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Encyclopedia > Niger Coast Protectorate

The Niger Coast Protectorate was a British protectorate in the Oil Rivers area of present-day Nigeria, originally established as the Oil Rivers Protectorate in 1891, renamed on 12 May 1893, and merged with the chartered territories of the Royal Niger Company on 1 January 1900 to form the colony of Southern Nigeria. For the rule of Oliver Cromwell, see The Protectorate. ... The Oil Rivers is a name for the delta of the Niger River in Nigeria. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Royal Niger Company was a mercantile company chartered by the British government in the nineteenth century. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... Southern Nigeria was a British protectorate in the coastal areas of modern-day Nigeria, formed in 1900 from union of the Niger Coast Protectorate with territories chartered by the Royal Niger Company below Lokoja on the Niger River. ...


Postage stamps and postal history

The main post office was established at Old Calabar in November 1891; sub-offices existed at Benin, Bonny, Brass, Opobo, and Warri. Initially the postage stamps of Britain were used; in July 1892 they were overprinted with "BRITISH / PROTECTORATE / OIL / RIVERS". A pressing need for halfpenny values in mid-1893 resulted in a variety of surcharges on 2p and 2 1/2p stamps. While most simply read "HALF / PENNY", with a horizontal bar to obliterate the old value, some were overprinted "1/2 d" twice, with the intent that they be bisected diagonally to produce two 1/2p stamps. Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Bonny is a town in southest Nigeria, on the Bight of Biafra. ... Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc (a copper alloy), a solid solution. ... Opobo is a city in Rivers State, southern Nigeria. ... Warri can mean: A city in Nigeria. ... This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... Half penny may mean: British coin Half Penny Irish halfpenny coin ... Bisect may mean: bisection, a mathematical construction bisect (philately), the use of postage stamp halves This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The name change occurred just as new stamps were being prepared, and so the first issue of the Niger Coast Protectorate, featuring a 3/4 portrait of Queen Victoria, was inscribed "OIL RIVERS" but obliterated and overprinted "NIGER COAST". Available in November 1893, they were superseded the following May by stamps in a new design and the correct inscription. These stamps continued for the remainder of the protectorate's existence, with a change over to use the "Crown & CA" watermark from 1897 on (the paper had previously been unwatermarked). Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... This Crown & CA (for Crown Agent) watermark was standard for postage stamps of the British colonies from the 1880s to the 1920s. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


 
 

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