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Encyclopedia > Nightline
Nightline
Genre News
Created by Roone Arledge
Starring Cynthia McFadden (2005-present)
Gigi Stone (2005-present)
Terry Moran (2005-present)
Martin Bashir (2005-present)
Chris Bury (1993-present)
Ted Koppel (1979-2005)
Country of origin Flag of United States United States
No. of episodes N/A (airs daily)
Production
Running time 31 minutes
Broadcast
Original channel ABC
Original run March 24, 1980 – present
External links
Official website
IMDb profile
TV.com summary

Nightline is a late-night hard and soft news program broadcast by ABC in the United States, and has a franchised formula to other networks and stations elsewhere in the world. It airs five nights a week (weeknights), usually for 30 minutes. Ted Koppel served as main anchor from March 1980 until his departure from the program in November 2005. Image File history File links NIGHTLINE_STILL.jpg Summary The programs logo. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Martin Bashir, Cynthia McFadden, and Terry Moran in Times Square Studio. ... Stone reporting on a terrorist plot at JFK airport, June 2, 2007 Gigi Stone is a television correspondent and anchor. ... Terry Moran questions George W. Bush at the White House Rose Garden on October 4, 2005. ... Martin Bashir interviewing Michael Jackson Martin Bashir (born January 19, 1963, in London) is a British journalist of Pakistani descent. ... Chris Bury at the ABC News Chicago Bureau during the 1984 National Conventions. ... Photo by Bob DAmico/ABC Ted Koppel, anchor of the ABC News program Nightline. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Hard news brings us news, reviews and contest reports from the events that make history. ... Soft news usually covers a long-term change or point of interest, or a general trend -- an aspect of the zeitgeist, while hard news always covers a specific event that can be nailed down to an exact date and time. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Photo by Bob DAmico/ABC Ted Koppel, anchor of the ABC News program Nightline. ...

Contents

The Iran Crisis—America Held Hostage: 1979

The program had its beginnings on November 8, 1979, just 4 days after the Iran hostage crisis started. ABC News president Roone Arledge felt the best way to compete against NBC's The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was to update Americans on the latest news from Iran. At that time, the show was called: "The Iran Crisis—America Held Hostage: Day xxx" where xxx represented each day Iranians held hostage the occupants of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran. Originally, World News Tonight lead anchor Frank Reynolds hosted the special report. Shortly after its creation, Reynolds stopped hosting the program. Ted Koppel, then ABC News's State Department Correspondent, took on the hosting duties. It wasn't until a few days later that a producer had the idea of displaying the number of days on "America Held Hostage": Day 15, Day 50, Day 150, and so on. That constant repetition contributed to the defeat, ultimately, of Jimmy Carter as president by Ronald Reagan. The show's producer, Jerry Chernak, died Tuesday, November 9th, 2004, in Orlando, Florida. is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1978 in television, other events of 1979, 1980 in television, and the list of years in television. For the United States network television schedule, please see 1979-80 United States network television schedule. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... ABC News is a division of ABC television and propaganda networks (ABC), owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was the full name of NBCs The Tonight Show during the years that Johnny Carson hosted from 1962 to 1992. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... ABC World News Tonight is the ABC television networks flagship evening news program. ... Frank Reynolds (November 29, 1923 – July 20, 1983), was a TV journalist for ABC. He is best remembered as anchor of the ABC Evening News (now World News) from 1968-1970 and 1978-1983. ... Photo by Bob DAmico/ABC Ted Koppel, anchor of the ABC News program Nightline. ...


Ted Koppel's Nightline: 1980-2005

Former host Ted Koppel on Nightline in 1995.

At the end of the hostage crisis in 1981 (after 444 days), Nightline had entrenched itself on the ABC programming schedule, and made Koppel a national figure. The program has prided itself on providing a mix of investigative journalism and extended interviews which would look out of place on World News Tonight. Thanks to a video sharing agreement with the BBC, Nightline also repackages some of the BBC's output for an American audience. Nightline broadcasts also reappear in a condensed form on the overnight program World News Now. Image File history File links Ted Koppel on Nightline in 1995. ... Image File history File links Ted Koppel on Nightline in 1995. ... Photo by Bob DAmico/ABC Ted Koppel, anchor of the ABC News program Nightline. ... ABC World News Tonight is the ABC television networks flagship evening news program. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... More insomniacs get their news from World News Now vanity card; clear parody of the late 1990s More Americans get their news from ABC News bumpers. ...


