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Encyclopedia > Nidaros Cathedral
Picture of the Nidaros Cathedral in 1857.
Picture of the Nidaros Cathedral in 1857.

Nidaros Cathedral (Nidarosdomen), considered the most significant church of Norway, is located in Trondheim. It was the cathedral of the Norwegian archdiocese, established in 1152. Since the Reformation, it has been the cathedral of the Lutheran bishops of Trondheim or Nidaros. The architectural style of the cathedral is romanesque and gothic. It was an important destination for pilgrims coming from all of Northern Europe. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x767, 298 KB) Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway from northeast Photography from 1857 File links The following pages link to this file: Nidaros Cathedral ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x767, 298 KB) Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway from northeast Photography from 1857 File links The following pages link to this file: Nidaros Cathedral ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... Events March 4 - Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans Eleanor of Aquitaine has her marriage to Louis VII annulled May 18 - Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Henry of Anjou Church of Ireland acknowledges Popes authority Almohad Dynasty conquers Algeria Establishment of the archbishopric of Nidaros (Trondheim), Norway... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Monument to pilgrims in Burgos, Spain This article is on religious pilgrims. ... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ...

Contents

Coronations

View from the Elgeseter bridge
View from the Elgeseter bridge

The first coronations of Norwegian kings took place in Bergen or Oslo. Nidaros Cathedral became the coronation church after 1400, but coronations were discontinued after the Reformation, when the union with Denmark was cemented. Coronations were resumed after the restoration of national independence in 1814. The constitution of 1814 stipulated that Trondheim Cathedral was to be the coronation church of the realm. The last coronation took place in 1906. Two years later, an amendment to the constitution did away with the provisions for coronations. Later monarchs have instead officially received the blessings of the Church in the cathedral. The royal regalia are kept there, since 2006 on public display. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (771x1032, 1380 KB) Beskrivelse Nidarosdomen cathedral in wintertime. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (771x1032, 1380 KB) Beskrivelse Nidarosdomen cathedral in wintertime. ... This article is a list of rulers of Norway up until the present, including: The Norwegian kingdom (with the Faroe Islands) The Acquisition of Iceland and Greenland (1262-1814) The Norwegian kingdom (with Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands 1262-1814) The Union of Sweden and Norway (1319-1343) The... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2006) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The crown jewels, or royal regalia, of Norway include nine regalias: The kings crown, the kings sceptre, the kings orb, the queens crown, the queens sceptre, the queens orb, the crown of the crown prince, the sword and the anointing horn. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


King Olav

The cathedral was thought to be erected directly over the burial site of King Olav Haraldsson, who was killed in the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030. King Olav was declared a saint one year and five days after his death, and pilgrims soon started flocking to Nidaros. Olav II Haraldsson ( 995 – 1030), king from 1015–1028, called during his lifetime the Fat and afterwards known as Saint Olaf, was born in the year in which Olaf Tryggvesson came to Norway. ... The Battle of Stiklestad (Old Norse Stiklarstaðir) in 1030 is one of the most famous battles in the history of Norway. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ...


Building and restoration

Work on the cathedral started in 1070 and was finished sometime around 1300. The cathedral was badly damaged by fires in 1327 and again in 1531. The nave west of the transept was destroyed and was not rebuilt until the restoration in early 1900s. In 1708 it burned down completely except for the stone walls. It was struck by lightning in 1719, and was again ravaged by fire. Major rebuilding and restoration of the cathedral started in 1869, initially led by architect Heinrich Ernst Schirmer, and nearly completed by Christian Christie. It was officially completed in 2001. Maintenance of the cathedral is an ongoing process. Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... Events January 25 - Edward III becomes King of England. ... January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake - thousands die. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Cathedral ground plan. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats Israelsson in an unused... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Heinrich Ernst Schirmer (1814–1887) was an architect working in Norway, although being born and having studied in Germany. ... Eilert Christian Brodtkorb Christie (December 24, 1832 - September 13, 1906) was a Norwegian architect. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


Organs

The West Front of the Nidaros Cathedral.
The West Front of the Nidaros Cathedral.
From the west front
From the west front

Two large organs are installed in the Cathedral. The main organ was built by the Steinmeyer firm in 1930, and was erected in the north transept. It then had 125 stops. In 1962, the organ was heavily rebuilt and moved to the west nave. Many stops were removed; some of them were used to build a new choir organ. In 1993-1994, the old Baroque organ built by Johann Joachim Wagner in 1738-1740 was carefully restored by J├╝rgen Ahrend. It has 30 stops, and is located at a gallery in the north transept. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 608 KB) This image was originally posted to Flickr as Trondheim Cathedral #1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 608 KB) This image was originally posted to Flickr as Trondheim Cathedral #1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 432 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1374 × 1908 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 432 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1374 × 1908 pixel, file size: 1. ... The baroque organ in Roskilde Cathedral, Copenhagen The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by admitting pressurized air (referred to as wind) through a series of pipes. ...


Today, the cathedral is a popular tourist attraction. Tourists often follow the historical pilgrim routes to visit the spectacular church.


Choirs

  • Nidaros Cathedral Choir
  • Nidaros Cathedral Boys' Choir
  • Nidaros Cathedral Girls' Choir
  • Schola Sancta Sunnivae

The Nidaros Cathedral Boys Choir (Chorus Puerorum Cathedralis Nidrosiensis) is a Norwegian choir in Trondheim. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nidaros Cathedral
  • Official webpage of Nidaros Cathedral and Archbishop's Palace
  • Nidaros Cathedral bells ringing (short video)
  • Photographs

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Nidaros Cathedral (151 words)
Nidaros Cathedral is located in Trondheim, in Norway.
Work on the Cathedral started in 1070, and was finished sometime around year 1300.
The cathedral was badly damaged by fire in 1327 and 1531, and burned down except for the stone walls in 1708.
Nidaros Cathedral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (364 words)
It was the cathedral of the Norwegian archdiocese, established in 1152.
Nidaros Cathedral was the coronation church of Norwegian kings during the Middle Ages, and coronations were resumed after the restoration of national independence in 1814.
The main organ was built by the Steinmeyer firm in 1930, and was erected in the north transept.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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