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Encyclopedia > Nightclub
Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England

A nightclub (or "night club" or "club") is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. A nightclub is usually distinguished from bars, pubs or taverns, by the inclusion of a dance floor and a DJ booth, where a DJ plays recorded dance and pop music. Some nightclubs have other forms of entertainment, such as comedians, "go-go" dancers, a floor show or strippers (see strip club). The music in nightclubs is either live bands or, more commonly a mix of songs played by a DJ through a powerful PA system. Most clubs or club nights cater to certain music genres, such as house music or salsa. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 311 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph taken by Mushin at Gatecrasher on 16 April 2006. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 311 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph taken by Mushin at Gatecrasher on 16 April 2006. ... Gatecrasher may mean: Gatecrasher (person), someone who enters an event without a ticket or invitation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A music venue is any location of a musical performance. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Pub redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... Go-Go dancers at an open-air bar in Patong Beach, Thailand Go-Go dancers were originally 1960s-era miniskirted clubgoers, dancing at clubs such as the Whisky a Go Go (one of the first to have dancers in elevated cages), wearing go-go boots. ... For other uses, see Striptease (disambiguation). ... For the book or movie Striptease see Striptease (book) and Striptease (movie) A striptease is a performance, usually a dance, in which the performer gradually removes their clothing for the purposes of sexually arousing the audience, usually performed in nightclubs. ... A classical music concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne 2005 Kasia Kowalska concert in Warsaw A concert is a live performance, usually of music, before an audience. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... A public address system, abbreviated PA system, is an electronic amplification system used as a communication system in public areas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... Salsa music is a Latin musical genre that is popular across Latin America and among Latinos. ...

Contents

Types

Nightclub patrons dancing at a foam party, in which the dance floor is covered with non-toxic foam suds
Nightclub patrons dancing at a foam party, in which the dance floor is covered with non-toxic foam suds

Nightclubs congregate in major and capital cities, although often even very small towns and cities feature at least one nightclub, often the sole focus for weekend late night activities. Nightclubs often feature lighting and other effects, to enhance the dancing experiences. Lighting and effects include flashing colored lights, moving light beams, laser light shows, strobe lights, mirror-covered disco balls, or foam, and smoke machines. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (582 × 874 pixel, file size: 290 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Patrons at a Foam Party. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (582 × 874 pixel, file size: 290 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Patrons at a Foam Party. ... Clubgoers dancing at a Foam Party. ... This is a current Stagecraft collaboration! Please help improve it to good article standard. ... For other uses, see Laser (disambiguation). ... A mirrored disco ball A disco ball, mirror ball, or ball mirror is a roughly spherical object that reflects light directed at it in many directions, producing a complex display. ... Clubgoers dancing at a Foam Party. ... A smoke machine is a piece of equipment which generates fog (artificial smoke). ...


Nightclub hours vary widely; in areas with liquor regulations in place, nightclubs may stay open until 1 AM or even 4 AM. In some cities, illegal "after hours" clubs stay open and serve alcohol after the legal closing time. In non-regulated areas, nightclubs stay open legally all night and into early daylight hours.


Variant types of nightclubs include non-smoking and alcohol-free nightclubs, or comedy clubs. Restaurants or supper clubs may provide music and entertainment similar to that provided by a nightclub. However, the food is the main attraction at these establishments, whereas entertainment is the main attraction at a nightclub. Another type of club is a concert club, which specializes in hosting performances of live music. In contrast to regular night clubs, concert clubs are usually only open when a performance is scheduled. Another type of nightclub is the under 18's kind, this is usually one night a week/month where the nightclub opens business for those usually over 14 and under 18. On these nights alcohol isn't served and chewing gum is sometimes forbidden too. These under 18's nights are especially popular for schoolkids in the UK. A comedy club is a venue, typically a nightclub, where people watch or listen to performances, including stand-up comedians, improvisational comedians, impersonators, magicians, ventriloquists and other comedy acts. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... A supper club is an American dining establishment which provides a supper menu of steaks or surf and turf served in a semi-formal setting, which may require a jacket and tie. ...