The program aired four nights a week until 1982, when the sketch comedy program Fridays was shifted to air after Nightline. In 1983, there was an unsuccessful attempt to change the format of the show to multi-topics and an hour as opposed to a single topic in a half hour. This switch proved to be unsuccessful, and after a few months, the old program was restored. The year 1982 in television involved some significant events. ... Fridays was the name of ABCs weekly late-night live comedy show, which aired on Friday nights from 1980 to 1982. ... // February 8 - Minipops premieres on Channel 4 in the UK. Though a ratings success, it is canceled after the first series due to heavy media criticism. ...


The program remains unique in American media, considering its nightly broadcasts. Most other similar shows only air once a week, though usually in a prime time slot for a full hour. Nightline is usually less sensationalistic than the weekly newsmagazines (which often emphasize soft news programming), though the program has caused controversy on occasion. Prime time is the block of programming on television during the middle of the evening. ... Sensationalism is a manner of being extremely controversial, loud, attention-grabbing, or otherwise sensationalistic. ... A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. ... Soft news usually covers a long-term change or point of interest, or a general trend -- an aspect of the zeitgeist, while hard news always covers a specific event that can be nailed down to an exact date and time. ...


Memorable subjects

Perhaps the most infamous episode of Nightline occurred on April 15, 1987. During the episode, longtime Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis made racially insensitive comments. When Ted Koppel asked Campanis about why there were not that many black field or general managers in Major League Baseball, Campanis responded by saying that blacks may lack the "necessities." What soon followed was what many observers believed was Campanis coming off worse and worse despite the numerous chances from Koppel to clarify himself. Shortly after the interview, the Dodgers fired Campanis, who would be haunted by the Nightline appearance until his death in 1998. April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... This is a list of television-related events in 1987. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899-1910), (1913) Brooklyn Grooms... Alexander Sebastian Campanis (November 2, 1916 - June 21, 1998) was an American executive in Major League Baseball. ... Because racism carries connotations of race-based bigotry, prejudice, violence, oppression, stereotyping or discrimination, the term has varying and often hotly contested definitions. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Nightline devoted each episode to a unique subject. Since its inception, they have covered all types of subjects (science, education, politics, economics, society, and breaking news). Many candidates for government offices, such as David Duke (November 1991) have appeared on Nightline to try to promote themselves. Sometimes this worked against them. Seeing that there are so many prisons in the United States, they created an ongoing series in 1994 called "Crime and Punishment". Over the years Nightline had a number of technological firsts. They did the first live report from the base of Mount Everest. In November of 1992, Science reporter Michael Guillen did the first ever live broadcast from Antarctica. There were times where there was breaking news as late as 11:00 ET, and they had to change the subject of the show and cover the breaking news. Examples of this was the deaths of John Lennon (1980) and Yasir Arafat (2004). Other important series were "America: In Black and White" and " A Matter of Choice". Nightline held a series of townhall meetings. Some of the more important ones include the Israeli-Palestinian Town Meeting in 1987 and the one discussing the War of Iraq in 2003. Some suggest that apartheid ended as a result of Nightline's coverage and bringing awareness of the problems to Americans. The interview was a major portion of the episode where important people were asked tough questions on the spot. David Ernest Duke (born July 1, 1950) is a former member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, a candidate in presidential primaries for both the Democratic and Republican parties, and former Grand Wizard of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. ... “Everest” redirects here. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


Reading of the names

On April 30, 2004, Koppel read the names of the members of the United States Armed Forces who were killed in Iraq. This prompted controversy from conservatives who believed Koppel was making a political statement and from Sinclair Broadcasting Group, which felt that ABC was undermining the war effort in Iraq. Others, most notably the Washington Post television columnist, thought it was a ratings stunt for sweeps, and indeed Nightline was the highest rated program during that time period, and had about 30% more viewers than other Nightline programs that week. Sinclair stations did not air the program. is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2004. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... American conservatism is a constellation of political ideologies within the United States under the blanket heading of conservative. ... The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United States, with a total of 62 stations across the country in 39 small and medium markets. ... ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... In the United States the sweeps period determines local advertising rates. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ...


Koppel repeated the format on May 28, 2004, reading the names of service members killed in Afghanistan, and on May 30, 2005, reading the names of all service members killed in Afghanistan or Iraq between the last program and the preparation of the program. This time, Sinclair stations aired the program as scheduled. May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2004. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 2005 in television involved some significant events. ...


