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Encyclopedia > Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki de Saint Phalle

Niki de Saint Phalle, born Catherine-Marie-Agnès Fal de Saint Phalle (October 29, 1930 - May 22, 2002) was a French sculptor, painter, and film maker. == Fair use of an image from: www. ... Fair use of an image from: www. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... “Sculptor” redirects here. ... “Painter” redirects here. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Shooting paintings

In 1961, she became known around the world for her Shooting paintings. A shooting painting consisted of a wooden base board on which containers of paint were laid, then covered with plaster. The painting was then raised and de Saint Phalle would shoot at it with a .22 caliber rifle. The bullets penetrated paint containers which spilled their contents over the painting. This "painting style" was completely new, and she travelled around the world performing shooting sessions in Paris, Sweden, Malibu, California, and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Location of Malibu in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-03-28 [2] Government  - Mayor Ken Kearsley [1] Area  - City  100. ... The Stedelijk Museum (lit. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ...

Pierre Restany, founder of the Nouveau Réalisme movement, attended one of de Saint Phalle's exhibitions and subsequently invited her to join. As a result, she soon became involved in the ideas, festivals, and activities of this group which included such art personalities as Arman, César Baldaccini, Christo, Gérard Deschamps, Francois Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Yves Klein, Martial Raysse, Mimmo Rotella, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, and Jacques Villeglé. Pierre Restany (born 24 June 1930, died 29 May 2003), was a French art critic, has incarnated one of the last figures of the militant critic and a passionate supporter of movements of neo-vanguard, a companion of road of young artists, a shining essayist. ... New Realism (in French: Nouveau Réalisme) refers to an artistic movement founded in 1960 by Pierre Restany and Yves Klein. ... Arman (November 17, 1928 - October 22, 2005), was a French-born American artist and a prolific and experimental creator. ... César Baldaccini (January 1, 1921 in Marseille - December 6, 1998 in Paris) was a noted sculptor. ... Christo Yavasheff (born June 13, 1935) is an artist popularly known as Christo. ... Raymond Hains (Dinard, 1926 - Paris, October 28, 2005) was a French artist and photographer. ... Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist and is considered an important figure in post-war European neo-Dadaism. ... Mimmo Rotella (1918-2006) was an Italian artist and poet best known for his works of décollage, made from torn advertising posters. ... Daniel Spoerri (born Daniel Isaac Feinstein 27 March 1930) is a Romanian-born French dancer and performance artist. ... Image:Basel. ... Jacques Villeglé, born Jacques Mahé de la Villeglé (1926, Quimper, Brittany) is a French mixed-media artist famous for his ripped or lacerated posters (a poster in which one has been placed over another or others, and the top poster or posters have been ripped, revealing to a greater or...

Her first solo exhibition in Paris at Galarie J featured assemblages and a public shooting arena. Soon de Saint Phalle appeared in group shows throughout Europe and the United States. During the 1960s, she became friends with American artists in Paris such as Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, Larry Rivers and his wife Clarice, with whom de Saint Phalle collaborated over the years. Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959. ... Jasper Johnss Map, 1961 Jasper Johnss Flag, Encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood,1954-55 Detail of Flag (1954-55). ... Larry Rivers (August 17, 1923 - August 14, 2002) was a Jewish American musician, artist and actor. ...


Nanas, Leibnizufer, Hannover

After the "Shooting paintings" came a period when she explored the various roles of woman. She made life size dolls of women, such as brides and mothers giving birth. They were usually dressed in white. They were primarily made of polyester with a wire framework. They were generally created from papier mâché. Download high resolution version (692x922, 110 KB)Nanas, 1974. ... Download high resolution version (692x922, 110 KB)Nanas, 1974. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Papier-mâché around a form such as a balloon to create a pig. ...

Inspired by the pregnancy of her friend Clarice Rivers, the wife of American artist Larry Rivers, she began to use her artwork to consider archetypal female figures in relation to her thinking on the position of women in society. Her artistic expression of the proverbial everywoman were named 'Nanas'. The first of these freely posed forms, made of papier-mâché, yarn, and cloth were exhibited at the Alexander Iolas Gallery in Paris in September of 1965. For this show, Iolas published her first artist books that includes her handwritten words in combination with her drawings of 'Bananas'. Encouraged by Iolas, she started a highly productive output of graphic work that accompanied exhibitions that included posters, books and writings. Larry Rivers (August 17, 1923 - August 14, 2002) was a Jewish American musician, artist and actor. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...