Dancers move to the beat of a DJ's dance music at a nightclub
Dancers move to the beat of a DJ's dance music at a nightclub

Nightclubs are usually built in former warehouses and cinemas, underground buildings, and custom-built buildings, with thick, insulated walls and few or no windows, so that the neighboring buildings will not be disturbed by the powerful beat of the dance music and the flashing strobe lights. As well, this style of construction keeps light and noise from the street from entering the club. This allows the nightclub to turn the dance floor into an alternate, illusory realm of timelessness. Even if an all-night rave at a nightclub lasts until 6 AM, when it is light outside, to the clubgoers, it is still dark inside the club, and the partying and dancing continue. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2256x1696, 239 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Nightclub ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2256x1696, 239 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Nightclub ... For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ...


In most cases entering a night club requires a flat fee called a cover charge. Early arrivers and women often have cover waived (in the United Kingdom, this latter option is illegal under the Sex Discrimination Act 1975). Friends of the doorman or the club owner may gain free entrance. Sometimes, especially at larger clubs, one only gets a pay card at the entrance, on which all money spent in the discotheque (often including the entrance fee) is marked. Sometimes entrance fee and wardrobe costs are paid by cash and only the drinks in the club are paid using a pay card. At bars and nightclubs, or restaurants with live entertainment, a cover charge is a flat fee for entry to defray the cost of entertainment such as live musicians, singers or a DJ, or for the use of a dance floor, pool tables, or services such as dancing lessons. ... The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to protect men and women from discrimination on the grounds of gender. ... A bouncer at the door of a strip club in San Francisco, USA. A bouncer or doorman is an informal term for security guards employed at venues such as bars, nightclubs or concerts to provide security, check legal age, and refuse entry to a venue based on criteria such as... A pay card is a card, in most cases, a chipcard, or sometimes a hole card, or just a paper with several fields. ...


History

Early history

Clubgoers dancing at a foam party
Clubgoers dancing at a foam party

During US Prohibition, nightclubs went underground as illegal speakeasy bars. With the repeal of Prohibition in February 1933 nightclubs were revived, such as New York's Stork Club, El Morocco and the Copacabana. In Harlem, the Cotton Club was a popular venue for white audiences. Before 1953 and even some years thereafter, most bars and nightclubs used a jukebox or mostly live bands. In Paris, at a club named Whisky à Gogo, Régine laid down a dance-floor, suspended coloured lights and replaced the juke-box with two turntables which she operated herself so there would be no breaks between the music. The Whisky à Gogo set into place the standard elements of the modern discotheque-style nightclub. In the early 1960s, Mark Birley opened a members-only discotheque nightclub, Annabel's, in Berkeley Square, London. However, the first rock and roll generation preferred rough and tumble bars and taverns to elegant nightclubs, and the nightclub did attain mainstream popularity until the 1970s disco era. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (874 × 582 pixel, file size: 256 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Patrons at a Foam Party. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (874 × 582 pixel, file size: 256 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Patrons at a Foam Party. ... Clubgoers dancing at a Foam Party. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... El Morocco was a 20th century Manhattan nightclub frequented by the rich and famous in the 1930s and 1950s. ... Copacabana is a famous New York City nightclub. ... This article is about the Harlem neighborhood in New York City. ... For the 1984 film of the same name, see The Cotton Club The Cotton Club was a famous night club in New York City that operated during and after Prohibition. ... Régine Zylberberg, better known as Régine, is the inventor of the discothèque. ... Discothèque redirects here. ... Marcus Oswald Hornby Lecky Birley (30 May 1930 - 24 August 2007) was an British entrepreneur known for his investments in the hospitality industry. ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... This article is about the music genre. ...