Rating and threats of cancellation

Rumors have spread for many years about the show's cancellation. Many believe that a talk-show format would receive better ratings for the network, which has struggled in late-night ratings over the past few years. However, this was not always the case. During the so-called "late show wars" of 1993, when The Late Show with David Letterman and The Tonight Show with Jay Leno were battling it out for viewers, Nightline would often place second and occasionally be in first place. This is a list of television-related events in 1993. ... Late Show with David Letterman is an hour-long weeknight comedy and talk show broadcast by CBS from the Ed Sullivan Theater on Broadway in New York City. ... May 26, 2006 opening monologue of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno The Tonight Show with Jay Leno is the full name of NBCs The Tonight Show hosted by Jay Leno, debuting on May 25, 1992. ...


In 2002, ABC attempted to hire David Letterman from CBS, a move that would likely have forced Nightline's cancellation. However, Letterman opted to re-sign with CBS. (When ABC added Jimmy Kimmel Live in 2003, it was placed at the 12:06 timeslot instead of the 11:35 slot of Nightline, again preventing cancellation.) This is a list of television-related events in 2002. ... David Michael Letterman (born April 12, 1947, in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA) is an award-winning American comedian, late night talk show host, television producer, philanthropist, and Indy race car owner. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... Jimmy Kimmel Live is a late-night talk show in the United States created and hosted by Jimmy Kimmel, broadcast from the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood, California. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2003. ...


Although his contract ended in December, Koppel actually anchored his final Nightline broadcast on November 22, 2005. He had announced that March that he was leaving the show at the end of his contract. Koppel had considerably reduced his hosting duties at the show beginning in 2002. November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 2005 in television involved some significant events. ...


Ratings have been up since the new format has begun, even beating the The Late Show with David Letterman for three consecutive weeks in August 2006. Late Show with David Letterman is an hour-long weeknight comedy and talk show broadcast by CBS from the Ed Sullivan Theater on Broadway in New York City. ...


Koppel's Final Closing Thought

On November 22, 2005,Ted Koppel retired from Nightline after 25 years on the show, and left ABC News after 42 years on the network. Koppel's final broadcast of Nightline did not feature clips, or highlighting moments, as typical when an anchor retires. Instead it featured Koppel's 1995 interview with college professor Morrie Schwartz, who was dying of Lou Gehrig's Disease. Every so often, Koppel ended the program with a "Closing Thought". This segment is usually when he expressed his opinion on the subject of the nights show. On his final night, the following was his "Closing Thought". Motor neurone disease (MND) is a term used to cover a number of illnesses of the motor neurone: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), progressive muscular atrophy (PMA), progressive bulbar palsy (PBP) and progressive lateral sclerosis (PLS). ...

There's this quiz I give to some of our young interns when they first arrive at Nightline. I didn't do it with the last batch; it's a little too close to home. "How many of you", I'll ask, "can tell me anything about Eric Sevareid?" Blank stares. "How about Howard K. Smith or Frank Reynolds?" Not a twitch of recognition. "Chet Huntley? John Chancellor?" Still nothing. "David Brinkley" sometimes causes a hand or two to be raised, and Walter Cronkite may be glad to learn that a lot of young people still have a vague recollection that he once worked in television news.

What none of these young men and women in their late teens and early twenties appreciates, until I point it out to them, is that they have just heard the names of seven anchormen or commentators who were once so famous that everyone in the country knew their names. Everybody. Trust me, the transition from one anchor to another is not that big a deal. Cronkite begat Rather, Chancellor begat Brokaw, Reynolds begat Jennings. And each of them did a pretty fair job in his own right. You've always been very nice to me, so give this new anchor team for Nightline a fair break. If you don't, I promise you the network will just put another comedy show in this time slot. Then you'll be sorry. And that's our report for tonight, I'm Ted Koppel in Washington and from all of us here at ABC News, good night. Pioneering broadcast journalist Eric Sevareid. ... Howard K. Smith Howard Kingsbury Smith (May 12, 1914 – February 15, 2002) was an American journalist, radio reporter, television anchorman and commentator, and one of the original Murrow boys. ... Frank Reynolds (November 29, 1923 – July 20, 1983), was a TV journalist for ABC. He is best remembered as anchor of the ABC Evening News (now World News) from 1968-1970 and 1978-1983. ... Chester Robert Huntley (December 10, 1911 - March 20, 1974), more popularly known as Chet Huntley, was an American television newscaster. ... Chancellor (left), with David Brinkley, in a 1976 ad for the NBC Radio network. ... David Brinkley David McClure Brinkley (July 10, 1920 – June 11, 2003) was a popular American television newscaster for two different USA television networks, NBC, and later, ABC. From 1956 through 1970 he co-anchored NBCs top rated nightly news program, The Huntley–Brinkley Report with Chet Huntley. ... Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. ... Daniel Irvin Rather, Jr. ... Thomas John Brokaw (born February 6, 1940 in Webster, South Dakota) is a popular American television journalist, presently working on regularly scheduled news documentaries for the NBC television network, and is the former NBC News anchorman and managing editor of the program NBC Nightly News with Tom Brokaw. ... Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings, CM (July 29, 1938 – August 7, 2005) was a rock star Canadian-American journalist and news anchor. ...

