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Encyclopedia > Nightshade
Solanum

Solanum sodomeum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Tracheobionta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
L., 1753
Species

See text


Solanum is a genus of annuals, perennials, sub-shrubs, shrubs and climbers. They often have attractive fruit and flowers. Most are poisonous, but several bear edible fruit or other parts, such as the common foods tomato, potato and eggplant.


Food crop species:

Species

S. wallacei - Wallace's nightshade
S. aculeastrum - Sodaapple nightshade
S. adscendens - Sonoita nightshade
S. aethiopicum - Ethiopian nightshade
S. americanum. - Purple nightshade
S. aviculare - New Zealand nightshade
S. bahamense - Bahama nightshade
S. bulbocastanum - Ornamental nightshade
S. burbankii - Wonderberry
S. campechiense - Redberry nightshade
S. capsicastrum - False Jerusalem cherry
S. capsicoides - Cockroach berry
S. cardiophyllum - Heartleaf nightshade
S. carolinense - Apple of Sodom, Horsenettle

Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Enlarge
Eggplant (Solanum melongena)


S. centrale - Australian desert raisin
S. chenopodioides - Goosefoot nightshade
S. citrullifolium - Watermelon nightshade
S. clokeyi - Clokey's nightshade
S. commersonii - Commerson's nightshade
S. conocarpum - Marron bacoba
S. crispum - Chilean potato vine
S. davisensen - Davis horsenettle
S. demissum - Dwarf wild potato
S. dimidiatum - Torrey's nightshade
S. diphyllum - Twinleaf nightshade
S. donianum - Mullein nightshade
S. douglasii - Greenspot nightshade
S. drymophilum - Erubia
S. dulcamara - Bittersweet
S. elaeagnifolium - Silverleaf nightshade
S. ellipticum - Australian bush tomato
S. erianthum - Mullein nightshade, Potato tree
S. fendleri - Fendler's horsenettle
S. ferox -
S. furcatum - Forked nightshade
S. gayanum - Chilean nightshade
S. gilo - Gilo
S. glacum -
S. glaucophyllum - Waxyleaf nightshade
S. gracilius - Slender nightshade

Forked Nightshade (Solanum sisymbriifolium)
Enlarge
Forked Nightshade (Solanum sisymbriifolium)


S. haleakalense -
S. heterodoxum - Melon-leaf nightshade
S. hindsianum - Hinds' nightshade
S. hyporhodium - Cocona
S. imcompletum -
S. incanum -
S. incompletum - Popolo ku mai
S. interius -
S. jamaicense - Jamaican nightshade
S. jamesii - Wild potato
S. jasminoides - Jasmine nightshade
S. khasianum -
S. lanceifolium - Lanceleaf nightshade
S. lanceolatum - Orangeberry nightshade
S. leptosepalum - Tigna potato
S. lumholtzianum - Sonoran nightshade
S. lycopersicum - Tomato
S. macrocarpon -
S. mammosum - Nipplefruit
S. marginatum - White-margined nightshade
S. mauritianum - Earleaf nightshade
S. melanocerasum - Garden huckleberry
S. melongena - Eggplant
S. mucronatum - Pepino
S. muricatum - Pepino
S. nelsonii - Nelson's horsenettle
S. nigrescens - Divine nightshade
S. nigrum - Black nightshade
S. nudum - Forest nightshade
S. parishii - Parish's nightshade
S. pericifolium
S. persicifolium - Berengena de playa
S. peruvianum - Peruvian nightshade
S. phureja -
S. physalifolium - Hairy nightshade
S. pimpinellifolium - Currant tomato
S. pinnatisectum - Tansyleaf nightshade
S. polygamum - Cakalaka berry
S. pseudocapsicum - Jerusalem cherry
S. pseudogracile - Glowing nightshade
S. pterocaulon -
S. ptycanthum -
S. ptychanthum - Easetrn black nightshade
S. pyrifolium -
S. quitoense - Naranjilla
S. racemosum - Canker berry
S. riedlei - Riedle's nightshade
S. robustum - Shrubby nightshade
S. rostratum - Texas thistle
S. rugosum - Tabacon aspero
S. sandwicense - Hawaii horsenettle
S. sarrachoides - Green nightshade
S. seaforthianum - Brazilian nightshade
S. sessiliflorum - Cocona
S. sisymbriifolium - Sticky nightshade
S. surattense -
S. tampicense - Wetland nightshade
S. tenuilobatum - San Diego nightshade
S. tenuipes - Fancy nightshade
S. torvum - Devil's fig
S. triflorum Nutt. - Cutleaf nightshade
S. triquetrum - Texas nightshade
S. tuberosum - Potato
S. umbelliferum - Bluewitch nightshade
S. viarum - Tropical soda apple
S. villosum - Hairy nightshade
S. viride - Green nightshade
S. wallacei - Catalina nightshade
S. wendlandii - Giant potatocreeper
S. woodburyi - Woodbury's nightshade
S. xanthi
S. xanti - Purple nightshade


Synonyms and common names

Nightshade, as well as referring to the related genus Atropa, is also used for many members of the genus Solanum. The name is also extended to the family Solanaceae.


Solanum is also the name of a hypothetical virus that, after entering the human body, could turn it into a real-life equivalent of a zombie. See: zombie for further information.


Nightshade is also a rock band, see Nightshade (band).

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Solanum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nightshade (1088 words)
The poisonous nightshades contain alkaloids of three major types: tropane, found in belladonna, jimsonweed, and henbane; pyridine, in tobacco; and steroid, in some members of the nightshade genus.
In horse nettle, the flowers are white or pale violet, and the berry, yellow; in European bittersweet, the flowers are blue or purple, and the berry, red; in silverleaf nightshade, the flowers are violet or blue and yellow, and the berry, orange; and in fl nightshade, the flowers are white, and the berry, fl.
Buffalo bur is classified as Solanum rostratum, the common potato as Solanum tuberosum, the eggplant as Solanum melongena, and the Jerusalem cherry as Solanum pseudocapsicum.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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