1970s: Disco

By the late 1970s many major US cities had thriving disco club scenes which were centered around discotheques, nightclubs, and private loft parties where DJs would play disco hits through powerful PA systems for the dancers. The DJs played "... a smooth mix of long single records to keep people “dancing all night long” "[1] Some of the most prestigious clubs had elaborate lighting systems that throbbed to the beat of the music. The largest UK cities like Liverpool, Manchester, London and several key European places like Paris, Berlin, Ibiza, Rimini also played a significant role in the evolution of clubbing, DJ culture and nightlife. Discothèque redirects here. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... A live sound reproduction system has two main forms: A sound reinforcement system enhances the volume of the initial sound and will be designed so that as much as possible the listener will not realise that an artificial system is being used to make it easier for them to hear... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... “Ebusus” redirects here. ... Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. ... Clubbing is also used to refer to the activity of gathering socially at nightclubs. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... For other uses, see Nightlife (disambiguation). ...


Some cities had disco dance instructors or dance schools which taught people how to do popular disco dances such as "touch dancing", the "hustle" and the "cha cha." There were also disco fashions that discotheque-goers wore for nights out at their local disco, such as sheer, flowing Halston dresses for women and shiny polyester Qiana shirts for men. Disco clubs and "...hedonistic loft parties" had a club culture which had many African American, gay [2] and hispanic people. Roy Halston Frowick, also known as Halston (April 23, 1932–March 26, 1990) was an iconic clothing designer of the 1970s. ... Qiana is a silky nylon fiber first developed by DuPont in 1968 [1]. Initially intended for high-end fashions, it eventually became a popular material in the 1970s for mens shirts, displaying bold patterns and large images. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ...


In addition to the dance and fashion aspects of the disco club scene, there was also a thriving drug subculture, particularly for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud music and the flashing lights, such as cocaine [3](nicknamed "blow"), amyl nitrite "poppers" [4], and the "...other quintessential 1970s club drug Quaalude, which suspended motor coordination and turned one’s arms and legs to Jell-O."[5] The "[m]assive quantities of drugs ingested in discotheques by newly liberated gay men produced the next cultural phenomenon of the disco era: rampant promiscuity and public sex. While the dance floor was the central arena of seduction, actual sex usually took place in the nether regions of the disco: bathroom stalls, exit stairwells, and so on. In other cases the disco became a kind of “main course” in a hedonist’s menu for a night out."[5] Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... Popper may refer to: A popping dancer. ... The term Quaalude is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as: A proprietary name for methaqualone; also, a tablet of this. More recently, however, the word has come to mean: a gently soothing interlude, possibly with mildly narcotic effects. ... Public sex is a term to describe sex in a public environment. ... This article does not cite any sources. ...


Famous 1970s discotheques included "...cocaine-filled celeb hangouts such as Manhattan's Studio 54 ", which was operated by Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager. Studio 54 was notorious for the hedonism that went on within; the balconies were known for sexual encounters, and drug use was rampant. Its dance floor was decorated with an image of the "Man in the Moon" that included an animated cocaine spoon. Other famous discotheques included the Loft, the Paradise Garage, and Aux Puces, one of the first gay disco bars. By the early 1980s, the term "disco" had largely fallen out of favor in North America). For other uses, see Celebrity (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... The original Studio 54 logo. ... The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A cocaine spoon, referred to as a coke spoon, or simply spoon, is an instrument used in the process of insufflating (snorting, sniffing) cocaine. ...


