FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Nielsen Ratings

When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention "ratings" they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. Nielsen Ratings are offered in over forty countries. For other uses, see Television (disambiguation). ... System (from Latin systēma, in turn from Greek systēma) is a set of entities, real or abstract, comprising a whole where each component interacts with or is related to at least one other component and they all serve a common objective. ... Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is a U.S. firm, headquartered in New York City, and operating primarily from Oldsmar, FL, which measures media audiences, including television, radio and newspapers. ... An audience is a group of people who participate in an experience or encounter a work of art, literature, theatre, music or academics in any medium. ... You may be looking for one of the following: Dimensions: length, width, height Clothing measurements such as shoe size or dress size Geometry Measurement Gelatinous or glutinous substance made from glue, wax, clay or similar Or the following command-line Unix tool: Size (Unix) This is a disambiguation page: a... Composition can refer to: // Composition in art In the fine arts, compostion may refer to any of the following: Composition (visual arts) Musical composition MIDI composition In literature, oratory, and rhetoric, composition refers, as the etymology of the word quite literally indicates, to the putting (words) together to produce a... This article describes a type of political entity. ...


Other television audience measurement systems are available from other companies, as well as systems developed in joint ventures with Nielsen Media Research, such as AGB Nielsen Metivodia Research.


Nielsen's ratings calculation, also called Cume Rating (or "Reach"), measures the number of unique viewers or households tuned to a television program in a particular time period during a week. The Cume itself is calculated by dividing the number of unique viewers or households by the total number of estimated available households/viewers/listeners possible. This gives a percentage Cume rating. [1]


The system has been updated and modified extensively since it was developed in the early 1940s by Arthur Nielsen, and has since been the primary source of audience measurement information in the television industry around the world. Since television as a business makes money by selling audiences to advertisers, the Nielsen Television Ratings are the single most important element in determining advertising rates, schedules, and program content. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Arthur C. Nielsen, Sr. ... Commercialism redirects here. ...


The company is part of the Nielsen Company, formerly known as VNU and owned by a consortium of private equity firms including Blackstone Group, KKR and Carlyle Group. Its production operations are located in its Brooker Creek Global Technology and Information Center in Oldsmar, Florida. The Nielsen Company is a global information and media company. ... VNU Group b. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ... Blackstone Group L.P. is a prominent private equity and investment management firm founded in 1985 by Peter G. Peterson and Stephen A. Schwarzman. ... Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co (commonly referred to as KKR) is a New York City based private equity firm that focuses primarily on late stage leveraged buyouts. ... The Carlyle Group is a Washington, D.C. based global private equity investment firm with more than $58. ... Oldsmar is a city located in Pinellas County, Florida. ...

Contents

Measuring ratings

Nielsen Television Ratings are gathered by one of two ways; by extensive use of surveys, where viewers of various demographics are asked to keep a written record (called a diary) of the television programming they watch throughout the day and evening, or by the use of Set Meters, which are small devices connected to every television in selected homes. These devices gather the viewing habits of the home and transmit the information nightly to Nielsen through a "Home Unit" connected to a phone line. Set Meter information allows market researchers to study television viewing habits on a minute to minute basis, seeing the exact moment viewers change channels or turn off their TV. In addition to this technology, the implementation of individual viewer reporting devices (called People meters) allow the company to separate household viewing information into various demographic groups. In 2005, Nielsen began measuring the usage of digital video recordings (TiVo, for example) and initial results indicate that time-shifted viewing will have a significant impact on television ratings. The networks are not yet figuring these new results into their ad rates at the resistance of advertisers.[2] Demographics refers to selected population characteristics as used in government, marketing or opinion research, or the demographic profiles used in such research. ... The People Meter is a device and system designed by Nielsen Media Research to allow a relatively passive measurement of the viewing habits of TV and cable audiences. ... The Foxtel IQ digital video recorder A digital video recorder (DVR) (or personal video recorder (PVR)) is a device that records video without videotape to a hard drive-based digital storage medium. ...


Ratings / share and total viewers

Nielsen Television Ratings are reported by ranking the percentage for each show of all viewers watching television at a given time. As of September 2006, there are an estimated 115.2 million television households in the USA. A single national ratings point represents 1%, or 1,152,000 households for the 2006-07 season. Share is the percentage of television sets in use tuned to a specific program. These numbers are usually reported as (ratings points/share). For example, Nielsen may report a show as receiving a 9.2/15 during its broadcast, meaning 9.2%, or 10,138,400 households on average were tuned in at any given moment. Additionally, 15% of all televisions in use at the time were tuned into this program. Nielsen re-estimates the number of households each August for the upcoming television season. September 2006 is the ninth month of 2006 and has begun on a Friday. ...