Post-Koppel Nightline: 2005-present

On November 28, 2005, Koppel was replaced by a three-anchor team: Martin Bashir and Cynthia McFadden at Times Square Studios in New York City and Terry Moran in Washington, D.C. Along with the new anchors, Nightline is now live every night and has a multi-topic format—that covers multiple stories in each broadcast. There are many critics of the multi-topic format due to the fact that it is more difficult to focus on a subject in depth when there is much less time devoted to the subject, and that more stories seem to be focusing on popular culture, rather than news events. While McFadden and Moran have hard news backgrounds, Bashir's inclusion as the highest profile member of the team demonstrated a deft touch – best known to American audiences for his Diana, Princess of Wales and Michael Jackson interviews. However, he could easily be described as a hard news journalist of impeccable credentials, schooled at the BBC and ITN. Image File history File links PH2006042301062. ... Image File history File links PH2006042301062. ... Martin Bashir interviewing Michael Jackson Martin Bashir (born January 19, 1963, in London) is a British journalist of Pakistani descent. ... Martin Bashir, Cynthia McFadden, and Terry Moran in Times Square Studio. ... Terry Moran questions George W. Bush at the White House Rose Garden on October 4, 2005. ... Times Square Studios is located in Times Square in New York City, New York. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 2005 in television involved some significant events. ... Martin Bashir interviewing Michael Jackson Martin Bashir (born January 19, 1963, in London) is a British journalist of Pakistani descent. ... Martin Bashir, Cynthia McFadden, and Terry Moran in Times Square Studio. ... Times Square Studios is located in Times Square in New York City, New York. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Terry Moran questions George W. Bush at the White House Rose Garden on October 4, 2005. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances;[2] née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... ITN may refer to: Independent Television News In the news, a section on the Main Page of English Wikipedia This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


On July 11, 2006, Ted Koppel made a surprise appearance on Nightline to discuss with co-anchor Terry Moran the prisoner situation at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and to discuss his upcoming series for Discovery Channel. It was his first appearance on the broadcast since leaving the show in November 2005. July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2006. ... ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel distributed by Discovery Communications that provides non-fiction variety programming focused primarily on the themes of popular science, history, and knowledge about the world, which is showcases uasually as documentaries. ...


As of August 7, 2006 ABC had ceased Nightline's New York operations from Times Square and moved to ABC News Headquarters in Lincoln Square, citing high production costs and logistical problems. Times Square Broadway at 42nd St. ... Lincoln Square is the name of both a square and the surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City. ...


Trivia

On The Political Machine while running for president you can appear on a show called "Nighttime". The Political Machine is a strategic-political computer game from Stardock, in which you lead a campaign to elect the President of the United States. ...


International Broadcasts

Sky News Australia is Australias only dedicated news channel. ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ...

See Also

List of late night network TV programs || There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


External links

  • Nightline website
  • ABC Medianet Website
  • Nightline Story on Spam Arrest & Hormel Trademark Battle
  • Nightline at the Internet Movie Database
  • Nightline at TV.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Nightline (343 words)
Nightline is a late-night hard news program broadcast by ABC in the United States, and has a franchised formula to other networks and stations elsewhere in the world.
At the end of the hostage crisis in 1981, Nightline had entrenched itself on the ABC programming schedule, and made Koppel a national figure.
Nightline is usually less sensationalistic than the weekly newsmagazines (which often emphasize soft news programming), though the program has caused controversy on occasion.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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