1980s London

London during the 1980s was perhaps the most vibrant and innovative city for nightclubs. The early eighties saw the New Romantic movement become fashionable with clubs like The Blitz,the Camden Palace and Club for Heroes. The movement nominally headed by the appropiately named Steve Strange was hugely influential for the post-punk generation who were bored of the nilhilism of punk. Both music and fashion embraced the aesthetics of the movement. Bands likeDepeche Mode,Human League,Duran Duran, Blondie,Eurythmics and Ultravox all owe a debt to the New Romantics and the electronic beat they favoured.. It was cool for boys to wear make-up and girls to wear a man's suit. Indeed, it was the New Romantic movement that Boy George and Culture Club emerged from, though their music, like The Police, was reggae influenced rather than the electronic vibe bands such as Visage favoured. The New Romantics shone brightly at a time when the Bristish economy was in the doldrums but by the mid eighties was no more but a memory for early eightie's youth. Image File history File links Ambox_emblem_question. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Blitz. ... Steve Strange (born Steven John Harrington on May 28, 1959) is a British singer and pop icon, best remembered as an influential party promoter and as the frontman and lead singer for Visage. ... Depeche Mode (IPA: /dɛ.pɛʃ moʊd/) are an electronic music group that formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex, England. ... The Human League are an English synthpop band formed in 1977, who, after several changes in line up, achieved great popularity in the 1980s and a limited comeback in the mid-1990s. ... Duran Duran are an English pop group notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... Ultravox (formerly Ultravox!) was one of the primary exponents of the British electronic pop music movement of the early 1980s. ... George Alan ODowd, better known as Boy George (born June 14, 1961 in Eltham, London) is a rock singer-songwriter. ... Visage was a New Romantic band that began life in 1978, mainly to provide some danceable music to be played on Steve Stranges and Rusty Egans Billys London nightclub. ...


1990s and 2000s

In Europe and North America, nightclubs play disco-influenced dance music such as house music, techno, and other dance music styles such as electro or trance. Most nightclubs in the U.S. major cities such as New York, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Chicago, Dallas, Atlanta, Miami, Detroit, and San Francisco play hip-hop, house and trance music. These clubs are generally the largest and most frequented of all of the different types of clubs. House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... This article is about the state. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Vegas redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Dallas redirects here. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation). ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In most other languages, nightclubs are referred to as "discos" or "discothèques" (French: discothèque; Italian and Spanish: discoteca; German: Disko or Diskothek). In Japanese ディスコ, disuko refers to an older, smaller, less fashionable venue; while クラブ, kurabu refers to a more recent, larger, more popular venue. The term night is used to refer to an evening focusing on a specific genre, such as "retro music night" or a "singles night." For the Young Love song, see Discotech (song). ... Retro is a term used to describe the culture of the past. ...


After the fall of communism in the Czech Republic, "nightclub" or "night club" became a common euphemism for a brothel. Therefore this word is not used in its original meaning. The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... A brothel, also known as a bordello or whorehouse, is an establishment specifically dedicated to prostitution, providing the prostitutes a place to meet and to have sex with the clients. ...


Accidents

Accidents at nightclubs can occur for many reasons. The most disastrous accidents were fires at well-visited nightclubs, so fire prevention has to be taken great care

  • April 23rd, 1940, Rhythm Night Club Fire, 209 killed at nightclub fire at Natchez, Mississippi, USA
  • November 28th, 1942, Cocoanut Grove fire, 492 killed in a nightclub fire at Boston
  • March 8th, 1973, Whiskey Au Go Go fire, 15 killed after firebombing at Fortitude Valley, Brisbane, Australia
  • August 2nd, 1973, Summerland disaster, 51 killed at fire at Summerland leisure centre at Douglas, Isle of Man
  • May 28th, 1977, Beverly Hills Supper Club fire, 165 killed and 200 injured in fire
  • February 14th, 1981, Stardust disaster, 48 killed and 214 injured at nightclub fire at Dublin, Ireland
  • April 5th, 1986, Bomb attack on La Belle discotheque, Berlin, 3 killed, 230 injured
  • February 1990, Stage collapse at a discotheque at Bilbao, Spain, 13 injured
  • March 25th, 1990, Happy Land Fire, 87 killed in a nightclub fire at Happy Land, New York City
  • December 20th, 1993, Kheyvis Fire, 17 killed in a nightclub fire at Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • October 30th, 1998, Gothenburg nightclub fire, 63 people killed, 200 injured in a nightclub fire at Gothenburg, Sweden
  • October 13th, 2001, Stage toggled at Zapata discotheque Stuttgart, several people hurt
  • 2002, several people climb in a nightclub at Oberhausen on a 120 kg heavy loudspeaker box and fell down with the box, 4 killed
  • October 12th, 2002, 2002 Bali bombings, 202 killed by large bombs
  • December 7th, 2002, Cowgate fire, Edinburgh, UK
  • February 20, 2003, The Station nightclub fire, 100 killed at nightclub fire at Warwick, Rhode Island
  • December 30th, 2004, República Cromagnon nightclub fire, 194 killed and 714 injured in a nightclub fire at Buenos Aures, Argentina
  • December 31st, 2005, a circular crossbar fell down from the roof of a nightclub at Ibbenbüren, Germany, 1 person heavy and 3 low hurt
  • June 18th, 2007, Gatecrasher One Fire, Sheffield, UK