Nielsen Media Research also provides statistics on estimated total number of viewers, and on specific demographics. Advertising rates are influenced not only by the total number of viewers, but also by particular demographics, such as age, sex, economic class, and area. Younger viewers are considered more attractive for many products, whereas in some cases older and wealthier audiences are desired, or female audiences are desired over males. Television ratings are not an exact science, but they are a powerful force in determining the programming in an industry where millions of dollars are at stake every day.


Because ratings are based on samples, it is possible for shows to get 0.0 rating, despite having an audience; CNBC talk show McEnroe was one notable example.[3] McEnroe was a talk show on CNBC. Hosted by tennis legend John McEnroe, the show aired Monday through Thursday on the network. ...


Commercial Ratings

Nielsen provides viewership data calculated as the average viewership for only the commercial time within the program. This “Commercial Ratings” first became available on May 31, 2007. Additionally, Nielsen provides different “streams” of this data in order to take into consideration delayed viewing (DVR) data. Nielsen’s clients now have access to all the data they need to develop individualized minute-by-minute ratings of national commercials by demographic group for all national television programs, including DVR playback at any interval up to seven days.


[4]


"Sweeps"

Much of the ratings system, however, still consists of the completion by viewers of ratings diaries, in which a viewer records his or her viewing habits, generally for a week, in exchange for being advanced a nominal amount ($5 in the United States.) These diaries play an especially important role during the four sweeps periods conducted in February, May, July and November in an attempt to measure smaller local market audiences in markets that are not covered by People Meter samples already. (Other, smaller sweeps are conducted through the year in the markets large enough to be measured by non-demographic meters, but not large enough to be measured by the demographic meters (people meters.) See Diary (novel) for the novel by Chuck Palahniuk. ...


The term "sweeps" has two meanings. One refers to how the diaries were handled by Nielsen Media when the ratings were first produced: They are mailed to the households and processed by starting on the East Coast and "sweeping" across the nation. The other refers to television programming during the months of November, July, and/or May, in which eagerly anticipated programs are deliberately scheduled in order to boost television ratings. Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


Television networks and other programmers make unusual efforts to attract additional viewers during these periods, including airing mostly first-run programming as opposed to repeats, airing more special broadcasts, and including special content in programming such as guest stars, controversial and unexpected plots or topics, extended episodes, finales, and increased competition in advertising. Even news programs are often involved, airing especially controversial or titillating investigative reports and promotions. For this reason, the "sweeps" system of national ratings has been criticized as not representative of typical programming, and encouraging an increase in content of concern such as violence and explicit sexuality. Outside of these peak periods it is more common to see reruns of television programs. A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ...

Nielsen 2007 Sweeps Dates:

May 2007 April 26 - May 23, 2007
July 2007 July 5 - August 1, 2007
November 2007 November 1 - November 28, 2007

Criticism of ratings systems

There is some public critique regarding accuracy and potential bias within Nielsen's rating system. In June of 2006, however, Nielsen announced a sweeping plan to revamp its entire methodology to include all types of media viewing in its sample.


Since viewers are aware of being part of the Nielsen sample, it can lead to bias in recording and viewing habits. This criticism is common to any and all survey research. Audience counts gathered by the self-reporting diary methodology are sometimes higher than those gathered by the electronic meters, which provide less opportunity for response bias. This trend seems to be more common for news programming and popular prime time programming. Also, daytime viewing and late night viewing tend to be under-reported by the diary methodology.


Because the revenue of television providers is often traceable directly to their performance of the ratings system, it can sometimes be unclear whether the criticisms lodged against Nielsen by various parties are valid, or whether they are using the criticism to represent their own interests. For example, opponents of government funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting argue that viewers intentionally over-report the viewing of PBS. Cable networks, which tend to benefit most from the more accurate and higher audience counts in the off-prime time periods, endorse meter systems. On the other hand, local broadcast affiliates, which tend to rely on local news and prime time audiences, criticize the meters. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ...


