The Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis (German for district of Lower Silesian Upper Lusatia) is the eastermost Kreis (district) of Saxony and Germany. Neighboring districts are (from south clockwise) Löbau-Zittau, Bautzen, Kamenz and the district Spree-Neiße in Brandenburg. The district-free city Görlitz is in the east, at the boundary to Poland.
The district was formed in 1994 by merging the previous districts Niesky and Weißwasser, and most part of the district Görlitz.
The main river in the district is the Neisse, which also forms the boundary to Poland. The terrain is mostly hilly, with broad valleys. In the past many swamps covered the area, which is now heath areas and many ponds.
The stone wall in the bottom of the coat of arms is the symbol of the Oberlausitz region, with its three tops symbolizing the three districts which were merged together. The linden leaves symbolize the Sorbs slavic minority. The shield above the wall is the old coat of arms of the Prussian province Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien).
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