The Rhythm Night Club fire took place in Natchez, Mississippi on April 23, 1940 and killed 209 African-American party goers, while severely injuring many others. ... // The Cocoanut Grove was a nightclub in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Whisky Au Go Go was a nightclub in Brisbanes Fortitude Valley in the early 1970s. ... The Summerland Disaster occurred on the night of August 2, 1973. ... The Beverly Hills Supper Club fire in Kentucky is the third deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history. ... The Stardust Disaster refers to a fatal fire which took place at the Stardust nightclub in Artane, Dublin, Republic of Ireland in the early hours of February 14, 1981. ... The Happyland Fire killed 87 people trapped in an unlicensed social club called Happy Land in New York City, on March 25, 1990. ... Kheyvis was a nightclub in Olivos, Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Gothenburg nightclub fire was a fire disaster, which occurred on October 28, 1998 in a private dance-hall in Gothenburg, Sweden. ... The 2002 Bali bombings occurred on 12 October 2002 in the tourist district of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali. ... The Cowgate, viewed from George IV Bridge The Cowgate is a street in Edinburgh located about 5 minutes walk from Edinburgh Castle. ... The Station Nightclub Fire on the evening of Thursday, February 20, 2003, was the fourth-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history, killing 100 people and injuring more than 200. ... Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Relatives of the deceased in the fire light candles in a public protest against the perceived lack of control by the government. ... Gatecrasher One viewed from Eyre Street before the fire Gatecrasher One was a nightclub in the English city of Sheffield. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nightclub

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Young Love song, see Discotech (song). ... A gay bar is a drinking establishment that caters exclusively or primarily to a gay and/or lesbian clientele. ... For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ... The Superclub Vidéotron is one of the largest video store chains in Quebec. ... A supper club is an American dining establishment which provides a supper menu of steaks or surf and turf served in a semi-formal setting, which may require a jacket and tie. ... Pub redirects here. ... A Karaoke machine Karaoke 空 kara, empty or void, and オーケストラ ōkesutora, orchestra) is a form of entertainment in which an amateur singer or singers sing along with recorded music on microphone. ... A pay card is a card, in most cases, a chipcard, or sometimes a hole card, or just a paper with several fields. ... The clavier a lumieres was a musical instrument invented by Scriabin for use in his work Prometheus: Poem of Fire. ...

References

  1. ^ Rietveld, Hillegonda C. (July/Augist 2000). "The body and soul of club culture". Unesco Courier 53. Retrieved on 2007-07-24. 
  2. ^ Lawrence, Tim (2005-06-14). Reviews of Love Saves the Day. Blog. Retrieved on 2007-07-24.
  3. ^ Gootenberg, Paul 1954- Between Coca and Cocaine: A Century or More of U.S.-Peruvian Drug Paradoxes, 1860-1980 Hispanic American Historical Review - 83:1, February 2003, pp. 119-150. He says that "The relationship of cocaine to 1970s disco culture cannot be stressed enough; ..."
  4. ^ Nitrites. DrugScope. Retrieved on 2007-07-24. “Amyl, butyl and isobutyl nitrite (collectively known as alkyl nitrites) are clear, yellow liquids which are inhaled for their intoxicating effects. Nitrites originally came as small glass capsules that were popped open. This led to nitrites being given the name 'poppers' but this form of the drug is rarely found in the UK The drug became popular in the UK first on the disco/club scene of the 1970s and then at dance and rave venues in the 1980s and 1990s.”
  5. ^ a b Braunstein, Peter (November 1999). "Disco". American Heritage Magazine 50 (7). Retrieved on 2007-07-24. 

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