Another criticism of the measuring system itself is that it fails the most important criteria of a sample: it is not random in the statistical sense of the word. Only a small fraction of the population is selected and only those that actually accept are used as the sample size. Compounding matters is the fact that of the sample data that is collected advertisers will not pay for time shifted (recorded for replay at a different time) programs [5] rendering the 'raw' numbers useless. In many local areas, the statistical difference between a rating that keeps a show on the air and one that will cancel it are so small as to be irrelevant, and yet the show that just happens to get the higher rating will survive.[6]


In 2004, News Corporation retained the services of public relations firm Glover Park to launch a campaign aimed at delaying Nielsen's plan to replace its aging household electronic data collection methodology in larger local markets with its newer and more accurate electronic People Meter system. The advocates in the public relations campaign charged that data derived from the newer People Meter system represented a bias toward underreporting minority viewing, which could lead to a de-facto discrimination in employment against minority actors and writers. Nielsen countered the campaign by revealing its sample composition counts. According to Nielsen Media Research's sample composition counts, as of November 2004, nationwide, African American Households using People Meters represented 6.7% of the Nielsen sample, compared to 6.0% in the general population. Latino Households represent 5.7% of the Nielsen sample, compared to 5.0% in the general population. This showed that ethnic minorities were actually overrepresented in the sample, contrary to what was charged in the News Corporation's public relations campaign.[citation needed] shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: NWS, LSE: NCRA) is one of the worlds largest media conglomerates. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Another criticism of the Nielsen ratings system is its lack of a system for measuring television audiences in environments outside the home, such as college dormitories (to which Nielsen has started a program in 2005), transport terminals, bars, and other public places where television is frequently viewed, often by large numbers of people in a common setting. Recently, however, Nielsen has announced plans to incorporate viewing by away-from-home college students into its sample. Current measurement devices offered by all media measurement companies in these scenarios are challenged in determining whether an audience member was just in general proximity to a television signal, or whether they were actually paying attention to the programming.[citation needed] Internet TV viewing is another rapidly growing market for which Nielsen Ratings fail to account for viewer impact. Apple iTunes, atomfilms, YouTube, and some of the networks' own websites (eg: ABC.com, CBS.com) provide full-length web-based programming, either subscription-based or ad-supported.


Furthermore, a new problem has developed, especially with the February sweeps. For the 2001-2002 season, the National Football League moved Super Bowl XXXVI to February, when it was placed in the sweeps period, because of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, which postponed the NFL schedule a week. Because of that, starting with the 2003-04 season, the NFL moved the Super Bowl into the sweeps period. The National Football League (NFL) is the largest and most prestigious professional American football league, consisting of thirty-two teams from American cities and regions. ...


Since the move of the Super Bowl into the sweeps period, Sunday nights in the sweeps period in February is almost guaranteed to be a winner for the network holding the big event on each of the four Sundays -- the Super Bowl (alternates among NBC, CBS, Fox), Grammy Awards (moved back in 2007 to Sunday night, CBS), Daytona 500 (finish moved into prime-time in 2007, Fox), or Academy Awards (moved into the sweeps period in 2005, ABC), and sometimes the Winter Olympics (next telecast 2010, NBC). The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Daytona 500 is a 200-lap, 500 mile (805 km) NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series race held annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... A runner carries the Olympic torch The Winter Olympic Games, Winter Olympics for short but more correctly The Olympic Winter Games, are the cold-weather counterpart to the Summer Olympic Games. ...


Annual top-rated shows

Nielsen began compiling ratings for television nationally beginning in 1950. Prior to that year, television ratings were compiled by a number of other sources, including C. E. Hooper and Variety. Today, Hooper is barely remembered; the company was bought out by Nielsen in February 1950. Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The C. E. Hooper Company was an American company which measured radio and television ratings during the Golden Age of radio. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


These are the programs that finished with the highest average Nielsen rating in each television season:[7]

