated in the Shlisselburg Fortress for 15 years. Emperor Paul set Novikov free, but the latter was too scared and broken-hearted to resume his journalistic activities. During the French Revolution (1789–1799) democracy and republicanism overthrew the absolute monarchy in France, and the French portion of the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... Shlisselburg (Russian: ) is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga. ... Paul I of Russia Paul I of Russia (Russian: Pavel Petrovich, Павел I Петрович) (October 1, 1754 - March 23, 1801) was an Emperor (Tsar) of Russia (1796 - 1801). ...


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Novikov is a Head of Representative office of Bankgesellschaft Berlin AG (formerly Berliner Bank AG) in Ukraine since February 1993.
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