In 1966, she collaborated with fellow artist Jean Tinguely and Per Olof Ultvedt on a large scale sculpture installation, "hon-en katedral". for Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden. The outer form of "hon" is a giant, reclining 'Nana', whose internal environment is entered from between her legs. The piece elicited immense public reaction in magazines and newspapers throughout the world. The interactive quality of the "hon" combined with a continued fascination with fantastic types of architecture insensifies her resolve to see her own architectural dreams realized. During the construction of the "hon-en katedral," she met Swiss artist Rico Weber, who became an important assistant and collaborator for both de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely. During the 1960s, she also designed decors and costumes for two theatrical productions: a ballet by Roland Petit, and an adaptation of the Aristophanes play "Lysistrata." Image:Basel. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Roland Petit (January 13, 1924) is a French choreographer and dancer born in Villemomble near Paris, France. ... Sketch of Aristophanes Aristophanes (Greek: , ca. ... Lysistrata (Attic Greek: Λυσιστράτη Lysistratê, Doric Greek: Λυσιστράτα Lysistrata), loosely translated to she who disbands armies, is an anti-war Greek comedy, written in 411 BCE by Aristophanes. ...

Her life with Jean Tinguely

In 1955 de Saint Phalle met Jean Tinguely and his wife, Eva Aeppli. She asked Tinguely to weld the armature for her first sculpture. In 1960, de Saint Phalle divorced her husband, writer Harry Mathews. That same year, Jean Tinguely and Eva Aeppli also divorced. De Saint Phalle and Tinguely subsequently moved into the Impasse Ronsin where they shared the same studio and lived surrounded by other artists, including Constantin Brancusi. It was in this period that Marcel Duchamp introduced the pair to the Spanish surrealist Salvador Dalí. De Saint Phalle later traveled to Spain with Tinguely in order to attend a celebration honoring Dalí; while there, the pair created a life-sized exploding bull with plaster, paper and fireworks for the arena at Figueras. In 1963, they bought an old country inn outside of Paris to serve as both their home and studio, l'Auberge du Cheval Blanc in Soisy-sur-Ecole, some 50 kilometers south of Paris. She married Jean Tinguely on 15 July 1971, thereby potentially acquiring Swiss citizenship. Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Image:Basel. ... Eva Aeppli is a Swiss artist who was born on 2 May 1925 at Zofingen in Switzerland. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harry Mathews (1930 - ) is an American author of numerous novels, volumes of poetry, and essays. ... Constantin Brancusi Constantin Brancusi (February 19, 1876 – March 16, 1957, originally Constantin BrâncuÅŸi IPA: ), was a Romanian sculptor, born in HobiÅ£a, Gorj, near Târgu Jiu, where he placed his sculptural ensemble with The Table of Silence, The Gate of the Kiss and The Endless Column. ... Marcel Duchamp (pronounced ) (July 28, 1887 – October 2, 1968) was a French artist (he became an American citizen in 1955) whose work and ideas had considerable influence on the development of post-World War II Western art, and whose advice to modern art collectors helped shape the tastes of the... Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domènech, Marquis of Pubol (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989), was a Spanish (Catalan) surrealist painter. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image:Basel. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Swiss citizenship is the status of being a citizen of Switzerland and it can be obtained by birth, marriage or naturalisation. ...

The Tarot Garden

Influenced by Gaudí´s Parc Güell in Barcelona, and the garden in Bomarzo, de Saint Phalle decided that she wanted to make something similar; a monumental sculpture park created by a woman. In 1979, she acquired some land in Garavicchio, Tuscany, about 100 km north-west of Rome along the coast. The garden, called Giardino dei Tarocchi in Italian, contains sculptures of the symbols found on Tarot cards. The garden took many years, and a considerable sum of money, to complete. It opened in 1998, after more than 20 years of work. Antoni Gaudi Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, in Spanish Antonio Gaudí (25 June 1852–10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect famous for his unique designs expressing sculptural and individualistic qualities. ... The entrance to the park Parc Güell is a garden complex with architectural elements situated on the hill of El Carmel in the Gràcia district of Barcelona, Spain. ... Bomarzo is a town and comune of Viterbo province (Lazio, central Italy), in the lower valley of the Tiber at 42°29′N 12°15′E, 263 m (863 ft) above mean sea level, with 1609 inhabitants according to the 2003 census. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... This article is about the general history, iconography, and uses of tarot cards. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

  • Giardino dei Tarocchi

Public works

La Sirene, Fontaine Stravinsky, Paris
Sun God, University of California San Diego

On 17 November 2000 Niki became an honorary citizen of Hannover, Germany and donated 300 pieces of her artwork to the Sprengel Museum. Fontaine Stravinsky, Paris. ... Fontaine Stravinsky, Paris. ... Image File history File links Sungod. ... Image File history File links Sungod. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... The Sprengel Museum in Hanover The Sprengel Museum in Hanover houses one of the most significant collections of modern art in Germany. ...