Year Program Channel
1951 Texaco Star Theater NBC
1952 Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts CBS
1953 I Love Lucy CBS
1954 I Love Lucy CBS
1955 I Love Lucy CBS
1956 The $64,000 Question CBS
1957 I Love Lucy CBS
1958 Gunsmoke CBS
1959 Gunsmoke CBS
1960 Gunsmoke CBS
1961 Gunsmoke CBS
1962 Wagon Train NBC
1963 The Beverly Hillbillies CBS
1964 The Beverly Hillbillies CBS
1965 Bonanza NBC
1966 Bonanza NBC
1967 Bonanza NBC
1968 The Andy Griffith Show CBS
1969 Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In NBC
1970 Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In NBC
1971 Marcus Welby, M.D. ABC
1972 All in the Family CBS
1973 All in the Family CBS
1974 All in the Family CBS
1975 All in the Family CBS
1976 All in the Family CBS
1977 Happy Days ABC
1978 Laverne & Shirley ABC
1979 Three's Company ABC
1980 60 Minutes CBS
1981 Dallas CBS
1982 Dallas CBS
1983 60 Minutes CBS
1984 Dallas CBS
1985 Dynasty ABC
1986 The Cosby Show NBC
1987 The Cosby Show NBC
1988 The Cosby Show NBC
1989 The Cosby Show NBC
1990 The Cosby Show & Roseanne NBC & ABC
1991 Cheers NBC
1992 60 Minutes CBS
1993 60 Minutes CBS
1994 60 Minutes CBS
1995 Seinfeld NBC
1996 ER NBC
1997 ER NBC
1998 Seinfeld NBC
1999 ER NBC
2000 Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? ABC
2001 Survivor: The Australian Outback CBS
2002 Friends NBC
2003 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation CBS
2004 American Idol FOX
2005 American Idol FOX
2006 American Idol FOX
2007 American Idol FOX

See also: 1950 in television, other events of 1951, 1952 in television and the list of years in television. // Events May 28 - The US Supreme Court upholds the FCCs approval of the CBS color television system. ... Texaco Star Theater, a comedy-variety show (radio, 1940-49; television, 1949-56), was one of the first hugely successful examples of U.S. television broadcasting. ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... See also: 1951 in television, other events of 1952, 1953 in television and the list of years in television. // Events February 15 - The funeral of King George VI is televised in the UK. August 1 - First TV broadcast in the Dominican Republic by La Voz Dominicana, a TV station based... Arthur Godfreys Talent Scouts (also known as Talent Scouts) was a television variety show which ran on CBS from 1948 until 1958. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... See also: 1952 in television, other events of 1953, 1954 in television and the list of years in television. // Events The BBCs Television Symbol, known as the bats wings by logo enthusiasts, first appeared in December this year. ... I Love Lucy is a television situational comedy aired on CBS in the 1950s. ... See also: 1953 in television, other events of 1954, 1955 in television and the list of years in television. // Events January 1 - NBC broadcasts the Rose Parade in NTSC color on 21 stations. ... See also: 1954 in television, other events of 1955, 1956 in television and the list of years in television. // Events April 1 - The DuMont Television network drastically cuts back its programming. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1956. ... The $64,000 Question was a popular United States television game show. ... The year 1957 in television involved some significant events. ... See also: 1957 in television, other events of 1958, 1959 in television and the list of years in television. // Events July 1 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada. ... The cast of radios Gunsmoke: Howard McNear (Doc), William Conrad (Matt), Georgia Ellis (Kitty) and Parley Baer (Chester) Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman MacDonnell and writer John Meston. ... See also: 1958 in television, other events of 1959, 1960 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1959-60 American network television schedule. ... See also: 1959 in television, other events of 1960, 1961 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1960-61 American network television schedule. ... See also: 1960 in television, other events of 1961, 1962 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1961-62 American network television schedule. ... See also: 1961 in television, other events of 1962, 1963 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1962-63 American network television schedule. ... For the TV show, see Wagon Train. ... See also: 1962 in television, other events of 1963, 1964 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1963-64 American network television schedule. ... For the 1993 film, see The Beverly Hillbillies (film) The Beverly Hillbillies was an American television program about a hillbilly family living in Southern California. ... See also: 1963 in television, other events of 1964, 1965 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1964-65 American network television schedule. ... See also: 1964 in television, other events of 1965, 1966 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1965-66 American network television schedule. ... The Bonanza logo was superimposed upon a map of a wild west frontier area. ... The year 1966 in television involved some significant events. ... The year 1967 in television involved some significant events. ... See also: 1967 in television, other events of 1968, 1969 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1968-69 American network television schedule. ... The Andy Griffith Show is an American television series that aired from 1960 to 1968. ... See also: 1968 in television, other events of 1969, 1970 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1969-70 American network television schedule. ... Rowan & Martins Laugh-In was a United States comedy television show broadcast from January 22, 1968 through 1973 over the NBC network. ... See also: 1969 in television, other events of 1970, 1971 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1970-71 American network television schedule. ... The year 1971 in television involved some significant events. ... Marcus Welby, M.D. was a popular medical drama that aired on ABC from late September 1969 to May 1976. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... See also: 1971 in television, other events of 1972, 1973 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1972-73 American network television schedule. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... See also: 1972 in television, other events of 1973, 1974 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1973-74 American network television schedule. ... The year 1974 in television involved some significant events. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1975. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1976. ... See also: 1976 in television, other events of 1977, 1978 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1977-78 American network television schedule. ... Happy Days is a popular American television sitcom that originally aired between 1974 and 1984 on the ABC television network. ... The year 1978 in television involved some significant events. ... Laverne & Shirley was a popular American television situation comedy which ran on ABC from 1976 to 1983. ... See also: 1978 in television, other events of 1979, 1980 in television, and the list of years in television. For the United States network television schedule, please see 1979-80 United States network television schedule. ... For the Entourage episode, see Threes Company (Entourage). ... This is a list of television-related events in 1980. ... Not to be confused with a BBC news magazine program of the same name. ... The year 1981 in television involved some significant events. ... The Southfork Ranch, home of the Ewing family The original cast of Dallas. ... The year 1982 in television involved some significant events. ... // February 8 - Minipops premieres on Channel 4 in the UK. Though a ratings success, it is canceled after the first series due to heavy media criticism. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1984. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1985. ... Dynasty was an American primetime television soap opera that aired on ABC from January 12, 1981 to May 10, 1989. ... See also: 1985 in television, other events of 1986, 1987 in television and the list of years in television For the American network television schedule, please see 1986-87 American network television schedule. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1987. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1988. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1989. ... The year 1990 in television involved some significant events. ... Roseanne is an American sitcom which aired on ABC from 1988 to 1997, starring stand-up comedian Roseanne Barr. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1991. ... Cheers is a popular American situation comedy produced by Charles-Burrows-Charles Productions in association with Paramount Television for NBC. Cheers was created by the team of James Burrows, Glen Charles, and Les Charles. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1992. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1993. ... The year 1994 in television involved some significant events. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1995. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1996. ... ER is a long-running, Emmy Award winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Cook County, Chicago, Illinois. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1997. ... The year 1998 in television involved some significant events. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... The year 1999 in television involved some significant events. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2000. ... In the United States, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire (also known simply as Millionaire) is a television game show which offers a maximum cash prize of $1,000,000 for correctly answering 15 successive multiple-choice questions of increasing difficulty. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2001. ... Survivor: The Australian Outback was the second installment of the popular United States reality show Survivor. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2002. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2003. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2004. ... AMERICAN IDOL HAS BEEN CANCELLED DUE TO DEATH OF SIMON ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The year 2005 in television involved some significant events. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2006. ... The year 2007 in television involves some significant events. ...

See also

The following is a list of most watched television episodes, organized by country and based on various criteria. ... Map of United States Designated Market Areas (DMAs). ... BARB, the Broadcasters Audience Research Board, is the organisation that compiles television ratings in the UK. It was created to replace a previous system, where the BBC and ITV companies compiled their own ratings. ...

External links

Categories: Magazines stubs | Microsoft subsidiaries | Websites | The Washington Post ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.nielsenmedia.com/
  2. ^ Levin, Gary. "Playback time for Nielsens", USA Today, 2006-10-12, p. 1D. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. 
  3. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (2004-08-13). Where's the Love? CNBC Scrambles to Woo Viewers for 'McEnroe'. Retrieved on 2007-06-08.
  4. ^ Holmes, Gary (2006-01-16). Nielsen Announces Schedule And Plan For Commercial-Minute Ratings. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  5. ^ Levin, Gary. "Networks' top shows at a rating loss", USA Today, 2007-04-25, p. 1D. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. 
  6. ^ "Can You Believe TV Ratings?." NOVA / Horizon. PBS. 1992-02-18.
  7. ^ McNeil, Alex (1996). Total Television, 4th ed.. New York: Penguin, 1143-1161. ISBN 0-14-024916-8. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nielsen Families | Nielsen Media Research (761 words)
If you have just been contacted by Nielsen TV Ratings, this is your chance to participate in a select sample.
The Nielsen TV Ratings are part of Nielsen Media Research, and we have been collecting people’s television viewing information for more than 50 years.
Nielsen Media Research rigorously controls how the diaries are packaged and delivered to the U.S. Post Office for mailing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m