Many of Niki de Saint Phalle's sculptures are large and some of them are exhibited in public places, including:

Igor Stravinsky. ... The Pompidou Centres famous external skeleton of service pipes. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Château-Chinon is the name of two communes of the Nièvre département, in France: Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Campagne) The two towns are neighboring each other. ... Nièvre is a département in the center of France named after the Nièvre River. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... The Sun God statue. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The University of California, San Diego (popularly known as UCSD, or sometimes UC San Diego) is a public, coeducational research university located in La Jolla, a seaside resort community of San Diego, California. ... The Sun God statue by Niki de Saint Phalle was the first Stuart Collection installation. ... The Brea Mall is a shopping mall located in the northern Orange County community of Brea, California. ... Location of Brea within Orange County, California Country United States State California County Orange Mayor Roy Moore Area    - City 10. ... Mario Botta (born April 1, 1943) is a famous modern architect born in Mendrisio, Ticino canton, Switzerland. ...


  • Niki de Saint Phalle, Pontus Hultén, ISBN 3-7757-0582-1. Published in connection with an exhibition in Bonn
  • Traces: An Autobiography Remembering 1930 – 1949, Niki de Saint Phalle, ISBN 2-940033-43-9
  • Harry & Me. The Family Years, Niki de Saint Phalle, ISBN-10 371651442X
  • Niki de Saint Phalle: Catalogue Raisonne: 1949 – 2000, Janica Parente a.o., ISBN 2-940033-48-X
  • Niki De Saint Phalle: Monographie/Monograph, Michel de Grece a.o., ISBN 2-940033-63-3
  • Niki's World: Niki De Saint Phalle , Ulrich Krempel, ISBN 3-7913-3068-3
  • Niki de Saint Phalle. My art, my dreams, Carla Schultz-Hoffmann (Editor), ISBN 3-7913-2876-X
  • AIDS: You can’t catch it holding hands, Niki de Saint Phalle, ISBN 0-932499-52-X
  • Niki de Saint Phalle: Insider-Outsider. World Inspired Art, Niki de Saint Phalle, Martha Longenecker (Editor), ISBN 0-914155-10-5
  • Niki De Saint Phalle: The Tarot Garden, Anna Mazzanti, ISBN 88-8158-167-1
  • Niki de Saint Phalle: La Grotte, ISBN 3-7757-1276-3
Nanas, Leibnizufer, Hannover

Centre Georges Pompidou. ... Historic Town Hall of Bonn (view from the market square). ... Download high resolution version (768x900, 121 KB)Nanas, 1974. ... Download high resolution version (768x900, 121 KB)Nanas, 1974. ...


  • Daddy, 1973, written and directed by de Saint Phalle and Peter Lorrimer Whitehead.
  • Un rêve plus long que la nuit, 1971, written and directed by de Saint Phalle.
  • Who is the monster - You or me?, 1995, by Peter Schamoni in collaboration with de Saint Phalle.

See also

Kiryat Yovel (Hebrew קרית יובל) is a middle class neighborhood in southern Jerusalem. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Niki de Saint Phalle

  Results from FactBites:
Niki de Saint Phalle : Visitez le jardin de Niki de Saint Phalle (2602 words)
Des jardins pittoresques anglais et des jardins zen, le Jardin de Niki de Saint-Phalle perpétue le goût pour la surprise et le dévoilement progressif du jardin.
De secuelas de una enfermedad respiratoria que contrajo años atrás por inhalar gases tóxicos mientas trabajaba en una exposición en Montreal, Canada.
Niki comenzó a esculpir imágenes egipcias en bronce.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Niki de Saint Phalle (352 words)
De Saint Phalle was particularly struck by Gaudi's "Park Güell" which convinced her to one day create her own garden work that would combine both art and nature.
Niki de Saint Phalle was also revolutionary for her “Shooting Paintings.” These were conceptual in design and dealt with the subject of aggression, in particular, aggression of the father.
Niki de Saint Phalle was born in 1930, the second of five children in Neuilly-sur-Seine near Paris.
  More results at FactBites »



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